This chapter presents a brief historical preamble of crime and criminological research on Ireland. Ireland's history as a colonial society has resulted in a distorted focus: crime in the past has been primarily addressed as acts of defiance against the state, and policing in terms of the suppression of the revolt. For the last quarter of a century in the North, ordinary crime has occurred in the midst of political and civil unrest, and the South has also been affected by it. The reporting and analysis of crime trends in Northern Ireland is bleaker than for the Republic because there has been no tradition of criminological research, although the position is improving. This study seeks to assert the importance of locality, place, and environment on crime.
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