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Wage Labour and Unfreedom in AgricultureAn Indian Case Study$
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V. K. Ramachandran

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198286479

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286479.001.0001

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Labour Services and Unfree Labour

Labour Services and Unfree Labour

(p.169) 8 Labour Services and Unfree Labour
Wage Labour and Unfreedom in Agriculture
V. K. Ramachandran
Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses labour services performed by landless agricultural labourers. It also examines aspects of unfreedom and the relationships between bonded labourers and their employers. The chapter describes five empirical features of the system of bondage in agriculture: (1) bondage in contemporary Indian agriculture takes the form of bondage to an individual employer or household; (2) the family of the labourer is bonded to a system in which the individual labour is bonded; (3) the majority of the labourers belong to scheduled castes or tribes or to castes that are ranked low in the caste hierarchy; (4) the bonded labourer is most often male; and (5) the proximate cause of bondage in indebtedness.

Keywords:   labour services, unfreedom, bonded labourers, bondage, castes, indebtedness

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