Success and Failure? Whigs and Ultramontanes
With the fall of Russell’s government, the departure of Clarendon, and the death of Murray, relations between the Irish Catholic Church and the British government entered a new phase. Leadership passed into more conservative hands. In government, Derby, regarded by Irish Catholics since the 1830s as a bitter enemy, became prime minister; Eglinton, whose amendment of the Diplomatic Relations Act had rendered it unacceptable to the pope, replaced Clarendon as lord lieutenant. The death of Murray left the way open for Paul Cullen to carry through his reforms, his ambitious educational schemes, and his Ultramontane policies. On May 1852, Cullen became archbishop of Dublin. He was also made perpetual Apostolic Delegate, which confirmed him as the head of the Irish church.
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