The European Technology Community
Policy Networks in a Supranational Setting
This chapter assesses how public and private interests have converged in the European Community's R&D Framework programme and the Eureka initiative and how this dynamic affects decisions on the distribution of public support to specific firms and technological sectors. Eureka is essentially an amalgam of national innovation policies designed to promote collaboration. The growth of collaborative R&D schemes points to the need to develop theoretical models to explain government-industry relations in supranational policy making. This chapter also suggests that the policy network approach holds much promise as a heuristic device for explaining how public and private interests are reconciled in this unique setting.
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