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Learning DemocracyDemocratic and Economic Values in Unified Germany$

Robert Rohrschneider

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198295174

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295174.001.0001

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(p.263) Appendix B Multivariate Analyses

(p.263) Appendix B Multivariate Analyses

Source:
Learning Democracy
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

This appendix presents the complete multivariate analyses discussed in the various chapters. The central results are highlighted in the text, but the quantitatively inclined reader may find these full results useful. (p.264)

Table B1. Predicting MPs' democratic values

Predictors

Democratic rights

Egalitarian democracy

Direct democracy

East

West

Combined

East

West

Combined

East

West

Combined

West Berlin

a

a

.17**

A

a

–.30***

a

a

–.28***

(1.8)

(–.41)

(–1.50)

Communist party

−.12

a

−.01

.25*

a

.21***

.21

a

.13

(−1.40)

(−.21)

(.53)

(.47)

(1.40)

(1.20)

Post−war generation

.26**

.04

.13*

.08

−.13

.04

.05

.08

.06

(2.60)

(.46)

(1.40)

(.15)

(−.070)

(.05)

(.25)

(.38)

(.34)

Postmaterialism

.41***

.30***

.35***

.01

.17

.07

.18

.06

.11

(2.40)

(1.80)

(1.90)

(.01)

(.040)

(.05)

(.56)

(.14)

(.32)

Religiosity

−.18

−.03

−.05

−.12

−.01

−.06

−.01

−.20*

−.14

(−.60)

(−.11)

(−.16)

(−.07)

(−.01)

(−.03)

(−.01)

(−.32)

(−.19)

Education

.13

.32***

.24***

−.12

.05

.06

−.08

−.08

−.10

(.77)

(1.40)

(1.20)

(−.13)

(.03)

(.04)

(−.29)

(−.17)

(−.25)

Income

.08

−.12

−.02

−.01

.06

−.01

−.02

−.02

−.01

(.45)

(−.62)

(−.10)

(−.01)

(.01)

(−.01)

(−.07)

(−.04)

(−.01)

Gender (high = male)

.10

−.04

.02

−.17

−.12

−.14

−.15

−.11

−.11

(1.00)

(−.51)

(.26)

(−.34)

(−.07)

(−.21)

(−.87)

(−.56)

(−.68)

Adjusted R−square

.19

.18

.20

.03

.01

.17

.09

.04

.17

(N)

(76)

(85)

(161)

(76)

(85)

(161)

(76)

(85)

(161)

Note: Entries are standardized regression coefficients (OLS); unstandardized coefficicents appear in parenthesis. The democratic rights index is an additive index based on items presented in Table 5.1. (The appendix contains details about the construction of the indicators). The egalitarian indicator is an additive indicator of the number of egalitarian responses to the open-ended democracy question. The direct democracy index is an additive index based on items presented in Table 5.5. *, **, and *** indicate significance on the .10, .05, and .01 level respectively, a = Indicator not included.

(p.265)

Table B2. Predicting mass publics' socialist ideals

Predictors

East

West

Combined

West Germany

a

a

−.31***

(−.98)

Communist party

.21***

.03

.10***

(.73)

(.92)

(.71)

Age

.10***

.04*

.06***

(.01)

(.01)

(.01)

Postmaterialism

.01

−.06***

-.03

(.01)

(−.08)

(.14)

Education

.01

.01

.01

(.01)

(.01)

(.01)

Income

−.10***

−.10***

−.10***

(−.03)

(−.04)

(−.01)

Gender (high=male)

−.04

−.07

−.03*

(−.13)

(−.21)

−.01)

Adjusted R-Square

.08

.03

.20

(N)

(792)

(1660)

(2452)

Source: Allbus (1994). The dependent variable is the response of mass publics to the statement ‘Socialism is a good idea that was poorly implemented.’ *, **, and *** indicate significance on the .10, .05, and .01 level respectively, a = indicator not included.

