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The Oxford History of Poland-LithuaniaVolume I: The Making of the Polish-Lithuanian Union, 1385-1569$
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Robert Frost

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208693

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208693.001.0001

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(p.291) 26 Shliakhta
The Oxford History of Poland-Lithuania

Robert Frost

Oxford University Press

Chpater 26 analyses the development of the nobility (shliakhta) in Lithuania and Ruthenia from 1386 to the mid sixteenth century. It considers the consequences of the eclipse of the princely appanages under Vytautas, and the emergence, encouraged by the Horodło privileges, of a new consolidated elite of lords (pany). It uses the military registers drawn up after 1528 to analyse the structure of the Lithuanian nobility and the emergence of a political nation that included an increasing number of Orthodox Ruthenians. It considers the emergence of a new system of government centred on a narrow council elite during Casimir’s long absences in Poland, and its problems, following the election of Alexander as grand duke in 1492 and the outbreak of the Muscovite wars.

Keywords:   Lithuania, Ruthenia, nobility, princely appanages, boyars, government, council elite, political nation

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