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Francesco Crispi 1818-1901From Nation to Nationalism$
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Christopher Duggan

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001

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The Road to Rome, 1865–1870

The Road to Rome, 1865–1870

Chapter:
(p.272) 10 The Road to Rome, 1865–1870
Source:
Francesco Crispi 1818-1901
Author(s):

CHRISTOPHER DUGGAN

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.003.0011

Francesco Crispi's hard-nosed realism, his passionate support for constitutionalism, and his rejection of revolution all made good political sense; and there was undoubtedly a great deal of principle, conviction, and courage behind his stance. In the mid-1880s, when the challenge from the Roman Catholic Church seemed to be growing and freemasonry itself was becoming more militant and political, Crispi showed signs of getting seriously involved. This chapter discusses Crispi's time in Florence, Italy; the parliamentary elections that were held towards the end of October 1865 and their impact on the moderates; the insurrection in Palermo that Crispi interpreted as basically social, not political, in character; Crispi's loss in the election of 1866 and his establishment of La Riforma, a new newspaper of the left; the capture of Rome by Italian forces; and the Law of Guarantees which affirmed the principle of equal freedom before the law for all religious faiths.

Keywords:   Francesco Crispi, Italy, Rome, Catholic Church, Florence, elections, politics, parliament, Law of Guarantees, insurrection

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