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The People’s PeaceBritish History 1945-1989$
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Kenneth O. Morgan

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198227649

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227649.001.0001

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The Façade of Unity

The Façade of Unity

Chapter:
(p.2) (p.3) 1 The Façade of Unity
Source:
The People’s Peace
Author(s):

Kenneth O Morgan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227649.003.0001

The book opens with a discussion on the manifestations of national unity in Britain in 1945 and the impact of the Second World War on its development and culture. Despite the romanticized version of the war promoted by Winston Churchill and the British Monarchy, its effect was both divisive and unifying. Victory in the war engendered the idealization of gentlemanly traditions and humane differences to the detriment of scientific innovation and industrial productivity. Post-war development planning was nonexistent and the subsequent government had to contend with the economic and social ravages dealt by the war, usually through state control and intervention. External relations and power shifts were ambiguous and social issues of inequality and class divisions also came into the limelight. In politics, that same divisiveness was also observed, within and among the various political parties such as the Conservative and the Labour Party.

Keywords:   Britain, 1945, Second World War, unity, Winston Churchill, Conservative Party, Labour Party, British Monarchy, inequality, class divisions

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