The Selective and Diffusion Functions of Social Capital: Why So Many Migrants Out of So Few Places?
Despite a high migration potential in most developing countries which send many migrants abroad, there is a high place selectivity. Typically, in the few places out of which many emigrate abroad, migration as a behavioural pattern rapidly diffuses. Understandably, propitious conditions such as labour recruitment will raise desires among potential migrants. Relative frustration ensues. Yet changing preferences concerning exit, voice, and in situ adaptation do not automatically translate into growing levels of migration. In contrast to changing macrostructural opportunities and increasing desires, access to information, control, and other people's resources do not immediately improve to the same extent. Thus, there then becomes a lag between rising opportunities and expectations, on the one hand, and actual migration, on the other hand.
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