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The Zoroastrian DiasporaReligion and Migration$

John R. Hinnells

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198267591

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267591.001.0001

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(p.800) Appendix 3 Survey Questionnaire on Contemporary Zoroastrianism around the World

(p.800) Appendix 3 Survey Questionnaire on Contemporary Zoroastrianism around the World

Source:
The Zoroastrian Diaspora
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Please check, or tick (✓), as appropriate alongside each question.

  1. 1. Residence

    1. (a) Where do you live now? Please name nearest town/city and state/county _____________________

    2. (b) Where did you live before coming to this country? Please name nearest town/city and State/county ____________________

    3. (c) Which year did you come to this country? ___________________________________________

    4. (d) How many times have you moved residence in this country? _____________________________

  2. 2. Sex Are you

    1. (a) male? _____________________

    2. (b) female? _____________________

  3. 3. Age How old are you?

    (Please state exact age in years) _____________________

  4. 4. MARITAL STATUS Are you

    1. (a) Single? _____________________

    2. (b) Married? _____________________

    3. (c) Separated? _____________________

    4. (d) Divorced? _____________________

    5. (e) Widowed? _____________________

    6. (f) Other (please specify) _____________________

  5. (p.801) 5. MARRIAGE PARTNER Is your marriage partner

    1. (a) Zoroastrian? _____________________

    2. (b) Non-Zorastrian? (Please specify his/her religion and race, e.g. Christian/Anglo-Saxon or Muslim/Indian) _____________________

  6. 6. CHILDREN Do you have children living at home?

    1. (a) None _____________________

    2. (b) Male (please state number and their ages, youngest to oldest) _____________________

    3. (c) Female (please state number and their ages, youngest to oldest) _____________________

  7. 7. FAMILY Do you have relatives in this country?

    1. (a) No _____________________

    2. (b) Parents _____________________

    3. (c) Brothers or sisters _____________________

    4. (d) Children living away from home _____________________

    5. (e) Aunts and Uncles (maternal or paternal) _____________________

    6. (f) Cousins _____________________

    7. (g) Nephews/nieces _____________________

    8. (h) Brother or sisters-in-law _____________________

    9. (i) Grandparents _____________________

  8. 8. MOTHER TONGUE Is your mother tongue

    1. (a) Gujarati? _____________________

    2. (b) English? _____________________

    3. (c) Persian? _____________________

    4. (d) Other? (please specify) _____________________

  9. (p.802) 9. GENERAL READING AND WRITING

    Do you read any literature or write (e.g. letters) in a language other than English?

    Read

    Write

    (a)

    No

    (b)

    Yes (Please specify in which language)

  10. 10. TYPE OF EDUCATION

    1. (a) At what age did you finish your formal education (School, College or University)? _____________________

    2. (b) Please check/tick where you received a particular type of education in the boxes provided

      Where

      India

      Pakistan

      Africa (please state country)

      Canada

      U.K.

      HongKong

      U.S.A.

      Iran

      Australia

      Singapore

      Other (please specify)

      (i) Primary

      School

      (ii) Secondary

      School

      (iii) College or

      University

      (iv) Post-

      graduate

      (v) Professional

      (vi) Other

      (please

      specify)

  11. 11. HOW WOULD YOU DESCRIBE YOUR EDUCATION?

    1. (a) Liberal/Arts _____________________

    2. (b) Scientific _____________________

    3. (c) Both liberal and Scientific _____________________

    4. (d) Other (please specify) _____________________

  12. (p.803) 12. OCCUPATION

    1. (a) What is your occupation?

      Please be as specific as possible _____________________

    2. (b) What was your occupation before arrival in this country _____________________

    3. (c) When you first arrived in this country _____________________

    4. (d) Not relevant (e.g. because born in this country) _____________________

  13. 13. PARENTS OCCUPATION Please state the occupation of

    1. (a) Father _____________________

    2. (b) Mother _____________________

  14. 14. CORRESPONDENCE

    Do you correspond with friends or relatives abroad? (Please tick as appropriate)

    Zoroastrian

    Non-Zoroastrian

    (a) Regularly

    (b) Sometimes

    (c) Rarely

    (d) Never

  15. 15. DO YOU KEEP IN TOUCH WITH ZOROASTRIAN AND NON-ZOROASTRIAN FRIENDS AND RELATIVES IN THE COMMUNITY YOU LIVE IN?

    Zoroastrian

    Non-Zoroastrian

    (a) Regularly

    (b) Sometimes

    (c) Rarely

    (d) Never

  16. 16. DO YOU READ ANY ZOROASTRIAN MAGAZINES/NEWSPAPERS?

