S1: Atomic Substantialism
S1 is the doctrine of the Organon plus the Rhetoric and S2 are the remaining treatises of Aristotle. This chapter argues that S1 embodies a philosophical system. It also outlines the ontology, logic, and philosophy of science of S1 to which emerges a system of interrelated explanatory schemes. Attributes are instantiated primarily in individual substances and secondarily in universal substances. Atomic substantialism (AS) is the general metaphysical position to which Aristotle adheres. Language exhibits logical properties which justify interference in the form of arguments having premises and a conclusion. Arguments are analysable into ‘syllogism’—a series of propositions having two premisses and a conclusion. Aristotle's philosophy of science envisages an axiomatic deductive system which begins from necessary premisses known intuitively and demonstrates the necessity of conclusions drawn from these. He grounds his logic on his theory of language and his philosophy of science in his logic.
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