The Two Systems Hypothesis
This chapter discusses Montgomery Furth's interpretation of Aristotle's Categories and Michael Frede's interpretation of Metaphysics also by Aristotle. Categories is unitarian which has a systematic explanation, and Metaphysics is developmentalist with a genetic explanation. This chapter argues that nothing in the two explanations excludes researchers from using both in conjunction although we cannot apply both to explain the same phenomenon in the same situation. It also mentions Werner Jaeger's Aristoteles, the most influential book of the century on Aristotle. Research by G. E. L. Owen and Ferdinand de Saussure is also examined in this chapter to reconcile the two points of view. There are two incompatible philosophic systems in Aristotle—those expressed in the Organon and the physical-metaphysical treatises. The physical-metaphysical treatises is posterior in time and results from a transformation of the Organon. Lastly, this chapter discusses the significance of the Two Systems Hypothesis.
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