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The New RiverA Legal History$
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Bernard Rudden

Print publication date: 1985

Print ISBN-13: 9780198254973

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254973.001.0001

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Beginnings 1600–1619

Beginnings 1600–1619

(p.7) Chapter 2 Beginnings 1600–1619
The New River


Oxford University Press

The City of London was once well watered. The growth of population and building, however, had its inevitable effect, until the citizens were forced to seek sweet waters abroad. This situation started to change when a Dutchman named Peter Morris applied to city officials for permission to construct a water-wheel and pumps under one of the arches of London Bridge for the purpose of supplying culinary water to the city. As impressive as Morice's water-wheels were, his accomplishment was overshadowed by Sir High Myddelton, the sixth son of the Governor of Denbigh Castle, and his construction of a canal to carry water to London from the Herfordshire springs of Chadwell and Amwell. This engineering feat, begun in 1609 and finished in 1613, was so bold in design, that the “New River” source is still used today forming a valuable part of London's water supply.

Keywords:   water-wheel, pumps, London Bridge, Denbigh Castle, Herfordshire springs

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