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Nineteenth-Century Anglican Theological TrainingThe Redbrick Challenge$

David Dowland

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269298

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269298.001.0001

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(p.216) Appendix: The Social Backgrounds of Students at St David’s, Lampeter, King’s College London, and St John’s, Highbury

(p.216) Appendix: The Social Backgrounds of Students at St David’s, Lampeter, King’s College London, and St John’s, Highbury

Source:
Nineteenth-Century Anglican Theological Training
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

St David’s, Lampeter

The following details are from the Tutor’s Register of Lampeter, quoted in D. T. W. Price, A History of St David’s University College Lampeter, i: to 1898 (Cardiff, 1977), app. iv, 207ff.; ii (1990), app. 3, 245ff.

1827

Number admitted: 64

Father’s occupation: farmer 36; clerk in Holy Orders or clerk 7; gentleman 6; sailor 3; victualler 2; army colonel 1; bailiff 1; draper 1; engineer 1; excise office 1; ironmonger 1; joiner 1; mason 1; organist 1; tailor 1

County of residence: Cardiganshire 29; Carmarthenshire 14; Breconshire 10; Pembrokeshire 9; Devon 1; London 1

School: Lampeter 15; Ystrad Meurig 13; Carmarthen 10; Cardigan 8; Brecon 7; St David’s 4; Talachddu 4; Haverfordwest 2; Dudley 1; Ealing 1; Pembroke 1; Rhayader 1; Salisbury 1

Average age: 21.8

1837

Number admitted: 17

Father’s occupation: farmer 12; admiral 1; army captain 1; baronet 1; draper 1; solicitor 1

County of residence: Cardiganshire 7; Carmarthenshire 3; Pembrokeshire 2; Breconshire 1; Hampshire 1; Monmouthshire 1; Sussex 1; (Greece 1)

School: Cardigan 3; private tuition 3; Brecon 1; Cheshunt 1; Ferryside 1; Gloucester 1; Haverfordwest 1; Lampeter 1; Llanfihangel Genau’r Glyn 1; Portsmouth 1; St David’s 1; Ystrad Meurig 1; (Trinity College, Dublin 1; University College London 1)

Average age: 22.4

1847

Number admitted: 18

(p.217) Father’s occupation: farmer 3; not given 3; clerk 2; innkeeper 2; agent 1; architect 1; banker 1; freeholder 1; gentleman 1; schoolmaster 1; shopkeeper 1; surgeon 1

County of residence: Cardiganshire 6; Breconshire 4; Herefordshire 2; Carmarthenshire 1; Glamorgan 1; Gloucestershire 1; Montgomeryshire 1; Pembrokeshire 1; not given 1

School: Ystrad Meurig 4; not given 3; Carmarthen 2; Llanafan 2; This-tleboon 2; Bridgnorth 1; Froodvale 1; Hereford 1; Lucton 1; Ludlow 1; Newquay 1

Average age (of those who provided ages): 20.3

1857

Number admitted: 9

Father’s occupation: farmer 4; barrister 1; boot-shoemaker 1; clerk in Holy Orders 1; innkeeper 1; wheelwright 1

County of residence: Cardiganshire 3; Glamorgan 3; Carmarthenshire 2; Monmouthshire 1

School: Cowbridge 4; Lampeter 2; Llandovery 2; Monmouth 1; Newtown 1; St David’s 1; Talley 1

Average age: 21.5

1867

Number admitted: 30

Father’s occupation: farmer 18; clerk in Holy Orders and minister 4; boot-shoemaker 2; innkeeper/hotel-keeper 2; cattle-dealer 1; miller 1; smith 1; tailor 1

County of residence: Cardiganshire 10; Carmarthenshire 8; Glamorgan 4; Breconshire 2; Pembrokeshire 2; Denbighshire 1; Staffordshire 1; not given 2

School: Llandovery 8; Lampeter 4; Ystrad Meurig 4; Carmarthen 2; private tuition 2; Aberaeron 1; Brecon 1; Cardigan 1; Haverfordwest 1; Llandeilo 1; Llandyssul 1; Marlborough 1; not given 1; (Baptist College, Pontypool 1)

Average age: 22.4

1877

Number admitted: 22

Father’s occupation: farmer 13; clerk in Holy Orders and clerk 2; brewer 1; ‘captain’ 1; civil servant 1; foreman 1; grocer 1; innkeeper 1; merchant 1

County of birth: Cardiganshire 9; Glamorgan 3; Carmarthenshire 2; Montgomeryshire 2; Bristol 1; Lancashire 1; Pembrokeshire 1; Radnorshire 1; Somerset 1; not given 1

(p.218) School: Cardigan 5; Lampeter 4; Ystrad Meurig 3; private tuition 3; Swansea 2; Dolgellau 1; Oswestry 1; Rhyl 1; Stony Stratford 1; (Aberystwyth University College 2; Carmarthen Training College 1)

Average age: 20.4

1887

Number admitted: 43

Father’s occupation: farmer 12; clerk in Holy Orders 7; blacksmith 2; miner 2; seaman 2; schoolmaster 2; cattle-dealer 1; civil servant 1; clothier 1; engine-driver 1; grocer 1; judge 1; labourer 1; ostler 1; ‘settmaker’ 1; ship’s chandler 1; shoemaker 1; surgeon 1; timber agent 1; traveller 1; turner 1; not given 1

County of birth: Cardiganshire 14; Carmarthenshire 10; Glamorgan 5; Pembrokeshire 4; not given 2; Caernarfonshire 1; Cornwall 1; Denbighshire 1; Essex 1; Hampshire 1; Hertfordshire 1; Merionethshire 1; Monmouthshire 1

