(p. 354 ) Post 1948 Printed Books and Articles
Note: The place of publication for books is London, unless otherwise stated.
Abbott, A., The System of Professions. An Essay on the Division of Expert Labour (Chicago, 1988).
Abel-Smith, B., and Gales, K., British Doctors at Home and Abroad (1964).
—— and Stevens, R., Lawyers and the Courts (1967).
Able, R. L., The Legal Profession in England and Wales (Oxford, 1988).
Adams, D. P., ‘Community and Professionalization: General Practitioners and Ear, Nose and Throat Specialisms in Cincinatti, 1945–1947’, BHM, 68 (1994).
Alexander, W., First Ladies of Medicine (Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine, Glasgow, 1987).
Anderson, O., Suicide in Victorian and Edwardian England (Oxford, 1987).
Archer, F., The Village Doctor (Gloucester, 1986).
Armstrong, D., Political Anatomy of the Body. Medical Knowledge in Britain in the Twentieth Century (Cambridge, 1983).
—— ‘The Rise of Surveillance Medicine’, Sociology of Health and Illness, 17 (1995).
Arnold, D., ‘Introduction’, in Arnold, D. (ed.), Warm Climates and Western Medicine: the Emergence of Tropical Medicine, 1500–1900 (Amsterdam, 1996).
Balint, M., The Doctor, his Patient and the Illness (2nd edn., 1968).
Barber, G., Country Doctor (1973).
Bartrip, P. W. J., Mirror of Medicine. A History of the British Medical Journal (Oxford, 1990).
—— Themselves Writ Large. The British Medical Association, 1832–1966 (1996).
Berridge, V., and Edwards, G., Opium and the People. Opiate Use in Nineteenth-Century England (1981).
Bird, B., Talking with Patients (Philadelphia, 1955).
Bligh, M., Dr Eurich of Bradford (Bradford, 1960).
Bodkin, N. et al, ‘The General Practitioner and the Psychiatrist’, BMJ, ii (1953).
Bonner, T. N., ‘Abraham Flexner as Critic of British and Continental Medical Education’, MH, 33 (1989).
—— Becoming a Physician. Medical Education in Britain, France, Germany, and the United States, 1750–1945 (Oxford, 1995).
—— To the Ends of the Earth: Women's Search for Education in Medicine (Cambridge, Mass., 1992).
Bowden, R. E. M., ‘The Medical Women's Federation, 1917–87, Its Antecedents, Past Present and Future’, Medical Women, 6 (1987).
Boyd, R., and Richerson, P. J., Culture and the Evolutionary Process (Chicago, 1985).
Bradford Hill, A., ‘The Doctor's Pay and Day’, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, civ (1951).
Bradley, J., Crowther, A., and Dupree, M., ‘Mobility and Selection in Scottish University Medical Education’, MH, 40 (1996).
Brockliss, L., ‘The Professions and National Identity’, in Brockliss, L., and Eastwood, D. (eds.), A Union of Multiple Identities, The British Isles, c.1750–1850 (Manchester, 1997).
Brockway, F., Bermondsey Story (1949).
Bryne, P. S., and Long, B. E. L., Doctors talking to Patients (1976).
(p. 355 ) Butler, S. V. P., ‘A Transformation in Training: the Formation of University Medical Faculties in Manchester, Leeds and Liverpool, 1820–1884’, MH, 30 (1986).
Cartwright, A., Patients and their Doctors (1967).
Cavenagh, A. M., ‘Role of the General-practitioner Maternity Unit: 1000 Deliveries Analysed’, in The New General Practice (BMA, 1968).
Cawson, A., Corporatism and Political Theory (1986).
Chadwick, O., The Victorian Church, Part II, 1860–1901 (1970).
Chamberlain, M., Old Wives Tales (1981).
Chapman, S., Jesse Boot of Boots the Chemist (1973).
Cherry, S., Medical Services and the Hospitals in Britain, 1860–1939 (1996).
Cockram, J., ‘The Federation and the BMA’, Journal of MWF, (1967).
Collings, J. S., ‘General Practice in England Today, A Reconnaissance’, Lancet, 25 March 1950.
