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Catholic Devotion in Victorian England$

Mary Heimann

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205975

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205975.001.0001

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(p.174) Appendix I Devotional Statistics of the Churches, Chapels, and Stations in England and Wales

(p.174) Appendix I Devotional Statistics of the Churches, Chapels, and Stations in England and Wales

Source:
Catholic Devotion in Victorian England
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Table 1 gives the number of churches, chapels, and stations in all the dioceses of England and Wales, as well as the number of distinct confraternities, guilds, and sodalities attached to them for the sample years between 1850 and 1914. Figures are also given by year and diocese of the number of churches offering catechizing, confession, Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament, Public Rosary, Quarant’ore or Forty Hours’ Devotion, the Stations or Way of the Gross, and Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament.

The figures in Table 1 have been taken from church advertisements listed in the Catholic Directory for the relevant years; according to the Directory, some details of confraternities and services were omitted from 1890, and so information for the years 1890–1914 must be treated as approximate and as under-representing the real number of devotional services and societies offered by the churches of England and Wales.

Since several dioceses changed their boundaries and/or their names over the course of the period under scrutiny, it seemed useful to list the information both by diocese proper and by ‘diocesan group’, an invented category which remains constant over time. Thus the diocese of Beverley, which split into the dioceses of Leeds and Middlesbrough in 1878, but continued to minister to the same geographical area of Yorkshire, has been treated as the diocese of ‘Beverley’ until 1878, and the combined figures given for the dioceses of Leeds and Middlesbrough have been treated as those of the ‘diocesan group of Beverley’ thereafter in order to allow for comparisons of the devotional activity of Yorkshire churches to be made both before and after 1878. Similarly, Southwark diocese was divided into the dioceses of Southwark and Portsmouth in 1882; after that date Southwark and Portsmouth dioceses are treated together in all calculations as the ‘diocesan group of Southwark’.

Name changes have been preserved in this table of raw data but regularized for the purpose of calculations. Thus Hexham diocese, which changed its name to the diocese of Hexham and Newcastle in 1861, has been assigned the ‘diocesan- group’ name of Hexham and Newcastle throughout. Similarly, the diocese of Newport and Menevia, which became Newport diocese in 1896, is treated for computational purposes as the ‘diocesan group’ of Newport. The diocese of (p.175) Shrewsbury, which ceased to include northern Wales under its jurisdiction from 1896, has been adjusted for the earlier period by omitting the figures given for the churches of northern Wales even before 1896, so that comparisons can be made of the number of devotions offered in the English portion of Shrewsbury diocese over time.

In two cases, it has not been possible to accommodate minor diocesan changes so easily; but these hardly affect the overall picture. Jurisdiction over the area of Leyland shifted from Salford to Liverpool diocese in 1852, but this change has not been taken into account in the figures given, since no county breakdown in the figures for the diocese is given for 1851 in the Directory; neither have the figures for the Scilly Isles, which were added to the diocese of Plymouth in 1853, been traced for 1851.

The information given in Table 1 represents the raw statistical information which has been used to calculate the proportion of churches within each diocese which offered various devotions, figures which (in order to allow for comparisons easily to be made across dioceses and over time) are more vividly represented by the figures which follow. This table is therefore given primarily for reference purposes, and may be used for a more detailed examination of the devotional information gleaned from the Catholic Directory which the figures illustrate. (p.176)

TABLE 1. Devotional Statistics of the churches, chapels, and stations in England and Wales, 1850–IQ 14

