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The Oxford History of Poland-LithuaniaVolume I: The Making of the Polish-Lithuanian Union, 1385-1569$
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Robert Frost

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208693

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208693.001.0001

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The Oxford History of Poland-Lithuania

Robert Frost

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the growing impetus towards union following Sigismund August’s abandonment of his alliance with the Radziwiłłs, his adoption of the execution cause, and the fall of Polatsk to Muscovy. It analyses the 1563–4 Warsaw sejm, which discussed closer union, concentrating on the defence of the Lithuanian vision of a union of equals. It challenges the common view that news of the Lithuanian victory at Chashniki prevented an agreement that was on the point of being made, arguing that Polish intransigence meant that no compromise on the nature of the union was possible. It argues that Mikołaj Radziwiłł Czarny, the leader of the Lithuanians at the sejm, was far from being a Lithuanian separatist, and that he effectively defended the Lithuanian vision of union.

Keywords:   Sigismund August, Polatsk, Warsaw Sejm, closer union, Radziwiłł Czarny

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