This chapter analyzes Plato's treatment of pleasure in the Phaedo. His position is consistent in the various allusions to pleasure throughout the dialogue. That position can best be described as an extension of the process, begun in the Gorgias, of the development of Plato's own view of pleasure from its source in the Socratic hedonism portrayed in the Protagoras. The extension is threefold: firstly, in the association of bodily pleasures with illusion and unreality; secondly, in the extension of the notion of bodily pleasure to cover ‘spirited’ pleasure; and thirdly, in the clearer recognition of intellectual pleasures, with at least a hint of their role in the perfectly good life. While in its dualism the Phaedo looks back to the Gorgias, these three themes also point forward to the Republic.
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