    1. (a) No _____________________

    2. (b) Yes (please specify which) _____________________

  17. (p.804) 17. DO YOU READ ANY NON-ZOROASTRIAN RELIGIOUS LITERATURE?

    1. (a) No _____________________

    2. (b) Yes (please specify which) _____________________

  18. 18. WERE YOU ORIGINALLY TAUGHT TO RECITE YOUR PRAYERS IN AVESTAN?

    1. (a) No _____________________

    2. (b) Yes (please state which country you lived in at the time) _____________________

  19. 19. WERE YOU TAUGHT THE MEANING OF THE PRAYERS?

    1. (a) No _____________________

    2. (b) Yes (please state which country you lived in at that time) _____________________

  20. 20. DID YOU RECEIVE INSTRUCTION IN THE ZOROASTRIAN RELIGION AT SCHOOL?

    1. (a) No _____________________

    2. (b) Yes (please state which country you lived in at the time) _____________________

  21. 21. DID YOU ATTEND A ZOROASTRIAN DAY OR BOARDING SCHOOL?

    1. (a) No

    2. (b) Yes (please state which country you lived in at the time)

  22. 22. DID YOU, AS A CHILD, ATTEND ANY RELIGIOUS CLASSES IN ZOROASTRIANISM?

    1. (a) No _____________________

    2. (b) Yes (please state which country you lived in at the time) _____________________

  23. (p.805) 23. DO YOU PRAY AT HOME?

    1. (a) Five times a day _____________________

    2. (b) At least once a day _____________________

    3. (c) Sometimes _____________________

    4. (d) Infrequently _____________________

    5. (e) Only in a crisis _____________________

    6. (f) Never _____________________

  24. 24. IF YOU STILL PRAY, WHICH FORM OF PRAYER DO YOU ADOPT?

    1. (a) Wholly in Avestan language? _____________________

    2. (b) Some prayers in Avestan, some in the vernacular (e.g. Gujarati or English) _____________________

    3. (c) All prayers in the vernacular _____________________

  25. 25. DO YOU FOLLOW ANY NON-ZOROASTRIAN RELIGIOUS PRACTICES?

    1. (a) Traditions associated with Sai Baba _____________________

    2. (b) Traditions associated with Jalaram Bapa _____________________

    3. (c) Traditions associated with St. Francis Xavier _____________________

    4. (d) Traditions associated with Theosophy _____________________

    5. (e) Yoga _____________________

    6. (f) Others (please specify) _____________________

  26. 26. DO YOU WEAR SUDRE/KUSTI?

    1. (a) Always _____________________

    2. (b) Sometimes _____________________

    3. (c) Rarely _____________________

    4. (d) Only on communal occasions _____________________

    5. (e) Never _____________________

  27. (p.806) 27. ZOROASTRIAN TRADITIONS AND CULTURE Do you

    1. (a) Observe Pateti or Noruz (New Year) celebrations? _____________________

    2. (b) Observe gahambars (seasonal festivals)? _____________________

    3. (c) Keep a small fire (oil lamp) burning at home? _____________________

  28. 28. DO YOU

    Eat Indian/Iranian food and/or wear Indian/Irani dress?

    Food

    Dress

    (a)

    Often

    (b)

    Sometimes

    (c)

    Rarely

    (d)

    Only on communal occasions

    (e)

    Never

  29. 29. IF YOU HAVE CHILDREN UNDER 16 YEARS, DID YOU, DO YOU OR WILL YOU TEACH THEM TO PRAY?

    Have already taught them

    Am teaching them now

    Intend to teach them

    (a)

    Only in Avestan

    (b)

    Part Avestan, part vernacular

    (c)

    Wholly vernacular

    (d)

    Any other form of spiritual practice (please specify)

    1. (e) Definitely will NOT teach them to pray _____________________

    2. (f) Undecided _____________________

    3. (g) No children _____________________

    4. (h) Not thought about it _____________________

  30. (p.807) 30. NAUJOTE If you have children under 16 years old

    1. (a) Has their naujote been performed? _____________________

    2. (b) Do you intend to have their naujote performed? _____________________

    3. (c) Do you definitely intend NOT to have their naujote performed? _____________________

    4. (d) Undecided _____________________

    5. (e) No children under 16 _____________________

  31. 31. IF YOU HAVE CHILDREN UNDER 16 YEARS OLD WHOSE NAUJOTE HAS BEEN PERFORMED, DO THEY WEAR SUDRE/KUSTI?