School: St David’s College School 12; Ystrad Meurig 6; Cardigan 2; Llandovery 2; not given 2; Aberaeron 1; Aberystwyth 1; Ammanford 1; Botwnnog 1; Brecon 1; Bury St Edmunds 1; Gosport 1; Leatherhead 1; Llanbedrog 1; Llanelly 1; Machynlleth 1; Merthyr 1; Monkton Combe 1; Monmouth 1; Newcastle Emlyn 1; Portsmouth 1; Tonna 1; Wellington, Shopshire 1; Woolfardisworthy 1; private tuition 1; (Aberystwyth University College 1; Cardiff University College 1; Presbyterian College, Carmarthen 1)

Average age (of those who provided ages): 21.5

1897

Number admitted: 38

Father’s occupation: farmer 14; clerk in Holy Orders and clerk 4; draper 2; schoolmaster 2; bootmaker 1; carpenter 1; collier and farmer 1; corn merchant 1; engineer 1; joiner 1; labourer 1; master mariner 1; merchant 1; ‘minister’ 1; police officer 1; shopkeeper 1; solicitor 1; surgeon 1; weaver 1; woollen manufacturer 1

County of birth: Carmarthenshire 12; Cardiganshire 11; Glamorgan 5; not given 5; Anglesey 2; Pembrokeshire 1; Staffordshire 1; Wiltshire 1

School: St David’s College School 9; private tuition 8; Brecon 3; Llandeilo 3; Llandovery 3; Llanbedrog 2; Llandyssul 2; Ystrad Meurig 2; Carmarthen 1; Chelsea 1; Cowbridge 1; Cross Inn 1; Glyn 1; Newcastle Emlyn 1; Pontypridd 1; (Aberystwyth University College 1; Bangor University College 1; Carmarthen Training College 1)

Average age: 22.1

(p.219) 1907

Number admitted: 44

Father’s occupation: clerk in Holy Orders 6; farmer 4; schoolmaster 4; collier or miner 3; grocer and draper 2; assistant harbour-master 1; attendance officer 1; blacksmith 1; brewer 1; butcher 1; carpenter 1; chartered accountant 1; chemist 1; chief ship’s steward 1; contractor 1; carrier 1; district manager 1; draper 1; engineer 1; foreman 1; engine-driver 1; master mariner 1; mechanic 1; medical man 1; merchant 1; police sergeant 1; postman 1; quarryman 1; signalman 1; subpostmaster 1

County of birth: Carmarthenshire 12; Cardiganshire 6; Anglesey 5; Glamorgan 5; Monmouthshire 5; Breconshire 2; Caernarfonshire 2; London 2; Denbighshire 1; Derbyshire 1; Flintshire 1; Merioneth 1; not identified 1

School: St David’s College School 16; private tuition 6; Ystrad Meurig 5; Llandovery College 2; Abergavenny Grammar School 1; Caernarfon Grammar School 1; Carmarthen Grammar School 1; Derby School 1; St Andrew’s School 1; Llangefri Intermediate School 1; Merthyr Church School 1; Newcastle Emlyn Grammar School 1; Maundee College, Newport 1; New College School 1; West Monmouthshire School, Pontypool 1; Ruthin Grammar School 1; St Clears Grammar School 1; Worcester College for the Blind 1; University College Cardiff 1

Average age: 23.3

KING’S COLLEGE LONDON

The average age of the men in the first year of the department was 25.6; the youngest student entering in 1846 was 19, the eldest 35. Average figures for the subsequent years until 1890 were:

1847: 27 1851: 25 1856: 25 1861: 26 1866: 24 1871: 26 1876: 26 1881: 25 1886: 26 1890: 25

No student was accepted under 19 years of age and the oldest was 47. Figures for the oldest and youngest were:

1847: 44/21 1851: 38/19 1856: 40/20 1861: 42/21 1866: 30/19 1871: 35/20 1876: 47/19 1881: 39/19 1886: 41/20 1890: 39/19

The number of students over 30 years of age only exceeded 20 per cent in 1847, 1851, 1871, and 1890. (Information from M. K. Nicholls, ‘Ministerial Education in London’, University of London M. Phil, thesis, 1990, 86 ff., quoting college calendars which were not available to this research project.)

(p.220) St John’s, Highbury

Most of the information in Table Ai is derived from M. K. Nicholls’s M. Phil, thesis (cited above). Nicholls had access to information not available in the course of the research for this project.

Table A1. Proportion of graduates to non-graduates at St John’s, Highbury 1873–1890

Year

No. of graduates

Total no. of students

1873

4

59

1876

2

59

1877

1

65

1878

1

63

1879

7

61

1880

5

78

1881

4

68

1882

3

71

1883

3

62

1884

4

72

1885

3

62

1887

2

71

1888

2

74

1889

0

71

1890

4

81

Nicholls gives some examples of graduates who were rejected in 1878: 6 graduates applied, 2 were admitted without examination, 3 after examination, and 1 was refused.

The students were drawn from a wide geographical area in 1879: 13 London; 4 Kent; 3 Ireland; 2 each from Wiltshire, Bristol, Essex, Birmingham, Carlisle, Newark, Sussex, Gloucester, Ipswich, Dorset, Wales, and Middlesex. The average percentage of London applicants was 32.5 per cent in 1877–90 (the percentage ranged from 9 to 43 per cent).

The average age of students was consistently in the mid-twenties. There were usually many applicants for places in the College:

1876: 39 1880: 40 1881: 40 1882: 32 1883: 32 1884: 30 1885: 39 1886: 41 1887: 20 1888: 46 1889: 41