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An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law$
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N. S. Hecht, B. S. Jackson, S. M. Passamaneck, Daniela Piattelli, and Alfredo Rabello

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198262626

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262626.001.0001

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Jewish and Roman Jurisdiction *

Jewish and Roman Jurisdiction *

Chapter:
(p.141) 6. Jewish and Roman Jurisdiction*
Source:
An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law
Author(s):

Alfredo Mordechai Rabello

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262626.003.0006

The Roman authorities were able to gain power over a huge part of the Mediterranean lands, including Palestine or what was then known as the ‘Land of Israel’. Despite the rule, however, these authorities granted the Jews with some degree of power, since the Jews were allowed to impose a civil law to serve as a binding law amongst themselves. This chapter explores how the Romans gave much importance to jurisdiction, since this varied with situation. There were two main kinds of jurisdictions: the public jurisdiction, which mainly concerned criminal law; and the civil jurisdiction, which dealt with matters of private law, specifically that of property law, contract law, family law, and the like. This chapter looks into the need to differentiate and determine which system was to be imposed over the Jews, and how the Romans were able to manage such power even after giving the Jews a certain degree of legal authority.

Keywords:   Roman authorities, Palestine, Israel, civil law, Jews, public jurisdiction, criminal law, civil jurisdiction, private law, legal authority

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