Collins, K., Go and Learn. The International Story of Jews and Medicine in Scotland (Aberdeen, 1988).
Collins, R., ‘Market Closure and the Conflict Theory in the Professions’, in Burrage, M., and Torstendahl, R. (eds.), Professions in Theory and History (1990).
Cope, Z., ‘The Influence of the Free Dispensaries upon Medical Education in Britain’, MH, 13 (1969).
Corfield, P., Power and the Professions in Britain, 1700–1850 (1995).
Cox, A., Among the Doctors (c. 1949).
Crowther, M. A., and Dupree, M., ‘The Invisible General Practitioner: the Careers of Scottish Medical Students in the late Nineteenth Century’, BHM, 70 (1996).
Cule, J. (ed.), Wales and Medicine. An Historical Survey (Cardiff, 1975).
Cunningham, H., The Volunteers (1975).
Davidoff, L., and Hall, C., Family Fortunes (1987).
Davies, N. N., ‘Two and a Half Centuries of Medical Practice. A Welsh Medical Dynasty’, in Cule, J. (ed.), Wales and Medicine. An Historical Survey (Cardiff, 1975).
Dickson Carr, J., The Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1949).
Digby, A., Pauper Palaces (1978).
—— ‘New Schools for the Middle Class Girl’, in P. Searby (ed.), Educating the Middle Classes (1982).
—— and Bosanquet, N., ‘Doctors and Patients in an Era of National Health Insurance and Private Practice’, Economic History Review, 2nd series, xli, (1988).
—— Making a Medical Living. Doctors and Patients in the English Market for Medicine, 1720–1911 (Cambridge, 1994).
—— ‘“A Medical El Dorado”? Colonial Medical Incomes and Practice at the Cape’, SHM, 8 (1995).
—— ‘Medicine and the English State, 1901–1948’, in Green, S. J. D., and Whiting, R. C. (eds.), The Boundaries of the State in Modern Britain (Cambridge, 1996).
—— ‘The Economic Significance of the 1911 Act’, in Waddington, K. and Hardy, A. (eds.), Financing British Medicine (forthcoming, Amsterdam, 1999).
Dingwall, R., Rafferty, A. M., and Webster, C., An Introduction to the Social History of Nursing (1988).
Donnison, J., Midwives and Medical Men: A History of Inter-Professional Rivalries and Women's Rights (1977).
(p. 356 ) Dopson, L., The Changing Scene in General Practice (1971).
Duman, D., The English and Colonial Bars (1983).
Dupree, M., ‘Other than healing: Medical Practitioners and the Business of Life Assurance during the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries’ SHM, 10 (1) 1997.
Dyason, D., ‘The Medical Profession in Colonial Victoria’, in MacLeod, R., and Lewis, M. (eds.), Disease, Medicine and Empire. Perspectives on Western Medicine and the Experience of European Expansion (1988).
Dyhouse, C., No Distinction of Sex? Women in British Universities, 1870–1939 (1995).
Eckstein, H., Pressure Group Politics. The Case of the British Medical Association (1960).
—— The English Health Service. Its Origins, Structure and Achievements (Cambridge (Mass.), 1964).
Eder, N. R., National Health Insurance and the Medical Profession in Britain, 1913–1939 (1982).
Eimert, T. S., and Pearson, R. J. C., ‘Working Time in General Practice: How General Practitioners Use Their Time’, BMJ, ii (1966).
Elliott-Binns, C., The Story of a Northamptonshire Practice, 1845–1992 (Northampton, 1992).
English, B. H., Four Generations of a Whitby Medical Family (Whitby, 1977).
Evans, B., Freedom to Choose: the Life and Work of Dr Helena Wright, Pioneer of Contraception (1984).
Evans, E., ‘Englishness and Britishness. National identities, 1790–1870’, in Grant, A. and Stringer, K. J. (eds.), Uniting the Kingdom? The Making of British History (1995).
Evans, R. J., Rereading German History. From Unification to Reunification, 1800–1996 (1997).
Evans, W. A., ‘Dr Evan Pierce of Denbigh’, Transactions of the Denbighshire Historical Society, 15 (1966).
Fairfield, L., ‘Medical Women in the Forces. Part 1. Women Doctors in the British Forces, 1914–18 War’, Journal of MWF (1967).
Feinstein, C. H., Statistical Tables of National Income, Expenditure and Output of the U.K., 1855–1965 (Cambridge, 1972).
Fitton, F., and Acheson, H. W. K., Doctor/Patient Relationship. A Study in General Practice (1979).
Fleetwood, J. F., The History of Medicine in Ireland (Dublin, 1983).
Foster, W. D., ‘The Finances of a Victorian General Practitioner’, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 66 (1973).
Fox, D. M., Health Policies Health Politics: The British and American Experiences, 1911–1965 (Princeton, 1986).
Fraser, F., The British Postgraduate Medical Federation (1967).
Freeden, M., ‘The Stranger at the Feast: Ideology and Public Policy in Twentieth-Century Britain’, Twentieth Century British History, 1 (1990).
Fry, J., General Practice. The Facts (1993).
Gilbert, B. B., The Evolution of National Insurance in Britain (1966).
Gittins, D., Fair Sex. Family Size and Structure, 1900–1939 (1982).
Goebel, T., ‘American Medicine and the “Organizational Synthesis”: Chicago Physicians and the Business of Medicine, 1900–1920’, BHM, 68 (1994).
(p. 357 ) Glynn, A., Elinor Glynn—A Biography (1955).
Gray, D. Pereira (ed.), Forty Years On. The Story of the First Forty Years of the Royal College of General Practitioners (1992).
Haig, A., The Victorian Clergy (1984).
Hale, G., and Roberts, N., A Doctor in Practice (1974).
Hall, D. L., Science as Process (Chicago, 1988).
Haller, J. S., American Medicine in Transition, 1840–1910 (Urbana, 1981).
Halsey, A. H. (ed.), British Social Trends since 1900 (1988).
Hamilton, L., ‘The Distribution of Capital among the Medical Profession in England and Wales, 1940–1’, Bulletin of the Institute of Statistics, Oxford, 12 (1950).
Hardy, A., ‘“Death is the Cure of all Diseases”: Using the General Register Office Cause of Death Statistics for 1837–1920’, SHM, 7 (1994).
Harris, J., Private Lives, Public Spirit. A Social History of Britain, 1870–1914 (Oxford, 1993).
Hawkins, M., Social Darwinism and European and American Thought, 1860–1945 (Cambridge, 1997).
Haynes, D. M., ‘Social Status and Imperial Service: Tropical Medicine and the British Medical Profession in the Nineteenth Century’, in Arnold, D. (ed.), Warm Climates and Western Medicine: the Emergence of Tropical Medicine, 1500–1900 (Amsterdam, 1996).
Hennock, E. P., ‘The Origins of British National Insurance and the German Precedent, 1880–1914’, in Mommsen, W. J. (ed.), The Emergence of the Welfare State in Britain and Germany, 1850–1950 (1981).
—— British Social Reform and German Precedents. The Case of Social Insurance, 1880–1914 (Oxford, 1987).
Hewetson, J., ‘Before and After the Appointed Day’, BMJ, 287 (1983).
Higonnet, M. R. et al. (eds.), Behind the Lines: Gender and the Two World Wars (New Haven, 1987).
Hill, B., ‘The Doctor's Pay and Day’, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, cxiv (1951).
Hollis, P., ‘Women in Council’, in Rendall, J. (ed.), Equal or Different. Women's Politics, 1800–1914 (Oxford, 1987).
Holloway, S., ‘The Apothecaries Act, 1815: A Reinterpretation. Part II The Consequences of the Act’, MH, 10 (1966).
Holloway, S. W. F., ‘The Regulation of the Supply of Drugs in Britain before 1868’, in Porter, R., and Teich, M. (eds.), Drugs and Narcotics in History (Cambridge, 1995).
Honigsbaum, F., The Division in British Medicine: A History of the Separation of General Practice from Hospital Care, 1911–1968 (1979).
—— Health, Happiness and Security: The Creation of the National Health Service (1989).
Huerkamp, C., ‘The Making of the Modern Medical Profession, 1800–1914: Prussian Doctors in the Nineteenth Century’, in Cocks, G., and Jarausch, K. H. (eds.), German Professions, 1800–1950 (Oxford, 1990).
