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Wales and the Britons, 350-1064$
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T. M. Charles-Edwards

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217312

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.001.0001

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The Britons and the Empire of Britain

The Britons and the Empire of Britain

Chapter:
(p.497) 16 The Britons and the Empire of Britain
Source:
Wales and the Britons, 350-1064
Author(s):

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.003.0017

Alfred bequeathed to his successors a kingdom of the Anglo‐Saxons embracing his native Wessex and English Mercia. By 927 his successors as West Saxon kings, Edward the Elder and Æthelstan, had added the Danelaw and Northumbria. The expansion was resisted, above all by a Viking dynasty based in Dublin, Uí Ímair, ‘The Descendants of Ívarr’. Both sides hoped for support from the Welsh. Gwynedd, which had experienced a Viking settlement in 902 in its core in Anglesey, lay between Dublin and another Viking settlement in the Wirral and was more prone to side with the Uí Ímair than was Dyfed, ruled by Hywel Dda. Hywel Dda was a consistently reliable ally of the English; and, through this alliance, he extended his own power throughout Wales apart from the South‐East. His policy was fiercely opposed in the poem Armes Prydein Fawr, ‘The Great Prophecy of Britain’.

Keywords:   The Anglo‐Saxon Empire of Britain, Uí Ímair, Dublin, York, Cumbria, Hywel Dda, Armes Prydein Fawr

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