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The Christian's ABCCatechisms and Catechizing in England c.1530-1740$

Ian Green

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206170

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206170.001.0001

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(p.573) Appendix 1 Catechisms and Catechetical Material Produced, Used, or Recommended for Use in England c. 1530–1740

(p.573) Appendix 1 Catechisms and Catechetical Material Produced, Used, or Recommended for Use in England c. 1530–1740

Source:
The Christian's ABC
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Introduction

THIS Appendix was designed with two purposes in mind. First of all, it was hoped to provide for the first time a list of all the works written or published in England between c.1530 and 1740 which have been or might be called catechisms, arranged alphabetically by author or where a form was anonymous the first word of the title. Such a list would provide its own justification, as a quick-reference guide to the catechetical writings of a particular author or to the short title, date, number of editions, or short-title reference number of a particular form or group of forms that a scholar had encountered or wished to pursue. It might also help librarians to track down the authors of anonymous works in their care. It is surprising, for example, how many libraries have a copy of a very popular form published anonymously by Thomas Marshall—The catechism set forth in the Book of Common Prayer briefly explained— but file it under C (it can quickly be recognized by not only the title but also the illustration of the Sheldonian Theatre on the cover and the imprimatur of 20 March 1678 by the vice-chancellor of Oxford on the reverse of the title-page). However, it was also hoped that such a list would facilitate research into various aspects of early modern history: ecclesiastical, theological, devotional, educational, social, political, or literary. In my own case it was a broad analysis of the quantity, quality, and chronological distribution of such works, and a general comparison of the products of one era with those of another that attracted me. But the information given here should enable those who are interested in finding out what catechetical works are known to have been used in a specific decade or area, or were of a particular size, or related to a particular aspect such as treatment of the Ten Commandments or the sacraments, to track these down by a few minutes' careful scanning of the appropriate columns. The following notes are designed both to explain the methods and terms used in describing the works listed, and to describe the types of information contained in the different columns.

Before describing what has been included in this Appendix, it may be helpful to draw readers' attention again to the method used here to track down catechisms (see above, pp. 48, 50–8), since other scholars may find alternative means of tracking down catechisms. Beyond what I have said at the start of Chapter 2, I have relied on (p.574) a process of serendipity: looking at all the items in a volume that was called up from a library stack for one particular item, but proved to contain a number of related titles bound together; or checking under ‘catechism’ in the catalogues of libraries visited in Britain, Ireland, and America. Fellow-historians have also kindly sent me titles, for which I am very grateful. Secondly, I should make it clear what has been excluded from the following list. It does not include all the works listed in the Stationers' registers or term catalogues which may or may not have been catechetical but in the titles of which the word ‘catechism’ did not appear. The following list would be much longer and also have a much higher ratio of queries if it included all such items as the anonymous Groundes of godlyness of c. 1602 (TSR iii. 186) which was, as far as one can see, never published. In the absence of a published text to compare with such descriptions and to enable us to fit such works into the analyses of size and content attempted in this study, it was decided reluctantly not to pursue or list them here systematically. A few much stronger candidates have been listed, especially where the word ‘catechism’ occurs in the title. The list also does not include all works described, either in contemporary records or recent short-title catalogues, as dialogues, since, as has been explained above (pp. 17–19, 54–6), I do not regard these as being synonymous with catechisms. I have included here only those dialogues which seem to me to have been aimed at basic instruction or improvement of some kind, to teach a beginner some simple ideas, or have been described at some date as catechisms. For the reason indicated in the text (p. 50), I have listed all the printed Catholic forms which I have encountered, but have not tried to trace all such works. Similarly, I have not tried to trace all Scottish, Welsh, Irish, or American catechisms, and include here only those which were first or also published in England. For Scottish ones, see H. S. Aldis, A List of Books Printed in Scotland before 1700 (Edinburgh, 1970), as well as Carruthers, Three Centuries, and Torrance, School of Faith. For Wales, see the index of G. H. Jenkins, Literature, Religion and Society in Wales, 1660–1730 (Cardiff, 1978), s.v. catechising, and catechisms. For Irish ones, see Ian Green, ‘“The Necessary Knowledge of the Principles of Religion”: Catechisms and Catechizing in Ireland c.1560–1800’, in A. Ford, J. McGuire, and K. Milne (eds.), As by Law Established: The Church of Ireland since the Reformation (Dublin, 1995), 69–88. For American ones, see G. E. Brown, ‘Catechists and Catechisms of Early New England’, D. R. E. (Boston University, 1934); W. Eames, Early New England Catechisms (Detroit, 1969); and M. E. R. Wall, ‘Puritanism in Education’, Ph.D. thesis (Washington University, 1979).

The first column [Author] gives the author's name where known. In some cases authors identified on the title-page by their initials alone can be identified from the full name at the end of a preface or epistle dedicatory; in others they have been identified by hand-written notes in a contemporary hand or by the bibliographers who have prepared the short-title catalogues (see column 5). To save space, (p.575) cross-references have been kept to a minimum. Where they were deemed essential, they have been included: in the case of forms published anonymously but where the author is now known, as in the case of Marshall's Catechism set forth; and in the case of a mistaken attribution, e.g. Edmond Allen and Leo Jud. But where a cross-reference was only a matter of convenience, they have not been included, e.g. from ‘I.B.’ to John Batchiler. In the latter case, someone coming across a catechism by I.B. should look at all the entries under B, using title and date as additional guides. Readers should also note that occasionally a catalogue heading has been used in this column, e.g. Heidelberg Catechism, or Westminster Assembly of Divines, where the work was the product of a number of authors, and the title of the published form was not completely standard.

The second column [Title] gives a shortened form of the title, always the first few words, and sometimes some later ones as well where these are helpful in distinguishing it from a similarly entitled work or in revealing the contents or purpose of the work. Greek letters have been transliterated, but not Hebrew or Arabic. Where more than one work by an author is listed, this has been done not alphabetically but chronologically by dates of first publication. Where there are slight variations in the title, or different titles were used in different editions but the text was substantially the same, the differences are indicated (by a slash or square brackets), but the work is treated here as a single form. Conversely, in some cases a later edition with the same title had a much revised version of the text; where this is known, this is indicated in column 6, but only if a significant proportion of the text is different have the two versions been listed separately (see s.v. Thomas Gouge for an example). The publishing histories of specific works can be more complex than at first sight appears: thus of the three works whose titles begin A light from Christ published by Immanuel Bourne between 1645 and 1647, that of 1647 has a much modified but recognizably similar version of the text of 1645, while that of 1646 has not only a different subtitle but also a largely different text from both the others.

The third column [Date] gives the date or dates of publication of known editions; the place of publication is London unless otherwise stated. Where a hyphen precedes the first date, as in the case of John Ball's A short catechisme, it is because there is a strong possibility that there was an earlier edition (for reasons given in column 5 or 6) but no copy of that edition has survived. Where a hyphen follows the last date, this indicates that there were later editions after the year 1740 which is the terminal date used in this Appendix. The use of a question mark indicates that there is some doubt about the date of the particular edition being cited: the year may have been left off by the printer, or the title-page of the only surviving copy may be incomplete. In such cases the years have been taken from the short-title catalogues (see column 5), whose compilers have used a variety of methods to produce a likely date, or some other source such as a preface or the term catalogues.

The fourth column [Editions] indicates the number of separate editions of a (p.576) particular form that is known to have been published in England by December 1740. These should not be added up willy-nilly, since there must always be an element of doubt about the numbers of contemporary editions, especially of shorter catechisms which were so flimsy that whole editions have been destroyed without trace. It has not proved possible, for example, to check whether each supposedly new edition of a work is a predominantly new publication rather than a reissue of old sheets with a new title-page claiming it to be a fresh edition. However, where there are multiple editions I have attempted to examine a sample of different editions to see whether this practice did occur. Where the title-page of a work claims it to be the fifth edition, but we do not have a copy of each of all four previous editions, it has been entered here as ‘5?’. Alternatively, where there were some pirate editions, inside or outside England, or editions published legally outside England, as in the case of John Ball's A short treatise, this has been indicated as 16+ (i.e. probably at least sixteen separate editions printed in England, and probably more, either ‘pirate’ editions inside England or separate editions outside England). The plus symbol has also been used to indicate reissues, as opposed to largely new editions, within our period, for example, when a collection of separate titles was bound together to form a combined volume of the author's works. It has also been used to indicate fresh editions published after 1740. An isolated question mark indicates that there is no proof a particular work was printed, though from the reference in TSR or wherever we may assume that such a work existed in manuscript.

Two additional points should be noted. First, where the catechetical form was published only as part of a much larger work, such as a volume of collected works (e.g. Babington's exposition of the Creed) or a treatise (e.g. most editions of Cartwright's catechism), this is indicated in column 5 or 6. Secondly, to distinguish between works that are (by the criteria discussed in the opening chapters of this work) fairly typical catechisms and works which are not, the number of editions of the latter have been surrounded by angled, round, or square brackets. Angled brackets have been used for a few dialogue-catechisms which seem to me to contain almost as many features of a typical catechism as of that closely related genre: the dialogue. Round brackets have been used for categories of works which were fairly closely related to the typical catechism of the day but in some respect distinct: instructive or improving dialogues, in which the elements of the dialogue genre are prominent and the material was not the usual catechetical staples; treatises with only a limited number of questions and answers on catechetical material; catechetical works which were not in question-and-answer form, for example, long expositions of catechetical staples in continuous prose; sermons on catechizing, or other exhortations to catechize or be catechized, and other sermons delivered to classes of catechumens; works described as catechisms of which the content, though mainly concerned with doctrine or ecclesiology, was predominantly controversial or handled in a polemic fashion; and/or works in which the bulk of the text is not in (p.577) English. Square brackets have been inserted round the numbers of editions of works in the following categories which seem to me to be further removed from the mainstream of English catechizing: those catechisms which were in English but published on the Continent; those whose authors were not Protestant; and works referred to as ‘catechisms’ on the title-page but which prove to have been of a distinctly political or satirical nature (see above, pp. 56–7).

The fifth column [Source/Location] indicates where I have obtained information about or seen a copy of a particular work. In the great majority of cases, the source is one of the two short-title catalogues referred to throughout this study as STC 2 and Wing 2 (see list of abbreviations), and unless there is any indication to the contrary it may be assumed that all references in this column for the period up to 1640 are to STC2, and all references to works from 1641 to 1700 are to Wing2. STC2 identifies works by a single number, though where later editions or new works have emerged this is often indicated by the addition of a number after a decimal point (e.g. The ABCset for the is 19.6). Wing2 uses a letter (the first letter of the author's surname or of the title where no author is known) and a number (again sometimes supplemented, this time by a letter or letters, e.g. under Lancelot Andrewes A3146A). It is generally agreed that as a bibliographical guide Wing2 is not as reliable as STC2, hence the occasional demurrers in columns 5 and 6, details of which were sent to the Wing STC Revision Office (though no reply has yet been received). Occasionally in the period prior to 1700 and regularly thereafter, I have listed the British location in which I have seen a copy, though a quick check in Wing 2, the National Union Catalogue (NUC), or the Eighteenth-Century Short-Title Catalogue (ESTC) will often reveal a copy in an American collection. The locations most often mentioned in this column are the British Library (BL), Dr Williams's Library (DWL), United Reformed Church Library, Lambeth Palace Library and Sion College, all in London, the Bodleian Library, Oxford, the John Rylands University Library (JRUL) in Manchester, and some of the college libraries at Oxford and Cambridge, and that of Trinity College Dublin (TCD).

The sixth and last column [Description] contains a mixture of information and opinion on such matters as size and content, and the possible origins and geographical use of different works. The number of pages indicated by the categories ‘short’, ‘mid’, and ‘long’ were arrived at by combining common-sense publishing factors (such as the numbers of pages commonly printed in a short octavo or duodecimo work) with rule-of-thumb mathematical ones: the total number of pages of text of the different catechisms in the list were plotted to see where these totals bunched, and the lines drawn where there was least bunching. It was also thought helpful to subdivide two of these categories. Thus ‘short’ is 25 pages or less, but ‘very short’ is 10 pages or less; ‘mid’ is between 26 and 60 pages; ‘long’ is 61–250 pages; and ‘very long’ is over 250 pages. Sometimes the term ‘advanced’ has been used as an alternative to ‘very long’, specifically of works which were partly or all in ‘q + a’ (p.578) (question and answer) form, but which seemed to me from the concepts, vocabulary, and syntax used to be aimed at a more advanced kind of catechumen or indeed at catechists rather than the children and ignorant adults who constituted the majority of catechumens. ‘Exposition’ refers to the expounding of catechetical material by continuous prose rather than by question and answer (e.g. by Lancelot Andrewes in his catechetical lectures). However, the two were, in practice, often combined (‘q + a with expositions’) as many authors inserted a paragraph of explanation before or after each answer; the main difference between John Ball's two most popular forms was that the shorter had no expositions, but the longer did. ‘Form’ is used as shorthand for a question-and-answer catechism; ‘dialogue’ has been reserved for works, sometimes of an improving but often of a controversial nature, in which the speakers have been assigned names or descriptive labels and where a certain amount of plot or other material designed to ease the flow of discussion has been inserted (see above, pp. 54–6, 60–1, 63–4).

Partly due to pressure on space and partly to problems of evidence, it has not proved possible to provide a precise description of the content or intended function of every work in this list, but some broad categories have been attempted. An explanation of one or more of the four staples described above in Chapter 6 has been regarded as the norm, and so ‘unusual content’ is likely to refer to a form which did not expound at any length the Apostles' Creed, the Ten Commandments, the Lord's Prayer, or the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper (failure to do so might simply be due to lack of space, as in ‘very short’ forms). Conversely where there is some sustained development of one or more of these staples (rather than a mere reference to them) they have been listed here in the sequence in which they appear in the text, using the abbreviations Cr (for Creed), Dec (for Decalogue), Pr (for Lord's Prayer), and Ss (for sacraments). Many authors built their forms around one of three models: the Prayer Book catechism (PBC), the Heidelberg Catechism (Heidelberg), and the Westminster Shorter Catechism (WSC), which had a very similar structure to its big brother the Westminster Larger Catechism (WLC). Rather than repeat the sequence of staples in those three models (discussed in the text above) every time they are mentioned as providing the basis or model for a later form, it should be noted that the sequences are as follows: Prayer Book catechism—Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; Heidelberg Catechism—Cr, Ss, Dec, Pr; Westminster Larger and Shorter Catechisms—credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr. As explained in Chapter 6, the absence of ‘Cr’ in such a case does not mean a total lack of treatment of credal material (e.g. God, the Creation, Christ, the Holy Ghost, last things), but rather a selective and flexible use of such material as opposed to the strictly sequential and complete handling of such material in forms marked ‘Cr’. The term ‘pre-comm.’ stands for pre-communion, i.e. a work designed to test a potential communicant's knowledge or to prepare a catechumen for receiving the Lord's Supper. The authors of most of the works so described tended to focus on the meaning and value of the Lord's Supper, but a number (p.579) contained some credal material and/or some treatment of the moral law. For the parliamentary ordinance of 20.10.1645, see above pp. 79–80. Where a work is stated on the title-page or in the preface to have been aimed at a specific group or type of catechumens, this is mentioned, space permitting.

Placenames and counties have been taken from the title-pages, epistles dedicatory, or prefaces where there is some indication that the form in question was produced by a minister working there or used on a congregation or other set of catechumens in that area. Thus Samuel Adams dedicated his Plain and full instruction to the inhabitants of Alvescot in Oxfordshire whom, he tells us, he had catechized for some years. However, a simple indication that an author was incumbent of a particular parish at the time of publication has to be used with caution as evidence of use in that parish, since in some cases, such as that of James Ussher, forms were written and tested at one stage of an author's career but published only at a later stage when he had moved on or was about to move on to other responsibilities. The addition of a question mark after a place or county is meant to indicate that the form may have been used there but we cannot be certain. Prices have usually been taken from the title-pages or the term catalogues.

Finally, it must be stressed that a list such as this one has to be provisional. For the reasons indicated in Chapter 2 above, no historian, even with a little help from his friends, is going to discover all the catechetical forms lurking at the back of or in the middle of non-catechetical publications, or under titles such as A handfull of goateshaire. In addition, copies of a work mentioned in the TSR that was thought not to be extant may turn up in manuscript or prove to have been printed after all, though not as a separate item; new titles may be added in the final revision of Wing, or be thrown up in the final stages of constructing the ESTC data base. A methodical search through the advertisements printed at the end of many late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century publications might well yield many more catechisms. I would be very grateful if any titles that have escaped my notice, either of catechetical works that were published or of ones that were only registered, were brought to my attention. Both these and any corrections to the details or opinions given below could then be incorporated into a list of revisions, perhaps to be made available on IBM-compatible software. (p.580)

Catechisms and Catechetical Material Produced, Used, or Recommended for Use in England, c.1530–1740

1

2

3

4

5

6

A., B.

A treatise of the way to life

[1580?]

1

[STC2] 2

Mid; Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr; has concluding prayer summarizing contents of catechism

A., H.

The tenets and principles of the Church of Rome

1732

[1]

Liverpool Univ. Lib.

Satirical, anti-Catholic piece in the form of a short catechism; preface signed by H. A.

A., T.

A catechisme for young children

1619

——

TSR iii. 645

See below, s.v. Elements

Abbot, Robert

Milk for babes; or, a mother's catechism for her children

1646

2

A69–69aA

3 forms, 2 very short, 1 long (qs + as with expositions); Dec, Ss, Pr; Hants., Kent; still on sale in 1658: W. London, Catalogue, sig. Klv

anon.

The ABC with the Pater noster, Ave, Credo and X commaundements … set forthe by the kynges maiestie

[1545]

1

19.6

Contains Pr, Cr, + Dec in English, + a modified version of the form in the Gough primer (1536), q.v., s.v. Primer

anon.

The/An ABC with the/a catechisme, that is to say an instruction to be [taught and] learned by every childe/person, before he be brought to be confirmed by the bishop

1551–1725–

See col. 6

20.2–21.3+ A36 + + A36A–38B + BL

PBC, preceded by the means of teaching children their letters (+ later their numbers as well) + followed by prayers (‘graces’); reprinted in huge numbers throughout the period: see above pp. 65–6, 175–6. For an Irish version, see STC2 22.3 (Aibidil gaoidheilge & caiticiosma, Dublin, 1571) and for a Welsh, YʼrABC. neu catechisme (1633), see 22.5

anon.

A, B, C, des Chrétiens

[1705?–10?]

(2)

BL

After an ABC come the anonymous Maner to examine chyldren (q.v.), Beza's Little catechisme (q.v.), + the PBC, with the Nicene and Athanasian Creeds, all in French

anon.

The ABC with the shorter catechism

–[1740?]

1

BL

WSC published with an ABC (+ unsuitable woodcuts + adverts); more suitable edns. had been published in Scotland + Ireland from the late 17th century: Carruthers, 39–41

Abraham, Chanania Jagel

Catechismus Judaeorum

1679

——

——

See below, s.v. A. Jagel

——

The Jews catechism

1680–

——

——

Ditto

anon.

An abridgement of the … assemblies shorter catechism

1675

——

——

See below, s.v. T. Lye

anon.

An abstract of the catechism

1681 (Basel)

[1]

A126A

Catholic

anon.

An abstract of the Douay catechism

1682 (Douai)–1716 (Douai)

[6]

A131A–32 + BL

Catholic; 1703, 1713, + 1715 edns. published in Paris; cf. below, s.v. H. Turberville

anon.

An abstract of the scripture-catechism

1675 (n.p.)

[1]

A142B

Catholic; long; q + a; Cr, Pr, Dec, Ss, et al.

anon.

An account of the methods whereby/of charity-schools lately erected

1705–19

(17?)

BL + Bodleian

Description of origins + purpose of the Charity School movement, stressing the importance of catechizing and learning the PBC; also gives details of public examinations of catechumens; see also below, s.v. Order and Orders

[Acryse, Lewis]

The church catechism explained

1702

——

Bodleian

Bodleian catalogue attributes this work to Acryse, but it is by John Lewis (q.v.), curate of Acrise in Kent

Adams, Samuel

A plain and full instruction

1718 (Oxford)

1

BL

Long; course of lectures on PBC turned into q + a; Oxon

Adams, Thomas

The main principles of Christian religion

1675–7

2

A493–4

Long; WSC qs + as with expositions; adopts an irenic approach; Cheshire?

Addison, Lancelot

The primitive institution

1674–90

(3?)

A530–1

A ‘discourse’ in praise of catechizing; price bound 1s. 6d.

——

The catechumen

1690

(2)

A511A–11B

Prose paraphrase of and commentary on PBC

——

The Christian's manual

1691–1719

(7?+)

A513–15 + BL

3 expositions including the previous 2 + a pre-comm. form, none in q + a; Dublin edn. 1724

anon./ R. Tutchin et al.

The addresse of some ministers of Christ in the Isle of Wight

1658

(1)

A545

Exhortation to parents to catechize their children + servants, by clergy in Hants + Isle of Wight

anon.

The agreement of the associated ministers in … Norfolk … concerning publick catechizing

1659

(1)

A778

Attempt by Norfolk clergy to ‘revive’ catechizing, using the WSC; contains articles of agreement, reasons for these, and exhortations to parishioners to co-operate

[Alcock,John]

Plain truths of divinity

1647

1

A887

Long; unusual; mostly composed in 1620s; still on sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. K2r

A[ldem], M[ordechai]

A short, plaine, and profitable catechisme

1592

1

287.5

3 forms: a mid (unusual in stress on prayer + partly scriptural answers), a short summary of the same, + a very short pre-comm. form; prayers at end; Herts.?

Alleine, Joseph

A most familiar explanation of the Assemblies shorter catechism

1658?–1702–

5+?

Grant, 353, A973A–75A, TC iii. 30, + Carruthers, 95

Long; WSC with extra qs + as; first used in Somerset; other edns. published in Belfast + Glasgow; extra qs + as, directions, exhortation to godliness + a prayer at the end

Alleine, Richard

A breife explanation of the common catechisme

1630–1

2

357.5–58

Mid; PBC; aimed at youth; prayers at end; Somerset

[Allen, Edmond]

A catechisme, that is to say a familiar introduction/ christen instruccion

1548–62

〈5〉

358.5–60.7

Long; has some dialogue features + many long answers, + catechumen is labelled ‘scholar’, but title-pages say the form is for ‘simple’, ‘youth’, + others that are willing to learn; Dec, Cr, Pr, Ss; section on daily devotions at end; according to title-page this work was ‘collected’ + translated by Allen

——

A shorte catechisme

1550

——

——

See below, s.v. Leo Jud

A[llen], R[obert]

A treasurie of catechisme … The first part

1600

1

366

Advanced; Dec only; preface is addressed to ‘reverend and learned examiners + readers’

——

The doctrine of the gospel

1606

1

364

Advanced; Cr only; preface addressed to ‘reverend and learned ministers’ + all true-hearted Christians

Allen, William

Certain select discourses

——

——

See below, s.v. T. Bray

[Allestree, Richard?]

A clear and short catechism

[1696?]–1717–

5+

A1195B + ESTC

Very short; pre-comm.; published in The whole duty of receiving worthily, said to be by the author of The whole duty of man

A[llsopp], N[icholas]

Certaine briefe questions and answers

[c.1620]

1

382.5

Very short + simple; several prayers at end, including one summarizing the catechism; for the young in a London parish, but ‘may serve generally for all places’

A[lport], E[dward]

David's catechisme

1623

(1)

537

Defence of catechizing, + exhortation to be catechized; based on exposition of Ps. 34:11

[Altham, Michael]

A dialogue between a pastor and parishioner

1684–5

〈2〉

A2932A–33

An instructive dialogue in which a pastor explains to a parishioner the nature of and the need to take part in the Lord's Supper. (Altham also wrote a series of pamphlets containing questions + counter-questions, e.g. Some queries to Protestants answered (1686–7) )

[Ames, William]

The chiefe heads of divinitie

1612 (Dordrecht)

[1]

551.7

Mid; not the usual material except for Dec; used by Ames with sons of his former patroness, Lady Vere

——

The substance of Christian religion

1659

(1)

A3003

A series of very short sermons on a variety of scripture texts, through which credal material, Ss, Dec, + Pr are explored; not in q + a; published posthumously

anon.

The anabaptists catechisme

1645

[1]

A3039

Satirical

anon.

The ancient church catechism … printed in the time of the churchʼes dissettlement

[1680?]

1

A3067A

Very short; PBC; very similar to the anonymous A catechisme to be learned (1653), q.v.; prayers at end

A[nderdon], Qhristopher]

A catechism for … the Prince of Wales

1692 (Paris)

[1?]

A3077

Catholic; for the son of James II, in exile

Andrewes, Bartimaeus

A very short and pithie catechisme

1586–91?

2?

586 + Maunsell, 28

Short; designed for family instruction prior to communion; followed by confession + prayers; Great Yarmouth; Maunsell lists a 1591 edn.

Andrewes, Lancelot

A patterne of catechistical doctrine

1630–41

(6)

603–603.5, + A3145–46A

Long exposition; Dec only

——

The morall law expounded

1641–2

(2)

A3139A–40

As last

——

The patterne of catechistical doctrine

1650–75

(4?)

