This chapter aims to suggest the sort of ontological model which best makes sense of the views that have been imputed to Aristotle. The key to it is the realization that what is believed about the world is part of what humans are: cosmological models are expressions of personal concerns. It makes no apology for the ‘unreasonableness’ of what follows from the point of view commonly called realistic, for it is the latter that seems to be more truly absurd. The body–soul unity posited by Aristotle is not an uneasy yoking of material and mental, but an acceptance of the lived world, from which the object body of science is also an abstraction. Aristotle's account of sexual difference, though partly deformed by a Platonizing view of women as inferior men, draws attention to intersexual love and the making of loving couples as the groundwork for a decent society in which virtues are accorded their proper status. The comparison of Aristotle and certain Chinese thinkers is addressed.
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