Proprietors' arrangements with their priests
The counterpart to a proprietor's material gains from a church is his provision for its service. This chapter considers how — as between lord and bishop — the priest of a private church was appointed; the difference made by the priest's personal status (free or unfree); and the range of rights that he might have in the church and its resources, from tenure of the whole complex verging on property right, to nothing beyond perhaps a daily food allowance, with a broad middle ground where the majority stood, having tenure of a portion of the church's resources — a priest's part, which could be seen as his pay from the lord. By the 11th century, the small rural parish with its own priest has become, in much of the West, part of the framework of rural societies forming under various degrees of lordly control. The lord needs a real priest, consecrated by a real bishop.
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