In terms of military strategy, Edward I's first Welsh campaign heralded no major departures from earlier royal expeditions against north Wales. It followed much the same route as the expedition of John of England in 1211 and those of Henry III in 1241 and 1246; it penetrated less far than the former and less speedily than the latter. Like Henry III before him, Edward relied heavily on his own household knights and sergeants as an advance force that could undertake some of the essential reconnoitring work, as the nucleus of the cavalry strength of his main army, and as a permanent headquarters staff. More innovative was his recruitment of large forces of footsoldiers, which were to become such a notable feature of Edward's later campaigns.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.