Rationalization and the ‘Production Miracle’ in Germany during the Second World War
The rationalisation of industrial production played a significant part in transforming the productive performance of all the major warring states between 1939 and 1945. Wartime economic pressure, brought about as a result of the high demand for industrial products and the limited resources available, compelled efforts to use industrial capacity more efficiently. Rationalisation in the context of war production meant the systematic saving of materials and manpower in order to achieve the highest possible quantities of output. This involved the application of modern mass-production techniques and the scientific management of labour and material resources, not with the profit motive in mind, but in order to approach as far as possible the optimum use of national resources for Germany's war effort.
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