    1. (a) Always _____________________

    2. (b) Sometimes _____________________

    3. (c) Rarely _____________________

    4. (d) Only on communal occasions _____________________

    5. (e) Never _____________________

    6. (f) No children under 16 _____________________

  32. 32. IF YOU HAVE CHILDREN UNDER 16 YEARS WHO DO NOT WEAR SUDRE/KUSTI, DO YOU ADVISE THEM TO WEAR IT?

    1. (a) Yes _____________________

    2. (b) No _____________________

    3. (c) Leave the decision to them _____________________

    4. (d) No children under 16 _____________________

  33. 33. TO WHICH CLASS DO YOU BELONG?

    1. (a) Athornan (priestly) _____________________

    2. (b) Behdin (non priestly) _____________________

    3. (c) Don’t know _____________________

  34. (p.808) 34. IF YOU ARE A MEMBER OF THE PRIESTLY CLASS

    Yes

    No

    Don’t know

    (a)

    Did your father undertake Navar?

    (b)

    Did you undertake Navar?

    (c)

    Will your sons undertake Navar?

  35. 35. ARE YOU IN FAVOUR OF BEHDIN CHILDREN UNDERTAKING NAVAR—MARATAB IN ORDER TO PERFORM PRIESTLY DUTIES?

    1. (a) Yes _____________________

    2. (b) No _____________________

    3. (c) Don’t know _____________________

  36. 36. CONCERNING ZOROASTRIANISM. DO YOU DESCRIBE YOURSELF AS

    1. (a) Orthodox? _____________________

    2. (b) Liberal? _____________________

    3. (c) Reformist? _____________________

    4. (d) Theosophist? _____________________

    5. (e) Follower of Ilm-i-Kshnoom? _____________________

    6. (f) Consider these terms meaningless? _____________________

    7. (g) Non-practising? _____________________

    8. (h) Other (please specify) _____________________

  37. 37. WHICH ZOROASTRIAN CALENDAR DO YOU OBSERVE?

    1. (a) Shahenshai _____________________

    2. (b) Kadmi _____________________

    3. (c) Fasli _____________________

    4. (d) Don’t know _____________________

    5. (e) None _____________________

  38. (p.809) 38. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING FUNERAL PRACTICES WOULD YOU CHOOSE?

    1. (a) Insist on your body being flown to a Tower of Silence _____________________

    2. (b) Prefer your body to be flown to a Tower of Silence _____________________

    3. (c) Cremation _____________________

    4. (d) Burial _____________________

    5. (e) Burial of ashes after cremation _____________________

    6. (f) Do not mind _____________________

    7. (g) Don’t know _____________________

  39. 39. REGARDING MARRIAGES BETWEEN ZOROASTRIANS AND NON-ZOROASTRIANS, DO YOU

    1. (a) Approve? _____________________

    2. (b) Accept? _____________________

    3. (c) Accept under protest? _____________________

    4. (d) Object to? _____________________

    5. (e) Don’t know _____________________

  40. 40. MIXED MARRIAGES

    If marriages between Zoroastrians and non-Zoroastrians occur, should they be performed by Zoroastrian priests according to Zoroastrian rites?

    1. (a) Yes _____________________

    2. (b) No _____________________

    3. (c) Don’t know _____________________

  41. 41. CHILDREN OF MIXED MARRIAGES

    In your opinion, should children of marriages between Zoroastrians and non-Zoroastrians be brought up as Zoroastrians and undergo Naujote?

    1. (a) Yes, but only if FATHER is a Zoroastrian _____________________

    2. (b) Yes if EITHER parent is a Zoroastrian _____________________

    3. (c) No _____________________

    4. (d) Don’t know _____________________

  42. (p.810) 42. CONVERSION

    1. (a) Should a non-Zoroastrian spouse, if they so desire, be allowed to become a Zoroastrian by undergoing Naujote?

      • (a) Yes _____________________

      • (b) No _____________________

      • (c) Don’t know _____________________

    2. (b) Should any non-Zoroastrian who demonstrates a sincere interest in the religion be allowed to become a Zoroastrian by undergoing the Naujote? _____________________

      • (a) Yes _____________________

      • (b) No _____________________

      • (c) Don’t know _____________________

    3. (c) Should the community actively seek converts from any race? _____________________

      • (a) Yes _____________________

      • (b) No _____________________

      • (c) Don’t know _____________________

    4. (d) Any other option you prefer (please specify) _____________________

  43. 43. SHOULD NON-ZOROASTRIANS BE PERMITTED TO ENTER FIRE TEMPLES?