Year

Diocese name

Catechizing

Public Rosary

Benediction

Confraternities, sodalities, and guilds

Confession

Exposition

Stations

Quarant’ore

Number of churches

Diocesan-group name

1851

Beverley

1

0

3

1

0

0

0

0

61

Beverley

1851

Birmingham

3

1

4

5

0

0

0

0

82

Birmingham

1851

Clifton

1

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

30

Clifton

1851

Hexham

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

56

Hexham & Newcastle

1851

Liverpool

5

2

6

4

0

0

0

0

Liverpool

1851

Newport & Menevia

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

13

Newport

1851

Northampton

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

26

Northampton

1851

Nottingham

1

1

2

1

0

0

0

0

42

Nottingham

1851

Plymouth

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

29

Plymouth

1851

Salford

3

1

4

3

0

0

0

0

Salford

1851

Shrewsbury

1

1

2

1

1

0

0

0

29

Shrewsbury

1851

Southwark

3

5

9

10

0

1

1

0

56

Southwark

1851

Westminster

9

3

15

9

3

1

0

0

47

Westminster

1855

Beverley

2

0

3

4

2

0

0

0

76

Beverley

1855

Birmingham

9

2

9

6

0

0

0

0

90

Birmingham

1855

Clifton

3

2

3

0

1

0

0

0

36

Clifton

1855

Hexham

3

0

4

9

1

0

0

0

59

Hexham & Newcastle

1855

Liverpool

8

7

11

6

3

0

2

0

88

Liverpool

1855

Newport & Menevia

2

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

35

Newport

1855

Northampton

2

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

28

Northampton

1855

Nottingham

1

0

3

1

0

0

0

0

40

Nottingham

1855

Plymouth

1

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

27

Plymouth

1855

Salford

8

3

9

3

1

0

0

0

44

Salford

1855

Shrewsbury

3

3

6

1

5

0

1

0

50

Shrewsbury

1855

Southwark

10

11

11

8

1

0

2

0

72

Southwark

1855

Westminster

17

11

22

23

15

0

2

0

54

Westminster

1860

Beverley

3

2

8

3

2

0

1

0

79

Beverley

1860

Birmingham

7

3

13

0

2

0

1

0

94

Birmingham

1860

Clifton

6

5

9

3

2

0

3

0

35

Clifton

1860

Hexham

9

3

9

17

4

0

4

0

66

Hexham & Newcastle

1860

Liverpool

12

7

14

0

2

0

4

0

94

Liverpool

1860

Newport & Menevia

6

5

8

0

0

0

2

0

35

Newport

1860

Northampton

4

1

5

4

1

0

1

0

30

Northampton

1860

Nottingham

8

3

5

0

0

0

1

0

47

Nottingham

1860

Plymouth

3

2

6

0

0

0

0

0

33

Plymouth

1860

Salford

8

5

11

7

3

0

2

0

54

Saiford

1860

Shrewsbury

7

7

9

0

2

0

0

0

52

Shrewsbury

1860

Southwark

16

24

29

17

4

0

10

0

89

Southwark

1860

Westminster

25

17

39

33

22

2

10

1

59

Westminster

1865

Beverley

7

1

12

6

4

0

