The free movement of goods and services: an overview of the basic principles
The fundamental aim of the EC Treaty is to fuse together the economies of the Member States and to create an integrated market in which the factors of production, as well as the fruits of production, can move freely, without let or hindrance, thus achieving, over a period of time, a better allocation of resources and greater all-round prosperity. To that end, the Treaty lays down four fundamental freedoms: free movement of goods (Arts 23–31), persons (Arts 39–48), services (Arts 49–55), and capital (Arts 56–60). Although the Treaty deals separately with these various freedoms, it is important to stress at the outset that they are not hard-and-fast categories and that the distinction between them is sometimes blurred.
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