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The Origins of the Hundred Years WarThe Angevin Legacy 1250–1340$

Malcolm Vale

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206200

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206200.001.0001

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(p.281) Appendix II The Costs of the Gascon War, 1294–1299

(p.281) Appendix II The Costs of the Gascon War, 1294–1299

Source:
The Origins of the Hundred Years War
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

English expenditure on the war

Total expenditure 1294–9

Average annual expenditure

Total estimated annual income

1,440,000 l.t. (£360,000 st.)

238,000 1.t. (£59,500 st.) (i.e. 83.8% of total estimated annual income)

120,000 l.t. + 164,400 l.t. = 284,400 l.t2 (£30,000 st. + £41,000 st = £71,100 st.)

French expenditure on the war

Total expenditure 1294–9 (estimate)

Average annual expenditure

Total estimated annual income

1,730,000 l.t.3 (£432,500 st.)

346,000 l.t. (£86,500 st.) (i.e. 61.5% of total estimated annual income)

562,500 l.t. (£140,625 st.)

English expenditure on troops' wages and compensation for lost horses, 1294–9

£st.

% of total expenditure

Wages of Gascon men-at-arms (cavalry) during war (1294–8)

£137,595

38.22

Wages of Gascon men-at-arms during truce (1298–9)

£ 30,690

8.53

Wages of English men-at-arms (cavalry) during war (1294–8)

£ 37,050

10.29

Total cavalry wages

£205,335

57.04

Wages of Gascon infantry

£ 17,928

4.98

Restaur of horses killed or lost during war (1294–8) (mainly to Gascons)

£ 25,816

7.17

Total expenditure on wages and restaur

£249,079

69.19

(1) These figures do not include expenditure on campaigns in Flanders or on Netherlandish, imperial or other alliances.

(2) Total estimated income from ordinary revenues and the customs.

(3) 76.5% contributed by urban, commercial and mercantile sources.

Abbreviations: 1.t., livres tournois; 1. St., pounds sterling.

Sources: English Exchequer accounts (PRO, E.101 and E.372/160); French Chambre des Comptes and other accounts (printed in Revue Historique, xxxix (1889), 326–48 and in Comptes Rqyaux, 1285–1314, ed. R. Fawtier and F. Maillard, iii (Paris, 1956).

Note: An exchange rate of £1 st.= £4 t. has been adopted. This represents a very approximate equivalent, as the rate oscillated between £4 t. and £6 t. to the pound sterling throughout the period from 1294 to 1299.

(p.282)