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Francesco Crispi 1818-1901From Nation to Nationalism$
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Christopher Duggan

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001

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1861–1865: ‘The monarchy unites us and a republic would divide us’

1861–1865: ‘The monarchy unites us and a republic would divide us’

Chapter:
(p.243) 9 1861–1865: ‘The monarchy unites us and a republic would divide us’
Source:
Francesco Crispi 1818-1901
Author(s):

CHRISTOPHER DUGGAN

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.003.0010

The left was a badly disunited force in Italian politics after 1860. The issue of constitutionalism versus revolution became more complicated with the advent to power early in March of a centre-left government headed by Urbano Rattazzi. This chapter discusses the tragic second march on Rome, where Giuseppe Garibaldi was wounded and some of his followers were arrested and summarily executed as deserters from the regular army in a battle in Aspromonte in southern Calabria; Francesco Crispi's defence of constitutionalism given the persistent chaos in the South, and particularly Sicily; the Greco affair, in which Giuseppe Mazzini was accused of being involved in plans to assassinate Napoleon III; the impact of the Greco episode on Crispi's conviction that the left should distance itself from revolution; the September 1864 convention — which tackled the issue of transferring the capital of Italy from Turin to Florence — and the question of the monarchy; and the conflict between Crispi and Mazzini.

Keywords:   Francesco Crispi, Italy, Giuseppe Garibaldi, politics, Sicily, Giuseppe Mazzini, monarchy, constitutionalism, revolution, Greco affair

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