A3147–8A

As last

[These 3 titles have essentially the same text, but the 2nd + 3rd are said to be nearer the original catechetical lectures given at Cambridge in the late 1570s and early 1580s. For the differences between the three, see P. A. Welsby, Lancelot Andrewes 1555–1626 (1958), 22–3. London, Catalogue, sig. Klr, listed duodecimo and octavo edns. in 1658]

[Angier, Samuel]

A short explanation/ An explanation of the [Assembly's] shorter catechism

1689–95

2

A3165aA–65A

Long; WSC with propositions added, + extra qs + as in Palmer method (q.v.), taken from Lye (1672) and Wallis (q.v.); attribution to Angier in DWL's 1695 copy (which is identical to E3884 except for title-page); Carruthers mentions this work twice: 95,128; price (1695) 6d. stitched

[Annesley, Samuel]

A supplement to The morning-exercise at Cripplegate

1674–6

(2)

A3239–40

The second of four volumes of sermons on a variety of matters of practice + conscience, delivered by various preachers in a London church (see Wing2 A3231–5, A3228, + A3225, and T. Case below); the 11th sermon in this volume, by T. Lye (q.v.), asked what scriptural rules should be applied to make catechizing universally profitable

Arrowsmitt, John

Armilla catechetica. A chain of principles

1659 (Cambridge)

(1)

A3772

Catechetical lectures given at St John's Coll., Cambridge, probably in the late 1640s

anon.

The art of catechizing

1691–1718

5

A3786–8 + BL

3 mid forms: 1 based on PBC, using the Palmer method (q.v.); 1 providing scripture references for PBC; and 1 applying Palmer's method to The whole duty of man; also a long discourse on the PBC. Said to be aimed at the simplest learners + plainest teachers; cost, 1691, 18d.; 1692, 1s.

anon.

The assemblies catechism illustrated

1708

1?

Carruthers, 125

Cannot be traced, either at Magee College or Union Theological College, Belfast; the illustrations are more likely to have been scriptural than pictorial

[Assheton, William]

A short exposition of the preliminary questions and answers of the church-catechism

1694

1

A4044

Mid; based on opening questions of PBC only; divided into 12 parts; partly controversial: anti-Baptist; Kent

——

An exposition of the church-catechism

1701

1

Bodleian + TC iii. 252

Long; modified version of last: has compressed section on opening qs + as, + added new section on Creed; also has two types of extra qs + as, in different type-face, with different function; divided into 18 weekly sections; Kent

Attersoll, William

The principles of religion

1606

1

889, pt. 2

Short; Dec, Cr, Pr, Ss; pre-comm.; tucked in at the end of the same author's The badges of Christianity (1606)

——

The principles of Christian religion

1623–35

2

898.5–99

Mid: a much enlarged version of the last, published separately; an edn. was planned by Jaggard + Bourne c.1619 (sig. A3r)

Austin, Robert

The parliaments rules and directions

1647

1

A4254

Very short; based on parliamentary ordinance of 20.10.1645; drawn up for his own congregation

Austin, Samuel

A practical catechisme

1647

1

A4258

Mid; pre-comm. (Ss + Dec); Bucks., Beds., + London

B., D.

The protestant guide

[1715?]

1

BL

Fenton's 1582 form, q.v., placed in a set of pro-Hanoverian devotions

B., E.

A catechisme, or briefe instruction

1617

1

1024 (ex 4802)

Mid; a version of Heidelberg, similar to 1601 work by R.B. (q.v.), but preface in this form has a long exhortation to parents, masters and teachers to catechize those in their charge

B., I.

The catechism of the Church of England

1669

1

B82A

Short; PBC with extra qs + as; Devon?

B., I.

A short catechisme

——

——

——

See below, s.v. J. Ball

B., P, gent.

The church catechism explained by way of paraphrase

1724

——

——

See below, s.v. P. Bedingfield

B., R.

A breife catechisme

1601

1

1055

Long; based on Heidelberg; divided into 52 sections, one for each Sunday; see E.B. above

B., R.

A most briefe and learned catechisme

[c.1608]

?

TSR iii. 373

Unless this is the same as the last, no copy survives: ever published?

B., R.

The dissenters catechism

1703

[1]

BL

Satirical

B., S.

A book of knowledge … in a scriptural catechism

1722

1

DWL

Long and quite difficult; unusual content: predestinarian, + partly controversial; Congregational

Babington, Gervase

A very fruitfull exposition of the commaundements

1583–1637

7

1095–8 + 1077–80 (Works)

Advanced; Dec only

——

A profitable exposition of the Lords prayer

1588–1637

5

1090–1 + 1077–80 (Works)

Advanced; Pr

——

An exposition of the catholike faith

1615–37

3

1077–80 (Works)

Advanced; Cr

Bacon, James

A plaine and profitable catechisme

1660 (Oxford)

1

B344

Two forms, 1 short, 1 long; the latter + an appendix were based on the 6 principles in Perkins' Foundation, q.v.; published by Bacon's son-in-law H.W.; London? Suffolk?

Bacon, Robert

Christ mighty in himself and members

1646

1

B368

Long form, but consists of very short, sometimes contentious qs + as; covers Dec + Ss, but has unusual amount of material on Christ + the Holy Ghost

Baillie, Robert

Catechesis elenctica errorum

1654

(1)

B455

In Latin; controversial: denounces a wide variety of erroneous views through q + a

B[aker], I[ohn]

Lectures … upon the XII articles

1581–1613

(4)

1219–22

Catechetical lectures, delivered before Sir Francis Walsingham, but later printed for the ‘simple + ignorant’ to read at home; also has at end a translation of Garnier's Confession (q.v.) by J. Hooper

Baker, John

A short preparation to the worthy receiving of the Lords Supper

1645

1

B497

Short; pre-comm. (Ss); Kent

Bale, John

A dialoge … betwene two chyldren

1549

(1)

1290

Very short but not simple dialogue; unusual content: on whether the young can partake of the Gospel message (they can)

Bale, John

A short treatise/ catechisme containing all the principles

–1628–88

58?

1313.2–13.7 + B563–69A

Mid; credal material, Pr, Ss, Dec; ‘very profitable for all sorts of people’; the best-selling unofficial form; first surviving edn. is the 12th—first edn. probably published pre-1615: see next; Somerset

——

A short treatise contayning the principles/ all the principall grounds, together with an exposition

1615–70

16+

1314.2–18.5 + B570B–74

Long; same qs + as as the last but with exposition added after each answer, possibly with the help of Martin Nicholes, q.v.; ‘very profitable for all men, but especially for householders’, though published at request of fellow-clergy; B575 is an edn. in Arabic; 1670 edn. cost 1s. 6d.

——

Short questions and answers, explaining the catechisme in the book of common prayer

1639–90/1

4

1314, B570A–70AC, + TC ii. 353

Mid; PBC; divided into 52 short sections; adds material on covenants but not predestination; 1691 reprint cost 3d.

——

A short catechisme composed according to the rules and directions

1646

2

B562–2A

Very short; based on the parliamentary ordinance of 20.10.1645; for the help of ‘ignorant people’

[Balmford, James]/M. Th. I. B.

A short catechisme, verie necessarie to be learned/ summarily comprizing

1597–1610

6?

1336.5–37.5

Short; simple; prayers at end; 1607 edn. corrected + augmented by Balmford

Bankes, Lawrence

The safeguard of the soule

1619

(1)

1363

A treatise in the holy dying genre, but has qs + as on catechetical material; Derbyshire, Glous.?

anon./[Keach, B.]

The Baptist-catechism

——

——

——

See below, s.v. Brief instruction

B[arclay], R[obert]

A catechism and confession of faith

1673–1740–

9?+

B725–9 + BL

Long; mixture of usual and unusual material; largely scriptural answers; 15 chapters of catechism followed by 3 of confession; Quaker; Dublin edns. 1711, 1741; price bound 9d.

——

Catechismus, et fidei confessio

–1727

(2?)

DWL

Latin version of last

Barksdale, Clement

[A short practical catechism out of Dr Hammond]

1649–50

2?

Harvard

Mid; a reworking of Hammond's form, q.v. below; missing title-page supplied from A. Wood, Athenae Oxonienses (1813–20), iv. 222

Bartlett, Jeffrey

Hymns and songs of praise, with a dialogue

1710

(1)

BL

A volume of religious verse, which includes a dialogue between Christ + a penitent sinner, + Lord's Prayer, Cr, + Dec all in verse form

B[artlet], J[ohn]

Directions for the right receiving

1679

1

B100

Long; pre-comm. (Ss); by a nonconformist minister; Devon

Barton, William

Six centuries of select hymns … Together with a catechism

–1688?–90

(2+?)

B1004+ TC ii. 210, 316

Barton wrote + published hundreds of hymns + metrical psalms; this volume also contains ‘A brief summary of Christian religion’ (in verse, but not in q + a), covering credal material, Pr, + Dec; in TC ii. 210 this work is listed as being reprinted in Nov. 1687

Basset, John

A scripture catechism in two parts. Part the first

1733

2

BL + Bodleian

Mid; in 43 sections; to teach the ignorant true know ledge and ‘revealed religion’; irenic intentions; largely scriptural answers; credal material, Ss, Pr + much else; price stitched 4d.; a pt. 2, on duties, was promised but has not been traced; ‘printed + sold by the booksellers in town and country’; Warks.?

Bassett, William

A discourse on my lord archbishop of Canterbury's … letters … touching catechising

1684

(1)

B1052

Sermon defending the use + contents of PBC

Bastingius, Jeremias

An exposition or commentarie

1589 (London) –1614 (Cambridge)

5?

1564–7

Long; Heidelberg qs + as with expositions ‘gathered out of Calvins Institutions’; see also below, s.v. Catechisme of Christian religion, and Scottish edns. of Bastingius's translation + exposition of Heidelberg, STC2 1562, 13023–5, + Wing2 C 1466, 1468

Bastwick, John

The Independents catechisme

1645

——

——

See J. Bernard

B[atchiler], J[ohn]

A tast of a catechetical-preaching-exercise

1667/8

1

B1075A

Combines preaching + catechizing through exegesis + questions; aimed at families; contains one complete short form; attribution to Batchiler by Calamy

Batt, Thomas

An explication of the church catechism

–1736

5?

Bodleian

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as; Derbyshire

[Bates, William]

The upright Christian discovered

1693

1

B1129A

Short form, with very long answers, on how to avoid sin; ‘gathered’ from Bates's treatises

Baxter, Richard

The Quakers catechism

1655–7

(4)

B1362–5

Controversial: anti-Quaker

[——]

The agreement of divers ministers … for catechising

1656

2

A773–4

Very short form, composed by Baxter + others in the Worcs. Voluntary Association as a means of agreement on basics, + a basis for catechizing the ‘ignorant’ (see preface of next); WSC parallels?

——

Universal concord … The Christian religion

1660

1

B1444

Very short; revised + enlarged version of the last, this time mainly in the form of statements with the option of prefixing them by questions

——

The poor man's family book

1674–97

8+?

B1352–7+ TC ii. 226

2 forms, 1 very short, 1 mid (q + a with expositions) to help ‘the poor man’ in his family; both forms focus on usual catechetical topics but with a stress on the covenant; price of 1684 edn. was 2s. bound

——

Compassionate counsell/ warning

1681–1720

(5)

B1228–30 + BL

Advice to young men, not in q + a, but includes some rhetorical questions

——

The catechizing of families

1683

1

B1205

Very long, + fairly advanced; designed as a successor to Poor man's … book, for householders, teachers, + tutors to use; Cr, Pr, Dec, Ss

——

The grand question resolved

1692–1726

5?

B1279–79C + BL

2 short forms; modified versions of those in the 1674 work listed above

——

[The mother's catechism, or] A familiar way of catechising of children

1701+1717 (Nottm.)

〈2〉

TC iii. 253 JRUL Manch., Nottm Univ. Library + Nottm Public Library

Long dialogue-catechism, designed to be read rather than memorized; published posthumously by M. Sylvester; mother asks, child replies, mainly on aspects of Old Testament history; Sylvester said the work was unfinished but a continuation ‘by another hand’ could be published

Baynes, Paul

A helpe to true happinesse

1618–35

3

1642–43.5

Very long exposition of 40 qs + as, slightly modified versions of those in S. Egerton's ‘Foure principall points’ in his Briefe method (q.v.); published posthumously by E. C. (Ezekiel Culverwell?), and 3rd edn. enlarged by Egerton; for householders; some unusual content

anon.

The beaus catechism

1703

[1]

Bodleian

Satirical, though not a parody of a well-known catechism; by the author of The ladies catechism, q.v.

Becon, Thomas

[Catechism]

[pre–1543]

1?

See col. 6

[An early catechism by Becon was ordered to be destroyed in 1543: P. Tudor, JEH 35 (1984), 407]

——

The principles of Christian religion

[c.1550H]–[c.1580]

(5)

1751–13.5

Long exposition of catechetical material for the ‘faithful’ who can read; not in q + a

——

A new catechisme sette forth dialogue wise

1564

〈1〉

1710 (Works)

Very long dialogue-catechism, written for Becon to use with his children; covers repentance, faith (Cr), the Law (Dec), Pr, Ss, and duties

——

The demaundes of holy scripture

1577

1

1718

Long; commended for school use in Sandwich, Kent; most unusual content (drawn from his larger works): almost a religious commonplace book in q + a

B[edingfield], P[hilip]

The church catechism explained by way of paraphrase

1724

1

Bodleian

Mid; BCP in left-hand column with paraphrase in right-hand; by a gentleman (title-page); for those of ‘ordinary capacities’; price 4d. or 25s. per 100

anon.

The beginner's catechism: to prepare the ignorant to learn … the [WSC]

–1707

2?

Christ Church Oxford, TC iii. 585 + Carruthers, 125

Short; designed to help the ‘ignorant’ prepare to learn the WSC: a greatly simplified + very selective version of WSC; also has 2 pp. of explanations of hard words in WSC, + a q + a form including a confession for more advanced catechumens (very like episcopal confirmation); to be sold at 8s. per 100 copies

B[elke], T[homas]

A scripture inquirie

1642

(1)

B1793

Referred to as a catechism by Mitchell (p. lxxxvi), but consists of advice in continuous prose on ‘the duty of piety’

Bellamy, Daniel

The Christian schoolmaster or an abstract of scripture history

1737

1

BL

30 lessons (in prose) on aspects of Old + New Testament history, each followed by a page of qs + as; a modified version of P. H., Historical catechism (q.v.)

Bellarmino, Roberto

An ample declaration of the Christian doctrine

[1604]–35 (mainly English secret press)

[7?]

1834–37.7

Catholic; translation by R. Hadock of Bellarmine's larger catechism: a very long dialogue designed to instruct catechists

——

A short catechisme of Cardinall Bellarmine/A short Christian doctrine/Christian doctrine

1614 (Augsburg)/ 1633 (StOmer)/ 1676 (n.p.), 1677 (n.p.), 1686 (London)+1688

[6]

1843–4, B1822, Lambeth + Bodleian

Catholic; a translation by R. Gibbons of Bellarmine's shorter catechism, in q + a, to be learned by heart; covers Cr, Pr, Dec, Ss + much else; 1614 edn. has large number of woodcuts; 1633 has omissions + additions

Bernard, Saint

Querela sive dialogus … (Dialogue betwixt the soule and the body)

1613–32

(4)

1908.5–9.7

Dialogue between the soul, the body, + other ‘characters’ on the need to prepare for death; a supposititious work, reproduced in Latin (Visio Sancti Bernardi) + in English metre, the latter by W. Crashaw, q.v. There was another translation c. 1640: Saint Bernards vision (STC21910)

Bernard, John

The Independents catechisme

1645

(1)

‘B1064’ + BL E1186(5)

Controversial: anti-Independent; mainly on the nature and conditions of church government; ‘gathered’ out of J. Bastwick, Independency not Gods ordinance (1645) with which Wing2 has conflated it; for a similarly entitled work see below, s.v. Independent

Bernard, Richard

A large catechisme following the order of the common authorized catechisme

1602

1

1955.5

Mid; based on PBC but heavily supplemented; published for the inhabitants of 1 Notts. + 2 Lincs, parishes

——

The faithfull shepheard

1607–21

(3)

1939–41

Pastoral handbook, but contains advice on catechizing; 2nd + 3rd edns. revised

——

A double catechisme

1607–9

2

1936–7

2 forms: a very short ‘for the weaker sort’, + a mid—a modified version of the 1602 above

——

Joshuas [godly] resolution … A twofold catechisme

1612–29

2

1953–54.5

2 forms: short + mid; modified versions of last, preceded by dialogue on how to run a good household, printed separately at first (1609) (STC2 1952.5)

——

Two twinnes … I. Is of catechising

1613

(1)

1964

Sermon in 2 parts, the 1st containing an exhortation to catechize + advice thereon

——

The common catechisme

1630–40

11?

1929–33

Mid; PBC; probably the best-selling supplementary form of the 1630s; Somerset

——

Good Christian, looke to thy creede

1630

1

1941.5

Mid; mainly Creed, but some other staples + some controversial material covered too

[Beveridge, William]

The church-catechism explained: for the use of the diocese of St Asaph

1704–36–

7+

BL

Long; BCP qs + as with expositions, + additional qs + as on the latter; also has exhortation + advice; epistle to clergy of St Asaph diocese; price 1s.; edition in Welsh 1708 (at Lambeth)

[Beverley, Thomas] (of Lilley)

A catholick catechism

1683

1

B2188aA

Long; unusual content: partly polemic, partly instruction (‘catholic’ = apostolic); Herts?

Beverley, Thomas

The catechism of the kingdom of Jesus Christ/ The prophets catechism

1690–1704

5?

B2126–7, P3686 + TC iii. 313–14, 405

Mid; designed to supplement usual catechetical material by discussion of prophecy and the coming kingdom of Christ; 2nd edn. (B2127) enlarged with extra computations; only the title-pages + prefaces of B2127 + P3686 differ; 1702 and 1704 reprints cost 6d.

Beza/ de Bèze, Théodore

A brief and piththie summe

1563–89

(7)

2006.7–13

Long exposition; not the usual staples, + partly polemical (anti-Catholic); Swiss origin

——

Quaestionum et responsum chistianarum libellus

1571–7

(2)

2036–36.5

Long; relatively advanced; not the usual staples; partly controversial; Latin; Swiss origin

——

A booke of Christian questions and answers

1572–86

5

2037–40.5

Translation (by A. Golding) of last; see below, s.v. Booke for a much shorter work with a similar title published 1578–81

——

Quaestionum et responsum … libellus. Pars altera.

1577

(1)

2044

Long; 250 qs + as on Ss only; Latin; Swiss origin

——

The other part of Christian questions and answeares

1580

1

2045

Translation of last

——

A little catechisme

1578–9

3

2022–23.5

Short—72 qs + as in 10 sections; only touches briefly on Cr, Dec, + Pr; printed at end is prayer to be said by children ‘before the lesson’; Swiss origin

Biddle, John

A twofold catechism

1654

(1)

B2882

A long contentious form, + a mid condensed version for children in years or understanding, both heavily scriptural; a Unitarian, Biddle was probably translator of the Socinian Racovian catechism of 1652 (q.v.); this 1654 work provoked a reply by John Owen (q.v.)

——

Duae catecheses

1664/5

(1)

B2875

Latin version of the last by a 15-year-old disciple of Biddle: Nathaniel Stuckey

Binning, Hugh

The common principles of Christian religion … or a practical catechism

1659–1718-(Edinburgh + Glasgow)

[8+]

B2924–9 + Carruthers, 96–7

Sermons on the opening qs + as of the WSC; Scottish origin, + several Scottish edns., but it is possible that a 1660 edn. in DWL was published in London, and a 1672 edn. may have been published there too

Bird, Benjamin

The catechism of the Church of England with the proofs thereof

1674

1

B2947

Mid; PBC with scripture ‘proofs’ to encourage dissenters to use this form; for youth in general + those in his Dorset parish in particular

——

The Jacobites catechism

1691–2

[1+]

B2949–50

Williamite propaganda; Scottish + American edns. as well

——

The Williamites catechism

1691

[1+]

B2950A–51

As last; also a Scottish edn.

Bird, R.

‘his catechisme, intituled A communication dialogue wise to bee learned of the ignorant’

1595

1?

Maunsell, 31

No copy survives

‘Birdales’/‘Byrdall’

‘Birdales’ or ‘Byrdalls catachisme’

1626/38

?

TSR? iv. 158, 407

Not traced; ever published?

‘Birket’

——

——

——

[The catechism by ‘Birket’ referred to by C. Hoole in his influential work on teaching, New discovery (1660) is probably one of the versions of Calvin's Catechisme in Greek (q.v.) in the production of which Toussaint Berchet played a part]

Bishop, Thomas

A plain and practical exposition

1736

1

BL

Very long; PCB with extra qs + as; Suffolk?

Blackwood, Christopher

The storming of Antichrist

1644

(1)

B3103

A two-part polemical work, against religious intolerance + infant baptism, with some q + a elements; also contains ‘A brief catechisme’ against infant baptism, drawn from the latter; author a Baptist + former American colonist

——

A soul-searching catechism

–1653–8

3

B3101–2

2 forms: 1 long, 1 very short; not the usual content

Blake, William

The farmers catechize, or a religious parly between the father and the son

1657

(1)

B3151B

Long dialogue; lay author, an anticlerical; unusual, heavily scriptural content, with some touches of humour + rural imagery

Blithe, Nathaniel

A plain and brief explanation upon the [PBC]

1672–4

2

TC i. 110 + B3197

Long; PBC with extra qs + as; ‘gross error’ in 1st edn. may explain lack of copies of that edn.; tract on confirmation at end; Lincs.?; price bound 1s. 4d.

Bonner, Edmund (Bp. of London)

A profitable and necessary doctrine

1555

[5]

3282–5

Catholic; expositions + homilies on catechetical material; not in q + a; for London diocese

——

An honest godlye instruction

1556

[1]

3281

Catholic; Marian replacement for PBC; not in q + a

anon.

A booke of Christian questions and answers

1578–92?

(3+?)

3294.3–94.7 + Maunsell, 31

Mid; controversial; anti-Catholic; with verses at end; Maunsell lists what is probably a 1592 edn.; this work is different from the work of the same title by Beza, q.v.

Book of Common Prayer

A catechisme, that is to say, an instruction to be learned of every childe before he be brought to be confirmed of the bishop

1549–1740–

See col. 6

16267–422, Wing B3612–703 + BL Catalogue, s.v. Liturgies

[PBC]; the most commonly used short form; printed regularly in the Book of Common Prayer, but also in the ABC with the catechisme, + the Primer and catechisme qq.v.; for an edn. in Welsh (with prayers + Bible texts), see STC2 4804; for scale of production of Prayer Book, see STC2, Wing2 + BL Catalogue

Boreman, Robert

The countrymans catechisme: or, the churches plea for tythes

1652

(1)

B3757

Controversial: a defence of a separate ministry + the payment of tithes by the laity; not in q + a

Boughen, Edward

[Principles of religion or] A short exposition of the catechism of the Church

1646–1707

10

B3816–22A+ TC iii. 550

Long; PBC; the 1663, 1671, 1679, 1700, + 1707 edns. were published in Latin as well as English; edn. c.1683 ‘much revised’ according to TC ii. 53; preface included confirmation service; prayers at end; English only price 8d. stitched, 1s. bound; English + Latin bound 1s.

B[oughton], I[ohn]

God and man. Or a treatise catechisticall

1623

(1)

3410

Long, wide-ranging dialogue, to help the ‘ignorant’

Bourn, Samuel (II)

An address to Protestant dissenters

1736

(1)

Bodleian

Challenges the 6th answer in the WSC (on the Trinity) + defends attempts to amend + correct that form; author was minister of a Presbyterian congregation in Birmingham

——

An address to the congregation of Protestant dissenters

1738

(1)

DWL + Birmingham Publ. Lib.

A reply to an attack on the last

——

Lectures to children and young people in a catechetical method

1738 (London) –1739 (Birmingham)

3+

BL + Carruthers, 97

3 forms: 2 short, 1 long, none covering the usual staples; also reprints Strong's revision of the WSC, q.v.

Bourne, Immanuel

The true way of a Christian, to the New Ierusalem

1622

(1)

3419

Includes an exhortation to catechize or be catechized

——

A light from Christ… or, a divine directory

1645–7

2

B3854, 3856

Long; pre-comm. but wide-ranging; 2nd edn. much modified; Derbyshire and London

——

A light from Christ … or, the rich jewel

1646

1

B3856A

Very long; much enlarged + modified version of 1st edn. of last; fairly advanced, though said to be ‘profitable’ for parents to use in families

[Bowles, Edward]

A plain and short catechism

–1647–76

8?

B3877B–77C

Very short + simple; 8th edn., 1676, was reprinted by Edmund Calamy in Continuation of the Account (1727), ii. 935–9; Yorkshire

Boyes, John

‘Mr. Boyes principles wherin he catechized the poore people at Hallifax’

[1610s?]

MS

BL Addit. MS 4928, fos. 1r–2r

6 principles on which the following was based; Boyes was preacher at Halifax 1613–20

——

‘The Christians home booke or ABC’

[1610s?]

MS

BL Addit. MS 4928, fos. 2v–34v

40 qs + as, some subdivided; Dec, Cr, Pr, Ss

Bradshaw, William

A briefe forme of triall

1609

1

3510

Very short pre-comm. form derived from the treatise, also by Bradshaw, with which it was printed: A direction for the weaker sort; to these 2 items was added a pre-comm. q + a form by Hildersham, The doctrine of communicating worthily

——

A briefe forme of examination

1614–43

8?

