The Visit of Shaykh Aḥmad al-Yamanī to the City of Agades
Shayk Ahmad al-Sādiq is the author of the Qudwa. In a study of scholars and holy men of Islam in Muslim Africa, it was demonstrated that Agades and Aïr were centrally situated on the routes which linked the Sūfī retreats of the Atlas on the one hand, with those in the Upper Nile valley on the other. It is significant that Shayk Ahmad al-Yamanī hailed from this latter region. The sojourn of Shayk Ahmad al-Yamanī in Agades first took place in 1078–9/1670. Some ten years later, in 1089–90/1680, when he and his companions reached Agades, they learnt of the martyrdom of Shayk al-Burnāwī at the hands of the Tuareg, and at the same time, of the recent decease of Shayk Ahmad al-Sādiq. Shayk Ahmad al-Sādiq died between 1670 and 1680. Either much of the Qudwa text was composed between these two dates, or it may have been composed before. Shaykh Admad al-Yamanī may have read it and taken some of its content with him to Morocco.
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