Evaluation and Conclusion
Earlier, it was said that Antonio Gramsci's Quaderni offer innovative answers to three major questions which have troubled Marxism during the past half-century or so. In line with this, this chapter tries to evaluate Gramsci's proposed (or implicit) solutions to these problems. Accordingly, it divides his theory into three components, roughly corresponding to the above questions, and considers each one in turn. The Sardinian offers: a diagnosis, or analysis, of modern capitalist society; a strategy for overthrowing this society; and a new vision or concept of Marxism — one bringing it more in line with the classical values of the liberal, humanist tradition. Because it raises so many fundamental theoretical and empirical issues, whose complexity is notorious, the evaluation of Gramsci's contribution can do little more than scratch the surface and indicate areas where further research or more extensive analysis might bear fruit. Gramsci's concept of hegemony constitutes the pivotal point for a theoretical enterprise which enriches Marxist doctrine, partly for the solutions it offers, partly for the approach it exemplifies and partly for the fields of investigation it opens up.
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