Hutton, I., Memoirs of a Doctor in War and Peace (1960).
Inkster, I., ‘Marginal Men: Aspects of the Social Role of the Medical Community in Sheffield, 1790–1850’, in Woodward, J., and Richards, D. (eds.), Health Care and (p. 358 ) Popular Medicine in Nineteenth Century England: Essays in the Social History of Medicine (1977).
Jalland, P. (ed.), The Autobiography of Octavia Wilberforce (1989).
Jarausch, K. H., ‘The German Professions in History and Theory’, in Cocks, G., and Jarausch, K. H., German Professions, 1800–1950 (Oxford, 1990).
—— The Unfree Profession: German Lawyers, Teachers and Engineers, 1900–1950 (Oxford, 1990).
Jefferys, M., and Sachs, M., Rethinking General Practice: Dilemmas in Primary Medical Care (1983).
Jenkinson, J., ‘The Role of the Medical Societies in the Rise of the Scottish Medical Profession, 1730–1939’, SHM 4 (1991).
Jewkes, J. and S., The Genesis of the British NHS (Oxford, 1962).
Johnson, T. J., Professions and Power (1972).
Jones, H., Health and Society in Twentieth Century Britain (1994).
Kelly, A., The Descent of Darwin: The Popularization of Darwinism in Germany, 1860–1914 (Chapel Hill, 1981).
King, L. S., ‘Signs and Symptoms’, Journal of the American Medical Association 206 (1965).
Kirk, H., Portrait of a Profession. A History of the Solicitor's Profession 1100 to the Present Day (1976).
Kitson Clark, G., Churchmen and the Condition of England, 1832–1885 (1973).
Klein, R., The Politics of the National Health Service (2nd edn., 1983).
Knapman, G. J., Care for the Caring. Medical Sickness Annuity and Life Assurance Society Limited, 1884–1984 (1984).
Kunitz, S. J., ‘The Personal Physician and the Decline of Mortality’, in Schofield, R., Reher, D., Bideau, A. (eds.), The Decline of Mortality in Europe (Oxford, 1991).
Lane, J., Apprenticeship in England (1996).
Lawrence, C., Medicine in the Making of Modern Britain, 1700–1920 (1994).
Lawrence, S. C., ‘Private Enterprise and Public Interest: Medical Education and the Apothecaries Act’, in French, R. and Wear, A. (eds.), British Medicine in an Age of Reform (1992).
Levine, P., Victorian Feminism (1987).
Lewis, J., The Politics of Motherhood (1980).
—— and Brookes, B., ‘The Peckham Health Centre, “PEP”, and the Concept of General Practice during the 1930s and 1940s’, MH, 27 (1983).
Lewis, J. R., The Victorian Bar (1982).
Lewis, R., and Maude, A., Professional People (1952).
Lilly, R. G., An Account of Rural Medical Practice from the 18th Century Onwards in Long Buckby, Northamptonshire (Dunton Bassett, 1993).
Lindsay, A., Socialized Medicine in England and Wales: The National Health Service, 1948-1961 (Chapel Hill, 1962).
Lodge, F. E., ‘Reminiscences from a Fenland Practice’, BMJ, 289 (1984).
Loudon, I., ‘The Historical Importance of Outpatients’, BMJ, i (1978).
—— ‘A Doctor's Cash Book: The Economy of General Practice in the 1830s’, MH 27 (1983).
—— ‘The Concept of the Family Doctor’, BHM, 58 (1984).
—— Medical Care and the General Practitioner (Oxford, 1986).
(p. 359 ) —— Death in Childbirth. An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality, 1800–1950 (Oxford, 1992).
—— ‘Death in Childbed from the Eighteenth Century to 1935’, MH, 30 (1986).
—— ‘Childbirth’, in Loudon, I. (ed.), Western Medicine. An Illustrated History (Oxford 1997).
Lovejoy, E. P., and Reid, A. C., ‘The Medical Women's International Association: an Historical Sketch’, Journal of the American Medial Women's Association (1951).
