Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Harm and Culpability$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

A. P. Simester and A. T. H. Smith

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198260578

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260578.001.0001

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 28 November 2015

Justifications and Reasons

(p.102) (p.103) 5 Justifications and Reasons
Harm and Culpability

John Gardner

Oxford University Press

Justifications and reasons are closely related. Reasons may be either guiding or explanatory. The issue is whether justification depends on guiding reasons or on explanatory reasons. Are a person's actions and beliefs justified by the reasons which are actually applied to that person, or by the reasons which, perhaps mistakenly, that person thought applied to them and accordingly treated, in their acting or believing, as if they were reasons which actually applied to them? Faced with this question, some have come to the view that there are two different perspectives or points of view from which a person's actions or beliefs may be justified: ‘subjective’ justification, which depends on explanatory reasons, and ‘objective’ justification, which depends on guiding reasons. It is widely thought that excuses are more ‘subjective’ than justifications. A related but distinct objection to the full legal implementation of the contrast between justification and excuse contrast points to the limited moral resources of the criminal law.

Keywords:   reasons, justifications, guiding reasons, explanatory reasons, beliefs, actions, subjective justification, objective justification, excuse, criminal law

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .