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The Oxford History of Poland-LithuaniaVolume I: The Making of the Polish-Lithuanian Union, 1385-1569$
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Robert Frost

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208693

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208693.001.0001

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Defining the Union

Defining the Union

(p.198) (p.199) 18 Defining the Union
The Oxford History of Poland-Lithuania

Robert Frost

Oxford University Press

Chapter 18 analyses the nature of the union after 1447. It challenges the traditional view that, with no separate grand duke during Casimir IV’s long reign (1447–92), the union was purely personal, arguing that the principle of election and the union treaties bound the two realms together in a real union. It considers the arguments between Poles and Lithuanians over the nature of the union between 1447 and 1453, and Oleśnicki’s failure to win Lithuanians over to their view that Lithuania had been incorporated into Poland in 1386. The Lithuanians maintained their vision of a union of equal and separate realms, and after 1453, Poles and Lithuanians agreed to differ on the matter, and in the dispute over Podolia and Volhynia.

Keywords:   Casimir IV, Zbigniew Oleśnicki, personal union, real union, Podolia, Volhynia

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