Competition in Network Operation 1990–1996: Differing National Paths away from Monopoly
This chapter examines decision-making processes in key areas of substantive policy in Britain and France concerning network operation. Institutional factors that differed between the two countries are considered in detail, including ownership and formal position of network operators (BT and France Telecom), the existence of an independent industry regulator, the ending of the network operator's monopoly, and the powers and duties of the political executive, regulatory bodies, and network operator. In examining France, particular attention is given to policy change and to the impact of institutional features that were altered in 1990, such as the separation of France Telecom and the PTE Ministry. Finally, Britain and France are compared directly in order to link institutions to the observed patterns of policy making.
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