This chapter discusses the origins of the European Political Co-operation (EPC), the foreign policy arm of the European Community (EC). The EPC did not develop solely out the Davignon Report of 1970. It originated from several attempts to develop a political authority that would be responsible for foreign policy issues in Western Europe. Thus, its structure and approach reflect twenty-five years of debate about the desirability of such a political body in the region. Though the EPC has focused on practical matters since 1970, the debate between federalism and inter-governmentalism is still very much alive.
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