    In India

    In Iran

    Prayer rooms in this country

    (a)

    Yes at any time

    (b)

    Yes providing no religious ceremonies are taking place

    (c)

    Yes but only if they are serious students of Zoroastrianism

    (d)

    For social functions (e.g. weddings, funerals)

    (e)

    No, never

    (f)

    Don’t

  44. (p.811) 44. LIFE AFTER DEATH? DO YOU BELIEVE IN

    Yes

    No

    Don’t Know

    (a)

    Immortality of the soul?

    (b)

    Reincarnation?

    (c)

    Resurrection of the body?

    (d)

    Heaven and Hell?

    (e)

    Heaven only?

    (f)

    Other (please specify)

  45. 45. DO YOU REGARD ZOROASTRIAN PRAYERS AND CEREMONIES FOR THE DEAD AS

    1. (a) Absolutely necessary? _____________________

    2. (b) Beneficial for the dead? _____________________

    3. (c) Beneficial for the living? _____________________

    4. (d) Meaningless? _____________________

    5. (e) Don’t know? _____________________

  46. 46. DO YOU BELONG TO ANY ORGANISATION?

    Religious

    Cultural

    Social

    Political

    Zoroastrian

    Non-Zoroastrian

  47. 47. (A). IF THERE IS A ZOROASTRIAN CENTRE WHICH YOU CAN ATTEND, DO YOU DO SO

    Regularly

    Sometimes

    Rarely

    Never

    (a) On religious occasions?

    (b) For social occasions?

    (c) For meetings concerning community matters?

    (d) There is no centre in reasonable travelling distance

  48. (p.812) 47. (B).IF THERE IS NO ZOROASTRIAN CENTRE YOU CAN ATTEND

    What are your views on establishing one?

    1. (i) Very desirable and would give generous financial support _____________________

    2. (ii) Desirable and would contribute _____________________

    3. (iii) Consider one would be impractical _____________________

    4. (iv) Have no views on the subject _____________________

    5. (v) Any other views (please specify) _____________________

  49. 48. DO YOU SEE ANY DANGER AHEAD FOR THE ZOROASTRIAN FAITH?

    1. (a) No _____________________

    2. (b) Declining numbers _____________________

    3. (c) Youth not following the religion _____________________

    4. (d) Conversion to other religions _____________________

    5. (e) Persecution by intolerant religions or governments _____________________

    6. (f) Don’t know _____________________

    7. (g) Other (please specify) _____________________

  50. 49. WHAT ASPECTS OF ZOROASTRIANISM GIVE YOU MOST HOPE FOR THE FUTURE?

    Yes

    No

    Don’t Know

    (a)

    A Saviour to come

    (b)

    The youth of the community

    (c)

    A world wide movement to unite Zoroastrians

    (d)

    Its past record of survival

    (e)

    Its strong ethical values

    (f)

    Any other (please specify)

  51. (p.813) 50. (A).WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DO YOU CONSIDER NECESSARY FOR ZOROASTRIANS IN THIS COUNTRY?

    (Check or tick as many or as few as you wish)

    1. (a) A full time priesthood _______

    2. (b) Priests trained in India or Iran _______

    3. (c) Performance of Inner ceremonies, (i.e. those performed in a temple e.g. Yasna, Vendidad) _____________________

    4. (d) All ceremonies for the dead _______

    5. (e) More social functions _______

    6. (f) More religious rites _______

    7. (g) Courses on Zoroastrianism _______

    8. (h) Translations of papers and books _______

    9. (i) Introductory books on Zoroastrianism _______

    10. (j) Major changes to ceremonies _______

    11. (k) Strict preservation of rituals _______

    12. (l) Provision of a Zoroastrian cemetery _______

    13. (m) Stronger links between Zoroastrian groups _______

    14. (n) Any other (please specify) _______

    (B). Please indicate which of the above you consider most important.

    • First _______

    • Second _______

    • Third _______

  52. 51. RELIGIOUS AUTHORITY

    When religious disputes arise (e.g. over conversion) which ONE of the following, in your opinion, should determine policy?

    1. (a) Priests in India _____________________

    2. (b) Bombay Parsi Panchayet _____________________

    3. (c) Priests in Iran _____________________

    4. (d) Irani Anjoman _____________________

    5. (e) Local Zoroastrian leaders _____________________

    6. (f) Special meetings (e.g. Zoroastrian conferences) _____________________

    7. (g) The individual's own conscience _____________________

    8. (h) Other (please specify) _____________________

  53. (p.814) 52. CHANGING BELIEFS AND PRACTICES

    Do you consider that your religious beliefs and practices have changed since you came to this country?

