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The Age of ConquestWales 1063-1415$

R. R. Davies

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208785

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208785.001.0001

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(p.466) Appendix The Descent of the Major Anglo-Norman Lordships in Wales 1086–1400

(p.466) Appendix The Descent of the Major Anglo-Norman Lordships in Wales 1086–1400

Source:
The Age of Conquest
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

The following list lays no claims to comprehensiveness or inality. Its purpose is to help the reader to identify quickly the major changes in the descent of some of the main Anglo-Norman lordships in Wales in the period 1086–1400. Three major caveats need to be borne in mind using the list: (i) there are many uncertainties in our knowledge of the descent and control of several lordships in the period before 1200; (ii) Anglo-Norman control of many lordships was precarious well into the thirteenth century and was sometimes little more than nominal; (iii) no account is taken of minorities, custodies, and dower- or jointure-rights in lordships or of short periods of confiscations, A fully documented check-list of the descent and control of castles and lordships is an urgent desideratum of Welsh medieval scholarship.

Abbreviations used in this appendix:

f.

= forfeiture

m. -

= descent through marriage, either of daughter, grand-daughter, or sister of previous lord;

o.s.p.

death without heir of the body

o.s.p.m.

death without surviving male heir of body

Where a valuation is quoted at the end of the entry, this represents an estimate of the yield of the lordship in the fourteenth century. (For sources see R. R. Davies, Lordship and Society in the March of Wales 1284–1400, pp. 196–8).

ABERGAVENNY (UPPER GWENT, GWENT UWCHCOED)

-temp Henry I:

Hamelin de Ballon

c.1119–41/2:

Brian fitz Count

1141/2–1165:

Miles of Gloucester, earl of Hereford, and his sons o.s.p.; m. -

1165–1230:

Braose o.s.p.m.; m. -

c.1240–73:

Cantitupe o.s.p.; m. -

1273–1389:

Hastings o.s.p.

1389–

Beauchamp (cadet branch)

Valuation:

£505–£667.

BLAENLLYFNI (p.467)

–I165:

see Brecon; m -

c.1190–1310:

Fitzherbert/Fitzpeter

1310–22:

Mortimer of Chirk, f.

1332–6:

Despenser jun., f.

1327–30:

Mortimer (of Wigmore), f.

1330–54:

Talbot

1354–

Mortimer

BRECON

c.1093–c.1125:

Bernard of Neufmarché o.s.p.m.; m. -

c.1125–65:

Miles of Gloucester, earl of Hereford, and his sons o.s.p.; m. -

c.1165–1208; 1213–30:

Braose o.s.p.m.; m. -

1241–1373:

Bohun (except 1322–6), o.s.p.m.; m. -

1380–8:

Henry Bolingbroke, earl of Derby and later duke of Hereford

1399–

part of Duchy of Lancaster

Valuation:

£1,543

BROMFIELD AND YALE (MAELOR GYMRAEG A IÂL)

1282–1318; 1322–47:

Warenne o.s.p.; m. -

1318–22:

Thomas of Lancaster, f.

1347–97; 1399–

Fitzalan

Valuation:

£830–£967.

BUILTH (BUELLT)

c.1100–1208; 1213–30:

Braose o.s.p.m.

1230–42; 1256–77:

largely under control of native dynasty of Gwynedd

1242–56; 1277–

Crown or king's eldest son (as prince of Wales after 1301).

Normally leased by the Crown to one of the Marcher families: Giffard, Bohun, and, especially, Mortimer

Valuation:

£200

CAERLEON AND USK (LOWER GWENT, GWENT ISCOED)

c.1086:

Thurstin fitz Rou

c.1090–c.1119:

Wynebald de Ballon and sons o.s.p.m.

c.1119–38:

Walter fitz Richard of Clare o.s.p.;

? 1138–76:

Gilbert fitz Gilbert of Clare, earl of Pembroke (d. 1148/9), and his son Richard Strongbow o.s.p.m.; m. -

1189–1245:

Marshal o.s.p.m.; m. -

1245–1314:

Clare o.s.p.; m. -

1317–22:

Amory, f.;

1322–6:

Despenser jun., f.;

1327–60:

Elizabeth de Burgh, sister of last Clare and widow of Amory; o.s.p.m.; m. -

1360–8:

Lionel, duke of Clarence o.s.p.m.; m. -

1368–

Mortimer

valuation:

£967

(p.468) CANTREF BYCHAN (LLANYMDDYFRL)

c.1110–36; 1158–62:

Richard fitz Pons and his descendants known as Clifford,

1136–58; 1162–1282;

under control of native dynasty of Deheubarth

1283–99:

Giffard; m. -

1299–1391

Audley o.s.p.m.; m. -

1391–

Tuchet

CAUS

pre-1086–1322

Corbet o.s.p.m.; m.-

1347–

Stafford

Valuation:

£264

CEMAIS

c.1115–1326

Fitzmartin o.s.p.; m.-

1326–92

Audley o.s.p.; m. -

1392

Tuchet

Valuation

£112

CERI AND CEDEWAIN

1279–

Mortimer (except for short periods of forfeiture)

CEREDIGION

1110–37

Gilbert fitz Richard of Clare and his son;

1137–1277/82

mainly under control of native dynasty of Deheubarth

1277/82–

Crown

CHEPSTOW (STRIGOIL)

c.1067–75

William fitz Osbem, earl of Hereford and his son Eoger, f.

c.1080–96

William count of Eu, f.

c.1119–1245

as for Caerleon and Usk; m. -

1245–1306

Bigod o.s.p.;

1310–99

Thomas of Brotherton, (son of Edward I) earl of Norfolk, and his daughter Margaret, countess and later duchess of Norfolk, o.s.p.m.; m. -

1399–

Mowbray

CHIRKLAND

1282–1322

Roger Mortimer of Chirk, f.

