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The Oxford History of Poland-LithuaniaVolume I: The Making of the Polish-Lithuanian Union, 1385-1569$
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Robert Frost

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208693

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208693.001.0001

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From Sejmiks to Sejm

From Sejmiks to Sejm

(p.286) 25 From Sejmiks to Sejm
The Oxford History of Poland-Lithuania

Robert Frost

Oxford University Press

Chapter 25 covers the origins of the Polish Sejm (parliament). It looks at how problems with the sejmiks, whose consent for a range of government actions had been guaranteed by the 1454 Nieszawa privileges, stimulated various measures to secure the agreement necessary for the implementation of government policy. It charts how sejmiks increasingly coordinated their actions, and how the practice of calling general assemblies—which predated 1454—took institutional form in the late fifteenth century. It analyses the relationship of general assemblies to the royal council and discusses the institutionalization of a bicameral sejm, consisting of a chamber of envoys and a senate, in the 1490s, as the demands of war against Muscovy and the Ottomans brought regular demands for taxation and the summoning of the noble levy.

Keywords:   Sejm, sejmiks, bicameral, senate, chamber of envoys

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