    Beliefs

    Practices

    (a)

    Considerably

    (b)

    Quite a lot

    (c)

    Very little

    (d)

    Not at all

    (e)

    Irrelevant (e.g. because born here)

    (f)

    Don’t know

  54. 53. FUNDAMENTALLY, HOW DO YOU WISH TO DESCRIBE YOURSELF?

    1. (a) As a citizen of the country you were born in (e.g. Parsi, Irani, Indian) _____________________

    2. (b) As a citizen of the country in which you now reside (e.g. USA, Canada, Britain, etc.) _____________________

    3. (c) Simply in religious terms as a Zoroastrian _____________________

    4. (d) As a Zoroastrian citizen of the country you were born in _____________________

    5. (e) As a Zoroastrian citizen of the country you now reside in _____________________

    6. (f) Other (please specify) _____________________

  55. 54. MOTHER COUNTRY

    Which of the following do you consider to be your mother country?

    1. (a) India _____________________

    2. (b) Pakistan _____________________

    3. (c) Africa (specify which country) _____________________

    4. (d) Britain _____________________

    5. (e) Hong Kong _____________________

    6. (f) America _____________________

    7. (g) Canada _____________________

    8. (h) Australia _____________________

    9. (i) Other (please specify) _____________________

  56. (p.815) 55. CULTURE

    Which aspects of the Indo-Pakistan, or Irani, culture do you consider worth preserving in this country?

    1. (a) Food _____________________

    2. (b) Music _____________________

    3. (c) Dress _____________________

    4. (d) Religion _____________________

    5. (e) Arts _____________________

    6. (f) Language _____________________

    7. (g) Others (please specify) _____________________

  57. 56. DO YOU FEEL THE NEED TO EXPLAIN YOUR CULTURE TO NON-ZOROASTRIANS IN THIS COUNTRY?

    1. (a) Never _____________________

    2. (b) Sometimes _____________________

    3. (c) Quite often _____________________

    4. (d) Always _____________________

  58. 57. RELATIONS BETWEEN ZOROASTRIANS

    How would you describe relations as they are in practice (not necessarily what you consider they should be) in your community?

    Between Irani Zoroastrians & Parsis

    Between Parsis

    Between new and older immigrants

    (a)

    Excellent

    (b)

    Good

    (c)

    Reasonable

    (d)

    Very mixed

    (e)

    Poor

    (f)

    Bad

    (g)

    Don’t know

    (h)

    Please specify any particular problems you have in this regard

  59. (p.816) 58. DO YOU CONSIDER ZOROASTRIANS ALREADY SETTLED IN THIS COUNTRY HELPED YOU WHEN YOU ARRIVED HERE?

    Financially

    With accommodation

    With employment

    Personally

    Other (please specify)

    (a)

    Considerably

    (b)

    Reasonably

    (c)

    Very Little

    (d)

    Not at all

    (e)

    Irrelevant

  60. 59. RELATIONS BETWEEN ZOROASTRIANS AND NONZOROASTRIANS

    How would you describe typical relations between your community and other races in this country?

    1. (a) Excellent _____________________

    2. (b) Good _____________________

    3. (c) Reasonable _____________________

    4. (d) Very mixed _____________________

    5. (e) Poor _____________________

    6. (f) Bad _____________________

    7. (g) Don’t know _____________________

    8. (h) Please specify any particular problems you see in this regard _____________________

  61. 60. WHAT IS YOUR MEMORY OF RELATIONS BETWEEN ZOROASTRIANS AND NON-ZOROASTRIANS IN THE COUNTRY OF YOUR BIRTH?

    English

    Muslims

    Hindus

    Blacks (e.g. in Africa)

    Chinese

    Other Asians (e.g. in Africa)

    Others (e.g. please specify

    (a)

    Excellent

    (b)

    Good

    (c)

    Reasonable

    (d)

    Very mixed

    (e)

    Poor

    (f)

    Bad

    (g)

    Don’t know

    1. (h) If relations were different at work from social mixing please indicate how they differed (using above categories) with which community.

  62. (p.817) 61. DO YOU CONSIDER YOU HAVE EVER FACED PREJUDICE (DISCRIMINATION) AGAINST YOU ON GROUNDS OF YOUR ETHNIC ORIGIN?

    1. (a) No ________

    2. (b) Yes ________

    If ‘Yes’ please indicate:

    (i) in what ways?

    Occupation

    Housing

    Education

    Police attitudes

    (a) Frequently

    (b) Sometimes

    (c) Rarely

    (ii) on what grounds?

    Language

    Politics

    Colour

    Other (please specify)

    (a) Frequently

    (b) Sometimes

    (c) Rarely