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Positive Law and Objective Values$
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Andrei Marmor

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198268970

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268970.001.0001

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Three Concepts of Objectivity

Three Concepts of Objectivity

(p.112) 6 Three Concepts of Objectivity
Positive Law and Objective Values

Andrei Marmor (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The conventional foundations of law and law's relative autonomy raise some difficult questions about the objectivity of law, morality, and the relations between them. This chapter analyzes various aspects of objectivity and proposes a theory of objectivity based on the distinction between objectivity and metaphysical realism. The example of interpretation in the realm of works of art is used to exemplify three different concepts of objectivity, none of which is committed to metaphysical realism. First, there is objectivity or subjectivity in what is called the semantic sense. The second concept is known as metaphysical objectivity, wherein the objective-subjective dichotomy is a matter of metaphysical truth. The third and final concept is discourse objectivity; a certain class of statements is objective in this sense if it makes sense to ascribe truth values to statements of that class.

Keywords:   objectivity, metaphysical realism, works of art, subjectivity, semantic objectivity, discourse objectivity, morality, interpretation

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