3511–15.4+ B4159

An enlarged but still short version of the Briefe forme of triall; Bradshaw's treatise was also revised + renamed A preparation to the receiving of the sacrament; when this was done is not clear; 2nd + 3rd edns. not extant

B[randon], J[ohn]

A form of sound words, or a brief family-catechisme

1682

1

B4249B

Mid; the ‘chief heads’ for those of weakest capacities; unusual content, with an early concern (at this level) about atheism; followed by ‘Proofs that there is a God’, + prayers

B[ray], T[homas]

A course of lectures upon the church catechism … Vol. I /Catechetical discourses

1696–1703

(4+)

B4292–92AA + ESTC

32 lectures on the opening qs + as of PBC, to be read; 3 further vols, promised. Also published as part of Certain select discourses: see below

——

A short discourse

1697–1704

(5+?)

B4297–99A + BL

Shortened version of the last, to be read by the young

——(ed.)

Certain select discourses

1699/1703

(1)

DWL

A composite volume including reprints of two discourses by William Allen (originally published in 1673), Bray's own catechetical lectures on the start of PBC + on faith + justification, + Kettlewell's Practical believer, q.v.

——

An introductory discourse

1704

(1+)

BL

An exhortation to the clergy of Maryland (whose commissary Bray had become) to catechize

——

The church catechism, to which are subjoinʼd, some of the most apposite texts subjoinʼd, some of the most apposite texts of scripture

1704–29

2+

BL

Mid; PBC (divided into 4 lessons), 3 lessons on duties (quotations, not q + a), 5 lessons consisting of PBC ‘paraphrased by way of prayer’, + morning + evening prayers for children

——

A preliminary essay towards rendring the various expositions

1704–10

2+

BL + Harvard

Short; for 2nd level students, mainly on aspects of doctrine raised in PBC

——

A pastoral discourse to young persons

1704

(1+)

BL

Mid treatise reminding the young of ‘the necessity + advantage of an early religion’, + giving reasons why they should be catechized

——

The whole course of catechetical institution

1704–7

2?

BL

Reprints the 4 previous works; the combined whole was designed to meet the needs of 3 levels of catechumens; for 1707 edn. see H. P. Thompson, Thomas Bray (1954), 84

anon.

A breefe catechisme so necessarie and easie to be learned

1576–82

3?

4798–9 + Maunsell, 31

Very short; so easy that even ‘the simple sort’ can learn it; also contains pre-comm. instructions, + prayers at end; similar form appears in work by R. Cawdrey, q.v.; also similar to a work by E. Chapman, q.v.; perhaps the same as the Briefe catechisme which standeth on three partes printed by H. Singleton in 1579 (Maunsell)

anon.

A breife catechisme and dialogue betwene the husbande and his wyfe

1545 (Antwerp)

[1]

4797.3

1st dialogue (husband—wife) is on Cr, Dec, + Pr; 2nd (translated by Robert Legate) is between Truth + an unlearned man, + covers various catechetical topics, the answers taking the form of scripture texts

B[reton], F[rancis]

Crossing of proverbs. The second part

1616–c.1670

[3?]

3644–5

Has a section of ‘Certain briefe questions and answeres’ that includes questions on the Bible, but on balance aimed at entertainment more than edification

B[ridges], F[rancis]

Gods treasurie displayed

1630

1

3733

Very long form with short qs + as on a selection of scriptural + other themes

[Bridges, Walter]

A catechism for communicants

1645

1

B4483C

Long; pre-comm.; for children + servants; drawn from sermon notes; London

anon.

A brief and plain exposition of the church catechism

–1698

3?

TC iii. 86

Composed for the use of a private school, supported by charity, in Westminster parish; no copy survives

anon.

A briefe catechisme conteining the most principall groundes

[c.1615?]

1

4797.5

Very short: broadsheet; tabular layout; does not cover the staples at length

anon.

A brief instruction in the principles of the Christian religion

[1695]–c. 1700–

10+?

See col. 6

A work with a complex history, known by the 1760s as The Baptist catechism + attributed by then to Benjamin Keach (q.v.); 1st surviving edn. the 5th (B4602); 10th edn. c.1703; price 6d. bound: see advert at end of J. Saltmarsh, Free grace (1700); and W. T. Whitley, A Baptist Bibliography (1916–22), i. 39; text mid, + largely the same as WSC as an irenic gesture

Briggs, Joseph

Catechetical exercises

1696 (Cambridge)

1

B4662

Long (formerly sermons); PBC; extra qs + as, + expositions too; for youth; Yorkshire

——

The church-catechism explaineʼd

1722

1

BL

Long; revision of last; for the ‘meanest capacity’; Yorkshire

B[rinsley], I[ohn] (the younger)

A breviate of saving knowledge

1643

1

B4708

Short; for those with ‘good desires but weak memories’; credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr

Bristow, John

An exposition of the Creede [etc.]

1627

1

3798

Mid, but followed by long exposition; Cr, Pr, Dec, Ss; for adults as well as children; Surrey

‘British Protestant Divine’: see below, s.v. F. Shaw

Bromley, John

Catechism of the council

1687

[1?]

Wing2 has a cross-reference under ‘catechism’, but nothing s.v. Bromley or J.B.; cf. Catechism for the curats + Catechismus ad parochos below

‘Brontius, Adolphus’: see below, s.v. E. Cary

Brook[e]s, Thomas

Apples of gold for young men and women

1657–1717–

(21?)

B4922A–28D + NUC + ESTC

Near the end of this series of ‘doctrines’ is a section in which the young person's objections are answered

Brooksbank, Joseph

Vitis salutaris, or the vine of catechetical divinity

1650–6

2

B4980–1

Mid; derivative; divided into sections on faith, hope, + charity; primary + secondary answers printed in different type-faces; to be learnt in 34 weeks

[Brough, William]

Sacred principles, services, and soliloquies

1650–79

8?

B4991–5

A long ‘manual of devotions’ which contains near the start a very short form which mentions Cr, Dec, Pr, + Ss

Brown, John

A plain and distinct account of our Christian religion

1724

1

Bodleian

Long; to instruct children in the knowledge of religion + in particular their duties; in three parts; echoes of PBC in pt. 1 + to a lesser extent later

Browne, John

The truth of Christianity

1734

1

DWL

Mid; for use in schools; to be learnt after PBC; covers the authority of the Bible, confirmation, Lord's Supper, and Bible reading; Leics.?

Browne, Samuel

The summe of Christian religion

1630

1

3911

Mid; Dec, Cr, Pr, Ss; Shropshire? extant in 1622 (TSR iv. 86), and still on sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. K3r

Brox[h]olme, Charles

The good old way: or, Perkins improved

1653–7

(3)

B5217–18

Long and detailed exposition of the 6 principles in Perkins's Foundation (q.v.); originally sermons; Derbyshire

Bucanus, Gulielmus

Institutions of Christian religion / A body of divinity

1606–59

2

3961 +B5269

Advanced: 1,570 qs + as on 49 religious ‘common places’; not the usual staples; Swiss origin; translated into English by Robert Hill, q.v.

Bugg, Francis

A Quaker catechism. To which is added, The shortest way with Daniel DeFoe

[1706]

(1)

Wm. Andrews Clark Memorial Lib., Calif., + Friends' Library, London

Controversial, by a rabid anti-Quaker polemicist; provoked a reply by Defoe: Dfoe's answer (1706)

Bullinger, Heinrich

A most necessary and frutefull dialogue

1551 (Worcester)

(1)

4068

Dialogue on the legitimacy of obeying the magistrate in a Christian commonweal

——

Catechesis pro adultioribus

1559 (Zurich)–

[1+]

BL

Catechism for older catechumens recommended to Oxford undergraduates in 1579; no editions in English or published in England; for copies at Cambridge, see E. L. Leedham-Green, Books in Cambridge Inventories (1986), ii, 160

——

Fiftie godlie and learned sermons

1577–87

(3)

4056–8

In the list of catechetical works provided by T. Watts, The entrie to Christianitie q.v.; there was also an edn. in Latin in 1586: STC2 4076

[Bunbury, William]

The church catechism: with single proofs

1710–11–

2+

BL + TCiii. 658

Short; PBC with scripture proofs in an innovative layout; price 2d. or 10s. per 100; 8th edn. 1743

Bundy, Richard

Sermons on several occasions

1740–

(1+)

BL

Includes 7 catechetical lectures on the PBC

Bunny, Francis

An exposition of the Lordes prayer

1602

(1)

4098a

Long exposition of Lord's Prayer

——

A guide unto godlinesse

1617–18

1

4100–4100.5

Long; Dec only; for ‘simple + ignorant people’; Durham

Bunyan, John

Instruction for the ignorant

1675

1

B5544

Mid; for ‘public and common benefit’ but dedicated to his church in Bedford; not the usual content, + not his most sparking work

——

The pilgrim's progress

1678–1738–

(25+?)2

B5557–75 + BL

Some catechetical exchanges, e.g. between Christian + Ignorance; cf. D. Danielson, ‘Catechism, The Pilgrim s Progress, and the Pilgrim's Progress’, JEGP forthcoming

Burch, Dorothy

A catechisme of the severall heads

1646

1

B5612

Short; lay author, originally designed for private use(Kent); not the usual staples

Burkitt, William

The poor man's help

–1694–1736–

22+

B5738–38A + BL + ESTC

Godly living manual which contains a mid pre-comm. form; 19th edn. cost ls. (ex inf. 1730 edn. of Stinton, q.v.)

——

Family instruction: or principles of religion

1715

1

BL

The last published separately

Burnet, D.

The no-church catechism

1710

(1)

BL

Satirical and polemical: anti-dissenter; begins with a parody of PBC

Burnet, Gilber.

An exposition of the church catechism

1710

2

BL

Very long; PBC with extra qs + as and expositions; for use in his diocese (Sarum)

Burridge, Richard

The Dutch catechism

[pre–1703]

?

Not traced; referred to in the same author's The recantation; political?

B[urton], H[enry]

Grounds of christian religion

1631–6

4

4143–5.5

Mid; summary of his teaching in a London parish, printed for parents to use in their families; stresses covenants in relation to Ss; prayer at end

Burton, William

Certaine questions and answeres

1591–1602

2

4167,4165a (Sermons+ treatises)

2 forms, 1 long, 1 short, neither handling the staples; Bristol

——

An exposition of the Lords prayer

1594–1602

2

4174, 4165A, (Ser- mons + treatises)

Lectures turned into q + a; Lords's Prayer only; for ‘the simpler sort’; Reading?

Bury, Edward

A short catechism

1660

1

B6210

Short; pre-comm.; based on the parliamentary ordinance of 20.10.1645, but quite wide-ranging

Butterfield, Swithune

The principles of the true Christian religion

1582?–90

(2?)

Maunsell, 33 + STC2 4206

Long exposition; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss

Byfield, Adoniram

The summe of [all] the principles

1630–65

(4?)

See col. 6

London, Catalogue sig. K2v lists this as a separate work; it is a short summary of the next below, with which it was published from 1630, with separate title-page + signatures; not in q + a

Byfield, Nicholas

[The principles, or] the paterne of wholesome words

1618–65

(7)

4226–31 + B6389

The bulk of this is a long exposition, stressing the need to use the principles learnt through catechizing; not in q + a; see also last above

——

The principall grounds of Christian religion

1625

1

4232

Short; for the ‘younger sort’; not the usual staples; edited by W.C. after author's death

C., B.

A brief and perspicuous manuduction to practical divinity

1670–92

2

C13A + TC ii. 430

Mid; not the usual staples; finished by B.C. from a draft by ‘a learned, reverend man now with God’; 2nd edn. also has ‘An help to prayer for the catechized youth’ of the C. of E.

C., E.

An ABC or holy alphabet

1626

2

4264.5

Described as a catechism in TSR; has 24 ‘lessons for young beginners in the school of Christ’ and ‘poor ignorant people’ numbered A–Z; 2 lessons have short q + a forms on preparation for Lord's Supper, and fasting

anon./ C, E.

The/A new catechisme according to the form of the kirk of Scotland

1644–5

2

G1095 + N592A

Short; preceded by ABC, vowels, + king's crest, + followed by prayers; Scottish origin; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; for children and youth; formerly erroneously attributed to William Goode, q.v.

C., J.

A briefe examination of the Christian faith

1623

?

TSR iv. 101

Described as a catechism, but not traced; perhaps the work by J. Craig, q.v.

C., J.

The Independants catechism

1654

(1)

C58

Revision of 1647 work of same title: see below, s.v. Independent; J.C. described on title-page as ‘gent’

C., J.(Mrs)

The mother's catechism

1734

1

BL

Long; explanation by extra qs + as of the 1st 40 (+ a selection of later) qs + as of WSC; for the use of children + servants

C., R.

A briefe and necessarie catechisme

1602

See s.v. R. Greenham

C, T. (D.D.): see Thomas Comber

See s.v. R. Greenham

C.,W.

[no title]

1584

1?

Maunsell, 31

Maunsell refers to a form by W.C. in his list of catechisms; not traced

Calamy, Edmund

Sobermindedness recommended

1717

(1)

BL

A sermon preached to ‘a society of catechumens in London’, + printed at their request

Calvin, John

Instruction

1537

[For a translation and adaptation of Calvin's 1537 form, see below, s. v. R. Taverner]

——

The forme of common praiers used in … Geneva

1550

1

16560

Contains English translation of the 1541 form, placed after the prayers, which were translated by W. Huycke; Swiss origin

——

Le catéchisme de Genève

1552

(1)

4391

French version of last, published in England; see also below, s. v. Psaumes

——

The catechisme or manner to teache children

1556 (Geneva) + 1560–98 (London)

[1] + 12

4380–87a.5 + Maunsell, 31

English translation of the 1541 catechism; long; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; for children aged 10 to 15; divided into 55 parts; very influential; Maunsell lists a 1592 edn.; for other edns., published in Geneva and Scotland, see STC2 2106,16561; 16577–91,1564–5,4382,4383, 4389–90.7, +Wing2 C328

——

Catechismus ecclesiae Geneuensis

1562–[1590?]

(6)

4375–9

Latin version of last

——

Three propositions or speeches

1580

(1)

4464

At the end is Calvin's exposition of the qs + as set for the43rd week of Calvin's 1541 form

——

Katechesis tes Christianikes pisteos

–1648–55

(3?)

C1463–63A + BL Voyn 69

Greek version of 1541 form, in the translation of Estienne revised by Toussaint Berchet; previous edns. had been published abroad in the later 16th century

——

Stoicheiosis tes Christianon

1648

(1)

C329aA

As last, but with Berchet's copious notes; was used as a textbook for students of Greek

——

The institution of Christian religion

1561–1634

(9)

4415–25

Treated as a catechetical work at Oxford in 1579 (see above, p. 197), and also in a list of catechetical works given by T. Watts, Entrie to Christianitie, q.v.; there was also an edn. in Latin (STC2 4414) + abridgements, in English (4426.8) + Latin (4426.4–6.6, 4427–8)

Camfield, Benjamin

A serious examination of the Independent's catechism

1668–9

(1)

C383–4

A detailed rebuttal of J. Owen's Brief instruction (1667), q.v. below, + a defence of the established church's beliefs + government

[Canisius, Petrus]

Certayne necessarie principles

1579? (‘Douai’/ London?)

[1]

4568.5

Catholic; long; q + a; translation (by T.I.) and condensation of Canisius's Parvus catechismus; for another translation, see Introduction below

——

Ane catechisme or schort instruction

1588 (Paris)

[1]

4568

Another translation of the last, but this time aimed specifically at the Scots

——

A summe of Christian doctrine

c.1592–6 (secret press in London) + 1622 (St Omer)

[3+]

4751.5–52.5

Another translation, in part by H. Garnet; very long; there was another issue of the 1622 edn. in 1639 (St Omer again)

——

Petri Canisii … parvus catechismus

1687

[1]

C436B

An edition of the same, printed by Henry Hills, James II's printer

[Capito, W.]

A lytle treatous or dialogue very necessary

1527 (Strasburg)

[1]

24223.3

Translation by Wm. Roye of Capito's dialogue De pueris instituendis; Cr, Ss; banned in England

——

The true beliefe in Christ + his sacraments

1550

(1)

24223.5

Another issue of last with cancelled dedication + new title-page

Carpenter, John

Contemplations for the institution of children

1601

〈1〉

4662

Long dialogue-catechism: son asks, father replies at length; for children; credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr; prayers at end

Carter, John

Winter evenings communication with young novices in religion

1628

1

4696

Mid; scriptural answers; unusual content; for children; Suffolk?

[Cartwright, Thomas]

Christian religion: substantially … treatised

1611

1

4707.5

Advanced; apart from Dec, unusual content: predestinarian, federal; unauthorized, according to Bradshaw's preface

——

A treatise of Christian religion

1616

1

4707.7

Modified version of last; followed by the ‘Methodicall short catechisme’ (see next)

——

A methodicall short catechisme: containing briefly all the principall grounds

1623

1

4803

Last mentioned form published separately but also published as part of Cartwright's Treatise + at the end of Dod + Cleaver's Exposition, q.v.; manuscript versions exist at Huntington (Ellesmere MS 6166) + TCD (MS 295); unusual content apart from Decalogue

[Cary, Edward]/ ‘Adolphus Brontius’

The catechist catechizʼd

1681

(1)

C722

Polemical: why Catholics should take the oath of allegiance; also attacks a ‘Jesuit’ catechism

Case, Thomas

The morning exercise methodized … in a monthly course … at St. Giles in the Fields. May 1659

1660–76

(3)

C835–6

The successor to an earlier set of sermons (see C834), but this time devoted to the ‘essentials’ to provide in printed form ‘a stock of divinity’ to be kept with a Bible + communicated to children + servants

Castalio

see below, s. v. Châteillon

anon.

Catechesis ecclesiae anglicanae, una cum precibus

1673 (Cambridge)–1702 (London)

(3)

C1464A, Whitgift School Croydon + U. of Illinois at Urbana

PBC in Greek + Latin, morning prayers in Latin + evening in Greek; for the use of King Edward VI School, Bury St Edmunds, and Whitgift School; information on latter's copy from Mr F. H. G. Percy

anon.

Catechesis ecclesiae anglicanae, una cum precibus … in usum scholae … Gippovicensi

1722 (Ipswich)

(1)

Ipswich School

PBC + prayers in Latin only (ex inf. Dr J. M. Blatchly) for comparable forms see last above + Catechismus … Katechesis below

anon.

Catechesis ecclesiarum quae in regno Poloniae

[after 1635] + 1651

(2+)

20083.3 + C1465

Racovian Catechism in Latin; earliest edns. published in Cracow (1609); for other edns. with an English connection see STC2 Addenda, + an edn. c.1659 published at ‘Irenopolis’ (Antwerp?); the work was condemned by Parliament in 1652: (see Votes of Parliament below); for an edition in English + the outcry it caused, see below, s. v. Racovian

anon./ [Heidelberg Catechism]

Catechesis religionis Christianae

1623 (London), + 1629 (Oxford)

(2?)

13025.4, 13026

Heidelberg form in Latin, published in England; divided into 52 sections; for Scottish editions, see STC2 13023–5; edns. in Greek and Latin were published abroad from 1597

anon.

Catechesis religionis Christianae brevior

1689

(1)

C1464(= S2178)

WSC translated into Hebrew by W. Seaman

See also below, s. v. ‘Katechesis’ for catechisms in Greek

anon.

Catecheticae versiones variae

1638

(1)

4806

PBC in English, Latin, Greek, + Hebrew; plus graces; preface signed by G.S., possibly George Sandys (note in Guildhall Library copy)

anon.

A catechetical instruction

1728–c.1730–

2+

BL

Short; not the usual staples; for those of ‘meanest capacity’; later an SPCK title

anon.

Of catechisinge

1620s

MS

Emmanuel Coll. Cambridge MS III. 1.13.8

Exhortation to catechize or be catechized

anon.

A catechism containing the substance

1676–93

See below, s. v. E. Fowler

anon.

A catechisme for children

1657

See below, s. v. G. Fox

anon.

A catechisme for children in yeeres + … understanding

1644

See below, s. v. J. Stalham

anon.

A catechism for souldiers

1659

[1]

C1471

Defence of soldiering by q + a; cf. R. Ram below

anon.

The catechism for the curats

1687

[1]

C1472

Tridentine catechism; not in q + a; published by James II's printer

anon.

A catechism for the times

1645

See below, s. v. I.K.

anon./ ‘Philander’

A catechism for the use of deists

1739

(1)

BL + DWL

Controversial; a short form by a C. of E. cleric to show deists they are bound by morality

anon.

A catechisme in brief questions and answeres

1629

See below, s.v. J. Geree

anon.

Catechism made practical

1688

1

C1474

Contains the irenic Short catechism according to the doctrine, q.v.; a long exposition on faith and godliness; + another on duties; has been attributed to T. Doolittle(MS note in Cong. Lib. copy), but not listed in 1723 list of his works: Complete Body, sig. c2v

anon.

The catechism of the Book of Common-Prayer explained

–1672

3?

C1475AB

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as

anon.

A catechisme of Christian doctrine

1637–

See below, s.v. T. White

anon.

A catechisme of Christian religion

1617

1 +

13031.5 (ex 1563)

Translation of Heidelberg; by Bastingius, q.v. For editions published abroad, see 13031.2 + 13031.7, 13031.8, C1475 + BLC (Utrecht, c.1701); for Scottish edns. 13031.3, 13031.4

anon.

A catechisme of the Christian religion

1721

1

BL

Revised translation of Heidelberg, by C. Coorne

anon.

The catechism of the Church of England briefly paraphrased

1688

1

C1475B

Mid; derivative; PBC with extra qs + as; for children + servants who cannot learn ‘the larger expositions’; + prayers for children

anon.

[The catechism of the Church of England translated into Arabic]

1671

1

C1476

PBC in Arabic; translation by Edward Pocock, according to F. Madan, Oxford Books, iii. 254

anon.

The catechism of the Church of England with marginal notes

1678–

See below, s. v. E. Wetenhall

anon.

The catechism of the Church of England with some questions

1669

See above, s. v. I.B.

anon.

The catechism of the Church resolved

1699

See below, s. v. B. Love

anon.

The catechism of the Church: with proofs

1694–

See below, s. v. Z. Isham

anon.

The catechism of the kingdom of … Christ

1690–

See above, s. v. T. Beverley

anon.

A catechism of penance

1685

See below, s.v. J. Roucourt

anon.

A catechism or abridgement of Christian doctrine

1725

See below, s.v. A. Hacket

anon.

A catechisme, or brief instruction

1617

See above, s. v. E.B.

anon.

The catechism or brief instruction

1702

See below, s. v. J. Jacob

anon.

A catechism: or an instruction … in three parts

1733

1

BL

Mid; for adults; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; quasi-‘rational’?

anon.

The catechism or, Christian doctrine

[c.1700]

[1]

C1478

Catholic; similar in places to but not the same as Abstract of Douay catechism, q.v.; date taken from Yale catalogue

anon.

The catechisme, or maner [how] to teach/instruct… children and others

1570?–8

3?

Maunsell, 31 + STC2 13028–9

Translation of Heidelberg Catechism, by W. Turner; Maunsell has a 1570 edn. of the Heidelberg Catechism, also printed for J. Harrison; 1578 edn. of the Heidelberg Catechism, also printed for J. Harrison; 1578 edn. adds marginal refs. to the relevant passages of scripture

anon.

A catechisme, or short kind of instruction

1588

2

13030–1

Heidelberg translated + supplied with proofs by J. Seddon; prefaced by long treatise of exhortation to ministers and parents to catechize by T. Sparke; also has prayers at end

anon.

The catechism set forth

1679–

See below, s.v. T. Marshall

anon.

A catechisme: so short for little children

1639

1

4802.5

Only the title-page survives; capable of being learnt by 2–3-year-olds; same as the Short catechisme for little children of 1589 (q.v.)? Prayers + graces at end

anon.

A catechisme, that is to say, an instruction regarding the priesthood

[1720?]

(1)

Regent's Park College, Oxford

Controversial; short form (44 qs + as) defending the maintenance of clergy by tithes

anon.

A catechisme, that is to say an instruction to be learned … To which are prefixed briefe and plain rules for reading the Irish language

[1710?]

(1)

BL

PBC in English and Irish, published with an Irish grammar; for use in Ireland. Date of publication sometimes given as late as [1740?]

anon.

A catechisme to be learned … of all those professors

c.1589

1?

TSR ii. 524

Not traced; ever published?

anon.

A catechisme to be learned for the training up of youth and others

1653

1

C1479

Short; PBC with minor alterations (e.g. stronger defence of infant baptism) + scripture refs. added; for ‘youth and others’

anon./‘A Protestant of the Church of England’

A catechisme truly representing

1686

——

——

See below, s.v. J. Williams

anon.

[A catechism] whereas all men desire to be blessed

c.1602

1?

TSR iii. 220

Not traced: ever published?

anon.

A catechism wherein the learner

1674

See below, s.v. C. Ellis

anon.

A catechisme with a prayer annexed

1583

See below, s.v. E. Chapman

anon.

Le catéchisme de Heidelberg

1720

(1)

Christ Church, Oxford

Heidelberg Catechism in French, but published in London with a new dedication, to George I, + an interesting account of why it was being republished at that particular date

anon.