2

0

90

Beverley

1865

Birmingham

12

7

21

1

5

0

4

0

100

Birmingham

1865

Clifton

9

5

21

12

10

0

6

0

49

Clifton

1865

Hexham & Newcastle

7

4

12

25

6

0

3

0

81

Hexham & Newcastle

1865

Liverpool

20

19

29

7

13

1

8

0

110

Liverpool

1865

Menevia & Newport

9

5

14

0

1

1

4

0

42

Newport

1865

Northampton

10

1

11

6

3

0

1

0

36

Northampton

1865

Nottingham

11

3

12

0

3

0

2

0

52

Nottingham

1865

Plymouth

6

4

16

2

2

0

1

0

35

Plymouth

1865

Salford

16

9

21

10

6

0

3

0

70

Salford

1865

Shrewsbury

10

9

18

0

2

0

3

0

59

Shrewsbury

1865

Southwark

32

32

55

40

19

14

16

6

100

Southwark

1865

Westminster

32

29

64

108

41

8

25

1

117

Westminster

1870

Beverley

9

1

8

3

5

0

1

0

107

Beverley

1870

Westminster

20

9

34

0

0

0

10

0

114

Birmingham

1870

Clifton

14

7

19

17

13

0

8

0

53

Clifton

1870

Hexham & Newcastle

12

7

15

28

4

0

3

0

94

Hexham & Newcastle

1870

Liverpool

34

29

46

19

19

0

13

0

130

Liverpool

1870

Menevia & Newport

16

14

24

5

4

1

4

0

46

Newport

1870

Northampton

12

2

14

9

3

0

2

0

49

Northampton

1870

Nottingham

11

5

14

2

5

0

2

0

64

Nottingham

1870

Plymouth

11

8

17

6

2

0

5

0

41

Plymouth

1870

Salford

15

11

26

37

8

0

6

0

95

Salford

1870

Shrewsbury

15

11

21

17

11

0

5

0

73

Shrewsbury

1870

Southwark

27

34

50

54

22

15

22

6

159

Southwark

1870

Westminster

46

29

64

143

47

10

28

0

126

Westminster

1875

Beverley

5

1

10

3

8

0

1

0

109

Beverley

1875

Birmingham

19

17

44

0

0

0

10

0

103

Birmingham

1875

Clifton

11

8

20

15

7

0

7

0

38

Clifton

1875

Hexham & Newcastle

7

4

19

26

2

1

3

0

91

Hexham & Newcastle

1875

Liverpool

25

31

51

27

22

0

14

0

122

Liverpool

1875

Newport & Menevia

4

13

24

6

4

1

7

0

56

Newport

1875

Northampton

8

4

14

11

0

1

1

0

40

Northampton

1875

Nottingham

10

9

19

14

6

0

3

0

58

Nottingham

1875

Plymouth

8

9

22

3

2

0

4

0

36

Plymouth

1875

Salford

16

22

53

49

9

1

4

0

83

Salford

1875

Shrewsbury

6

8

28

12

10

0

2

0

70

Shrewsbury

1875

Southwark

24

31

66

70

23

1

24

6

134

Southwark

1875

Westminster

28

28

69

169

29

13

25

0

101

Westminster

1880

Birmingham

25

18

53

14

1

0

10

0

108

Birmingham

1880

Clifton

7

10

25

31

28

0

6

0

41

Clifton

1880

Hexham & Newcastle

6

6

23

41

3

0

3

0

104

Hexham & Newcastle

1880

Leeds

4

3

5

2

5

0

1

0

74

Beverley

1880

Liverpool

31

32

54

52

31

0

15

0

141

Liverpool

1880

Middlesbrough

1

1

7

3

3

0

1

0

