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The Politics of DissentPacifism in France 1919-1939$
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Norman Ingram

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198222958

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222958.001.0001

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Peace through Justice, or the Old Pacifism Defined

Peace through Justice, or the Old Pacifism Defined

(p.18) (p.19) 1 Peace through Justice, or the Old Pacifism Defined
The Politics of Dissent

Norman Ingram

Oxford University Press

Pacifism was not born in France after the Great War, rather it has a long and respectable history in the chronicles of 19th and 20th century France. The earliest French peace society dates back to 1821. In the 19th century, under the Second Empire, Victor Hugo was a fore runner of pacifism. The Third Republic saw a plethora of French peace societies, twenty-seven new peace societies were formed and the years from 1899 to 1901 represented the heydays of pacifism in France. This chapter discusses the evolution of pacifist movements in inter-war France. The focus is centred on the Association de la paix par le driot or APD, the most important and influential peace movement, formed in 1887. This existed for more than half a century and dissolved after the Second World War. In addition to the organizational legacy of APD, the chapter also discusses the position of the APD during the interwar period based on the parameters of old-style pacifism and the intimate relations between the Association and the official world of French politics.

Keywords:   pacifism, France, 19th century, peace societies, evolution of pacifism, inter-war France, French politics, APD, old-style pacifism

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