(p.266)

Table B3. The institutional learning on MPs' tolerance

Predictors

Least-liked group

Second least-liked group

Combined

East

West

Combined

East

West

West Berlin MP

.17**

A

a

.14*

a

a

(2.00)

(1.90)

Communist party

−.24***

−.31***

a

−.08

−.08

a

MP

(−4.70)

(−4.00)

(−1.70)

(1.30)

Democratic rights

.10

.13

.09

.15*

.08

.18

(.11)

(.13)

(.09)

(.18)

(.10)

(.20)

Threat perception

−31***

−.50***

−.29**

−42***

−.50***

−.31***

(−.82)

(−1.80)

(−.59)

(−.53)

(−.66)

(−.36)

Right-wing target group

−.01

−.07

−.06

.18**

.14

.27**

(−.06)

(−1.60)

(−1.00)

(2.40)

(1.90)

(3.50)

Authoritarianism

−.34***

−.33**

−.44***

−.24***

−.25*

−.19

(−.35)

(−.29)

(−.47)

(−.27)

(−.28)

(−.22)

Conservative

.10

.11

.12

.20**

.34**

.05

self-placement

(.27)

(.27)

(.32)

(.59)

(1.00)

(.14)

Social change

.14**

.23**

.07

.15**

.22**

.05

(.27)

(.39)

(.14)

(.33)

(.49)

(.11)

Postmaterialism

−.04

−.15

−.03

.08

.18

.02

(−.29)

(−.90)

(−.18)

(.56)

(1.40)

(.14)

Religiosity

−.02

−.01

−.06

−.09

−.05

−.07

(−.09)

(−.04)

(−.22)

(−.38)

(−.21)

−.29

Gender (male)

.10

.06

.16

.03

.12

.01

(1.40)

(.64)

(2.10)

(.48)

(1.80)

(.15)

Age

.05

.13

.08

−.05

−.15

−.01

(.05)

(.07)

(.05)

(−.04)

(−.11)

(−.01)

Education

−.02

.04

−.06

.02

.10

.01

(−.11)

(−.22)

(−.27)

(.13)

(.84)

(.06)

Income

−.03

−.10

−.01

−.01

.06

−.05

(−.15)

(−.58)

(−.04)

(−.07)

(.44)

(−.25)

Adjusted R-square

.35

.39

.14

.44

.46

.37

(N)

(159)

(76)

(83)

(159)

(75)

(83)

Note: Entries are standardized regression coefficients; unstandardized coefficients appear in parentheses. *, **, and *** indicate significance on the .10, .05, and .01 level respectively, a = variable is not included.

(p.267)

Table B4. The influence of institutional learning on pluralist views

Predictors

East

West

Combined

West Berlin

a

a

.25***

(.63)

Egalitarian democracy

−.22*

−.04

−.14*

(−.30)

(−.17)

(−.25)

Liberal-democratic rights

.08

.17

.13

(.02)

(.03)

(.03)

Post-war cohort

−.16

−.03

−.05

(−.40)

(−.06)

(−.12)

Communist party

−.05

A

−.11

(−.16)

(−.45)

Postmaterialism

.09

.23*

.21**

(.14)

(.26)

(.28)

Religiosity

.05

.07

.05

(.04)

(.05)

(.05)

Income

−.17

−.02

−.10

(−.23)

(−.02)

(−.11)

Education

−.16

.16

.04

(−.24)

(.14)

(.05)

Gender (male)

−.21

−.08

−.04

(−.57)

(−.19)

(−.11)

R-Square

.15

.19

.24

(N)

(77)

(84)

(161)

Note: Entries are standardized regression coefficients; unstandardized coefficients appear in parentheses. *, **, and *** indicate significance on the .10, .05, and .01 level respectively, a = variable is excluded from the analyses.

(p.268)

Table B5. Predicting MPs' performance evaluations, 1992

Predictors

East

West

Combined

West Berlin

a

A

.29***

(.47)

Egalitarian ideals

−.14*

−.05

−.13**

(.13)

(.10)

(−.15)

Market ideals

.24***

.32***

.25***

(.13)

(.17)

(.13)

Plebiscitarian ideals

−.10

−.10

−.01

(−.20)

(−.02)

(−.01)

CDU

.16

.60***

.39***

(.32)

(.66)

(.65)

FDP

.09

.23*

.15**

(.29)

(.41)

(.43)

SPD

.25*

.38***

.31***

(.46)

