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France: The Dark Years,
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Julian Jackson

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207061

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.001.0001

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Towards Liberation: January to June 1944

Towards Liberation: January to June 1944

(p.529) 22 Towards Liberation: January to June 1944
France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Julian Jackson

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses events between January to June 1944. In the spring of 1944, much of southern rural France could be more appropriately described as ‘Resistance France’ than ‘Vichy France’. In many areas the Resistance now had more impact on people’s lives than the Vichy government. In March, the new prefect of the Corrèze, Pierre Trouillé, described his département as experiencing two occupations: seventeen cantons were controlled by the Maquis, and nine, mainly in the urban areas, by the Germans. The Germans stuck to the towns, emerging only on brief and bloody forays. They now viewed the Maquis as a genuine military threat in the eventuality of a landing. After a meeting with d’Astier in January 1944, Churchill too was persuaded of the potential of the Maquis, and he ordered an intensification of arms drops to the Resistance.

Keywords:   Germans, Resistance movement, Maquis, France, de Gaulle, Churchill

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