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Social Security in Developing Countries$
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Ehtisham Ahmad, Jean Drèze, John Hills, and Amartya Sen

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198233008

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233008.001.0001

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Social Security in Developing Countries: What, Why, Who, and How?

Social Security in Developing Countries: What, Why, Who, and How?

Chapter:
(p.41) 2 Social Security in Developing Countries: What, Why, Who, and How?
Source:
Social Security in Developing Countries
Author(s):

Robin Burgess

Nicholas Stern

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233008.003.0002

This chapter aims to help clarify some of the problems and issues raised by attempts to understand and alleviate the deprivation and fragility associated with the lives of so many people. It explains what social security means and defines the term with respect to objectives for developing countries. The chapter determines why the State should be involved in social security and investigates various general reasons for intervention that may be relevant to entities other than government. It examines arguments concerning market failure and income distribution that arise within the standard economic theory of policy and then looks more widely at questions concerning rights of individuals, at notions of State obligations, and at the concept of standard of living and the role of the State in improving it. The chapter further poses the question of who should carry responsibility for social security.

Keywords:   social security, market failure, income distribution, policy, rights of individuals, State obligations, responsibility

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