(.42)

(.52)

Post-war cohort

−.16**

−.22

−.12**

(−2.40)

(−.23)

(−.19)

Negative future personal finances

−.41***

.06

−.23***

(−.42)

(.06)

(−.24)

Postmaterialism

−.09

−.03

.07

(−.09)

(−.02)

(.06)

Gender (male)

.12

.20*

.13***

(.24)

(.23)

(.09)

Income

−.03

.31***

.13***

(−.03)

(.14)

(.09)

Education

−.02

.12

.05

(−.02)

(.05)

(.04)

Adjusted R-square

.58

.38

.58

(N)

(77)

(84)

(161)

Note: Entries are standardized regression coefficients with unstandardized coefficients appearing in parentheses. *, **, *** indicate significance of coeffients at the .10, .05, and .01 level, respectively, a = the exclusion of a variable from the analysis.

(p.269)

Table B6. Predicting institutional trust, mass publics

Predictors

East

West

Combined

Western Germany

a

a

.17***

(2.10)

Socialism is a positive ideal

−.06**

−.06***

.07***

(.30)

(.22)

(.25)

Market ideals

.01

.07***

.05***

(.01)

(.07)

(.05)

CDU

.15***

.21***

.19***

(2.20)

(2.40)

(2.50)

FDP

.07**

.09*

.08***

(1.50)

(1.70)

(1.70)

SPD

.14***

.12***

.13***

(1.80)

(1.40)

(1.60)

Democracy functions well

.29***

.25***

.26***

(2.60)

(2.00)

(2.20)

Age

.01

.09***

.06***

(.01)

(.03)

(.02)

Positive views about contemporary economy

.11**

.12***

.11 ***

(.93)

(.77)

(.81)

Positive personal finances

.06***

.07***

.07***

(.37)

(.48)

(.45)

Positive expectations about future

.16***

.07***

.08***

economy

(1.10)

(.48)

(.51)

Postmaterialism

−.01

−.04***

.04**

(−.07)

(−.26)

(.23)

Gender (Male)

.03

.06

.03

(.41)

(.31)

(.04)

Education

.01

.03

.05***

(.12)

(.28)

(.27)

Income

.02

.03

.02

(−.02)

(.04)

(.20)

Adjusted R-square

.28

.24

.31

(N)

(743)

(1568)

(2311)

Note: Entries are standardized regression coefficients with unstandardized coefficients appearing in parentheses. *, **, *** indicate significance of coeffients at the .10, .05, and .01 level respectively, a = the exclusion of a variable from the analysis.

Source: Allbus (1994).

(p.270)

Table B7. Predicting positive performance evaluations, mass publics

Predictors

East

West

Combined

Western Germany

a

a

.15***

(.25)

Socialism is a positive ideal

−.06**

−.03

.02

(.04)

(.22)

(.01)

Market ideals

.20***

.11***

.15***

(.03)

(.01)

(.02)

CDU

.27***

.27***

.27***

(.45)

(.38)

(.41)

FDP

.01

.12***

.09***

(.03)

(.28)

(.21)

SPD

.20***

.12***

.15***

(.28)

(.16)

(.21)

Age

.05

.02

.01

(.01)

(.01)

(.01)

Positive views about contemporary economy

.11***

.16***

.14***

(.10)

(.13)

(.13)

Positive personal finances

.08**

.07***

.07***

(.06)

(.06)

(.06)

Positive expectations about future

.16***

.10***

.12***

economy

(.13)

(.08)

(.09)

Postmaterialism

−.01

−.01

.02

(−.01)

(−.01)

(.01)

Gender (Male)

.03

.09***

.06***

(.04)

(.12)

(.09)

Education

.06*

.02

.03

(.04)

(.02)

(.02)

Income

.07*

.04*

.01

(.01)

(.01)

(.01)

Adjusted R-square

.27

.17

.24

(N)

(757)

(1549)

(2351)

Note: Entries are standardized regression coefficients with unstandardized coefficients appearing in parentheses. *, **, *** indicate significance of coeffients at the .10, .05, and .01 level respectively, a = the exclusion of a variable from the analysis.

Source: Allbus (1994).