McClelland, C. E., The German Experience of Professionalization (Cambridge, 1991).
McKendrick, N., Brewer, J., and Plumb, J. H. (eds.), The Birth of a Consumer Society: the Commercialization of Eighteenth-Century England (1982).
McLachlan, G. (ed.), Medical Education and Medical Care (Oxford , 1977).
—— (ed.), Improving the Common Weal. Aspects of the Scottish Health Services, 1900–1984 (Edinburgh, 1987).
Madison, D. L., ‘Preserving Individualism in the Organisational Society: “Cooperation” and American Medical Practice, 1900–1920’, BHM, 70 (1996).
Mair, A., Sir James Mackenzie, MD. General Practitioner (1972).
Manton, J., Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1965).
Marland, H., Medicine and Society in Wakefield and Huddersfield, 1780–1870 (Cambridge, 1987).
Marks, L., ‘Mothers, Babies and Hospitals: “The London” and the Provision of Maternity Care in East London, 1870–1939’, in Fildes, V., Marks, L., and Marland, H. (eds.), Women and Children First (1992).
—— Metropolitan Maternity: Maternal and Infant Welfare Services in Early Twentieth Century London (1996).
Marsh, D. C., The Changing Social Structure of England and Wales 1871–1961 (1958).
Miley, U., and Pickstone, J. V., ‘Medical Botany Around 1850: American Medicine in Industrial Britain’, in Cooter, R. (ed.), Studies in the History of Alternative Medicine (Oxford, 1988).
Mitchell, B. R., Abstract of British Historical Statistics (Cambridge, 1962 and 1988).
Mokyr, J., The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress (Oxford, 1990).
Morantz-Sanchez, R. M., Sympathy and Science: Women Physicians in American Medicine (Oxford, 1985).
Morgan, K. O., Labour in Power, 1945–1951 (Oxford, 1985).
Morris, A. D., ‘Two Colliery Doctors. The Brothers Armstrong of Treorchy’, in Cule, J. (ed.), Wales and Medicine. An Historical Survey (Cardiff, 1975).
Morris-Jones, H., ‘The Country Doctor of Fifty Years Ago’ Country Quests Autumn (1961).
Neill, J. G., ‘Married Women Doctors’ Royal Free Hospital Journal, xxvi, (1964).
Newman, C., ‘The History of Postgraduate Medical Education at the West London Hospital’, MH, 10 (1966).
Nicholls, P. A., Homeopathy and the Medical Profession (1988).
Nugent, A., ‘Fit for Work: the Introduction of Physical Examinations in Industry’, BHM, 57 (1983).
O'Boyle, L., ‘The Problem of an Excess of Educated Men in Western Europe, 1800–1850’, Journal of Modern History, 42 (1970).
Odlum, D., ‘The Medical Women's International Association’, Journal of the MWF (1958).
(p. 360 ) Offer, A., Property and Politics, 1870–1914: Landownership, Law, Ideology and Urban Development in England (Cambridge, 1981).
—— ‘Between the Gift and the Market. The Economy of Regard’, Economic History Review, 1 (1997).
Ogston, D., W. D., and C. M., ‘Origins and Employment of the Medical Graduates of the University of Aberdeen, 1931–69’, BMJ, iv (1970).
Oppenheim, J., ‘Shattered Nerves’. Doctors, Patients and Depression in Victorian England (Oxford, 1991).
Oswald, N. T. A., ‘A Social Health Service Without Doctors’, SHM, 4 (1991).
Pelling, M., Cholera, Fever and English Medicine, 1825–1865 (Oxford, 1978).
Pemberton, J., Will Pickles of Wensleydale (1970).
Pensabene, T. A., The Rise of the Medical Profession in Victoria (1980).
Pereira Gray, D. (ed.), Forty Years On: The Story of the First Forty Years of the Royal College of General Practitioners (1992).
Peretz, E., ‘A Maternity Service for England and Wales: Local Authority Maternity Care in the Inter-War Period in Oxfordshire and Tottenham’, in Garcia, J., Kilpatrick, R., and Richards, M. (eds.), The Politics of Maternal Care (Oxford, 1990).
Perkin, H., ‘The Pattern of Social Transformation in England’, in Jarausch, K. H. (ed.), The Transformation of Higher Learning, 1860–1930 (Chicago, 1983).
—— The Rise of Professional Society. England Since 1880 (1989).
Perkins, B. B., ‘Shaping Institution-based Specialism: Early Twentieth-Century Economic Organisation of Medicine’, SHM, 10 (1997).
Perkins, H. J., ‘Middle-Class Education and Employment in the Nineteenth Century: A Critical Note’, Economic History Review, xiv (1961).
Peterson, M. J., The Medical Profession in Mid-Victorian London (Berkeley, 1978).
Pickles, W., Epidemiology in Country Practice (RCGP edn., 1984).
Porter, R., ‘The Patient's View: Doing Medical History from Below’, Theory and Society, 14 (1987).
—— Disease, Medicine and Society in England, 1550–1860 (1987).
—— and Hall, L., The Facts of Life. The Creation of Sexual Knowledge in Britain, 1650–1950 (1995).
Rankin, G., ‘Professional Organisation and the Development of Medical Knowledge: Two Interpretations of Homeopathy’, in Cooter, R. (ed.), Studies in the History of Alternative Medicine (1988).
Rankine, J., 150 Years in Country Practice (Romsey, 1982).
Rew, Mabel, ‘Looking Back’, Journal of the MWF (1967).
Rhodes James, R., Henry Wellcome (1994).
Richards, T., The Commodity Culture of Victorian England. Advertising a Spectacle, 1851–1914 (Stanford, 1990).
Robbins, K., ‘Core and Periphery in British History’, Proceedings of the British Academy, lxx, (1984).
—— Nineteenth-Century Britain. Integration and Diversity (Oxford, 1988).
—— ‘An Imperial and Multinational Polity. The “scene from the centre”, 1832–1922’, in Grant, A., and Stringer, K. J. (eds.), Uniting the Kingdom? The Making of British History (1995).
Roberts, E., A Woman's Place: An Oral History of Working-Class Women, 1890–1940 (Oxford, 1984).
(p. 361 ) Rodin, A. E., Medical Casebook of Dr A. Conan Doyle (Florida, 1984).
Rogers Hollingsworth, J., A Political Economy of Medicine: Great Britain and the United States (Baltimore, 1986).
Ross, J. S., The National Health Service in Great Britain (Oxford, 1952).
Rueschemeyer, D., Power and the Division of Labour (1986).
Sanderson, M., The Universities and British Industry, 1850–1970 (1972).
Siegrist, H., ‘Public Office or Free Profession? German Attorneys in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries’, in Cocks, G., and Jarausch, K. H. (eds.), German Professions, 1800–1950 (Oxford, 1990).
Singer, C., and Holloway, S. W. F., ‘Early Medical Education in England in Relation to the Pre-History of London University’, MH, 4 (1960).
Skocpol, T., ‘Bringing the State Back in: Strategies of Analysis in Current Research’, in Evans, P. B., Rueschemeyer, D., and Skocpol, T. (eds.), Bringing the State Back In (Cambridge, 1985).
Smith, F. B., The People's Health, 1830–1831 (1979).
Smith, R., ‘The Development of Guidance for Medical Practitioners by the General Medical Council’, MH, 33 (1993).
Stamp, W., ‘Doctor Himself’: An Unorthodox Biography of Harry Roberts, 1871–1946 (1949).
Starr, P., The Social Transformation of American Medicine (New York, 1982).
Stavert, G., A Study in Southsea: The Unrevealed Life of Dr Arthur Conan Doyle (Portsmouth, 1987).
Stephenson, J., ‘Women and the Professions in Germany, 1900–1945’, in Cocks, G., and Jaurausch, K. H. (eds.), German Professions, 1800-1950 (Oxford, 1990).
Stevens, R., Medical Practice in Modern England: The Impact of Specialization and State Medicine (New Haven, 1966).
Stewart, J., ‘“For a Healthy London”: The Socialist Medical Association and the London County Council in the 1930s’, MH, 42 (1997).
Stewart, R. E., Out of Practice: Memories of General Practice in Scotland During the 1950s (Southport, 1996).