Le catéchisme pour lʼexamen de la jeunesse … en lʼéglise Walonn de Canterbury

1664

(1)

C1479BA

For Walloon church in Canterbury

anon.

Catechismus ad parochos ex decreto Concilii Tridentini editus

1687

[1]

C1479BB

The ‘Roman catechism’, first issued in 1564, for priests: in Latin + not in q + a; printed by the Catholic publisher Nathaniel Thompson

anon.

Catechismus catechizandus, or a catechism to be catechizʼd

1674

1?

TC i. 162

Not traced; mid? (price 6d.)

anon.

Catechismus cum ordine/Katechesis kai taxis

1683–1732

(7)

C1465A,K28A–B, BL et al.

PBC + order for confirmation in Greek + Latin, + Latin prayers (varying from school to school); for use at Merchant Taylors' School, Eton College, + Ipswich School; see Catechesis above

anon.

Catechismus pro parvulis

1660

See below, s.v. G. Fox

anon.

The catechist catechizʼd

1681

See above, s.v. E. Cary

anon.

Catechistical discourses

1654

1

C1480

See below, s.v. A. Errington

anon./ [Norton, J.?]

A catechistical guide to sinners

1680

1

C1480

Long; qs + as plus expositions; for use by adults who are sinners or babes in Christ, + by children; author seeks to shun controversies; heavily scriptural; not the usual content; attribution to Norton in Wing, Early English Books

anon.

The catechizing of families

c.1692

?

Carruthers, 125–6

Advert in [Day], Communicant's instructor (1692); the work is by R. Baxter, q.v.

anon.

The catechumen, or an account given

1690

Part 1 of L. Addison's The Christian's manual (q.v.)

anon./‘A divine of the Church of England’

Catechumenorum ductor: or an instruction to young people

1714

1

Lambeth

proofs; for all people, and children in general, especially those in Charity Schools

Cateline, Jeremy

The rules and directions of the ordinance

1646–8

3

C1482–3

Short; based on the parliamentary ordinance of 20.10.1645

anon./‘British Protestant divine’

A catholic catechism

–1717–24 1569

See below, s. v. F. Shaw

Caussé, Barthélemy

The very true shield, and buckler of faith

1569

(1)

4870

23 dialogues, some on conventional topics such as faith + Decalogue, others controversial (anti-Catholic); French origin

anon.

The cavaliers catechisme

1643

[1]

C1567

Satirical: anti-Royalist; parodies PBC in places

anon.

The cavaliers catechisme and confession of his faith

1647

(1)

C1568

Not the same as last: pro-Royalist; partly religious, partly political

C[awdrey], D[aniel]

Family reformation promoted. In a sermon … and by short catechismes

1656

(1)

C1627

Mainly an exposition of duties (parents/children, masters/servants) but some qs + as; material borrowed from father, Robert's, Godly form of household government, but method was his own

Cawdrey, Robert

A short and fruitefull treatise, of the profite [and necessitie] of catechising

1580–1604

3?

4882–3 + Maunsell, 31

1604 edn. contains a short pre-comm. form (cf. Breefe catechisme of 1576); but bulk of 1580 + 1604 edns. is exhortation + advice, much enlarged in the 1604 edn.; 1580 also has work by Charke at end, q.v.; Maunsell lists a 1592 edn.

[Cawdrey, Zachary]

A brief and methodical catechism

1662–4

2

C1642A–4

Short; qs + as (to be learnt by children) + expositions (to be learnt by adults); credal material, Ss, Pr, Dec; much indebted to WSC

[Cena]

De coena Domini dialogus

[c.1575]

(1)

4911.3

Short, pre-comm. dialogue in Latin? (cannot be found at location given by STC)

anon./ [Theodore Beza?]

Certaine questions and answers touching the doctrine of predestination, and the use of God's word and sacraments

1579–1615

25+?

[2126–2241]

Short; on the topics indicated in the title; not published separately but bound into many quarto Geneva Bibles printed in black letter from 1579 to 1615. Has been attributed to Beza, but can also be viewed as supplement to 1549 version of PBC

anon.

Certayn short questions and answeres

1580–4

3

20558–60

2 very short forms, 2nd a condensation of 1st; for young children; not usual content

C[halloner], R[ichard] C[hapelin], G.

A short history of the … beginning … of the Protestant religion

1735

[1]

BL

Catholic; a hostile account of the evolution of Protestantism, in q + a

——

The catholic Christian instructed in the sacraments

1737

[1]

BL

Explanation of Catholic sacraments, ceremonies, + observances, by q + a

C[hapelin], G.

A familiar and Christian instruction

1582

See below, s. v. Familiar

C[hapman], E[dmund]

A catechisme with a prayer annexed

1583

1

4962

Short; a different version or translation of the Breefe catechisme of 1576; ‘meet’ for all Christian families (but designed for and approved by Dedham classis, Essex); prayers at end

anon.

The Charity-School, or reading and spelling made easy

1704

1?

TC iii. 428

Includes PBC, psalms, prayers, + aids to Bible study; ‘for bringing up children in the Protestant religion’; no copy survives

Charke, William

Of the use of catechising

pre-1580

(1)

4882

Written as a preface to Charke's translation into Latin of Robert Le Macon's French form, q.v., this was translated into English by J. Stockwood, + inserted by him at end of 1580 edn. of R. Cawdrey's Shorttreatise, q.v.

Châteillon, Sébastien

Dialogorum sacrorum libri quatuor

1560–1739

[23+]

4770–76.7, C3732–34cA + BL + NUC

Dialogues in Latin based on Bible; Swiss origin; widely used in schools

Chauncy, Isaae

The doctrine which is according to godliness

1694?–1737

3

C3749 + Carruthers, 101

Very long; 1st 38 qs + as of WSC with extra qs + as, though author also cites the 39 Articles; for the ignorant, weak, + less educated; London?

Cheynell, Francis

Chillingworthi novissima

1644

(1)

C3810

The ‘brief’ ‘profane’ catechism in this work consists of selected quotations from Chillingworth's works, preceded by loaded or slanted questions by Cheynell to make it appear Chillingworth was popishly inclined

anon.

The chiefe heads of divinitie

1612

See above, s. v. W. Ames

anon./ T. Vincent/ Vincent Sadler

The childes catechisme

1678 (Paris, possibly London)

[1]

C3875

Catholic; father asks, child replies

Chitwin

?

?

?

?

A catechism by Chitwin is mentioned by P. Nye in Beames of former light (1660), 85; not traced

anon.

The Christian directorie, or, rules of Christian pietie

1635

1

5157.5

A very short form entitled ‘Short points of Christian religion’ is appended to this improving treatise, published posthumously + dedicated to the governess of the Prince of Wales

anon.

The Christian doctrine

1678

See below, s. v. J.S.

anon.

Christian knowledge and practice

1737 (Hamburg)

[1]

BL

‘Catechetical lectures’ on PBC, consisting of extra qs + as plus meditations + thanksgivings, + discussion of disputed points; to explain the Church of England to the Hanoverians?

anon./‘A well-wisher of the cause of Christ’

The Christian souldiers magazine

1644

[1]

C3949

To arm parliamentarian soldiers with zeal + courage; only partly in q + a, + only marginally catechetical in the conventional sense

Chub, William

A Christian exercise for private housholders

[1585?]

1

5211

Short but quite difficult form, to be read rather than learnt? Focuses on works, prayer, + Ss; pt. 2 of The true travaile

anon.

The church catechism, analysed, explained and improved. The first part

1683–1703 (Norwich)

2?

C3993A + BL

Mid; PBC with additional qs + as, + some explanations; 1703 edn. for use in Norwich School, but also recommended for the rich to give to the poor

anon.

The church catechism broke into short questions

1709–34–

3+

Bodleian + BL

PBC broken into shorter qs (but without answers) to test comprehension; also explains some words used in PBC, + has prayers for the use of charity schools; copies of 1709 edn. sold at 2d. or 12s. per 100; Dublin edn. published in 1718

anon.

The church-catechism enlargʼd and explainʼd

1697

See below, s.v. R.M.

anon.

The church catechism explained and proved

1708

1+

TC iii. 598

Usually published in Dublin, e.g. 1699 (C3994) + 1719; but this ‘4th’ edn. was sold in London; Wing attributes the work to Narcissus Marsh, but in the preface he only recommends it

anon.

The church catechism explained by way of

1701–

See below, s.v. J. Lewis

anon.

question and answer The church-catechism explained, for the ease … of instruction

1666

1

C3993B

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as; answers set in separate columns from questions; for use both publicly and Privately

anon.

The church-catechism resolved into scripture proofs

1681

1

C3994aA

An earlier version of The church catechism with scripture proofs (1685); slightly modified PBC, divided up into short phrases, + supported by scripture texts printed in full

anon.

The church-catechism resolved into short questions and answers

1681

1?

C3994bA

PBC broken up into shorter qs + as? designed so that PBC might be better understood and remembered by children; not traced unless it is the same as Church catechism analysed (1683), q.v.

anon.

The church catechism: to which are subjoinʼd

1729

See above, s.v. T. Bray

anon.

The church catechism, with explanations and scripture-proofs

1705–20

5?

TC iii. 434 + Qpeens', Cambridge

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as + scripture proofs; for use in a ‘private parish’; 5th edn. (1720) corrected; price 3d. or 20s. per 100

anon.

The church-catechism with scripture proofs

1685–1701

3

C3994cA, Trinity Cambr. + Duke Univ. N. Carolina

PBC (in black letter) with scripture proofs added (in roman); printed for the Stationers Company, which was also responsible for ABCs + Primers, q.v.; for earlier version see above, s.v. Church catechism resolved (1682); price in 1685 2d.

anon.

The church catechism: with single proofs

(1711)

See above, s.v. W. Bunbury

Clark, Nichols

A brief exposition of the catechism

1725

(1)

Liverpool Univ. Lib.

Mid; exposition of PBC in ‘an easy + familiar method’ for ‘those of tender years’; price 3d. or 20s. a 100; Dorset

Clark, Samuel D.D

An exposition of the church catechism

1729–31–

3+

BL

PBC with exposition of each answer; edited by brother John (Dean of Sarum) from notes of Thursday lectures given in London; 2 edns. also published in Dublin, with added essays; owing to Clarke's alleged Arianism, the work was the object of some controversy: see below, s.v. T. Emlyn, A. A. Sykes + D. Waterland

Clifford, James

A catechism containing the principles

1694–1701

3?

C4702–2A+ TC iii. 262

Long; mainly on Creed; commends PBC, but has some WSC parallels; published with pre-comm. sermon

Clifford, John

Sound words: the catechism of the Westminster Assembly

1699

1

C4705

Long; WSC with scripture proofs in full; volume also contains advice on singing, 100 psalms + hymns, a confession + prayer both using the words of the

Clutterbuck, John (gent.)

A plain and rational vindication and explanation of the liturgy of the Church of England

1694–1727

7+

C4742–3 + BL + ESTC

A long explanation + defence of the official liturgy (culled from approved authors) in q + a; for use in schools + by those of riper years; for similar works see below, s.v. An explanation of the terms, and E. Creffeild(1713)

Cobhead, Thomas

A briefe instruction

[1579]

1

5455

Mid; Dec, Cr, Pr, Ss; ‘collected for the exercise of youth, + simple sort of people’

CockBury, Patrick

In secundae partis catechismi enarrationem

1561

(1)

5459

Continuation of In dominicam orationempia meditatio (St Andrews, 1555); covers Cr only; in Latin, and not in q+a

Cole, E.

The young schollar's best companion

1689–1704

3

C5021 + TC iii. 429

To teach reading + grammar, but contains a short form, influenced by WSC, + staple formulae published separately beforehand; work also contains improving sentences + proverbs, meditations, prayers, et al.

Cole, Nathanael

A short catechisme collected out of the whole work

[1615]–33

4?

5536–7

Short form on assurance of salvation summarizing the larger work by Cole of which it forms part: The godly mans assurance; Essex?

Collins, Hercules

An orthodox catechism

1680

1

C5364

Long; by a Baptist with a London church; Cr, Ss, Dec, Pr; heavily indebted to Heidelberg except on adult baptism; has appendix on church music

Colyer/Collier Thomas

Certaine queries: or, points now in controvercy

1645

(1)

C5273

Mid; handles controversial matters relating to church government + discipline in q + a; Baptist

anon./Colman, Henry

An essay by way of catechism on confirmation

1709–16

2

Lambeth + BL

Lectures on confirmation turned into q + a as a follow-up to PBC; Norfolk

C.,T. (D.D.) /Thomas Comber

The church-catechism: with [a brief and] easie explanation thereof

1681–1700

6?

C5444A–46A + TC ii. 529

Mid; PBC; uses Palmer's method (q.v.); for those of ‘meanest capacities + weakest memories’; advert in 1686 edn. refers to its success with young children + ignorant country people; Yorkshire; price of 1681 edn. (2 sheets) 2d.; in 1694 cost 3d.

——

A companion to the altar

1675–1721

(5?)

C5450–1 + BL

From 2nd edn. this devotional, pre-comm. work also has an essay on the ‘office’ of catechism; the same essay probably also appeared in A treatise on the sacrament (1699), TC iii. 115, which cannot be traced

[——]/‘An English Protestant’

The plausible arguments of a Romish priest … answered

1686–1735

(8?)

C5481–3 + ESTC

A dialogue between a ‘popish priest’ and a Protestant on the usual matters in dispute; said to be ‘seasonable for all Protestant families’

anon.

A commentary by way of question and answer upon that part of the church-catechism

1702

1

University of Illinois at Urbana

Covers section of PBC on Lord's Supper only; also has a form of examination, + suitable prayers

anon.

The common Christian instructed in some necessary points

1722

(1)

BL

Dialogue between a clergyman + a layman over the liturgy; in answer to S.D. 's Abridgement of the controversy

anon.

The communicant's catechism

1680

1?

TCI 392

Pre-comm.? (no copy survives); for the full information of all true believers; price 6d.; perhaps T. Warmestry, The communicants guide (W881A–B)

anon.

The communicant's instructor or a sacramental catechism

1692–1726

See below, s.v. G. Day

anon.

The compleat English tutor … with a short catechism

1703

1?

TC iii. 349

How to teach reading + writing, but includes prayers + a ‘short’ catechism; price 1s.; not traced

anon.

The conditions of obtaining salvation

1717–39

3?

BL

Short; not the usual staples; simple vocabulary; echoes of WSC but conditional on salvation; prayers at end; suitable for Charity Schools

anon.

Confessio fidei … cum catechismo

1656

See below, s.v. Westminster Assembly

anon.

The confession of faith together with the larger and lesser/shorter catechisms

1649–

Ditto

Cooke, Thomas

A brief but plain explication of the church-catechism

1706

1

Bodleian

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as, + scripture proofs; designed for use in 2 London grammar schools by a minister who had been educated at the one + was examiner of the catechumens at the other; copies priced 3d. or 20s. per 100

Coote, Edmund

The English schoolmaster

1596–1700

49+?

5711–16.5 + C6067–78A

Best-selling textbook: contains a very short catechism (Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr), a prayer framed round that form, other prayers, improving verses, religious texts to copy, etc.

Cordier, Mathurin

Colloquiorum scholasticorum libri quatuor

1584–1725–

[20+]

5759.1–61, C6285A–90C + BL

Improving dialogues for use in school; Swiss origin; also sold moderately well in English translations by J. Brinsley (1614) + C. Hoole (1657)

Cotes, William

A dialogue of diverse quections [sic]

[1585]

〈1〉

5829

Long dialogue-catechism: son asks + father replies at length; covers Dec, Cr, Pr, Ss

Cotton, Clement

The converts catechisme

1616

1

5847

Advanced account (through short questions + very long answers) of 7 divine graces (faith, hope, love, etc.); for converts being tempted by the devil

——

The sicke mans ABC

1629–55

7?

5852–3 + C6405A–B

Short form for the sick; added to last 7 edns. of Cotton's None but Christ

Cotton, John

The doctrine of the church

1642–4

3

C6428–30

Very short: on the nature of a visible church; American origin

——

[Spiritual] Milk for babes drawn out of the breasts of both Testaments

1646–72

3+

C6443,6462–3

Short form; credal material, Dec, Pr, Ss; for children in New England and elsewhere; American origin, and American edns. under the title Spiritual milk for Boston babes (e.g. C6460–1)

Cotton, W.,B.D.

A new catechisme drawn out of the breasts

1648

1

C6507

Short; has clear parallels with last, but is a discrete work

anon.

The country-gentlewoman's catechism

[1710?]

[1]

National Library of Scotland

Satirical, though less broad than other works in this genre; an answer to The town-ladies catechism (not traced, but see below, s.v. The town-misses catechism)

anon./ ‘The country parson’

The country-parson to the country-people

1712

1

Mass. Hist. Soc.

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as; an abbreviated version was prepared by another ‘country parson’: see below, s.v. A short and plain exposition (1715)

anon.

The covenanters catechisme

1644–7

[2]

C6622–3

Polemical: defence of Solemn League + Covenant in q + a

Coverdale, Miles

[a catechism on the Creed]

[pre-1540]

1?

This was ordered to be burnt in 1546: Tudor, ‘Religious Instruction’, 407

Cox, Richard

A short catechisme. Very necessary

1591?–1620

2?

Maunsell, 31 + 5948

Mid; Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr; pre-comm.; for ‘all Christians’; Maunsell lists a 1591 edn.

C[radock], S[amuel]

The chief principles of the Christian faith

1665–8

2

Emmanuel College Cambridge + C6746

Mid; some qs + as but bulk is texts under headings such as God, Christ, Trinity; for all who desire to save their souls; followed by 20 practical directions to the same effect

Cradock, William

A discourse of due catechising, and confirming of youth

1718

(1)

BL

A sermon (+ interesting comments) on catechizing and confirmation; delivered in Gloucestershire in 1718

Craig, John

A short summe of the whole catechism

–1583–[1608?]

7+?

5963–66.5 + Maunsell, 31

Long; for ‘common people + children’; not the usual content; Scottish origin, and includes Scottish confession of 1580 at end; Maunsell lists a 1591 edn.

[Cragge/Craig, John]

The mother and the child: A short catechisme

1611

1

5961.5

Mid; said to be ‘gathered’ out of the last, but often very different: personae are mother + child, and contents include Cr, Ss, Dec, Pr; also has meditations at end; STC2 says possibly related to 21496.3: cf. H.S. below

[Cranmer, Thomas]

Catechismus, that is to say a shorte instruction

1548

(3)

5992.5–93

Series of little ‘sermons’ for children + young people, by Osiander, turned into Latin by Justus Jonas the younger; English translation commissioned by Cranmer; variant editions: see A catechism setforth by … Cranmer, ed. D. G. Selwyn (Appleford, 1978), 25–31, 56–65,78–100

Crashaw, William

Milke for babes. Or, a north-countrie catechisme

–1618–33

6?

6020–2

Mid; Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr; for country people (1618)/the simplest (1622); prayers at end; Yorks.

——

Meate for men. Or, a principall service

1629

1

6019.5

Mid; Ss, but includes defence of infant baptism + kneeling at communion, in q + a for the ‘simple’

Crathorne, William

A practical catechism

1711–

[1+]

Texas Univ.

Catholic; on the Sundays, feasts, + fasts of the church; 2nd edn. 1749

——

A catholick's resolution

1717

[1]

National Lib. Of Scotland

Controversial: defence of being a Catholic, in the ‘plain method’ of q + a, for those of ordinary capacity

——

An historical catechism

1726

See below, s.v. C. Fleury

Creffeild, Edward

The great duty of catechising

1712–13

(2)

Liverpool Univ. + BL

Two sermons, exhorting to the use of the PBC; Suff.

——

A catechistical explanation of the … common-prayer

1713

1

BL

A simplified (but still long) version of Clutterbuck (q.v.), for his Suffolk parishioners

anon.

The cristall of Christianitie

1617

See below, s.v. R.P.

Crofton, Zachary

Catechizing Gods ordinance

1656–7

(2)

C6990–1

Treatise, based on sermons given in his London parish,on the importance of catechizing

Crompton, William

An explication of those principles

1633

1

6057

Very long and fairly advanced; PBC; for householders; based on his own notes; Devon; still on sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. L4V

Crook[e], Samuel

The guide unto true blessedness

1613–50

7

6066–8 + C7228

Long; credal material, Ss, Dec, Pr; Som.

——

A briefe direction to true happinesse

1613–43

8

6063.2–64 + C7226A

Mid; abridgement of last, ‘for the more convenient use of private families’; the 2 works were often bound together

Culverwell, Ezekiel

Questions and answers upon … the way

–1623–48

8?

6113.5–18 + 6118.8 + C7567

Very short form, on faith, summarizing the very long Treatise of faith for ‘the weakest Christians’ of which it forms part; the form was published separately once, in 1633; the Treatise was still on sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. Mlr

D.J.

A church-catechism: or brief instruction

1701

See below, s.v. G. Doughty

D.J.(M.A.)

Feed my lambs. Or, a small systeme of divinity minced into a catechism

1686

1

D34

Short; borrows from other catechisms, especially PBC; Pr, Ss, Cr, Dec; for ‘children and young beginners in Christianity’; to be sold in Nottingham + London

D.,T. (M.A.)

Zions song for young children

1650

1

D94

Parts of the WSC (excluding Dec + Pr) turned into verse

D.,T.

The Quakers catechism

1703

[1]

BL

Satirical: anti-Quaker (and anti-Presbyterian)

anon.

Daniel Ben Alexander the converted Jew of Prague

1621

1

6266

Gives a translation of Daniel's letters to other Jews, an account of his conversion (+ rejection of Catholicism) in France, and then the very short catechism he learnt

Davenport, John + Hooke, William

A catechisme containing the chief heads

1659

1

D357

Mid; modified WSC (no Pr); American origin

D[avidson], I[ohn]

A short christian instruction

[1588]

1

6173

Short form (Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr) with 2 very short summaries; first used in a private family, now offered to other flocks + families; Scottish origin? A much longer version was published in Edinburgh in 1602 as Some helpes for young schollers (STC2 6324.5)

Davies, Roger

An explanation of the principles

1726

(1)

BL

26 short ‘discourses’ on successive portions of PBC; then more discourses on confirmation + other topics, and prayers; Pembrokeshire?

[Davis, Francis]

A catechisme, wherin is contained

1612

(1)

6368

20 ‘sabbath exercises’ for children to learn: partly controversial dialogues between ‘Protestant’ and ‘Papist’ on Cr + Pr

[Day, George]

The communicant's instructor. Or a sacramental catechism

1692–1700–

2+

D459D–60

Long; pre-comm., but also tackles baptism as the other seal of the covenant of grace; Scottish edn. in 1726

——

A persuasive to full communion … in all Gospel-ordinances

1698

1

D461

Includes 2 very short forms, one (incorporating parts of WSC) aimed at persuading unbaptized adults to be baptized, the other at persuading baptized ones to communicate regularly; published posthumously by W. Bates + G. Hammond

Day, John

Day's dyall, or … twelve severall lectures by way of catechisme

1614

(1)

6425

12 catechetical lectures given in Oriel College Oxford in 1612–13 by Day acting as ‘catechism reader’ for a year; each lecture was based on a scripture text, only 2 of which covered staples (Pr, Dec); advanced standard

Deacon, J.

Compendious catechisme

c.1600

(1?)

TSR iii. 157

Probably the Dialogic all discourses (1601) by Deacon + J. Walker: dialogues on the nature of ‘spirits + devils’ and how to cope with them

Defoe, Daniel

Dʼfoe's answer to the Quakers catechism

1706

(1)

Bodleian

A reply to the work by F. Bugg (q.v.)

[——]

A new catechisme

1710

See below, s.v. M. Tindal

——

The family instructor

1715–34–

(11+)

BL

A series of moralistic dialogues, built round a story-line + supplemented by author's comments, which highlight the gap between religious profession + practice at the time; a 2nd vol., (on family relations) appeared in 1718; 4th edn. (of original vol.) was published in Glasgow in 1717; 19th edn. 1809

——

A new family instructor; in familiar discourses

1727

(1)

BL

10 dialogues between a father + his children: 6 anti-Catholic, 4 against deists, atheists, Jews, etc.; also a poem in blank verse on Christ's divinity

[Dekker,Thomas]

Satan turned moralist/ A new political Catechism

1740

[2]

BL

A purely political work by the Elizabethan dramatist, given a new title in this reprint

[Denhoff, Jan Kazimierz]

The poor mans library/A short historical Catechism

1730–2

[2]

BL + Bodleian

Catholic: pt. 1 consists of 29 ‘historical’ lessons, + 27 doctrinal lessons (faith, hope, charity, Cr, Pr, Dec, Ss) each prose paragraph being followed by short qs + as to test understanding; pt. 2 has controversial material, but not in q + a, and pts. 3–4 consist of prayers, meditations, hymns + psalms

Denison, Stephen

A compendious catechisme

[c.1618]–1632

7?

6599–600

Mid; 1st surviving edn. (1621) is 3rd, enlarged; work entered 1618; for children + servants to learn pre-comm.; Ss, Cr, Dec, Pr; London?

Denne, Henry

A conference between a sick man and a minister

1642–3

(2)

D1015A–16

Dialogue on assurance, for the sick; Herts.; part 2 of 2nd + 3rd edns. of The doctrine + conversation of John Baptist (D1017–9)

Dent, Arthur

A plain/short exposition of the articles

1589–1616

6?

