Making Good Subjects
This chapter focuses on public instruction, and the role of the Church. The Austrian administration sought to use the state school system to fashion the Venetian population into loyal subjects of the Emperor. At a higher level, the University of Padua was supposed to form elites, who could be integrated into the Habsburg machinery of government. Meanwhile, despite occasional tensions with the ecclesiastical hierarchy, good relations were cultivated with the Church as a means of winning the hearts of Venetians of all classes. Ultimately these policies largely misfired. Most poor Venetians still remained virtually untouched by the education system; Padua produced too many graduates to be accommodated by the bureaucracy, many of whom became hostile to the regime because of frustrated careerism; and priests played a key role in fomenting the unrest, which turned into insurrection in 1848.
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