Stone, D. A., ‘Physicians as Gatekeepers: Illness Certification as a Rationing Device’, Public Policy, xxvii (1979).
Sturdy, S., ‘The Political Economy of Scientific Medicine and Science: Education and the Transference of Medical Practice in Sheffield, 1890–1922’, MH, 36 (1992).
Supple, B., The Royal Exchange Assurance: A History of British Insurance, 1720–1970 (Cambridge, 1970).
Szasz, T. S., and Hollender, M. H., ‘A Contribution to the Philosophy of Medicine’, AMA Archives of Internal Medicine, 97 (1956).
Taylor, S., Good General Practice, (Nuffield Hospitals Trust, Oxford, 1954).
Thomas, J. R., and Griffiths, M., ‘Industrial Railways and Tramways of Flintshire’, Archives, 14 (1997).
Tudor Hart, J., A New Kind of Doctor: The General Practitioner's Part in the Health of the Community (1988).
Vaughan, P., Doctors Commons: A Short History of the British Medical Asso cation (1959).
Velden, H. van der, ‘The Dutch Health Services Before Compulsory Health Insurance, 1900–1914’ SHM, ix (1996).
Vromen, J. J., Economic Evolution: An Enquiry into the Foundations of New Institutional Economics (1995).
(p. 362 ) Waddington, I., ‘The development of Medical Ethics—A Sociological Analysis, MH, 19 (1975).
—— ‘General Practitioners and Consultants in Early Nineteenth Century England: The Sociology of an Intra-Professional Conflict’, in Woodward, J. and Richards, D. (eds.), Health Care and Popular Medicine in Nineteenth-Century England (1977).
—— The Medical Profession in the Industrial Revolution (1984).
Webster, C., ‘Labour and the Origins of the National Health Service’, in Rupke, N. A. (ed.), Science, Politics and the Public Good (1988).
—— The Health Services Since the War. Vol. 1. Problems of Health Care. The National Health Service Before 1957 (1988).
—— ‘Conflict and Consensus: Explaining the British Health Service’, Twentieth Century British History, 1 (1990).
—— ‘Doctors, Public Service and Profit: General Practitioners and the National Health Service’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th series, 40 (1990).
—— Government and Health Care. Vol. 2. Government and Health Care. The British National Health Service, 1958–1979 (1996).
Weindling, P., ‘Medical Practice in Imperial Berlin: the case book of Alfred Grotjahn’, BHM, 61 (1987).
—— ‘The Contribution of Central European Jews to Medical Science and Practice in Britain, during the 1930s–1950Ss’, in Carlebach, J., et al. (eds.), Second Chance: Two Centuries of German-speaking Jews in the United Kingdom (Tubingen, 1991).
—— ‘A Transfusion of Medical Expertise: Medical Refugees in Britain, 1930-1950’, Wellcome Trust Review, 4 (1995).
Weisz, G., ‘The Politics of Medical Professionalization in France, 1845–48’, Journal of Social History, 12 (1978–9).
Whiteside, J. S., ‘Private Agencies for Public Purposes: Some New Perspectives on Policy Making in Health Insurance Between the Wars’, Journal of Social Policy, 12 (1983).
Williams, J. H., G.P.s of Barry, 1885–1979, (Barry Medical Society, 1979).
Williams, D. I., ‘William Coulson: Victorian Virtues Handsomely Rewarded’, Journal of Medical Biography, 2 (1994).
Winter, J. M., The Great War and the British People (1986).
Witz, A., Professions and Patriarchy (1992).
Wood, C., Paradise Lost (1988).
Worswick, G. D. N., and Tipping, D. G., Profits in the British Economy (Oxford, 1967).
Wyn Jones, E., ‘Sir John Williams (1840–1926) His Background and Achievement’, in Cule, J. (ed.), Wales and Medicine: An Historical Survey (Cardiff, 1975).
Young, J. H., The Toadstool Millionaires (Princeton, 1961).
Zeldin, T., A History of the French Passions, 1848–1945 (2 vols., Oxford, 1993).
Zwanenberg, Van D., ‘The Training and Careers of those Apprenticed to Apothecaries in Suffolk, 1815–58’, MH, 27 (1983).