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Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085$
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H. E. J. Cowdrey

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206460

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.001.0001

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Gregory VII and the Kingdom of Italy

Gregory VII and the Kingdom of Italy

Chapter:
(p.272) 4 Gregory VII and the Kingdom of Italy
Source:
Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085
Author(s):

H. E. J. Cowdrey

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0004

In the kingdom of Italy and in the church and city of Rome, Pope Gregory VII's intentions, actions, and degree of success showed differences from region to region. For the most part, Gregory showed prudence and insight in his appreciation of differing situations. When a cautious and accommodating approach was called for, as for example in his dealings with Aquileia and Venice, Gregory showed a moderation and willingness to settle for what he could hope to achieve, which were statesmanlike and conducive to his advantage. In Lombardy, by contrast, the recalcitrance of the Lombard bishops and the militancy of the Patarenes led Gregory into a stance of confrontation and zealous partisanship in regional affairs. Also in Tuscany, he found allies who seemed to meet his own requirements of lay figures and of churchmen. At Rome itself, Gregory was for most of his pontificate successful in maintaining his position by ways of moderation, of not raising contentious issues in religious or civic terms, and of not pressing the more radical aspects of his rule.

Keywords:   Pope Gregory VII, Rome, Italy, Aquileia, Venice, Lombardy, Tuscany, Patarenes, bishops

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