1322–6

Firzalan, f.

1327–30

Roger Mortimer of Wigmore, f.

1332–

Fitzalan (forfeited 1397–9)

Valuation

£500

CILGERRAN

See PEMBROKE

(p.469) CLUN

pre-1086–c.1150

Say o.s.p.m.; m. -

c.1150/1202–

Fitzalan (except tor brief periods of forfeiture)

Valuation:

£251–£398

CYDWELI (Kidwelly)

c.1106–?c.1130:

Roger, bishop of Salisbury,

?c.1130–1216:

Londres o.s.p.m.; m. -

1245–83:

Chaworth o.s.p.m.; m. -

1296–1361

Henry (d. 1345) younger son of Edmund, earl of Lancaster

(d. 1296), and his son Henry, duke of Lancaster

(d. 1361) o.s.p.m.; m. -

1361–99

John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster

1399–

part of Duchy of Lancaster

Valuation:

£520

DENBIGH

1282–1311

Lacy o.s.p.m.; m, -

1311–22

Thomas, earl of Lancaster, f.

1322–6

Hugh Despenser sen., f.

1327–30

Roger Mortimer of Wigmore, f.

1332–54

Montague

1355–

Mortimer (of Wigmore)

Valuation

£1,000 +

DYFFRYN CLWYD

1282

Grey, in senior line until 1323; in junior line (the Greys of Rutthinn) thereafter

Valuation

£492–£545

ELFAEL

?c.1100–1208; 1213–30

Braose o.s.p.m.; m.-

1233–1309

Tony o.s.p.m.; m. -

1309–15; 1337–

Beauchamp

Valuation

£194

EWYAS LACY

pre-1086–1095

Lacy, f.;

1095–c.1121

junior line of Lacy o.s.p.m.; m.-

c.1121–37

Payn Fitz John o.s.p.m.; m.-

1137–55

Roger son of Miles of Gloucester o.s.p.;

c.1155–1241

Lacy o.s.p.m.;

1241–1314

(a) Geneville o.s.p.m.; m. -

1314–

Mortimer

1241–1316

(b) Verdon o.s.p.m.; m. -

1316–69

Burghersh o.s.p.m.; m. -

1369–

Despenser

(p.470) GLAMORGAN (Morgannwg)

c.1090–1107

Robert fitz Hamo o.s.p.m.; m. -

c.1121–83

Robert earl of Gloucester (d. 1147) and his son William (d. 1183); o.s.p.m.; m. -

1189–1216

John, count of Mortain, later king of England

1217–1314

Clare o.s.p.; m. -

1317–26,1337–

Despenser

Valuation

£1,276

GOWER (Gŵyr)

c.1107–84

Beaumont o.s.p.

1203–8; 1213–1332

Braose m. -

1322–6

Hugh Denser jnr. f.

1331–54

Mowbray

1354–97

Beauchamp

1397–

Mowbray

Valuation

£386

HAVERFORD

–1245

see PEMBROKE; m.-

1245–89

Bohun and Mortimer

1289–1308

Crown

1308–24

Valence

1324–

Crown or Prince of Wales

Valuation

£161

ISCENNEN

1282–1322

Giffard, f.

1322–6

Despenser, jun., f.

1327–37

Crown

1337–40

Wylington

1340–61

Lancaster o.s.p.m.; m.-

1361–99

John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster

1399–

part of Duchy of Lancaster

Valuation

£158

KIDWELLY

See cydweli

LAUGHARNE

See TALACHARN

LLANSTEFFAN

temp. Henry I–c.1190

Marmion o.s.p.m.; m. -

c.1190–1338

Camville o.s.p.m.;

1338–77, 1391–

Penres

(p.471) MAELIENYDD, GWRTHEYRNION, CWMWD DEUDDWR

c.1100–1277

Held spasmodically by Mortimer

1277–1322, 1327–

Mortimer

valuation

£334

MOLDSDALE AND HAWARDEN

twelfth century–1329.

Montalt o.s.p.;

1329–37

Crown

1337–

Montague

MONMOUTH AND THREECASTLES

c.1070–1102

Montgomery, earls of Shrewsbury, f.;

c.1110 ?–1207

Bollers o.s.p.;

1214–

Crown or eldest son of King. Frequently leased to family of Mortimer

MONTGOMERY

pre 1080–1256

William fitz Baderon and his descendants who assumed the surname ‘de Monmouth’

1256–67

Lord Edward, son of Henry III

1267–1361

Edmund of Lancaster, son of Henry III, and his descendants in the cadet line o.s.p.m.; m. -

1361–99

John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster

1399–

part of Duchy of Lancaster

Valuation

£527

NEWPORT (Gwynllŵg)

–1314

See GLAMORGAN, m. -

1317–18

Audley

1318–26

Despenser jnr. f.

1327–47

Audley o.s.p.m.; m. -

1347–

Stafford

Valuation

£37

OSWESTRY

c.1080–temp. Henry I

Rainald of Bailleul and son

temp. Henry I–

Fitzalan (forfeitures 1327–30, 1397–99)

Valuation

£376

PEMBROKE (p.472)

1093–1102

Arnulf of Montgomery f.

1102–38

Crown

1138–76

Gilbert fitz Gilbert of Clare and descendants o.s.p.

1189–1245

Marshal o.s.p.m.; m. -

1247–I324

Valence o.s.p.; m. -

1339–89

Hastings o.s.p.;

1389–

Crown

Valuation

£320

RADNOR

c.1095–1230

Braose o.s.p.;

1230–

Mortimer

Valuation

(with Gwrtheyrnion) £314

TALACHARN (Laugharne)

? twelfth century–1390

Brian

1390–

Scrope

USK

See Caerleon