6625.3–25.8

Mid; ‘gathered’ by Dent for ‘the simple’; some conversational features; covers Creed only; Essex

——

The plaine mans pathway to heaven [part 1]

1601–82

(33?)

6626–37 + D1052B–56A

Very long dialogue for ‘the ignorant + vulgar sort’; on salvation, + how to see if one is saved or damned. A Welsh edition, Llwybr hyffordd yn cyfarwyddo, appeared in 1630: 6639

——

The plaine-mans pathway to heaven. The second part

1609–12

〈2〉

6637.5–38

Long dialogue, for the ‘ignorant’, but covers Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr; published posthumously by W.S.

——

A pastime for parents/ A recreation

1606–37

(5)

6622–5

Long dialogue for parents to use with their children for recreation; apart from Ss, not the usual content; answers often long + quite hard

——

The opening of heaven gates

1610–24

(5)

6619–21

Long dialogue between ‘Reason’ + ‘Religion’ on predestination + free will; for those of ‘weakest capacity’ as well as the stronger; published posthumously

——

A learned and fruitfull exposition upon the Lords prayer

1612–24

(3+)

6617–18.5

Long exposition of Lord's Prayer, word by word; only the occasional question or objection

Dent, Joseph

A short catechism for the instruction of persons

–1731 (Lincoln)

2?

Trinity Coll. Cambridge

Short; unusual content; for children especially; followed by religious verses; Baptist? Lines.

D[ering], E[dward] + More, John

A brief and necessary [catechisme or] instruction

1572–1614

13+

6679–82.3

Original form largely by More, but published in collaboration with Dering (P. Collinson, A Mirror of Elizabethan Puritanism (1964), 9–10) who signed the first preface; by 1573 the form had been extensively revised (by whom is not clear), and this was the version used thereafter. Short; Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr; said to be for householders, but see next; prayer at end summarizing catechism; Dutch edn. in 1590

Dering—More, + Stockwood, John

A short catechisme for housholders with praiers/[and] the prooves of the scripture

1580–1634

27?

6710.5–24.5

The form is the 1573 version of last, but with full scripture proofs added by Stockwood (after the 3rd edn. these were abridged); ABC printed on reverse of title-page in pre–1606 edns., but then banned; prayers at end; still on sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. M3r

anon.

Desiderius, or the original pilgrim: a divine dialogue

1717–25–

(3+?)

BL

Pious narrative in which characters occasionally speak; Spanish origin

De Witte, Petrus

Catechizing upon the Heidelberg catechism

[1664]–[after 168 (all Amsterdam)

[3?]

W3224–24A

Very long; Heidelberg with extra qs + as, translated for the English Reformed congregation in Amsterdam; there is some doubt over the date of the 1664 edn. in BL

anon.

A dialogue between a young divine, and an old beggar

1683

(1)

D1300aA

An uplifting dialogue between a beggar who has achieved spiritual contentment + a young divine who wishes to attain it

anon.

A dialogue between riches, poverty, godliness

1659

(1)

D1322

Allegorical tale, told in the 3rd person, with some dialogue between characters like Godliness, Labour, + Content

anon.

A dialogue between Satan and a young man

1700

See below, s.v. J. J.

anon.

A dialogue betwixt two Protestants

1685–

See below, s.v. J. Rawlet

anon.

A dialogue or communication

1554 (Rouen)

[1]

10383

Very short, simple form for 2 children or ‘unlettered folks’; printed at the end of A dialogue or familiar talk between two neighbours—a long, polemical, anti-Catholic dialogue

D[ickenson], W[illiam]

Milke for babes. The English catechisme … briefly explained

1628

1

6822

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as, notes, reasons, explanations, + texts; for the ‘younger and more unlearned sort’ of his Berkshire parishioners

anon.

A discourse concerning the lawfulness … of keeping

1708

〈1〉

BL

Dialogue-catechism, perhaps used orally (see p. 24), on the legality + necessity of keeping Christmas + other holy days; ‘intended for the use of a charity-school’

Dochant, George

A new catechism short and plain

1654

1

D1757

Very short pre-comm. form, for the younger sort (+especially those at ‘Shaffham School’, Norf.)

anon.

Dr. Sacheverels catechism

1710

[1]

Lilly Lib. Indiana Univ.

Most unusual: polemical in intent?

anon.

The doctrine of the Bible … by way of questions and answers

1602–1726–

34+

3022.7–32.5, D1771A–73B, + BL

A cross between a catechism + a teaching aid for Bible study: mainly a digest of the Bible, chapter by chapter, but some doctrines, lessons + duties are stressed; 31st edn. (1698) cost 18d. (TC iii. 103); for a parallel series entitled The way to true happinesse (1610—[50?]), see below

anon.

The doctrines of the Christian religion

1708

1

Bodleian + Union Theological College Belfast

Long; WSC with propositions and proofs (in standard type-face) and extracts from WLC (in smaller type- face) interspersed; for ‘beginners’ + families, but the WLC extracts to be tackled only by those ‘well versed’ in the WSC

Dod,John + Cleaver, Robert

A plaine and familiar exposition of the ten commandements

1603–62

(21?)

6967–79 + D1786A

Very long exposition of Dec; from 1604 a version of Cartwright's ‘Methodicall short catechisme’ (q.v.) was printed at the end

——

A brief dialogue concerning preparation

1609–61

10+?

6935.5–7,6944.7–49, + D1788

Mid; pre-comm. form ‘taken for the most part’ out of Dod + Cleaver's Ten sermons, and often printed at the end of that work as well as separately; section on Dec is largely exposition

Doolittle, Thomas

A treatise concerning the Lords Supper

1667–1726

〈27+〉

D1899–1905A + BL

A pre-comm. treatise, with some rhetorical qs + as ‘to excite us to greater diligence’; also has 3 dialogues, 1st of which is designed to inform the weak more fully in the nature + use of the sacrament (similar to other catechisms in style + content); other 2 are more specialized; price in 1670 Is. bound

——

The young man's instructer, and the old man's remembrancer

1673

1

D1906

Very long; modified WSC; uses various methods including Palmer's (q.v.); based on a ‘catechetical exercise’ in London in which he explained the WSC; for masters, etc., to use with children + ‘the more ignorant sort of people’; also attacks various erroneous doctrines + offers ‘practical applications’

[——]

Catechism made practical

1688

Attribution dubious; see above under Catechism

——

Catechizing necessary for the ignorant young and old

–1692

(3?)

D1882

A short defence of catechizing, and exhortation to be catechized, in q + a, plus further exhortation in prose

——

Scheme of the Assemblys catechism printed in a single sheet

pre–1693

1?

Referred to in anon., Earnest call (1693) (q.v.), 4; not traced; presumably a diagramatic summary of WSC for displaying on a wall

——

A plain method of catechizing

1698–1700/1

4

D1889–91 + TCiii. 237,265,280

3 forms: 1st similar to that in Catechizing necessary, 2nd an enlargement of it, + 3rd a very long form similar to that of 1673 (modified WSC, various methods used); price in 1698 1s.

——

A complete body of practical divinity

1723

1

BL

Very long; originally lectures on WSC, turned into hybrid work: partly devotional, partly catechetical

anon./ ‘Cordiall well-wisher’

A door opening into Christian religion

1662

1

D1909

Extremely long ‘directory’ ‘in the manner of a catechism’, for more advanced, adolescent catechumens; credal material, Pr, Dec, + Ss; perhaps by J. Good- win, q.v.

‘Doresh, Neeman’ /A lover of truth

An impartial catechism

1733

(1)

TCD

Partly controversial; by a rationalist, non-Calvinist dissenter?

Doughty, G. / ‘J.D.’

A church-catechism: or brief instruction in the faith

1701

1

Bodleian

Mid; the attribution to Doughty is in a MS note on the Bodleian copy; covers scriptures, Dec, credal material, + church ordinances in a mixture of short qs, long as, reasons, + uses; Congregational

‘Doulye, George’

A briefe instruction

1604–37

See below, s.v. William Warford

Downame, John/[Sir Henry Finch]

The summe of sacred divinitie

1599–[1620?]

(3?)

7148,10872.5–72.7

Very long exposition, trying to provide a touchstone for faith; Downame was only the editor; not in q + a but this was possibly the ‘catechism’ referred to by I. Bourne in 1646 (see also next)

Downame, John

A treatise tending to direct a weak Christian

1645

(1)

D2077

Very long, pre-comm. form but not in q + a, though perhaps cited in 1646 by I. Bourne, q.v., as an example of English catechizing; prayers + ‘ejaculations’ at the end; still for sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. M2r

Downe,John

A short catechisme

1635

1

7153–53.3

Published posthumously in Downe's collected works; very short; Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr

——

Instructions for preparation unto the holy communion

1635

1

7153–53.3

Published as last; very short; pre-comm.

Downing, Thomas

The catechisers holy encouragement

1623

(1)

7158.5

Mid dialogue: an exhortation to ‘the profitable exercise of catechizing in the Church of England’

Draxe, Thomas

An appendix … touching the doctrine, nature and use of the sacraments

1608

1

7185

Short; Ss; an appendix to an exposition of Matt. 25:10 entitled The lambes spouse; Coventry + Lichfield diocese?

——

The sicke-mans catechisme

1609

1

7186

Long; in q + a but part of the ‘godly dying’ genre; partly derived from LʼEspine + Perkins

——

The Christian armorie

1611

1

7182

2 books, both long; qs + as mainly on Christians finding comfort in affliction

Drélincourt, Charles

Catéchisme ou instruction familière

1697–1708

(2)

D2159A + BL

3 forms in French, written for use in his own family: a long (Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss); a short (an epitome of the long for little children); + a very short with additional material for older catechumens

——

A catechism: or, familiar instructions

1698

1

D2159

Translation of the last, by a French woman, who claimed it was broader than English forms; said to be useful for older as well as younger catechumens; printed for the author; see also, s.v. T. Wise below

[Dudgeon, William]

A catechism founded upon experience and reason

–1739

2?

BL

Short; ‘collected’ by a father for his children; based on ‘natural’ religion + morality

Dudley, Lady Jane

An epistle of the ladye Jane/ The life, death and actions of … lady Jane Gray

[1554?]–1636

[5]

7279–79.5,7281–2

Contains what is called a catechism (on 1615 title-page) but is really an account of a public debate between Lady Jane Dudley + a Catholic priest in the Tower on the usual points of debate between Protestant + Catholic

anon,.

The Duke of M catechism

1709

[1]

BL

Political

anon.

The Dutchess of M. catechism

1709

[1]

Bodleian

Political; ‘written by a lady of St. James's’

Du Ploiche, Pierre

A treatise in Englishe and Frenche

[1551]–78

(3)

7363–4

Very short; PBC in English + French on opposite pages followed by prayers + more secular material; a means of learning French quickly?

Dyke, Jeremias

A worthy communicant

1635–96

〈1〉

7429–31, D2961–66 + TCii. 606

To the 17th edn. was added an instructive, reassuring dialogue between minister + parishioner on the Lord's Supper; see also next

——

The grounds of religion by way of catechism

pre–1658

?

London lists this separately from the last in his Catalogue, (sig. M2v), but it has not been traced, either separately or in Dyke's Works (1635)

Dyke, William

A treasure of knowledge

1620

1

7431.5

Long; credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr; derivative?

E.,A.

The watch-mans lanthorn

1655

〈1〉

E2

Long dialogue-catechism, originally intended for use in author's family; covers the scriptures, Dec, Cr, + Pr

E.,G.

The Christian schoole-maister

1613

1

7433

Mid; slightly modified version of Bastingius's translation of Heidelberg (see STC2 1562-); prayers + graces at end

[E.,R.]

A scriptural catechism

1676–1729

7?

E32–4 + 36, TCii. 582, iii. 43–4,86, + BL

Mid; pt. 1 contains credal material, pt. 2 consists of R. Allestree's The whole duty of man condensed + turned into q + a; also has prayers at end; R.E. signs epistle dedicatory of 1678 + 1682 edns.; attribution to Fowler by Wing2 (F1714B) perhaps based on Fowler's recommendation of some edns. e.g. 1696, 1729 (though cf. G. Burnet, Exposition, 1); price of 1678 + 1696 edns. 6d.; 10,000 copies said to have been sold by 1698

anon.

An earnest call to family-catechising

1693

(1)

E95

Mid; exhortation to catechize, but of interest on practice too

anon.

An easy method of instructing youth

1715(Oxford)–172 (London?)

12?

Univ. of Illinois at Urbana

Long; mixture of exposition of + extra qs + as on PBC, comprising a carefully designed course of study, in 40 sections, to help develop understanding of the PBC; prayers at end

Eaton, Samuel

A catechism book

Mentioned in E[dw.] B[urrough], Some false principles (1659); not traced

Egerton, Stephen

A briefe methode of catechising

1594?–1671

45?

Maunsell, 31–2, 7527.9–36.4 + E252–52A

Maunsell lists a 1594 edn.; original edns. later abridged + simplified; in its best-selling version (from 1610s to 1630s) this work consisted of 6 forms: 1 short, 5 very short, of varying kinds (see Appendix 2); prose rules + verses at end

anon.

The elements of the beginning of the oracles

1619

1

7569

2 forms: a very short for young children, and a mid (Cr, Ss, Dec, Pr); instructions + prayers at end. By T. A. (TSR iii. 645)?

Ellesby, James

A short essay of catechism upon the holy sacrament

–1695?–1705

3?

Advert (see col. 6) + TCiii. 368,456

Pre-comm., for ‘the ignorant + younger sort of people’; first mentioned in advert at end of Seller's Exposition of the church-catechism (q.v.); presumably the same as An essay by way of catechism (1695), TC ii. 555, price bound 6d.; no copies survive

Ellis, Clement

A catechism wherein the learner

1674

2?

E550–50A

Long; for use after PBC, by those who have been reading the Bible for some years; content partly unusual, + heavily scriptural answers; published with a short treatise on faith, + the chief heads of faith in verse; to be sold in London + Nottingham; price bound 8d.

——

Christianity in short

1682–99 (London + Nottingham)

(4)

E552aA–53

Exposition of catechetical material on faith and a godly life, handled in a variety of ways (but not q + a); for his Notts, neighbours who lack the ‘time or capacity to read longer + learneder discourses’

——

The communicant's guide

1685

(1)

E554

Pre-comm. treatise, but includes a number of qs for the ‘poorer + weaker sort of Christians’ to use in self-examination before communicating

——

The lambs of Christ fed with the sincere milk of the word

1692–1700

2

E564–4A +

Long; as in 1674 form, answers are scripture texts, but this is a very different form, with some WSC parallels; 1692 copies to be sold in both London + Mansfield, Notts., price 6d.

——

The summe of Christianity

1696–9

(2)

E573A–73B

Short exposition of catechetical material, plus form of engagement to keep baptismal covenant, + prayers; same target as 1682 work; price (1699) 3d.

——

The scripture catechist

1738

1

BL

Very long; PBC with extra qs + as + explanations; for families; published posthumously

Ellis, Tobias

The English school

–1680

(5+)

E607–7A

Reading primer which tries to take children from their ABC to the ‘irst principles’of religion, but not in q + a

Elton, Edward

A forme of catechising

1616–34

10?

7615–18

Long; based on 6 principles, which cover credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr; prayers at end of later edns.; London

——

An extract or short view

1624–34

5?

7616–18

Short summary of above, printed in later editions of that work

——

A plaine and easie exposition of sixe of the commandments

1619–23

(1)

7620–20.5

Catechetical lectures on the 1st 6 commandments; for the fate of the expanded text, see S. B. Lewkowicz, ‘Elton's An exposition of the ten commandements’, Papers of the Bibliographical Soc. of America, 71 (1977), 201–8

——

Gods holy mind touching matters morall … Also Christs holy mind touching prayer

1625–48

3

7619 + E650cA–50A

2 forms in 1 work printed with continuous signatures: 1st a very long + fairly advanced form on all 10 commandments; 2nd a long form on Pr; a preface by Thomas Gataker praised Elton's skill in resolving cases of conscience; in 1658 London seems to have had copies with a catechism added: Catalogue, sig. M3v

Emlyn, Thomas

Letter to Dr Waterland

1730

(1)

BL

Controversial: part of the controversy over Samuel Clarke's Exposition (q.v.)

Emmanuel College Cambridge Library MS III. 1.138

Dating from late 1620s or later, this contains some anonymous catechetical works, on predestination, the Lord's Prayer, the Law, and the Gospel of a broadly catechetical nature (though not in q + a), as well as those mentioned in this list by name, where this was stipulated in the manuscript: see Hopkins, Mayden, Richerson, + Tuckney, and also ‘Of catechisinge’

Emmanuel College MS III. 1.14

This also handles catechetical material, especially the Decalogue, but again not in q + a; author had access to a copy of Lancelot Andrewes's catechetical lectures, q.v. above

[England, Church of]

Articuli, de quibus in synodo Londiniensi/Liber quorundam canonum disciplinae

1563–1636

(5+)

10035–8

Among the works recommended for catechumens at Oxford to read, in 1579 (see above, p. 197); an English edition was reprinted much more frequently: STC2 10038.3–61

anon.

The English teacher. Or the ABC enlarged

1623

See below, s.v. J. Mayer

anon.

Eniautos: or a course of catechizing

1664–85?

4?

E3125–26A+ TCii. 131

Very long; PBC with extra qs + as, scripture proofs, + occasional interjections by the minister to explain, exhort, pray, or recommend further reading; divided into 52 sections, the last 5 of which defend church discipline + worship; derived from ‘orthodox + practical expositions’ of the PBC; 1674 edns. also contain 84 engravings, first used in other works; price bound 4s.

Erasmus, Desiderius

Christiani hominis institum/Institutum Christiani hominis

1520–56

(4)

10450.2–50.5

Colet's catechism (see above, p. 16) paraphrased in verse for students to learn at St Paul's School + elsewhere

——

A playne and godly exposytion

1534,1726 + [1733?]

〈3〉

10504–504a, Huntington Lib. San Marino, Calif. + BL

English translation of his Dilucida et pia explanatio symbolic very long dialogue on Cr + Dec, with a brief treatment of Pr; in early 18th century there were 2 reprints

E[rrington], A[nthony]

Catechistical discourses

1654 (Paris)

[1]

E3246

Polemical: anti-Protestant; not q + a

anon.

An essay by way of catechism on confirmation

1709

See above, s.v. H. Colman

anon.

An essay by way of catechism

1695

See above, s.v. J. Ellesby

Evance, Daniel

A baptismal catechisme

1655

1

E3441

Short, partly controversial work on infant baptism

anon.

An exercise against lying

1715–

1+

BL

A very short q + a form for use in Charity Schools on the sinfulness of lying + the dreadful fate of liars

anon.

An exhortation to catechising

1655

(1)

E3867

Exhortation to catechize + to use the Westminster Catechisms; issued by the Provincial Assembly at London in August 1655

anon.

An explanation of the Assembly of Divines shorter catechism

1689–95

See above, s.v. S. Angier

anon.

An explanation of the terms, order and usefulness of the liturgy

1692–1717

3+

E3886–86A + DWL

Short; explanation + defence, in q + a, of the official liturgy, ‘to be learned after the church catechism’; Scottish edn. 1710

anon.

An explicatory catechism

1673–

See below, s.v. T. Vincent

anon.

An explicatory catechism: or, an explanation of the assemblies shorter catechism. Wherein those principles are enlarged

1675

1

Bodleian + St. John's College, Cambridge

Different prefaces, text + publisher from the similarly titled work by T. Vincent, q.v.; MS note in Cambridge copy suggests this is perhaps the work of John Wood, fellow of St John's; very long (bound 1s. 6d.); WSC with extra qs + as

anon.

An exposition of the church—catechism

1695–

See below, s.v. A. Seller

anon.

An exposition of the preliminary questions and answers

[1730?]

1

BL

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as, but to be read out loud or listened to rather than memorized; has a strong stress on the covenant of grace; not the same as similarly entitled work by Assheton (q.v.)

anon.

An exposition on the church—catechism

1685–

See below, s.v. T. Ken

anon.

An exposition on the church catechism by way of question and answer

1688

1

TCii. 237 +Trinity Coll., Cambr.

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as (which contain ‘the substance of larger expositions’) + scripture proofs; for the use of a ‘private parish’

F.,I.

The necessitie and antiquitie of catechising

1617

(1)

10641

Exhortation to catechize, in q + a

F.,J.

A compendious chatechisme

1645

1

F29

Very short; pre-comm.

F.,J.

A most breefe manner of instruction

[c.1585]

1

11238

Short; for the ‘simpler sort’, young + old; Dec, Cr, Pr; attribution to John Foxe probably erroneous; perhaps by John Field

anon.

The faith and practice of the Church of England

–1719

2?

BL

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as; for the ‘meanest capacities’; divided into 52 sections

anon.

A familiar and Christian instruction

1582

(1?)

16814 but cf. Maunsell, 31

Not in q + a; Pr, Cr, Dec, Ss; French origin; translated by G[eorge] C[hapelin], gent. Maunsell states there was a 1581 edn.

anon.

Familiar instructions about predestination and grace. By way of question and answer

1714

[1]

BL

Catholic; French origin, possibly Jesuit (see BL copy), since author attacks both Jansenists + Protestants; layperson asks, divine answers

Farquhar, George

Love's catechism

1707

[1]

BL + Bodleian

Satirical: witty, but not a parody of a well-known catechism

Farrow, Benjamin

A practical exposition of the catechism

1708

(1)

BL

Very long exposition of PBC in 30 ‘lectures’; Lines.?

anon.

A farther instruction for those who have learnt the church catechism

–1708

1

Lambeth

Short; a follow-up to PBC, on the church's festivals + fasts, built around the Cr; for use in Charity Schools; published by Joseph Downing (see Account and Order); price 1d. or 6s. a 100

Featley, Daniel

The hand-maid to private devotion: the second part/The summe of saving knowledge

1625–6

3?

10725–6, 10739

Mid; not the usual content: strong stress on duties; in 52 sections; printed in 1625 + 1626 as part 2 of Hand-maid and in 1626 separately

Fenner, Dudley

The groundes of religion

[1590?] (Middelburg)

[1]

10768.5

Very short; pre-comm.; part of a larger work: A brief treatise upon the first table

Fenner, William

The spirituall mans directory

1648–58

4?

F702–4 + republished in Works (1657)

Mid; 185 qs + as, with heavy reliance on scriptural texts in the answers; Cr, Dec, Pr; some echoes of PBC at the start, some anti-Catholic points later

Fenton, Edward

So shorte a catechisme, that whosoever cannot

[c.1582]–1662

12?

10787.2–89.5 + F718–18B

Best-selling of the very short forms; pre-comm.; see also D.B. above

[Field, John]

An answer to a catechism against Quakerism

1693

(1)

F860A

Reply to a work by N.N. (not traced); to remove misunderstandings about Quakerism

anon.

The first book for children: or, the compleat school-mistress

[1705?]

1

Lilly Lib., Indiana Univ.

Designed to teach spelling + reading, but also to instruct children in ‘the grounds of the Christian religion’, in a catechism; see also below, s.v. Second book

anon.

First catechisme touching the sacraments

1632–45

First of the forms in W. Twisse, Exposition, q.v.

anon.

First principles of the oracles of God

1712 (Norwich)

1

Bodleian

Mid; PBC with extra questions, to test understanding, linked to PBC text by a system of superscript numbers; also has scripture proofs; for those of ‘meanest capacities’ in ‘a country parish in the diocese of Norwich’; also has 2 long prayers at end using phrases from PBC + the Book of Common Prayer

F[isher], E[dward]

A touchstone for a communicant

1647

(1)

F1002

Long dialogue (3 personae: a minister, a worthy and an unworthy communicant) to test readiness for reception of the Lord's Supper

F[ist], M[artin]

A briefe catechisme of Christian religion

[1624]

1

10921

Mid; mainly on Ss

Flavell, John

The seaman's catechism

1677–1733

7

F1171A–73A + BL

Short form urging sailors to be prepared for death; ends with a long exhortation-cum-prayer; published only as part of a larger work: Navigation spiritualiz ʼ d; American edn. in 1726

——

An exposition of the Assemblies catechism

1692/3–1702

4+

F1160–l + TCii. 451, + iii. 328

Long; WSC with extra qs + as; finished by ‘a ruder hand’ (perhaps Increase Mather's) after Flavell's death; long rather than advanced; for Scottish edns. in 1695 + 1714 see Wing+ BL

[Fleetwood, William]

The reasonable communicant

1704–c.1730–

〈2+〉

BL

Long dialogue between a minister + a parishioner, to be read frequently; explains the nature of the Lord's Supper, + how to prepare for it correctly; 24th edn. published in 1807

Fleury, Claude

An historical catechism

1726

[1]

BL

Catholic; French origin; contains 2 forms, only 1 partly in q + a; see next

[Fleury, Claude]/‘A clergyman’

An historical catechism

1740

1

BL

This is an expurgated + revised version of the shorter form in the last + now deemed ‘necessary for all families’ in the Church of England

Fogg, Lawrence

Two treatises. I. A general view … II. An entrance into the doctrine … by catechetical institution

1712–14 (Chester)

3?

BL

Pt. 1 is a general view of Christianity in 8 positions, adapted to the ‘vulgar capacity’ of those in his Cheshire curacy; pt. 2 is PBC with extra qs + as + explanations, and was also published separately c.1712

John Fountein/de la Fontaine

See below, s.v. Robert Le Maçon

Food

〈F〉oode for fami〈lies.〉 Or, an wholsome houshold discourse

[c.1623]

(1)

11126.5

Only a damaged title-page survives; a dialogue between father + son, presumably about the spiritual food needed in a godly household

Foord/Foorthe, John

The apostles catechisme

1623

1

11128.3

Long; unusual structure: based on 6 ‘articles’ in Heb. 6: 1–2; profitable for all, but especially for the unlearned + those that desire more knowledge; Coventry + Lichfield diocese

Ford, Simon (of Reading)

A sermon of catechizing

1655

(1)

F1481

A sermon on the historical background + necessity of catechizing, giving reasons ‘for superiors to teach + inferiors to be’ taught, and answers to the most common objections to being catechized; published at the end of Ford's Dialogue concerning … infant baptisme (1654–7); Berks.

——

A short catechism declaring the practical use

1657

1

F1502

Mid; defence of infant baptism; ‘extracted’ out of 2 dialogues by the same author (F1481–2 + 1499)

Ford, Simon (of Old Swinford)

A plain and profitable exposition

1684–6

3?

F1493–4

2 forms: a mid (PBC with extra qs + as and expositions, in 12 parts); and a short (qs based on PBC, but no answers, these to be provided by catechumens from PBC text); for ‘the more adult children, + other elderly persons that need it’; F1493A to be sold in Worcester; F1494 a ‘2nd’ edition said to be ‘more correct’

——

The catechism of the Church of England

1694

1

F1478A

Mid; PBC divided into shorter qs + as; for the ‘younger’, ‘children + servants’, especially in his own Worcs. parish

F[otherby], I.

The covenant between God and man

1596–1616

2

10638.5–39.3

Advanced; covers covenant, Cr, Ss, Dec; attribution to Fotherby in BL Catalogue

anon./ [Fowler, Edward]

A catechism containing the substance

1676–93

4

C1468B–70

Mid; not the usual staples; scriptural; prayers at end; attribution to Fowler is in DWL Catalogue

Fowler, Edward

Scriptural catechism

1696

See above, s.v. R.E.

Fowler, James

The catechism of the Church of England

1678

1

F1729A

Paraphrase of PBC in verse; for youth + children, not critics

F[ox], G[eorge]

A catechisme for children

1657–60

4

F1756–56C

Long; for children; unusual content: Quaker

——

Catechismus pro parvulis

1660

(1)

F1757

Extended version of 1657 form, in Latin; the added portion is partly controversial

——

Priests and professors catechisme

1657

(1)

F1882

Polemical: aimed at priests + false Christians

——and H[ookes], E[llis]

A primmer and catechism for children/ Instructions for right spelling

1670–1700

8?

F1883B + F1849–52A

Mid form (not the same as 1657) in a larger work, revised by 1673, designed to teach literacy + religious knowledge to children

[Foxwell, Nathaniel]

A plain and short catechism

1719

1

Congregational Lib. London

Short; for children + youth; not the usual staples; Baptist; London; attribution in Cong. Lib. Copy

Franke, Walter

The epitome of divinity poetically compos'd by way of dialogue

1655

1

F2075

Mid; qs + as in verse on credal material, Dec, Pr, Ss, in 24 sections; to be read + memorized; author probably a sequestered episcopalian

anon.

The freeholder's political catechism

1733

[1+]

ESTC

Political; by Henry St John, Viscount Bolingbroke

[Freeman, Samuel]

A plain and familiar discourse

1687–1738

(2)

F2142 + BL

A dialogue between a minister + a parishioner; designed to provide answers for the people to ‘Romish’ allegations against the English church

[Freke, William]

A dialogue by way of question

1693

(1)

F2163

A dialogue tackling controversial questions about God + the Trinity, but unusual in that all the replies are taken verbatim out of the Bible

French, Nicholas

Polititians catechisme

1658

See below, s.v. Peter Talbot

anon.

The French king's catechism

1709

[1]

Bodleian

Political + satirical; subtitled ‘Madam Maintenon's last advice’

anon.

The French prophets new catechism

1708

[1]

Newberry Lib. Chicago

Controversial + partly satirical; against false prophets in general + ‘French prophets’ in particular

Frewen, John

Certain choise grounds

1621

1

11379

Very long; qs + as with expositions; based on 26 heads of doctrine; for the people of his Sussex parish

anon.

A fruitfull dialogue touching the doctrine of Gods providence and mans freewill

[c.1580]

(1)

6805.6

Dialogue on providence + free will ‘briefly + plainly set forth, as the simplest may easily understand it’ (+ epistle by A. Gilby); unfortunately only the title-page survives

anon.

A fruteful and a very Christen instruction

1547

1

14106

Contains a modified form of Joye's 1530 ‘dialogue’ (q.v.); short; for children

G.,I.

The Christians profession, or a treatise of the grounds and principles

1630

1

11498

Long; predestinarian + federal; credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr; designed for his own family's use, but now made available to others: for those of ‘meanest capacity’ to read; many parallels with T. Cartwright's form (q.v.)

Galloway, Patrick

A cathechisme: conteyning summarely the chief points of Christian religion

1588

1

11542.5

Short; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; used by author in the family of a Scottish nobleman then resident in Newcastle

Gamier, Jean

A brief and plain confession

[1562]

(1)

11621

100 ‘I believe’ statements based on Creed: not in q + a; foreign origin; translated by N. Malbie

——/ ‘Gardiner, John’

A briefe and cleare confession

1577–83

(2?)

11620.7 +Maunsell, 32

A different translation of last, by J. Brooke; in his list of catechisms Maunsell notes a 1583 edn. [A third translation, by Bishop John Hooper, was included in J. Baker, Lectures, q.v.]

Gataker, Thomas

A short catechisme for the simpler sort

1624

1

11654

Very short form; 40 qs + as, for the younger or simpler sort; pre-comm.; published after a sermon entitled The christian mans care; Kent?

Gawton, Richard

A short instruction

1612

1

11697

Short, pre-comm. form revised to include Dec, Cr + Pr; Herts.

Gay, William

XI choice sermons … With a catechisme

1655

1

G397

Long form, in 42 sections; faith and helps to faith (Ss, Cr, Pr, Dec), published with 14 sermons; Herts.

G[aynam],J[ohn]

The use and excellency of the church

1709

(1)

BL + Bodleian

Exhortation to catechize, with the PBC; dedicated to governors of religious societies; prayers at end

Gee, Alexande.

The ground of Christianitie

1581–1613

〈5〉

11696.4–99

A long dialogue-catechism between Paul + Titus, which covers Dec, Cr, SS, + Pr, then more advanced material

Gerardus, Andreas/ ‘Hyperius’

Elementa Christianae religionis

1563 (Basle)

[1+]

BL

Recommended for undergraduates at Oxford in 1579 (see above, p. 197); no edns. in English or published in England are known

——

The foundation of Christian religion

1583

1

11756

Only fragments remain: minister-child; derived from Heb. 6: 1–2; German origin; translated by I.H.

[Geree,John]

A catechisme in briefe questions and answeres

1629–47

2

4800

Short; pre-comm.; Gloucestershire + London? 1st edn. published anonymously, 2nd slightly revised

Gibbs, Philip

A letter to the congregation … at Hackney

1737

(3?)

BL

Controversial: Gibbs criticizes explicitly + implicitly a number of answers in WSC; there was a reply by David Millar, q.v., + further Explications by Gibbs in 1740

G[ibson], I[ohn]

An easie entrance into the principall points

1579–81

2

11832–3

Short; Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr; for the ‘simpler sort’; very short qs + as

Gfifford], G[eorge]

A brief discourse

1581–1612

(7?)

11845–47.5

Uses dialogue form to attack ‘country’ (i.e. simplistic, erroneous) ‘divinity’

——

A cathechisme conteining the summe

1583–6

2

11848–48.3

Long + quite difficult; Cr, Dec, Ss, Pr; Essex?

Gilbert, Eleazer

The prelatical cavalier catechizʼd

1645

[1]

G706

Polemical: anti-royalist; not really in q + a; designed to encourage parliamentarian troops

Gill(s), Thomas

[A practical catechism: or,] Instructions for children in verse

1707–[1710?]

3

BL + National Lib. of Scotland

Short or very short (according to format); a verse-catechism, mainly on prayer + Dec, for children; content said to be derived from an existing catechism, but the verse was the work of Gills, the ‘blind man’ of Bury St Edmunds

Good(e), William

A new catechisme, commanded to be set forth

1645

2

G1096–7

Short, pre-comm. form, with directions for examining all potential communicants; Norf.

Goodman, John

A winter—evenings conference between neighbours

1684–1720

(11?)

G1129–37+ BL

2 dialogues to show the advantages of religious discourses over secular domestic diversions

Goodwin, John

Philadelphia: or XL queries

1653

(1)

G1189

40 rhetorical questions about mixed communion

——

Thirty queries modestly propounded

1653

(1)

G1208

30 rhetorical questions, on the power of the civil magistrate in religious matters

——

A catechism, or principal heads of the Christian religion

1665

1?

Calamy, Account, 53

Not traced; any link to last two, or to Door, q.v.?

Goodwin, Thomas

The government and discipline of the churches of Christ

1722

(1)

BL

A long form, by a leading Independent of the 1640s, on church government + discipline: perhaps part of Goodwin's much larger work on the subject (see Works (1861–6), xi. 1–484) turned into q + a; 1722 edn. destined for Notts.

Gordon, Thomas

A new catechism for the fine ladies

1733–40

See below, s.v. U. Price

[Gother,John]

Instructions for children

1698–1704

[2]

G1329fA + BL

Mid; moralistic; part of a series by a Catholic author for different social groups

——

A practical catechism in fifty-two lessons

1701–35

[3]

BL

A Catholic treatise on Christian behaviour turned into 52 q + a lessons; with a further 19 chapters on the obligations of different social groups

Gouge, Thomas

The principles of Christian religion

1668–75

5+

G1371–3

First edns. short; influenced by WSC, but no Cr, Dec, Pr; extended to mid length by 1675; for an edn. in Welsh (1676), seeG1369A

——

The principles of Christian religion

1679–84

4

G1373A–76

Much longer, largely rewritten version of last, heavily influenced in parts by WSC

——

The heads of the foregoing catechism

1679–84

4

G1373A–76

Very short summary of the last, published at the end of it, but with separate pagination + signatures; for sale at 6d. per dozen copies

[Gouge, William]/ G.,W.

A short catechisme/ A briefe method of catechizing

1615–39

8+

12126–30.5 + 12110.5 (Works)

Mid; pre-comm. but covers Dec + Pr as well; later edns. have a prayer drawn from the form, + most edns. have prayers before + after the catechism

——

A briefe abstract of the former catechisme

1635–9

3

12130–30.5 + 12110.5

Very short summary of last, published near end of 1635 + later edns. of it; for ‘the younger + ignoranter sort’

——

Briefe answers to the chiefe articles of religion

–1642

4?

G1389

Very short: majority of answers consist of a single word, yet manages to refer to Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr; not the same as the last above

Graie, Henry

A short and easie introduction

1588

1

12170

Mid; pre-comm., but covers Dec, Pr, Cr, + Ss

Granger, Thomas

The tree of good and evil

1616

(1)

12185

Treatise on Dec; listed as a catechism by Grant, 349, but the work is not in q + a

Grantham, Thomas

St Paul's catechism

1687–93

2

G1545–45A

Mid; based on the 6 ‘principles’ in Heb. 6: 1–2 (cf. Gerardus + Foord above); written for ‘growing Christians, children + servants’ in all families; author was a General Baptist

Grave, Jean de

The pathway to the gate of tongues

1633 (Oxford)

(1)

12198

Designed to teach languages to young children: PBC in Latin, English, + French

Greaves, Thomas

A brief summe of Christian religion

1656

1

G1805

Short; cross between exposition + catechism, showing the reader how to turn propositions into qs + as; for the ‘plain, + unlearned people’ in his Lines, parish

anon./[Thomas Greene?]

The principles of religion explainʼd

1726–

See below, s.v. Principles (1726)

Greene, Thomas

The sacrament of the lord's supper explained

–1744

〈7?〉

BL

A ‘familiar dialogue’ between a minister + a parishioner, explaining the sacrament to those of ‘meanest capacity’; also has prayers at end; first surviving edn. is 7th edn. of 1744, which suggests 1st edn. may have been pre–1740

Greenham, Richard/C, R. [recte G. R.?]

A short forme of catechising/ A brief and necessarie catechisme

1599–1612

6

4296,12312–18 (Works)

Mid, but unfinished; Dec, Cr, Pr; for all who seek consolation in Christ; only 1 edn. printed separately in 1602, under the second title; Cambridgeshire

——

Godly instructions

1599–1611

(5)

12312–18 (Works)

Ch. 21 provides an account of + exhortation to the ‘catechizing + instruction of youth’

Grosse, Alexander

A fiery pillar of heavenly truth

1641–63

10+

G2070–5

Long; mainly on the ordo salutis (see Appendix 2); for the direction of ‘all sorts of people’ to life eternal; Scottish edn. 1735

Grosvenor, Benjamin

The preservative of virtuous youth

1714

(1)

BL

Sermon delivered to a society of catechumens in London

Grotius/de Groot Hugo

Hugonis Grotii baptizatorum puerorum institutio

1647–1706

(11?)

G2086–92A + Bodleian

Greek + Latin versions of Grotius's work; early edns. also had translation of it into English, in verse, by Francis Goldsmith; short; credal material, Pr, Dec, Ss

——

The English version of Hugo Grotius his catechisme

1668–82

2

G2110–11

Separate publication of Goldsmith's translation

——

The whole duty of a Christian

1711

1

BL

Another translation of the original Grotius form; again in verse as well as in q + a

anon.

Groundes of godlynes; or sentences of holye scripture

c.1601?

1?

TSR iii. 186

Scripture sentences ‘set down after the manner of catechism’; not traced: ever published?

anon.

The grounds and principles of religion

1648–

See below, s.v. Westminster Assembly

anon.

A guide to young communicants

1691?–c.1695

4?

TCii. 366 + G2187B

Very short pre-comm. form of 12 qs + as, drawn up by Dr J [King?] Bishop of London, but now published to prepare those who wished to be worthy receivers of the Lord's Supper; with prayers for communion days, directions for holy living + dying, a dialogue between a beggar + a divine, + some fillers; said to have been distributed among the poor; price 2d. in 1695

Guild(e), William

A young mans inquisition or triall

1608

(1)

12494

Despite the title, not in q + a; a guide to godly life, based on Ps. 119:9

Guyse, John

Remarks on a catechism

1735

(1)

BL + DWL

Detailed rebuttal of the proposed revisions made to the WSC by J. Strong (q.v.); Guyse also printed the original WSC as an appendix

H.,A.

The Jesuites catechism

1679–85

See below, s.v. E. Pasquier

H.,J.

The principles of Christian religion

1645

1

H77A

Short; not the usual staples; intended for use by householders, but described as profitable for all, useful for the young, + plain for those of meanest capacity

H,P. / ‘Areverend divine’

The historical catechism

1706

1

BL

Mid; short qs + as on the main events + characters in the scriptures and early church; for children to learn before they read the Bible by themselves; published in a modified version by David Bellamy, q.v.

H.,W.

The comunicants examinacion

1634

?

TSR iv. 325

Not identified; ever published?

[Hacket, Andrew]

A catechism or abridgement of Christian doctrine

1725 (London?)

[1]

Congregational Lib. London + National Lib. of Scotland

Long; Catholic; place of publication unclear; translated from the French; much larger than the Short abridgement of 1728 (q.v.); attributed to Hacket by Nat. Lib. of Scotland

H[acon]J[oseph]

A review of Mr. Horn's catechisme

1660 (Cambridge)

(1)

H177

Long attack on some of the views in J. Home's Briefe instruction; there were two follow-up pieces: A vindication of the review (1662) + A review of a late heterodox catechism (1668) (Wing2 H178,176); cf. also H2807A

Hall, Eben[ezer]

A guide to the Christian religion

1721 (Boston, Lines.)

1

New College Library, Edinburgh

Short form + very short abridgement; for all to believe and teach their children; General Baptist; partly controversial; London + Lincs.

Hall, Joseph

A brief summe of the principles of religion

1624–48

8?

12635–40,12706–8 + H361B–62A

Short, but quite full; pre-comm.; regularly published in Hall's collected Works, but also on occasion separately: cf. TSR iii. 345 et al.

[Hamilton], John (archbishop of St Andrews)

A catechisme … set furthe

1552

[1]

22056

Catholic; not q + a; Scottish origin; covers Dec, Cr, 7 sacraments, + prayer

[Hammond, Henry]

A practical catechisme

1645–1715

〈21?〉

H581–96 + H506–9 + BL

Advanced; dialogue-catechism, based in part on the covenant of grace + the Sermon on the Mount; see next also; although criticized, Hammond's work was still on sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. N4v

——

Large additions to the practical catechisme

1646

〈l+〉

H544 + as last

Short sections added to above; first published separately, then in all edns. from 1646; combined work covered Dec, Pr, Cr, Ss

——

A brief vindication of three passages

1648–51

(2)

H518–18A

A reply to the attack on his Practical catechisme in A testimony to the truth of Jesus Christ (by William Jenkyn?)

anon.

Handsome F-ng's catechism

1706

[1]

Leeds Univ. Brotherton Collection

Satirical; ‘written by a club of bullies + misses’

Harrington, Sir James

Horae consecratae … Also, A scripture catechism

1682

2?

H803E–F

Mainly meditations, but also a scriptural form sent in a letter to the author's wife + children; has no questions, only scripture quotations with marginal headings; unusual content; 1 edn. printed for the author; said to be useful for families + ‘as an appendix to catechizing’

Harris, John

The child's catechism fitted for the easier learning the Assemblies

c.1700

?

Mentioned in advert at end of 1700 (10th) edn. of John Saltmarsh's Free grace; preface by Dr Williams; price 6d.; no copy traced, but see above, s.v. Beginner's catechism

Harris, Robert

Peters enlargement upon the prayers of the church

–1624–40

5?

12840–6

From 5th edn. this sermon on prayer contains a short q + a form on prayer

Harris, Samuel

Scripture-knowledge promotʼd by catechizing

1712

(1)

BL

Sermon including an exhortation to catechize or be catechized; praises WSC

Harris, William

The nature and reasonableness of consideration

1717

(1)

BL

Sermon given to a society of catechumens in London

Harrison, Joseph

An exposition of the church-catechism after a new method

1708

1

BL

Long; PBC with extra qs + as + scripture texts; divided into 18 parts; also prayers at end; for use in Cirencester, Glos.; see next also

——

A scriptural exposition of the church- catechism

1718–35-

2?+

Bodleian + BL

Modified version of last (the 2nd edn. was ‘improved’); it was now divided into 52 sections; materials at end (on methods, psalm-singing, etc.) also different; Glos. again; Dublin edn. in 1738 is referred to as 4th edn. improved

H[arrison], R[obert]

Three forms of catechismes

1583 (Middelburg)

[1]

12862.5

Mid, + 2 very short forms (for those who cannot memorize the larger); credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr; the work was banned for asserting that ungodly rulers could be disobeyed

Hart, John

The school of grace

–1675–[88]

19?

H959D–95E

Very short form, for children, in a larger work on godly living; Dec, Cr; see also below, s.v. School

[Heasse, Robert]

A christen exhortation verye profitable [for those] in agony of death

1566

1

13017

Treatise for the dying, translated by Heasse, but contains short form (minister/sick man) on Creed to be recited by the sick person, followed by prayers by the minister

HEIDELBERG CATECHISM

See above s.v.

E.B.

A catechisme or briefe instruction (1617)

R.B.

A breife catechisme (1601)

J. Bastingius

An exposition or commentarie (1589–1614)

——

A catechisme of Christian religion (1591)

Anon.

Catechesis religionis Christianae (1623–60?)

anon.

A catechisme of Christian religion (1617–39)

anon.

The catechisme, or maner to teach (1570?–78)

anon.

A catechisme, or short kind of instruction (1588)

anon.

Le catéchisme de Heidelberg (1720)

De Witte, Petrus and below s.v.

Catechizing upon the Heidelbergh catechism (1664–)

anon.

The Heidelberg catechism (1720)

Ursinus, Z.

Doctrinae Christianae compendium (1585)

——

The summe of Christian religion (1587)

anon.

The Heidelberg catechism

1720

1

BL

Reprint of Heidelberg, with a title-page and dedication (to George I) making some polemical anti-Catholic points

Henry, Matthew

A [plain] catechism for children. To which is added another

1700/01 ?–25–

5+

BL

2 forms: a short to prepare children for learning the WSC, + a very short pre-comm.; edns. also published in Welsh (1708 + 1727), + in America + Scotland, where a ‘15th’ edn. was printed in 1747; 5th edn. cost 2d. (ex inf. Stinton, q.v.)

——

A scripture catechism in the method of the Assemblies

1703–20

4+

BL

Long; WSC with additional qs + as in the Palmer method (q.v.) + full scriptural citations; Welsh translation (1717)

——

The communicant's companion

–1706–37–

(12+)

BL

Pre-comm. form, but not in q + a; 18th edn. 1806

——

A sermon concerning the catechizing of youth

1713–26-

(2+)

Huntington Lib., San Marino, Calif. + BL

A sermon in praise of catechizing given to a group of catechumens in London in April 1713; also published in his collected sermons (1726–)

Herbert, William

Herberts careful father and pious child

1648

〈1〉

H1539

Very long (1,200 qs + as); called a catechism, but in many ways nearer a dialogue; composed for author's own infant daughter to learn

Hewit, Pete.

A brief and plain explication of the catechism

1704

1

Bodleian

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as, + proofs; intended to show parents how to teach children to understand rather than just memorize PBC; also has an exhortation to pray + prayers at end

Hewlett, Ebenezer

Mr. Whitefield's chatechise

1739

(1)

BL

Open letter on Methodism; not q + a

——

A catechism for Mr. Whitefield and his followers

1740

(1)

Cambridge Univ. Lib.

Controversial: on various matters. Linked to the last?

[Heyden, Cornelis van der]

The ordinarye for all faythfull Chrystians … A right goodly rule

1548

(2)

5199.7–5200

Contains a form (not in q + a) on the mutual duties of different social groups, based on scripture texts (+ Luther's catechism); illustrated by woodcuts; also has series of prayers for all occasions; translated by A. Scoloker from the Dutch Corte instruccye

——

A bryefe summe of the whole Byble

[1549?]–[1550?]

(2)

3017–17.5

Contains the form mentioned in the last above

Heydon, John

Some gospel truths catechistically laid down/Mans badness and Gods goodness

–1647

4?

H1679–79A

Long; unusual content; fairly advanced; only 3rd edn. + ‘3rd edition revised + amended’ survive

Heylyn, Peter

The rebells catechisme

1643–4

[3?]

H1731–1B

Political: on the illegality of rebellion

Hicks, Thomas

A continuation of the dialogue

1673

(1)

H1919

Hicks wrote a number of dialogues between a Christian + a Quaker (see H1921–3, 1926–7); but in this one he summarized the dialogue in a ‘catechism’ to help the memories of those of weaker capacities; the content was still largely controversial

Hieron, Samuel

The preachers plea

1604–13

(3)

13419–21

Long dialogue on the value of preaching

——

The doctrine of the beginning of Christ

1604?–58

17?

Grant, 348, 13399.5–405.5 + in Works (13378–) + H1924A

Short; heavily scriptural; unusual content; ‘short for memory, plain for capacity’; long list of duties for various social groups at the end; Devon?

——

A brief direction for the commers to the Lords table

[1620?]

1

Works (13377.5)

Very short pre-comm. form (13 qs + as)

Hildersham, Arthur

The doctrine of communicating worthily

Long, pre-comm. form, regularly published with Wm. Bradshaw's Direction/Preparation, q.v.

Hill, Robert

Christs prayer expounded/The pathway to prayer/pietie

1606–41

9

13472–77.5 + H2005A

1st 2 edns. have 3 items: a long dialogue (on Pr) a mid (on holy living) + a catechism (short, pre-comm.); in later edns. last of these is enlarged (to mid), + an extra dialogue (on godly dying) added; London?

Hill, William

The first principles of a Christian

1616–[39?]

14?

13503–5.5

Mid; PBC with extra qs + as (making 105 in all); 3 epistles: to fellow-clergy, parents, + children, urging on all the importance of catechizing; work aimed at own charges (in Somerset?: Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses); prayers at end

Hinde, William

A path to pietie

1613(Oxford)–1626 (London)

2

13515–15.5

Mid; mainly Cr, Ss; for his own flock + family in Cheshire

‘Hinde, William’

A briefe and plaine catechisme

1620

1

13512

Mid; Dec, Cr, Pr, Ss; 197 qs + as, divided into 52 weeks; not the same as last: a pirated edn. (see 1626 edn. of Path),or did John Barnes turn over the wrong copy in assignment of rights?

‘A reverend divine’

The historical catechism

1706

See P.H. above

Hobson, Paul

A garden inclosed

1647

(1)

H2274

Exposition of God's love to the saints; contains a number of qs + as, but mainly rhetorical

Hodges, Thomas

A scripture-catechisme

1658 (Oxford)

1

H2322

Very long; to confute the errors of the past (e.g. Catholic) + the present (e.g. Quaker), but covers conventional material as well; Oxon.?

Hoffman, John

The principles of Christian religion

1653–75

2

H2348–9

2 forms: 1 short (30 qs + as); 1 mid (on the Bible); Oxon.

Hole, Matthew

A practical exposition of the first part

–1707

(1?)

BL

Discourses on first part of PBC; Somerset; Hole implies an earlier edn. had been published

——

A practical exposition of the church catechism

1707/8–31/2

(3)

BL

Two vol. series of discourses on PBC; derivative; ‘useful for all families’

Holland, Henry

The historie of Adam

1606

1

13587

Advanced; Dec, Cr; unfinished? Published posthumously by E. Topsell

Hollingworth, Richard (the elder)

The catechist catechized

1653

(1+?)

H2487–87A

Two polemical attacks: on an ‘Anabaptistical’ catechism published in Lancashire which supported believers' baptism; + on a convert to popery; one edn./impression to be sold in Manchester

anon.

Honeymoon. To which are added … The catechising puritan

1726

[1]

Bodleian

Various salacious verses, including a satirical one about a Puritan + a ‘holy sister’ who ‘a catechising sate’ until ‘the spirit moved him’ to make a trial of her virtue

Hooker, Thomas

Heavens treasury opened, or a fruitfull exposition/ A briefe exposition of the Lordes prayer

1645

2

H2650 + 2642

Long (+ with exceptionally long answers); Pr only; the 2 works are essentially the same, despite the different titles, but see next; still on sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. O1v

——

An exposition of the principles of religion

1645

1

H2647

Mid; pt. 2 of Heavens treasury; again unusually long answers; based on 6 principles

‘Hopkins, Mr.’

A catechisme by Mr. Hopkins

[1620s or earlier?]

MS

Emman. Coll. Lib. MS. III. 1. 138

Credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr; identity of author unclear

Hopkins, Ezekiel

An exposition on the Lords Prayer … by way of question and answer

1692–1710

4

H2730–1, + NUC (Works 1710)

Mid; covers Pr only, + follows a long exposition of the same, probably first delivered as sermons; said to have been used to examine youth every Sunday that Hopkins was preaching on the Lord's Prayer, perhaps in Exeter, possibly in Ireland to which he moved in 1669

Hopkinson, William

A preparation unto the waye of life

1581–3

2

13774–5

Long; pre-comm., but has unusual + partly controversial (anti-Catholic) material; epistle seeks the protection of the Lord President of the Council of Wales for the work

Home, John

Brief instructions for children

1654–6

2

Emman. Coll. Cambridge + H2795A

Long; credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr; also interesting remarks on technique; attacked by Joseph Hacon (q.v.) for its Arminianism + other errors

Home, Robert

Points of instruction for the ignorant

1613–17

2

13822.5 + 13824

1613 edn. was pt. 2 of his Life and death, + had 3 short or very short forms, + Dec in 2 different verse versions; 2nd edn. much enlarged by a mid form on Dec + short form on Pr

Home, William

A Christian exercise

[1585?]–1610

3?

13826–6.5 + Maunsell, 32

2 forms: 1 very short, 1 mid (Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr); no copy of 1590 edn. by Thomas Woodcock extant

Horneck, Anthony

Questions and answers concerning the two religions

1688–1731

(4?+)

H2848(+ 2831) + BL

Polemical: anti-Catholic; on the churches of England + Rome; for the use of the younger sort of people; 6th edn. 1760; Dublin edn. 1732, + edn. in French + English 1723

Hoskins, John

A short catechism upon the Lords Prayer [etc.]

1678

1?

TC i. 329

No copy survives, but from description covered Pr, Dec, + Cr; profitable for children + others

Hughes, Lewis

A plaine and true relation of the goodnes

1621

1

13920

Mid; on sabbath, worship + Ss; written for the people of the ‘Summer Islands’ (Bermuda)

——

The covenant of grace and seales thereof

1640

1

13918

Long; covers covenant of grace + Ss; also for the Bermudas

——

The errors of the common catechisme

1645

(1)

H3316

An attack on PBC in a dialogue between a gentleman + a minister

anon.

The humble inquiry, by way of catechism

1657

1

H3418

Mid; Pr only

Hunt, Nicholas

The devout christian communicant instructed

1628

1

13987

Long; pre-comm., but covers baptism as well as Lord's Supper

Hunt, Richard

A catechisme for christians

‘1549’/1649

2

H3742–3

Short; unusual content; to teach Christians how to live up to their baptismal obligations

Hutchins, Robert

A short catechisme

c.1619

?

TSR iii. 654

Not traced: ever published?

Hyperius

See above, s.v. A. Gerardus

anon.

An impartial catechism

1733

See above, s.v. ‘Doresh’

anon.

The Independent catechisme

1647

1+?

I146

Short; odd; cf. J.C. above; not the same as work by J. Bernard, q.v.

Inman, Francis

A light unto the unlearned

1622

(1)

14090

Catechetical material: ‘principles’ to be learned, pre-comm.; treated as a catechism by P. Collinson, Religion of Protestants (Oxford, 1982), 233, but not in q + a

anon.

An instruction for all those that intend to goe to the … Lords Supper

1634–46

2

16824 + I234

Single sheet folio; pre-comm.

anon.

The instruction of questions for children of the Lordes supper

c.1558/9

?

TSR i. 97

Not traced; ever published?

anon.

Instructions for those that never yet receiv'd the holy sacrament

1705

1

DWL

Short; extra qs + as on the last 5 qs + as of PBC; pre-comm.

anon.

Instructions for children

1698–1704

See above, s.v. J. Gother

anon./ tr. Dorothy Martin

Instructions for Christians

1581

1?

Maunsell, 32

Not traced; listed as a catechism by Maunsell; said to contain a ‘fruitful + godly exercise’

anon.

An introduction to the Catholick faith

1633 (Rouen)

[1]

14123.5 +Addenda

Includes a different translation of Canisius' Parvus catechismus from that in 4568.5 (q.v.)

I[saacson], H[enry]

The summe and substance of Christian religion

1646–7

2

I1059A–60

Long; credal material, Dec, Pr, Ss; been used in private families, but many learned divines + others wish it to be published for public use

[Isham, Zacheus ]

The catechism of the church: with proofs

1694–1735

13?

I1066–7B, TC iii. 327, 485, 516, BL + ESTC

Mid; PBC with scripture proofs + extra qs + as; divided into 12 weekly parts; for use in a London parish; price (1703) 4d.

anon.

Itinerarium Iesu Christi: Or, our blessed saviour his journall on earth

1639

1

14552.3

Long; detailed chronological account of Christ's life, from the Gospels, in q + a; had a specially commissioned engraved title-page

J., J.

A dialogue between Satan and a young man

1700

(1)

D1323A

An improving verse-dialogue, published on a broadsheet; by ‘a pious young divine’, to persuade ‘young persons’ to resist Satan's temptations to delay repentance

Jackson, John

Epitome … or a taste of truth

1648

1

J77

Very short form (10 qs + as only, unusual content), followed by mid form (same qs + as with long expositions), then answers to objections; Essex

Jacob, Henry

Principles and foundations of Christian religion

c.1604–5

MS

See col. 6

Printed in C. Burrage, Early English Dissenters (1912) ii. 153–61; credal material, Dec, Ss, Pr; Congregational on church composition + control

Jacob, Joseph

The covenant and catechism of the church of Christ meeting at Horsly-Down

1700–2

1+

J99A

The catechism is mid; not the usual staples; divided into 7 lessons; for use in Southwark, London

——

The catechism, or, brief instruction

1702

1

Bodleian + BL

As last, but published separately; a new edn. perhaps planned in 1732 (see BL 1018.f.20)

——

The scripture instructor

1701

1?

TC iii. 276

Designed to teach literacy, but includes a catechism (possibly related to last, but no copy survives); for children

Jacombe, Samuel

A short and plaine catechisme

–1657–94

7?

J109–10

Short; not the usual staples; some later edns. were published anonymously e.g. 4th

Jagel/Jaghel, Abraham

Catechismus Judaeorum

1679

(2)

J122A–B

In Latin + Hebrew; controversial; foreign origin

——

The Jews catechism

1680–1721

(2)

J122C + Bodleian

Translation into English of the last; 1721 edn. also had a discourse against atheism

Jekyll, Thomas

A brief and plain exposition of the church-catechism

1690–1700

5?

J531A–32 + TC ii. 407

Long; PBC with extra qs + as; for a ‘private’ school lately built in London; some anti-Catholic content; prayers at end; price 6d. in 1692

Jenison, Robert

Directions for the worthy receiving

1624

1

14490

Mainly pre-comm. ‘directions’, but has very short pre-comm. form (12 qs + as); Newcastle-on-Tyne?

Jenney, George (gent.)

A catholike conference, between a protestant and a papist

1626

(1)

14497

Called a catechism in TSR iv. 155, but this is a an anti-Catholic dialogue between George (a Protestant) + Philip (a ‘papist’) on the visible + invisible church

Jessey, Henry

A catechisme for babes or little ones

1652

1+?

J686A

Three forms: 1 mid (unusual content) + 2 very short; all aimed at the very young; Baptist; possibly a 2nd edn. in 1673: B. Ritter Dailey, in Harvard Lib. Bull. 30 (1982), 54

[Jewel, John]

Apologia ecclesiae anglicanae

1562–1639

(7)

14581–9

Recommended to Oxford catechumens in 1579 (see above, p. 197); there was also an edn., in English: STC2 14590–3

——

A replie unto M. Hardinges answeare

1565–6

2+

14606–7

This + the next were on a list of catechetical works recommended by T. Watts, Entrie to Christianitie, q.v.

——

A defence of the Apologie

1567–71

4

14600–602

See last

anon.

The Jews catechism

1680–

See above, s.v. A. Jagel

Jones, Richard

A briefe and necessarie catechisme

1583–[c. 1630]–

5+?

14729–31 + Maunsell, 32

Mid; Paget's form (q.v.) with different expansions of the scriptural proofs to Openshaw's; Jones also has a short pre-comm. form; for householders + families; Cardiff? Maunsell lists a 1589 edn.; 19th edn. 1823

Jones, William

An exposition of the whole catechisme

1633

1

14744.5

Long; extra qs + as on PBC drawn from ‘many catechisms + learned expositors’; for his flock on Isle of Wight, where he had used it for years; still available in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. 02v

Joye, George (tr. + ed.)

[H]ortulus anime. The garden of the soule

1530

See below, s.v. Primer

anon./Jud, Leo

A shorte catechisme

1550 (Zurich)

[1]

361

Long dialogue-catechism between teacher + child on covenant, Dec, faith, prayer, + Ss; also a short version of same for younger children; sometimes attributed to Edmond Allen (q.v.) who perhaps translated the German original, Der kurtzer catechismus (Zurich, 1541), into English

K[irby], I./ J[oshua]

A catechisme for the times/A scripture catechism very usefull

1645–6

(2)

K11–12

Controversial: anti-sects; answers are scriptural texts; the 2nd edn. was published as part 2 of next item below; for Kirby, see Calamy, Account, 794

——

Scripture security for conscience … with a scripture catechism very usefull in these times

1646

(1)

K13

Part 1 covers two ‘ranks’ of doctrines in 40 qs + as, answers are scripture texts; largely on controversial matters; part 2 is last above

anon.

Katechesis kai taxis … Catechismus cum ordine

1685–1732

See above, s.v. Catechismus cum ordine

anon.

Katechesis tes Christianikes pisteos

–1648–55

See above, s.v. J. Calvin

anon./Harmar, J.

Katechesis tes Christianikes threskeias

1659–98

See below, s.v. Westminster Assembly

Kaye, William

The reformed protestant's catechism

1658

1

K40

Mid; qs + as with expositions; Baptist

Keach, Benjamin

Instructions for children: or the child's and youth's delight

[1664?]–1723–

15+

K72A + BL

A reading primer by a leading Baptist, but also contains three forms (see Appendix 2), for little child, child, + youth, as well as ABC, syllables, precepts + much else; perhaps the same as The child's instructor, 1st edn. of which was destroyed by Council order in 1664; 5th edn. published in 1679; 7th edn. recommended to parents + schoolmasters by Hanserd Knollys; some variation of content between edns.; price bound (1704) 6d.

——

War with the devil

1673–1737–

(20+)

K103–7 + BL

Contains an instructive uplifting dialogue in verse between a youth and his conscience (other verse dialogues by Keach, in War with the devil + Grand impostor, are more controversial)

[——?]

A brief instruction in the principles

[1695]–

See above, s.v. Brief instruction

——

The child's delight: or instructions for children

–1703–7

3+

Regent's Park College, Oxford + TC iii. 446–561

Like the [1664?] work, this is in essence a reading primer, but contains 1 (mid) form which is a modified version of the most advanced of the 3 in his Instructions, q.v.; price 6d.

Keith, George

The fundamental truths of Christianity … by way of question and answer

1688–

1+

K168–9

Short; unusual content; the accompanying ‘treatise’ on prayer is less a catechism (as is implied) than a controversial work with some leading questions + objections answered; 2nd edn. Philadelphia

A Christian catechisme for the instruction of youth and others

1698

1

K150

Long; not the usual staples; Quaker; this work was used against Keith after his change of stance in [Keith], The divinity … of the light within (1701)

A short Christian catechisme for the instruction of children

[1698/9]

1+

K212 + TC iii. 105

Mid; a simplified version of the last; an earlier edn. had been published in Philadelphia in 1690 as A plain short catechism; price 3d.

[Ken, Thomas]

An exposition on the church-catechism; or, the practice of divine love

1685–1718–

6+

K261–4 + BL

Long; PBC qs + as with comments + pious ejaculations; also has directions for using PBC as a basis for prayer; later editions revised; 1st edns. for Bath + Wells diocese; Welsh + American edns.; price 6d. though 1686 edn. ‘in a larger character’ cost 18d. bound

——

The church-catechism, with directions for prayer

1685–6

(2+)

Lambeth + K260A

How to pray using the PBC as a basis; part 2 of last published separately—price 1d.; further edns. 1769, 1773

Kettlewell, John

The practical believer

1688–1713

3+

K380–80A + BL

Very long; based on Creed, though devotes an unusual amount of space to proving Christ was the messiah; to form a true Christian heart + practice in those without leisure to read or the capacity to retain a larger volume; also reprinted in the composite volume edited by Bray in 1699 (q.v.)

anon.

A key to catechisms

1682

1

K385

Short; mainly credal material; questions designed to elicit answers ‘Yes’ or ‘No’, partly from Wallis (q.v.); for those of meanest capacities + weakest memories

anon./‘Philodelphus’

A key to the church-catechism

1719

1

Bodleian + Cambridge Univ. Lib.

Very long; PBC with expositions, extra qs + as some requiring ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ answers (see Palmer) + scripture proofs; apparently designed for use in N. America, possibly by someone called Smith (ink note on Bodleian title-page)

Kidder, Richard

An help to the smallest children's more easie understanding

1709

1

DWL

Short; PBC simplified by breaking up the larger answers into shorter qs + as; for young children; for a London parish

King, Manasseth

A new and useful catechism

–1693–9

4

K512AB–12B

Mid; not the usual staples, apart from Ss; for children + young Christians; also has lists of duties for children + servants; Baptist; Coventry?

anon.

Die kirchen-catechismus

1709

(1)

BL

PBC in German + English, with scripture proofs; also paraphrase of PBC in the form of prayer; for incoming Hanoverians?

L., H.

A divine hornbook: or, the first form in a true Theosophick school

1688

(1)

L21B

Very short; most unusual ‘theosophic’ content

anon.

The ladies catechism

1703

[1]

BL + Bodleian

Satirical; less of a direct parody of PBC than similarly entitled work by U. Price (q.v.)

Lambe, John

A dialogue between a minister and his parishioner

1690

(1)

L217

Mid dialogue on the Lord's Supper, and the need to participate; also prayers + 3 ‘discourses’; Herts?

Lamplugh, Thomas

[A pastoral letter to the clergy … about catechisms]

[167?]

(1)

L304B

Episcopal letter urging the clergy of the diocese of Exeter to catechize

L[angley], S[amuel]

A catechisme shorter than the short catechisme

1649

1

L58

A short ‘epitome + contraction’ of John Ball's best-selling form (q.v.); also contains ‘hymns’

anon.

A large summary of the doctrines contained

1675

[1]

L439

Catholic; English translation of a very long summary of the doctrine in the Tridentine form; not in q + a; foreign origin

anon.

The larger and shorter catechisms

1649–

See below, s.v. Westminster Assembly

Joannes a Lasco

Brevis et dilucida … tractatio

1552

(1)

15259

Latin; not q + a; Ss only; advanced + in places controversial; originally used in Emden

——

De catechismus

1551–3

(2)

15260–60.5

Translation of last into Dutch by J. Utenhove for use by Dutch reformed congregation in London

——

De[n] cleyne catechismus

1552–66

(6+)

15260.7–62a, 2739.5, 2740, 2740.3

Adaptation + abridgement of last by Marten Micron (q.v.): see A. Pettegree, Foreign Protestant Communities (1986), 50; in Dutch

Laud, William

A summarie of the devotions/ The daily office of a Christian

1667–1705/6

(6+)

L600–600A, + L583–4 + Bodleian

Primarily devotional, despite claims on the title-page to contain ‘several catechetical paraphrases’

[Laythes, Thomas]

Some questions and answers

[1691]

(2)

L753–3A

A broadsheet, with 7 qs + as on Quaker ideas; partly instructive, partly controversial

[Ledesma, Diego de]

The Christian doctrine in manner of a dialogue

1597 (secret London press)

[1]

15353

Catholic; foreign origin; translated into English for ‘children, + other unlearned Catholics’

Leech, James

A plaine and profitable catechisme

1605

1

15363.3

Mid; for parents + householders to teach their children + servants; a much modified version of the Dering—More catechism, q.v.; Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr

Legate, Robert

A breife catechisme and dialogue

1545

See above, s.v. Breife catechisme

Leighton, Robert

An exposition of the Creed … To which is annext a short catechism

–1701–8

2+

Wm. Andrews Memorial Lib., Calif., BL + DWL

The exposition of Cr, Pr + Dec of 1701 was followed by 2 discourses on scripture texts and a very short but wide-ranging catechism which was a slightly modified version of Bishop Lighton's catechism for children (Edinburgh, [1695]); this version was also reprinted in Three posthumous tracts (1708)

Le Maçon, Robert/ ‘De La Fontaine’

A catechisme and playne instruction for children

1578?–1580?

1+

Maunsell, 32 + 15450

Mid; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; French origin; there is a clear debt to Calvin's form (q.v.), but the alterations consist of much more than the abridgement indicated in the epistle by the translator T. W[ilcox]; there was also a translation into Latin: STC2 4882; see s.v. W. Charke above

——

Catéchisme et instruction familière

1602

(1)

15499

Somewhat different version of last in French

[LʼEstrange, Roger]

Toleration discuss'd in two dialogues

1663–81

(4?)

L1315–18

Controversial dialogue between a conformist + a nonconformist on the merits + demerits of toleration

Lewis, John

The church catechism explain'd by way of question and answer

1701–32–

15+

TC iii. 240, Christ Church, Oxford + BL

Long; PBC with extra qs + as + scripture proofs; collected from other authors' works; divided into 5 parts, + 12 sections; prayer at end contains catechetical material; recommended for Charity Schools; 58th edn. 1820; Welsh edn. 1713; price 4d. or 25s. for 100

—— and John Richardson

The church catechism explain'd … and render'd into Irish

1712–

3+

BL Catalogue, s.v. Liturgies

Same as last in English + Irish, with ‘elements’ of the Irish language, + prayers; 13 edns. by 1825

anon.

Liber precum ecclesiae cathedralis Christi Oxon.

1726 (Oxford)

(1)

Christ Church, Oxford

Sections of the Book of Common Prayer in Latin, including the PBC in post-1604 version; Oxford

anon.

Liber precum publicarum

[1560]–1604

(4+)

16424–9

As last, but the catechism is the pre-1604 form

Lily, William

Institutio/ Brevissima institutio/An introduction/ A short introduction

1540/1542–1735–

(150–200 + ?)

15610.5–633.8, L2274F–304B + BL

The standard approved ‘grammar’ of the period, in two parts; contains Cr, Pr, Dec, improving verses + prayers, all in Latin verse; not in q + a

Linaker, Robert

A short and plaine instruction

1591

1

15644

Two forms: a mid (Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr), + a very short pre-comm. summary of the same; author says this is a modified version of an earlier catechism, to ensure that those of ‘very simple understanding’ benefit fully from the sacrament; a prayer at the end summarizes the catechism

——

A short catechisme

1610

1

15643.5

Two very short forms to preserve little children from the ‘infection of popery + atheism’; to be taught by parents in private families; prayers at end

‘Bishop of Lincoln’

Exposition of the church catechism

18th century

?

Listed as a work recommended for Charity Schools in M. G. Jones, Charity School Movement (1938), 374; almost certainly the work by William Wake (q.v.), who recommended it for use in his Lincoln diocese in 1708 (TC iii. 597); price 2s.

anon.

A little catechism

1692

See below, s.v. J. Mason

Littleton, Edmund

A briefe catechisme, containing the summe

1616–31

2

15717.5–18

Short; qs + as based on the Gospel story; with prayers for before + after communion; Kent?

anon.

La liturgie ou formulaire des prières

1717

(1)

BL

Book of Common Prayer, including PBC, in French

Love, Barry

The catechism of the church/church catechism resolved into short and easy questions

–1699–1706 (Norwich)

3

L3142A + BL

Long; PBC with comments, extra qs + as, + scripture proofs; for children; divided into 12 sections; 2nd edn. corrected + enlarged; Great Yarmouth

[Love, Christopher (ed.)]

The main points of church-government and discipline

1649

1

L3167

23 qs + as pressing the case for Presbyterian church government

——

The sum of practical divinity

1654

1?

Carruthers, 111

The ‘grounds of religion in a catechetical way’; no copy survives

Lowth, Simon

Catechetical/Catechistical questions very necessary

1673–4

2

L3324–5

Long; PBC with extra qs + as; for his own children + those of his native Leics. parish; price bound 1s.

anon.

The loyal catechism

1710

[1]

BL

Political: dialogue between Dr Sacheverell + a pupil on non-resistance

anon.

The loyal catechism

1713

[1]

Bodleian

Political: qs + as on non-resistance

Lye, Thomas

A plain and familiar method of instructing

1662–76–

(5+)

L3540–41A + Carruthers, 111

Advice to householders on how to catechize the younger sort, sometimes published or bound with one of the next 3 works; extended by the 1670s (compare BL 3505.aa.48(1) + BL 1551/77); Dublin edn. 1683

——

An abridgement of the late reverend assemblies shorter catechism

1662?–75

3

BL, DWL, A107A + Carruthers, 111

Short; WSC condensed into 33 qs + as, but order changed, + little on Dec + Pr; for those of ‘weakest capacities + memories’; the DWL copy also has an alphabetical table explaining the ‘difficult words and phrases’ in the WSC

——

The assemblies shorter catechism drawn out into distinct propositions

1672–4–

2+

L3527B–28

Long; WSC with expositions + proofs; divided into 30 sections for daily use; published with ‘rules’ similar to those of Plain + familiar method; Dublin edn. 1703

——

An explanation of the shorter catechism

1675–1702

6?+

L3532–6 + Carruthers, 111

Long; WSC with extra qs + as; for ‘poor, ignorant, + unbelieving persons + families’; Somerset; edns. in Edinburgh + Dublin

[For a sermon on catechizing by Lye, see above, s.v. S. Annesley.]

[Lyford, William]

An helpe for young people

1640–9 (Oxford)

2+

15114 + L3546B

Short; pre-comm.; for the young; Dorset; see next also

——

Lyford's legacie

1656–8

2

L3547–8

Reprints last together with a controversial work on 4 ‘perplexed questions’ on admission to communion

——

Principles of faith and good conscience

1642–58

5

L3552–6

Very long, explaining Cr, Dec, Pr, + Ss in a ‘catechetical form’; also has an appendix of theological terms; Dorset

Lyster, John

A rule how to bring up children. A treatise

1588

〈1〉

17122

Very long but by no means elementary dialogue (father/son) on credal material, Dec, et al.; often anti-Catholic; Yorks.?

M., R.

The church-catechism enlarg'd and explain'd

1697

1

M70A

Mid; PBC with extra questions to test understanding requiring ‘Yes’/‘No’ answers (cf. works by Palmer, Wallis, and Comber), + scripture proofs

Mackworth, Sir Humphrey

A discourse by way of dialogue

–1705

(2)

BL

Dialogue between two lords, a divine, a merchant, a physician, lawyers, et al., on such topics as providence, the happiness of a religious life, the divinity of Christ; written to instruct rather than to score points? Book III was published separately as A treatise concerning the divine authority (1704)

anon.

The maine grounds of religion

[1624?]–30

2

12402a.4–a.6

Very short; pre-comm.; a modified version of the first form in Egerton's best-selling Briefe method; for those without the money to buy or the time or memory to master a larger form; + rules for a godly life, in metre to help the memory; prayers at end

Manby, Peter

A reformed catechism in two dialogues

1687

[1+]

M388

Controversial work on the English reformation of the 1530s + 1540s, by a convert to Catholicism; 1st 2 edns. published in Dublin

anon.

The maner and forme of examination

1581

1

11183.5

Mid; pre-comm.; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; for householders to use with their families; Scottish origin (see STC2 11183)

anon.

The maner to examine children

–1563–94

5+?

