The New English Theory of Mixed Government, 1642–1644:
Balance, Authority, Conscience
This chapter examines the emergence of a new English theory of mixed government and the innovative approach to theories of mixed government during the period from 1642 to 1644. It suggests that the word ‘balance’ was addressed in this new theory as a problem of authority rather than of liberties and that the discussion about this theory moved from limitation to stability. During the debate on the theory of mixed government some writers discussed the constitution in the Fortescuian framework, while others turned to the Polybian idea.
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