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Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085$
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H. E. J. Cowdrey

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206460

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.001.0001

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Sacerdotium and Regnum

Sacerdotium and Regnum

(p.608) 10 Sacerdotium and Regnum
Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

H. E. J. Cowdrey

Oxford University Press

With regard to the question of relations between the priestly element in Christian society, the sacerdotium, and the royal element, the imperium or regnum, Pope Gregory VII was in no way an original thinker. In concert with his thought about the relations of sacerdotium and regnum, Gregory's attitudes to kings and princes underwent development, particularly after 1080. He was also in some measure responsible for changes in how his contemporaries thought and felt about the nature and identity of the kingdoms of Europe when viewed as human associations that interacted corporately with the papacy and with each other. Throughout his pontificate, Gregory sought to establish and to consolidate bonds of loyalty and service between the Roman church and the kingdoms and principalities, and therefore the rulers and the more powerful laity, of Latin Christendom. This chapter also examines the contrast between the assurance with which, in practice, Gregory sought to involve the military classes in many forms of warfare for the purposes of the papacy.

Keywords:   Pope Gregory VII, sacerdotium, regnum, kings, princes, kingdoms, Europe, Roman church, Latin Christendom, warfare

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