47

Beverley

1880

Newport & Menevia

13

9

24

4

3

0

4

0

58

Newport

1880

Northampton

7

4

19

13

0

0

0

0

47

Northampton

1880

Nottingham

28

16

34

30

15

0

7

0

76

Nottingham

1880

Plymouth

9

11

24

8

3

0

7

0

37

Plymouth

1880

Salford

15

24

68

54

8

1

1

0

104

Salford

1880

Shrewsbury

3

7

23

21

10

0

1

0

71

Shrewsbury

1880

Southwark

14

34

73

90

31

3

18

6

145

Southwark

1880

Westminster

33

27

70

193

53

17

24

0

105

Westminster

1885

Birmingham

30

30

68

24

2

1

3

0

118

Birmingham

1885

Clifton

11

11

37

7

32

0

5

0

44

Clifton

1885

Hexham & Newcastle

7

13

40

22

3

0

5

0

108

Hexham & Newcastle

1885

Leeds

8

5

11

5

7

0

0

0

83

Beverley

1885

Liverpool

86

115

125

26

34

0

8

0

145

Liverpool

1885

Middlesbrough

0

2

8

3

4

0

0

0

52

Beverley

1885

Newport & Menevia

17

13

28

4

4

0

2

0

67

Newport

1885

Northampton

7

6

25

2

4

0

0

0

51

Northampton

1885

Nottingham

23

22

49

9

21

0

1

0

91

Nottingham

1885

Plymouth

10

20

30

5

5

0

5

0

45

Plymouth

1885

Portsmouth

6

15

32

6

12

0

3

0

62

Southwark

1885

Salford

22

33

90

6

21

3

1

0

108

Salford

1885

Shrewsbury

6

20

45

5

20

0

3

0

74

Shrewsbury

1885

Southwark

21

35

73

43

52

1

7

0

100

Southwark

1885

Westminster

36

25

84

102

48

14

18

0

115

Westminster

1890

Birmingham

28

35

73

15

2

0

1

0

121

Birmingham

1890

Clifton

11

11

34

7

28

0

5

0

45

Clifton

1890

Hexham & Newcastle

5

13

38

21

5

0

4

0

111

Hexham & Newcastle

1890

Leeds

8

6

15

6

8

0

0

0

86

Beverley

1890

Liverpool

109

134

142

31

38

0

8

0

152

Liverpool

1890

Middlesbrough

2

6

14

6

6

0

0

0

57

Beverley

1890

Newport & Menevia

14

26

47

7

7

1

3

0

68

Newport

1890

Northampton

10

9

32

3

9

1

0

0

54

Northampton

1890

Nottingham

31

27

55

11

23

1

0

0

89

Nottingham

1890

Plymouth

19

28

43

3

10

1

7

0

52

Plymouth

1890

Portsmouth

14

20

46

12

19

1

3

0

67

Southwark

1890

Salford

22

35

90

13

24

1

1

0

111

Salford

1890

Shrewsbury

14

25

45

4

19

0

2

0

74

Shrewsbury

1890

Southwark

30

48

84

47

54

4

8

0

111

Southwark

1890

Westminster

33

26

73

103

51

15

21

0

124

Westminster

1895

Birmingham

28

36

76

29

4

1

1

0

131

Birmingham

1895

Clifton

13

16

39

15

32

1

7

0

46

Clifton

1895

Hexham & Newcastle

7

21

48

34

8

0

4

0

115

Hexham & Newcastle

1895

Leeds

9

7

20

8

9

0

0

0

89

Beverley

1895

Liverpool

121

140

151

37

45

0

7

0

162

Liverpool

1895

Middlesbrough

2

8

16

7

9

0

0

0.