4381, 4383, 4385–7

A very short pre-comm. form for children, printed at the end of some editions of Calvin's Catechisme, beginning with the Geneva edn. of 1556

[Marsh, Narcissus]

The church catechism explain'd

1708

See above, s.v. Church catechism

Marshal, Richard

Fifteen considerations stirring us up/XXIX directions

1645–6

2

M723–4

Very short form, based on Perkins's (q.v.), plus an exposition; also considerations on sin, + directions on duties; partly political in aim

[Marshall, Thomas]

The catechism set forth in the Book of Common Prayer briefly explained

1679 (Oxford)–1731–

15+

M800–807, BL + NUC

Early edns. consist of prose notes on PBC, but from 1683 also included a q + a form using the same material; scripture references in margin; for ‘young Christians’; prayers at end; edn. in Welsh 1682

Marshall, William

A prymer in englyshe

[1534]

See below, s.v. Primer

——

A goodly prymer in englyshe

1535

Ditto

Martyr, Petrus/Vermigli, Pietro Martire

The common places of … Peter Martyr

1582

(1)

24669

One of the catechetical works recommended by T. Watts, Entrie to Christianitie, q.v.; also 2 edns. in Latin: STC2 24667–8

[John Mason]

A little catechism, with little verses, and little sayings

1692–[c.1730]

6?

M916B + see col. 6

Very short + simple; also has improving verses + sayings; for ‘little children’; price of 6th edn. 1d. (ex inf. advert at end of 1730 edn. of Stinton's catechism, q.v.)

Mason, William

A little starre, giving some light

1653

1

M948

Long; credal material, Dec, Pr, Ss; Baptist; for ‘all the saints scattered through’ Oxon., Warks., Northants, + England generally

Masterson, George

Milk for babes: or a catechistical exercise

1654

1

M1072A

Long; modified WSC; for ‘little ones’ who ‘lisped it’ before the congregation of St Clement Danes, London

[Mather, Richard]

A catechisme or, the grounds + principles

1650

1

M1268

Long: a ‘larger catechism’ for ‘children of riper age’; predestinarian emphasis; New England origin

M[athew], N. [Α.]

A catechism: being an enlargement of the church-catechism

1677–9

2

M1288B–C + TC i.. 327

Short; modified PBC; written for those not baptized in infancy, but now published for their + others' benefit; scripture texts on duties, + prayers at end; price 2d.

‘Mayden, Mr’

‘Mr Mayden his catechisme concerninge ye Lords Supper’

[1620s?]

MS

Emmanuel Coll., Cambridge III. 1. 138

Pre-comm., but not in q + a (my foliation 28v); Mr Mayden has not been traced

Mayer, John

The English catechisme Or a commentarie

1621–35

5+

17732–8

Very long; PBC with extra qs + as + expositions; for ministers, schoolmasters, + householders; later editions revised + corrected; prayers at end; still for sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. P2v; see next also

——

The English teacher/ Mayers catechisme abridged. Or the A.B.C. inlarged

1623–39

7?

17739–40.5

Mid; abridgement of last, but within the one text there is a simpler form, for ‘babes’, in black letter, + a more advanced one, in roman type; for title of 1st edn. see his Short catechisme, sig. B7v

——

A short catechisme necessary to be learned

1646

1

Queens' Coll., Cambridge

Short; pre-comm.; based on parliamentary ordinance of 20.10.1645, but adds extra material including Dec + Pr

Mayo, Daniel

The intercession for the fruitless fig-tree

1726

(1)

BL

Sermon given to a society of catechumens in London

Mears, John

A catechism: or, an instruction in the Christian religion

1731–2–

2+

BL

Mid; in three parts: on reasons for belief; Cr; + Dec, Pr, + Ss; 1732 edn. has ‘for the use of adult persons’ added to the title-page, + is much modified in pt. 3; Irish + Scottish edns. have an additional short catechism for children

anon.

A methodicall short catechisme

1623

See above, s.v. Thomas Cartwright

Michelthwait, Thomas

His catechisme for howsholders

1589

1?

Maunsell, 32

Not traced

M[ico], J[ohn]

Spirituall food, and physicke

1623–31

3+

17861–3.3 + Addenda

Three forms: 1 very short, 1 short, 1 mid, for little children, the younger, and the older sorts, respectively; some edns. also contain supporting texts, + anti-Catholic works (see next); Exeter; still for sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. P3r

anon./[John Mico]

A pill to purge out popery: Or a catechisme for Romish Catholikes

1623–4

(4)

17858–61

Series of dialogues (minister/‘weak Christian’) attacking Catholic position, + defending English church; in 1623 it was reprinted with last (17861)

Micron, Marten

A short and faythful instruction

[1556?] (Emden)–[1560?] (London)

1+

17864–64.5 + Addenda

Short; pre-comm.; translated by T. C[ranmer? or Cottesford?] from a Dutch original for the Dutch congregation in London, dated 1553; Dec, Cr, Ss, + Pr; an edn. in Dutch was published in London in 1561 (STC2 18812)

Milbourne, Luke

The catechisme of the Church of England explain'd, by short questions and answers

1700 (Rott.)–1704 (Lond.)

4?

M2029B + BL

Mid; PBC text slightly modified + extra qs + as added; 1st edn. for the English church in Rotterdam of which Milbourne was then pastor; 4th edn. corrected and enlarged

Miles, James

Brevis catechismus pro hereticis Anglicis, Scotis & aliis

1635 [Naples]

[1]

17920.5

Catholic form, in Latin + English; covers the usual 4 staples + standard extra Catholic items but not in q + a

Millar, David

The Assembly's short catechism rescu'd from the late reviser

1738

(1)

BL

Controversial: an attack on the recent revision of WSC by Strong (q.v.); + defence of the original version

Miller, Benjamin

A Christian catechism

1703

1?

TC iii. 354

For children; ‘very useful for all families’; price 2d., or 18d. a dozen, suggests form was short; by a Baptist; no copy survives

Mingzeis, Alexander

A confutation of the new Presbyterian error

1648

(1)

M2191

Controversial; not in the usual q + a form

Mockett, Thomas

A new catechisme

1647

1

M2308

Short; Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr; an existing form modified to fit the parliamentary ordinance of20.10.1645; for those of ‘meanest capacity + shortest memory’

Moore

The grounds of Christian religion by way of catechising

pre-1658

1?

See col. 6

London, Catalogue sig. P2v; not traced; perhaps a copy of a later edn. of Dering—More (q.v.) though London lists the latter separately

[Moore, John]/Philalethes Christophilus

A dialogue betixt an awakened sinner and a merciful saviour

1723

(1)

Congregational Lib., London

A verse dialogue between an anxious sinner + a merciful saviour; there is also a poem on Christ; attribution to Moore (a Baptist minister in Northampton) in the Cong. Lib. copy

‘The Moral Society’

The plan of the Moral Society … To which is added the moral catechism

1729

1

BL

Members of the established church + Protestant dissenters aiming at preaching morality issued a very short catechism arguing man was ‘a moral agent’, who could repent of sin + believe

More, John

Brief and necessary instruction/Short catechism for housholders

1572–

See above, s.v. E. Dering

More, William

A short and plain tractate of the Lords Supper

1645

1

M2694

Long, pre-comm. form; ‘grounded upon 1 Cor. 11. 23’, etc.

Morecroft, Jo.

Abridgement of Ursinus' catechism

1586

1?

Maunsell, 32

Not traced; other versions of Ursinus's catechetical works were published about this date: see below

Morehouse, John

‘Mr Morehouse catechisme’

1590s?

MS

BL Egerton MS 2877, fo. 83

The date is suggested by J. Freeman, ‘Parish Ministry in the Diocese of Durham’, Ph.D. thesis (Durham, 1979), 295; covers Ss, Pr, + other material

[Morrice, John]

A defence of lecturers

–1733

(3?)

BL

A letter defending London lecturers against the charge of interfering with catechizing raised in W. Wake's Principles, q.v.; stresses the close link between preaching + catechizing

Mosse, Miles

A short catechisme

1590

1?

Maunsell, 32

No copy survives, but sections of the preface are quoted in the intemperate attack on it by Thomas Rogers in Miles Christianus (1590); possibly the same as A short catechisme. Brieflie contayning (published without a preface at Middelburg in 1590), q.v.

anon.

A most excellent and profitable dialogue

1610

(1)

6809.5

A dialogue between Lewis + Frederick, on the obstacles to a true + justifying faith; translated from the Latin original by A. Golding

anon.

The mother and the child

1611

See above, s.v. J. Cragge/Craig

anon./A reverend divine

The mothers catechism

1717 (Nottingham)

See above, s.v. R. Baxter

anon.

Motives to godly knowledge

1613

1

18213

Short; pre-comm.; published without the author's knowledge, according to preface

Mulcaster, Richard

Catechismus Paulinus

1599?–1601

(2?)

18249 + Addenda

Mid form in Latin blank verse; built around PBC, but much longer + more detailed; for use in St Paul's School, London, of which author was then High Master

Musculus, Wolfgang

Common places of Christian religion

1563–78

(2)

18308–9

One of a range of works recommended to catechists by T. Watts, Entrie to Christianitie, q.v.; covers a number of catechetical topics

Ν., Ν.

The polititians catechisme

1658

See below, s.v. P. Talbot

[Nab, Ralph]

An address to the right worshipful the batchelors

[1735?]–7

[2?]

BL

Includes ‘The [Pretty] Miss's catchism’: a short, satirical, misogynist piece

anon.

A national catechism

1687

See below, s.v. W. Popple

[Nayler, James]

An answer to a book called the Quakers catechisme

1655–6

(2)

N258–9

Controversial: a reply, point by point, to the work by Baxter, q.v.

——

Milk for babes; and meat for strong men

1661–8

(3)

N299–301

The title is a favourite for catechists, but this is not in q + a; it offers comfort in affliction, + urges the faithful to put off the old man

anon.

A necessarie doctrine and erudition

1543–5

(13)

5168–77

This is listed as a catechism by Maunsell, 32, but is not in q + a; better known as ‘The King's Book’

anon.

The necessity of coming to church

–1709

(4)

Lambeth

A dialogue to persuade absentees to attend church; of interest on perceived attitudes of non-attenders

anon./[Nelson, Robert]

The Whole Duty of a Christian by way of question and answer

–1705–27–

9+

Bodleian

Mid; Allestree's best-seller turned into q + a; prayers at end

——

Instructions for them that come to be confirmed

1714–

1+

BL

Short; a work in q + a to explain confirmation, + prepare confirmands; with suitable prayers for the occasion; 22nd edn. 1758

——

Mr Nelson's Companion for the festivals and fasts … abridged

1739–

1+

BL

Twelve ‘catechetical exercises’ for St Bride's Charity School; unusual content: based on Nelson's own best-seller; to teach children + the poor to know their duty during church festivals

Nesse, Christopher

A New Year's gift for children

1684

1?

TC ii. 68

Does not survive, but appears to combine moral instruction, improving stories, religious poems, + a ‘plain + easy catechism’ for those of ‘meanest capacity’; author Congregational

anon.

A/The new catechisme

1644–5

See above, s.v. E.C.

anon./‘A reverend divine’

A new catechisme commanded to be set forthe

1647

(1)

LT

Partly controversial: for ‘those who still affect a reading ministry’ (for an earlier work with similar title, see above, s.v. E.C.)

anon.

A new catechism for the fine ladies

1733–40

See below, s.v. U. Price

anon.

A new catechism with Dr. Hickes's thirty-nine articles

1710

See below, s.v. M. Tindal

anon.

A new method of catechizing

1712

1

BL

Mid; BCP with extra questions (+ advice to catechists) but no answers; interesting on technique + parallel works recommended

anon.

A new political catechism

1740

See above, s.v. T. Dekker

anon.

A [new] sacramental catechism

1701–3

2+?

TC iii. 240, 284, 325, 331

Pre-comm.? (no copies found); for the use of poor servants, + at 2d. or 12s. per 100 designed to be bought + given away by ‘charitable … Christians’

anon.

The new school of education for the behaviour of children

[c.1680]

1

N748A

After a series of prayers comes a very short form, including Pr, Cr, + Dec, + more prayers; to instruct children in the Protestant religion practised by Elizabeth I

Newcome, Peter

A catechetical course of sermons

1700–12

(3)

N901, BL + TC iii. 148, 180, 192, 224, 314

Very long: 52 sermons on PBC ‘for the whole year’; designed for clergy + recommended to families; printed by subscription (suggesting demand for such a work); 2 vols. 12s., but an abridgement in q + a planned; Herts., London?

Newton, Robert

A practical exposition of the church catechism

1727

(1)

BL

Very long: 24 lectures on PBC, delivered in a London parish, + published by author's son

N[icholes], M[artin]

A catechisme, composed according to the order

1631–42

6?

18531–31.7 + N1083

Long; PBC with extra qs + as, some owing a debt to Ball's best-seller, q.v.; 1642 edn. corrected + much augmented; still on sale in 1658: London, Catalogue, sig. P3v

Nichols, Josias

An order of household instruction

1595–6

(2)

18539.5–40

A long, original work with lessons of graded difficulty, but mostly not in q + a; for householders, including those of the ‘meaner sort’, to use with children + servants for 2 hours a week

Nicholson, William

A plain but full exposition of the catechisme

1655–89

(9)

N1113–20A

Long exposition of PBC (not in q + a) ‘collected out of the best catechists’; author claimed it was a summary of his catechizing in Wales; although he + the PBC were then out of favour, Nicholson's work was listed in London's 1658 Catalogue, sig. P3r; used in some schools; MS version in Magdalen College, Oxford, Archives MS 546

N[ixon], A[nthony]

The dignitie of man

1612–16

(1+)

18584–5

Long; most unusual content dealing more with the welfare of the body than the soul, by a poet

anon./A minister of the Gospel

No popery, or a catechism against popery

1682–

(1+)

N1187

Largely controversial (anti-Catholic) though some sections simply state Protestant position; 3 edns. published in Scotland in 1683

Norton, John

A brief and excellent treatise

1648

1

N1315

Long; credal material, Pr, Ss, Dec; New England origin; from the subtitle this is probably a longer version of the Brief catechisme the author published in Cambridge, Mass., in 1660

N[otcutt], W[illiam]

A short explanation of the Assembly's shorter catechism

1726

1

BL

Long; WSC with extra qs + as; for those who have mastered the WSC; catechumens encouraged to amplify the answers in their own words; Congregational; Ipswich

N[owell], A[lexander]

Catechismus, sive prima institutio

1570–95–

〈9+〉

18701–706a

Nowell's original catechism in Latin; referred to in the 1572 abridged form (see below) as the ‘larger’, a usage followed by STC2; Dec, Cr, Pr, Ss

anon./ [Nowell, Alexander]

A catechisme, or first instruction of Christian religion

1570–7

〈5〉

18708–710a.5

The ‘larger’ catechism translated into English by Thomas Norton, who arranged for this version to match the original page for page to help those learning Latin

anon./[No well, Alexander]

Katechismos … Catechismus

1573

〈1〉

18707

The ‘larger’ catechism in Greek + Latin; translation into Greek by William Whitaker

[Nowell, Alexander]

Christianae pietatis prima institutio

–1574–1664

〈22+〉

18712–25.5, 17991–2 + N1436D

A form ‘of a middle sort’ abridged from Nowell's ‘larger’ one; 1st edn. probably pre-1574 (see above p. 189 n. 111); psalms + prayers in Latin at the end

N[owell], A[lexander]

A catechisme, or institution of Christian religion

1572–1663

〈18?〉

18730–8 + N1436–36A

English version of last by T. Norton, for those who had mastered the ‘little’ catechism (see below) but still needed instruction; prayers at end

[Nowell, Alexander]

Christianismou … Christianae pietatis

1575–1687

〈8〉

18726–9 + N1437–9

The ‘middle’ in Greek + Latin, the Greek again being the work of W. Whitaker

N[owell], A[lexander]

Catechismus parvus pueris primus Latine

1573–1687

(4)

18711–11.5 + N1436B–C

STC2 refers to this as Nowell's ‘shorter’ catechism, but the great bulk of it is actually the PBC translated into Latin, by Nowell, with extra qs + as on duties + Ss at the end (these derive from Nowell's earlier forms, + anticipate the additions to the end of PBC in 1604); prayers at end

N[owell], A[lexander]

Catechismus parvus … Latine et Graece

1574–1633

(4)

18711a–c

Last work above in Latin + Greek, latter translated by W. Whitaker; prayers at end; for a similar work used at Eton + Merchant Taylors' schools, see above, s.v. Catechismus cum ordine

Nowell, Alexander/Stone, William

Nowell's catachisme grammatically translated

c.1617–18

?

TSR iii. 1619

Not traced; ever published?

Nye, Philip

Beames of former light

1660

(1)

N1484

Defence by a leading Independent of the minister's right to be flexible in catechizing rather than being forced to use WSC or PBC; he shows a great deal of knowledge of contemporary catechetical forms

anon.

The observator's catechism

1690

[1]

O123KB

Political

Olevian, Caspar

An exposition of the symbole of the Apostles

1581–2

(2)

18807–7.3

Long exposition (not in q + a) of Cr, based on catechetical lectures; translated from the original Latin by John Field

——

[on the Creede, Commandementes, Lords Praier, and sacramentes]

1589

1?

See col. 6

Maunsell, 33 lists this as a catechism, translated by Richard Saintbarb; this may be a translation of a larger work by Olevian, but Maunsell also lists an identical work by Saintbarb himself: 33 (2), 94–5, + see below, s.v. Saintbarb

Ollyffe, John

A practical exposition of the church catechism

1710

1

BL

Very long (2 vols.); PBC with extra qs + as, short qs but often long answers, to be read; Bucks.?

anon.

The one necessary thing to be sought

1724 (Nottingham)

(1)

BL

Four dialogues, covering very diverse material, but generally of a moralistic or improving kind

Openshaw, Robert

Short questions and answers

1582?–

See below, s.v. E. Paget

anon.

The order and rules of the charity-school for boys in the parish of—

[1701?]

(1)

Bodleian

Stresses the importance of learning the PBC (see above Account of the method) + of those who have mastered it being sent to be examined in church

anon.

The order and rules … for girls

[1701?]

(1)

Bodleian

As last but for girls

anon.

Orders read and given to the parents

1708

(1)

Bodleian

Single sheet for parents of children admitted into Charity School to set up at home; reminds parents to call on children frequently to repeat their catechism at home

Osterwald, J. F.

Catéchisme ou instruction

1704

(1+)

BL

Very long form in French; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; Swiss origin

——

Grounds and principles of the Christian religion

1704–34–

6+

BL

Translation of last (by H. Wanley), revised by G. Stanhope, + dedicated to S.P.C.K.; the form is preceded by an abridgement of Bible history; Edinburgh edn. 1732

Owen, John

The principles of the doctrine of Christ/ Dr John Owen's two short catechismes

1645–1700

3

O796–7,819

A short + a mid form, based on his preaching + the parliamentary ordinance of 20.10.1645; short form for younger sort, mid for adults; avoids staples which he intends to tackle separately; for use in an Essex parish

——

The primer: or, an easie way to teach children

1652

1

O795A

Designed to teach reading, but includes a short ‘necessary catechism’ to teach youth the grounds of Christian religion (different from the short form of 1645), suitable scriptural readings, + prayers

——

Vindiciae evangelicae

1655 (Oxford)

(1)

O823

Controversial: an attack on Racovian Catechism + Biddle's form, qq.v.; see also his Diatriba (1653) against the former

[——]

A brief instruction in the worship of God

1667–76

(3?)

O721–2 + DWL

53 relatively short qs + as with long ‘explications’ defending the Congregational view of church-government; attacked by B. Camfield, q.v.

P., C.

Two briefe treatises

1616

(1)

19059

First treatise is on the laity's need to be catechized; has revealing comments on lay attitudes

P., R. (ed.)

The cristall of Christianitie

1617

〈1〉

6099.7

Mid; completed by R.P.; in 3 parts—on Dec + Cr, + 2 Ss—each followed by a prayer; ‘by way of disputation’, but nearer a catechism than a dialogue; suitable for schools + families; prayers at end; Denbighshire; (cf. ‘Painter’)

Ρ., Τ.

A short catechisme for householders

1624

1

19079

Very short; unusual content (e.g. covenant of grace at start), but the section on Ss is taken from the PBC

[Paget, Eusebius]

Short questions and answeares, conteyning the summe of Christian religion

1579–1639

19?

18816–30.2

This work was by Paget (see STC2 Addenda s.n. 18816), but in part is indebted to the Dering—More form (q.v.) + is often associated also with Openshaw (see next); short; Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr; interesting preface; prayers for before + after catechizing; Maunsell lists a 1591 edn.; Northants.?

Paget, Eusebius + Openshaw, Robert

Short questions and answeres … newly enlarged with testimonies of scripture

[1586?]–1633

9+

Maunsell, 33 + 18830.2A–30.9

Paget's form with the scripture references he cited now printed in full (Openshaw's idea), + many answers subdivided; long; different prefaces from original work

Paget, Eusebius

Eusebii Pagetti catechismus Latine aeditus

1585

(1)

19101

Paget's original form in a Latin version; mid

——

The history of the Bible

1603–82

15?

19105.9–109.4D + P185–6

Contents of the Bible converted into q + a form; (for a similar work see above, s.v. Doctrine)

P[aget], I[ohn]

A primer of Christian religion

1601

1

19100

Very long; unusual content (contemplating God's work in nature); Cheshire

Painter

?

?

?

?

Said to have devised three catechisms (P. Nye, Beames of former light (1660), 82, but cannot now be traced (though cf. R.P. (1617) )

anon.

The palace miscellany containing … The young lady's catechism

1733

[1]

BL

Satirical: the ‘catechism’ contains parodies of several lines in the PBC + WSC

anon.

The Palatines catechism

1709

[1]

BL

Political; attacks the Palatine refugees encamped at Blackheath + Camberwell; one speaker—an ‘English tradesman’—says charity begins at home

Palmer, Anthony

Childrens bread: or, the first principles

1671–c.1700

2?

Ρ215Α

Short; not the usual content, apart from Dec; author an Independent minister in London; advert for edn. c.1700 (price 1d.) at end of J. Saltmarsh, Free grace (1700)

[Palmer, Herbert]

An endeavour of making the principles of religion

1640–5

6

19154.5, P230aA–32

Long; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; innovative technique to test comprehension in which a series of questions are posed on one particular topic to which the catechumen has to reply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; Herts.

anon.

A paraphrase with annotations

1674

See below, s.v. W. White

anon.

Paraphrasis cum annotates

1674

Ditto

P[arker], H[enry]

A political catechisme

1643–1710

[4?]

P416–17 + DWL

Political: on royal government; ‘for the more complete settling of consciences’

Parker, John

A true patterne of pietie

1592?–99

2?

Maunsell, 33 + 19217

Mostly prayers + guide to godly living, but also contains a short form (Dec, Cr, Ss, Pr), + a very short, pre-comm. ‘Card for communicants’; Cheshire

anon.

The parliaments new and perfect catechisme

1647

[1]

P518

Satirical: hostile to parliament + the army

Parr, Elnathan

The grounds of divinitie

1614–51

9?

19314–18 + P543 (Works)

Very long; qs + as (not on usual content) with long ‘explications’ and ‘uses’, much of it derived from other authors; written for the unlearned in ‘familiar’, ‘plain’ style; 2nd edn. enlarged; Suff.?

anon.

‘Pasreus catachisme in Greek and Latin’

1629

?

TSR iv. 217

Not traced; perhaps a link through David Paré to Ursinus (q.v.) + the Heidelberg Catechism

Pasquier, Etienne/ A. H.

The Jesuites catechisme

1602–85

(4+)

19449+ H3A–D

Polemical: anti-Jesuit; French origin; 1602 translation by W. Watson

‘Philo Probaton’/ S., B.?

The pastors pasport

–1646

2?

P680

Mid; Cr, Dec, Pr, Ss; to help ‘young Christian readers’ from the font to the communion table; has meditations at end; 2nd edn. corrected; B.S. signs preface

anon.

The pater noster, [the Ave], ye crede, and the commaundements in englysh

1537–9?

(7?)

16820–21.7

Explains Pr, Cr, + Dec line by line, but not by q + a; designed to meet the requirements of the 1536 injunctions

Patrick, Simon

A brief exposition of the ten commandments and the lords prayer

1665–88

5?

P757A–59

Mid: Dec + Pr only; to help his parishioners in a central London parish examine themselves for sin + pray to God for help to lead a better life

Pearston, Thomas

A short instruction

1590

1

19520

Mid; built around original PBC form, but contains some original touches; short prayer at end; London diocese

Peck, Francis

The kernell of Christianity

1644–6

2

P1032–3

Short; not the usual staples apart from Ss; Herts.

anon./[Peirce, James]

A scripture-catechism or the principles

1722

1

Eton College

Mid; scripture texts (including Pr + Dec) with leading qs, + Cr in full at the end; for authorship, see preface of next

——

Fifteen sermons on special occasions

1728

1+

BL + DWL

After the sermons is added the scripture catechism of 1722

Penington, Isaac (junior)

Some queries concerning the work of God in the world

1660

(1)

P1200

8 long, rhetorical questions answered by scripture references only

——

Some questions and answers for the opening

1661

(1)

P1201

2 forms, a mid (on the history of the Jews) + a long (on more typically Quaker concerns)

——

Some questions and answers shewing

1662

1