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Sovereignty and the SwordHarrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars$
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Arihiro Fukuda

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206835

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.001.0001

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The New English Theory of Mixed Government, 1642–1644:

The New English Theory of Mixed Government, 1642–1644:

Balance, Authority, Conscience

(p.22) 2 The New English Theory of Mixed Government, 1642–1644
Sovereignty and the Sword

Arihiro Fukuda

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the emergence of a new English theory of mixed government and the innovative approach to theories of mixed government during the period from 1642 to 1644. It suggests that the word ‘balance’ was addressed in this new theory as a problem of authority rather than of liberties and that the discussion about this theory moved from limitation to stability. During the debate on the theory of mixed government some writers discussed the constitution in the Fortescuian framework, while others turned to the Polybian idea.

Keywords:   political theory, England, mixed government, authority, liberties, constitution, Fortescuian framework, Polybian idea

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