61

Beverley

1895

Newport & Menevia

22

24

41

10

10

0

4

0

67

Newport

1895

Northampton

13

13

33

3

8

0

0

0

61

Northampton

1895

Nottingham

41

28

57

7

34

2

0

0

91

Nottingham

1895

Plymouth

20

26

39

4

13

3

5

0

52

Plymouth

1895

Portsmouth

16

30

54

17

24

2

2

0

77

Southwark

1895

Salford

26

45

104

26

28

2

1

0

117

Salford

1895

Shrewsbury

15

25

45

4

22

0

3

0

78

Shrewsbury

1895

Southwark

44

60

105

62

71

7

7

0

141

Southwark

1895

Westminster

53

41

99

137

67

17

22

0

135

Westminster

1900

Birmingham

36

44

82

27

9

1

3

0

134

Birmingham

1900

Clifton

15

13

36

17

27

3

7

0

50

Clifton

1900

Hexham & Newcastle

10

24

63

43

7

0

4

0

123

Hexham & Newcastle

1900

Leeds

9

13

23

9

9

0

0

0

91

Beverley

1900

Liverpool

113

135

144

36

46

0

11

0

171

Liverpool

1900

Middlesbrough

3

10

19

8

10

0

0

0

63

Beverley

1900

Newport

22

20

31

11

8

0

4

0

56

Newport

1900

Northampton

17

17

38

2

14

0

1

0

63

Northampton

1900

Nottingham

48

27

63

7

33

1

0

0

121

Nottingham

1900

Plymouth

25

26

39

5

21

2

4

0

52

Plymouth

1900

Portsmouth

20

34

57

16

36

2

3

0

77

Southwark

1900

Salford

26

43

105

40

31

2

1

0

126

Salford

1900

Shrewsbury

11

25

41

3

17

0

1

0

58

Shrewsbury

1900

Southwark

45

62

113

54

78

5

3

0

152

Southwark

1900

Westminster

65

41

100

128

79

17

19

0

153

Westminster

1905

Birmingham

42

48

99

27

17

1

4

0

135

Birmingham

1905

Clifton

20

18

48

22

35

3

8

0

56

Clifton

1905

Hexham & Newcastle

11

28

89

38

11

0

4

0

128

Hexham & Newcastle

1905

Leeds

15

14

32

12

14

0

1

0

102

Beverley

1905

Liverpool

120

150

161

43

50

1

10

0

185

Liverpool

1905

Middlesbrough

5

10

19

8

11

0

0

0

67

Beverley

1905

Newport

24

24

39

13

8

0

5

0

69

Newport

1905

Northampton

19

19

44

3

17

0

1

0

65

Northampton

1905

Nottingham

48

30

71

8

44

0

1

0

97

Nottingham

1905

Plymouth

24

29

51

3

25

2

3

0

62

Plymouth

1905

Portsmouth

22

36

61

13

41

2

3

0

83

Southwark

1905

Salford

25

46

116

49

36

1

1

0

138

Salford

1905

Shrewsbury

16

30

39

3

19

0

1

0

60

Shrewsbury

1905

Southwark

57

78

156

59

99

13

1

0

180

Southwark

1905

Westminster

66

44

112

125

82

18

20

0

168

Westminster

1910

Birmingham

45

62

113

29

25

2

5

0

144

Birmingham

1910

Clifton

25

19

46

20

37

2

7

0

63

Clifton

1910

Hexham & Newcastle

17

26

104

42

15

0

4

0

139

Hexham & Newcastle

1910

Leeds

25

34

63

14

32

1

3

0

109

Beverley

1910

Liverpool

127

154

168

49

57

1

11

0

183

Liverpool

1910

Middlesbrough

10

15

30

12

25

0

0

0

67

Beverley

1910

Newport

22

28

44

13

10

0

4

0

77

Newport

1910

Northampton

20

18

60

3

30

0

2

0

73

Northampton

1910

Nottingham

49

30

75

14

55

0

2

0

106

Nottingham

1910

Plymouth

27

38

57

3

29

3

2

0

62

Plymouth

1910

Portsmouth

29

38

66

15

45

2

2

0

99

Southwark

1910

Salford

29

47

112

53

40

1

0

0

139

Salford

1910

Shrewsbury

18

36

48

4

26

0

1

0

63

Shrewsbury

1910

Southwark

82

89

175

68

136

8

3

0

217

Southwark

1910

Westminster

80

55

142

161

107

24

16

0

176

Westminster

1914

Birmingham

44

70

119

36

70

2

4

0

153

Birmingham

1914

Clifton

22

23

49

19

51

4

4

0

71

Clifton

1914

Hexham & Newcastle

19

29

112

61

101

0

3

0

148

Hexham & Newcastle

1914

Leeds

30

32

72

22

62

1

2

0

116

Beverley

1914

Liverpool

125

156

175

63

80

1

12

0

185

Liverpool

1914

Middlesbrough

10

18

33

10

30

1

0

0

68

Beverley

1914

Newport

26

28

48

17

21

0

3

0

76

Newport

1914

Northampton

24

17

59

5

48

0

2

0

77

Northampton

1914

Nottingham

52

34

75

15

66

0

2

0

98

Nottingham

1914

Plymouth

28

42

61

3

48

4

2

0

77

Plymouth

1914

Portsmouth

32

38

75

15

65

2

3

0

IOI

Southwark

1914

Salford

33

56

124

61

75

1

0

0

145

Salford

1914

Shrewsbury

19

36

48

6

34

0

1

0

60

Shrewsbury

1914

Southwark

95

91

184

83

165

11

3

0

222

Southwark

1914

Westminster

94

54

159

167

147

30

13

0

192

Westminster

Note: A dash indicates no information in the Directory.

(p.177) (p.178) (p.179) (p.180) (p.181) (p.182)