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The Muratorian Fragment and the Development of the Canon$
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Geoffrey Mark Hahneman

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198263418

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263418.001.0001

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Redating the Fragment

Redating the Fragment

Chapter:
(p.215) 6 Redating the Fragment
Source:
The Muratorian Fragment and the Development of the Canon
Author(s):

Geoffrey Mark Hahneman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263418.003.0007

There is clearly a strong case for proposing that the Fragment is an Eastern list of New Testament works originating from the fourth century. This provenance is supported by many details. Eusebius appears to be the individual within the history of the Canon who developed and prompted New Testament catalogues, and thus the Fragment most probably derives from some time after Eusebius. Several remarkable parallels with Epiphanius would seem to confirm a Syrian/Palestinian provenance around 375 for the Fragment, specifically the inclusion of the Wisdom of Solomon in a New Testament catalogue, the mention of a Marcionite Laodiceans and the presence of Revelation without comment. These, combined with the public reading of the Revelation of Peter noted in the Fragment and Sozomen, and various similarities with Jerome (392), seem to confirm that the Muratorian Fragment is not a Western late second-century document, but is instead a late fourth-century Eastern catalogue.

Keywords:   Muratorian Fragment, New Testament, Eusebius, fourth century, Epiphanius, Wisdom of Solomon, Revelation, Sozomen, Marcionite, Laodiceans

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