Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

R. D. Anderson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 23 June 2018

France from the Enlightenment to the Napoleonic University

France from the Enlightenment to the Napoleonic University

Chapter:
(p.39) 3 France from the Enlightenment to the Napoleonic University
Source:
European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914
Author(s):

R. D. Anderson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.003.0003

Efforts to reform the French universities were cut short by the 1789 revolution, and they were abolished in 1793. Higher education began to revive only in 1795, with schools of law and medicine, but real reform had to await Napoleon. The Napoleonic ‘University’ of 1808 was a centralized, secular, national body, with separate faculties which were not reconstituted as individual universities. The features of the Napoleonic system were its emphasis on professional education, the relegation of general literary and scientific education to secondary schools, the separation of teaching and research, and a separate system of elite grandes écoles, notably the Ecole Normale Supérieure and the Ecole Polytechnique. Both grandes écoles and research institutes were concentrated in Paris. This model of highly centralized state education was applied in the European territories conquered by Napoleon, and remained influential after 1815.

Keywords:   France, French revolution, Napoleon, grandes écoles, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .