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British Slave Emancipation$

Green William A.

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202783

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202783.001.0001

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(p.416) Bibliography

(p.416) Bibliography

British Slave Emancipation
Oxford University Press

THE most extensive bibliography for materials published on the West Indies in the twentieth century is Caribbeana 1900–1965: A Topical Bibliography (Seattle and London, 1968) compiled by Lambros Comitas. Lowell Joseph Ragatz’s A Guide for the Study of British Caribbean History, 1763–1834 (Washington, 1932) is a thorough and invaluable work. Its extensive annotated list of pamphlet literature on the slavery question is, in itself, a remarkable piece of scholarship. Ragatz has also published two lists of Parliamentary Papers on pre-emancipation: A Check List of House of Commons Sessional Papers Relating to the British West Indies and to the West Indian Slave Trade and Slavery, 1763–1834 (London, 1923); A Check List of House of Lords Sessional Papers Relating to the British West Indies and to the West Indian Slave Trade and Slavery, 1763–1834 (London, 1931). For Jamaica, Frank Cundall’s Bibliographia Jamaicensis (Kingston, 1902) is valuable for early writing on the colony. It includes pamphlets, magazine articles, and lists of newspapers and maps. Cundall’s Bibliography of the West Indies (Kingston, 1909) does not list works on Jamaica. Jerome S. Handler’s A Guide to Source Materials for the Study of Barbados History, 1627–1834 (Carbondale, 1971) is an important collection. Also, there is Barbadiana: A List of Works Pertaining to the History of the Island of Barbados: Prepared in the Public Library to Mark the Attainment of Independence (Bridgetown, 1966). The printed catalogues of special libraries provide important lists of West Indian publications. Among them are the Catalogue of the Library of the West India Committee and E. Lewin’s Subject Catalogue of the Royal Empire Society, vol. III. For doctoral dissertations on the West Indies, consult Enid M. Baa’s Theses on Caribbean Topics (Rio Piedras, 1970). A brief statement, ‘Public Records in British West India Islands’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research (1930) was written by Richard Pares. The second volume of the Cambridge History of the British Empire (Cambridge, 1940) offers an extensive list of Parliamentary Papers dealing with the British West India colonies.

I. Manuscript Sources

Public Record Office

Colonial Office records have provided the principal manuscript sources for this study. The following series have been examined for the period 1830–65:


C.O. 318

West Indies General, Immigration

C.O. 323

Colonies General, Law Officer’s Reports, Miscellaneous.

C.O. 320

Miscellanea, including material on education, the military, and plans for the abolition of slavery.

C.O. 854


C.O. 28

Original Correspondence, Barbados.

C.O. 111

Original Correspondence, British Guiana.

C.O. 137

Original Correspondence, Jamaica.

C.O. 295

Original Correspondence, Trinidad.

The series consulted selectively were:

C.O. 441

Encumbered Estates Commission.

C.O. 7

Original Correspondence, Antigua.

C.O. 239

Original Correspondence, St. Kitts.

C.O. 29

Entry Books, Barbados.

C.O. 112

Entry Books, British Guiana.

C.O. 138

Entry Books, Jamaica.

C.O. 142

Blue Books of Statistics, Jamaica.

C.O. 300

Blue Books of Statistics, Trinidad.

C.O. 33

Blue Books of Statistics, Barbados.

Missionary Archives

London Missionary Society Papers:

  • Diary of John Wray, 1811–15.

  • General Missionary Correspondence, British Guiana.

  • General Missionary Correspondence, Jamaica.

Methodist Missionary Society Papers:

  • General Missionary Correspondence, Leeward Islands.

Baptist Missionary Society Papers:

  • Phillippo Papers. Included among these is the missionary’s manuscript autobiography which constitutes a compilation of letters held together by a narrative.

  • Knibb Papers. This is a small collection of Knibb’s correspondence dating from 1825.

  • General Missionary Correspondence, Jamaica.

Private Papers

Newcastle Papers, University of Nottingham.

Russell Papers, Public Record Office, 30/22.

II. Printed Sources

Parliamentary Papers

In addition to the statistical data and the reports of various commissions and select committees, the Parliamentary Papers (p.418) contain a considerable portion of the original correspondence which passed between colonial governors and the Colonial Office. That correspondence was printed for Parliament either at the discretion of the Secretary of State or as a result of requests made by members of either House. It is important to observe, however, that the original correspondence which flowed in and out of the Colonial Office was occasionally edited to remove sensitive material before it was printed for Parliament. For a check list of papers pertaining to the British West Indies, consult the Cambridge History of the British Empire, vol. II.

Public General Statutes of the United Kingdom.

Hansard’s Parliamentary Debates, third series.

Votes of the Honorable House of Assembly. Jamaica (Selected volumes in the holdings of the Institute of Historical Research, London.)

The London Gazette

This publication was the official newspaper of the British Government. Orders in Council were printed in it, as were legal notices of West Indian estates being probated. Each issue printed the average price of muscovado in the London market.

III. Newspapers and Periodicals

In the documents of every colony maintained at the Public Record Office there is a series which includes newspapers among other miscellanea forwarded from the colonies. The British Museum’s Collindale Periodicals Library has a limited collection of West Indian newspapers, and there is a large holding of Jamaican newspapers and scattered collections from other islands at the Institute of Jamaica, Kingston. One of the most varied collections of newspapers for the Lesser Antilles in the mid-nineteenth century is held by the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts. For a check-list of that holding, see Waldo Lincoln, ‘List of Newspapers of the West Indies and Bermuda’, Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society (1926), 139–55.

The newspapers most consistently consulted for this study were:

  • The Times [London].

  • The Falmouth Post.

  • The Port of Spain Gazette.

  • The Guiana Chronicle.

The Anti-Slavery Monthly Reporter, 1825–36 is a valuable source of data and opinion on the West Indies and abolitionism. The title of the journal was shortened to The Anti-Slavery Reporter in the course of its publication.

(p.419) IV. Contemporary Books, Pamphlets, Etc.

An Abstract of the British West Indian Statutes for the Protection and Government of Slaves, London, 1830.

Allen, Grant. In All Shades. 3 vols. London, 1886.

Anderson, James. Report on Mechanical Improvements in Tropical Agriculture and the Manufacture of Sugar, Addressed to the President and Council of the Royal Agricultural Society of Jamaica, Kingston, 1845.

Anderson, James S. The History of the Church of England in the Colonies and Foreign Dependencies of the British Empire. 3 vols. London, 1856.

Anderson, William Wemyss. A Description and History of the Island of Jamaica, Comprising an Account of its Soil, Climate, and Productions, Shewing its Value and Importance as an Agricultural Country, and a Desirable Place of Residence for Certain Classes of Settlers, Kingston, 1851.

Andrews, E. W., and Andrews, C. McLean. Journal of a Lady of Quality: Being the Narrative of a Journey from Scotland to the West Indies, North Carolina, and Portugal in the Years 1774 to 1776. New Haven, 1921.

Baker, John. An Essay on the Art of Making Muscovado Sugar. London, 1775.

Barclay, Alexander. A Practical View of the Present State of Slavery in the West Indies. London, 1826.

——. Remarks on Emigration to Jamaica, Addressed to the Coloured Class of the United States. New York, 1840.

Barrett, William Garland. Immigration to the British West Indies. Is it the Slave-Trade Revived or Not? London, 1859.

Bayley, F. W. N. Four Years Residence in the West Indies. London, 1833.

Beaumont, Augustus H. The Jamaica Petition for Representation in the British House of Commons or for Independence. London, 1831.

Beckford, William A. A Descriptive Account of the Island of Jamaica. 2 vols. London, 1790.

Bell, John. A Practical Treatise on the Culture of Sugarcane. London, 1831.

Bessemer, Henry. On a New System of Manufacturing Sugar from the Cane and its Advantages as Compared with the Method Generally Used in the West Indies. London, 1852.

Bickell, R., Revd. The West Indies as They Are; Or a Real Pictur of Slavery. London, 1825.

Bigelow, John. Jamaica in 1850: Or the Effects of 16 Years of Freedom on a Slave Colony. New York, 1851.

(p.420) Biggs, J. Observations on the Manufacture of Sugar and Rum in Jamaica. London, 1843.

Bleby, Henry. Death Struggles of Slaves: Being a Narrative of Facts and Incidents which Occurred in a British Colony During the Two Years Immediately Preceding Negro Emancipation. London, 1853.

Blyth, George, Revd. Reminiscences of a Missionary Life with Suggestions to Churches and Missionaries. Edinburgh, 1851.

Brassey, Annie. In the Trades, The Tropics and the Roaring Forties. London, 1885.

Breen, Henry H. St. Lucia: Historical Statistical, and Descriptive. London, 1844.

Bridgens, R. West India Scenery, with Illustrations of Negro Character, the Process of Making Sugar, etc. London, 1839.

Bridges, George W., Revd. The Annals of Jamaica. 2 vols. London, 1827–8.

Brongkhurst, H. V. P. The Colony of British Guiana. London, 1883.

Buchner, J. H. The Moravians in Jamaica. History of the Mission of the United Brethren’s Church to the Negroes in the Island of Jamaica from the Year 1754 to 1854. London, 1854.

Burchell, William F. Memoir of Thomas Burchell, 22 Years a Missionary in Jamaica. London, 1849.

Burge, William. A Reply to the Letter by the Marquis of Sligo to the Marquis of Normanby, Relative to the Present State of Jamaica. London, 1839.

Burnley, W. H. Observations on the Present Condition of the Island of Trinidad. London, 1842.

Buxton, C. Slavery and Freedom in the British West Indies. London, 1860.

Caines, Clement. Letters on the Cultivation of the Otaheite Cane, etc. London, 1801.

Capadose, Henry. Sixteen Years in the West Indies. 2 vols. London, 1845.

Carbery, Edward. Inducements to the Colored People of the United States to Emigrate to British Guiana. Boston, 1840.

Carmighael, A. C. Domestic Manners and Social Condition of the White, Coloured and Negro Population of the West Indies. 2 vols. London, 1834.

Chandler, John. Extracts from the Journal of John Chandler, Whilst Travelling in Jamaica. London, 1841.

Clark, John, Dendy, Walter, and Phillippo, James Mursell. The Voice of Jubilee. A Narrative of the Baptist Mission, Jamaica from its Commencement. London, 1845.

Clarke, John. Memoir of Richard Merrick, Missionary in Jamaica. London, 1850.

(p.421) Clarkson, Thomas. A Letter to the Clergy of Various Denominations and to the Slave-Holding Planters in the Southern Parts of the United States of America. London, 1841.

——. Not a Labourer Wanted for Jamaica: to Which is Added, an Account of the Newly Erected Villages by the Peasantry There and Their Beneficial Results, and the Consequences of Re-Opening a New Slave Trade, as it Relates to Africa. London, 1842.

Coleridge, Henry Nelson. Six Months in the West Indies in 1825. London, 1826.

Cox, F. A., Revd. History of the Baptist Missionary Society from 1792 to 1842. 2 vols. London, 1842.

Cundall, Frank, ed. Lady Nugent’s Journal. London, 1934.

Dalton, Henry G. The History of British Guiana. 2 vols. London, 1855.

Davy, John. The West Indies, Before and Since Slave Emancipation. London, 1854.

Day, Charles W. Five Years Residence in the West Indies. London, 1852.

Debates in Parliament—Session 1833—on the Resolutions and Bill for the Abolition of Slavery in the British Colonies. London, 1834.

Denman, Joseph, Capt. R.N. West India Interest, African Emigration, and the Slave Trade. London, 1848.

DeVerteuil, L. A. A. Three Essays on the Cultivation of the Sugar Cane in Trinidad. Port of Spain, 1848.

——. Trinidad: Its Geography, Natural Resources, Administration, Present Condition, and Prospects. London, 1884.

Duncan, Peter, Revd. A Narrative of the Wesleyan Mission to Jamaica. London, 1849.

Edwards, Bryan. The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies, 3rd ed. 3 vols. London, 1801.

Emery, Robert. About Jamaica: its Past, Present, and its Future. London, 1859.

Evans, H. B. Our West India Colonies: Jamaica, A Source of National Wealth and Honour. London, 1855.

Evans, W. J. Sugar Planter’s Manual: Being a Treatise on the Art of Obtaining Sugar from the Sugar Cane. London, 1847.

Fergusson, W. A Letter to Thomas Fowell Buxton, Esq. London, 1839.

[Flanders, Mrs.]. Antigua and the Antiguans. 2 vols. London, 1844.

Foster, Henry B., Revd. Rise and Progress of Wesleyan Methodism in Jamaica. London, 1881.

Froude, James Anthony. The English in the West Indies. London, 1888.

Gamble, W. H., Revd. Trinidad, Historical and Descriptive. London, 1866.

(p.422) Gardner, W.J. History of Jamaica. London, 1873.

Godwin, Benjamin. On the Essential Sinfulness of Slavery, and its Direct Opposition to the Precepts and Spirit of Christianity: Papers Presented to the General Anti-Slavery Convention. London, 1840.

Gomm, Sir William. The Story of Newcastle, Jamaica. London, 1863.

Grainger, James, M.D. An Essay on the More Common West-Indian Diseases: to Which are Added, Some Hints of the Management, etc., of Negroes. Edinburgh, 1802.

Grey, Henry George, 3rd Earl. The Colonial Policy of Lord John Russell’s Administration. 2 vols. London, 1853.

Gurney, Joseph John. A Winter in the West Indies, Described in Familiar Letters to Henry Clay of Kentucky. London, 1840.

Halliday, Sir Andrew, M.D. The Natural and Physical History of the Windward and Leeward Colonies. London, 1837.

Harvey, Thomas, and Brewin, William. Jamaica in 1866. A Narrative of a Tour Through the Island with Remarks on its Social, Educational and Industrial Condition. London, 1867.

Henney, T. Eight Treatises on the Cultivation of the Sugar Cane. Spanish Town, 1843.

Hill, Richard. Lights and Shadows of Jamaica History. Kingston, 1859.

Hinton, John H. Memoir of William Knibb, Missionary in Jamaica. London, 1847.

Hodgson, Studholme, Capt. Truths from the West Indies. London, 1838.

Horsford, John, Revd. A Voice from the West Indies: Being a Review of the Character and Results of Missionary Efforts in the British and Other Colonies in the Caribbean Sea. London, 1856.

Hovey, Sylvester. Letters from the West Indies. New York, 1838.

Jelly, T. A Brief Enquiry into the Condition of Jamaica. London, 1847.

Jenkins, J. E. The Coolie, His Rights and Wrongs: Notes of a Journey to British Guiana. London, 1871.

Joseph, E. L. Warner Arundell: The Adventures of a Creole. 3 vols. London, 1838.

Kalley, Robert Reid. An Account of the Recent Persecutions in Madeira. London, 1844.

Kaye, Sir J. W. The Life and Correspondence of Charles, Lord Metcalfe. 2 vols. London, 1858.

Kerr, Thomas. A Practical Treatise on the Cultivation of the Sugarcane and the Manufacture of Sugar. London, 1847.

Kingsley, Charles. At Last: A Christmas in the West Indies. 2nd ed. London, 1889.

Laird, MacGregor. The Effect of an Alteration in the Sugar Duties on the Condition of the Negro Race Considered. London, 1844.

(p.423) Levi, L. On the Sugar Trade and Sugar Duties. London, 1864.

Lewis, Matthew Gregory. Journal of a West India Proprietor, Kept During a Residence in the Island of Jamaica. London, 1834.

Lugkock, B., Rev. Jamaica, Enslaved and Free. London, 1846.

MacRae, Alexander. A Manual of Plantership in British Guiana…With Some Suggestions for Improvement of the Present Practice. London, 1856.

McDonnell, Alexander. Considerations on Negro Slavery with Authentic Reports Illustrative of the Actual Condition of the Negroes in Demerara. London, 1824.

McKinnen, Daniel. Tour Through the British West Indies in the Years 1802 and 1803. London, 1804.

McMahon, Benjamin. Jamaica Plantership. London, 1839.

McQueen, James. The West India Colonies: the Calumnies and Misrepresentations Circulated Against Them by the Edinburgh Review, Mr. Cropper, etc., etc. London, 1824.

——. The Colonial Controversy. Glasgow, 1821.

——. A Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Glenelg on the West Indian Currency, Commerce, African Slave Trade, etc. London, 1838.

Madden, Richard R. A Twelvemonth’s Residence in the West Indies During the Transition from Slavery to Apprenticeship. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1835.

——. A Letter to W. C. Channing, on the Subject of the Abuse of the Flag of the United States in Cuba, and the Advantage Taken of its Protection in Promoting the Slave Trade. Boston, 1839.

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Mills, Arthur. Colonial Constitutions. London, 1856.

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——. A Charge Delivered in the Church of the Holy Trinity, Port of Spain, Trinidad, February 10, 1852. Barbados, 1852.

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VI. Unpublished Theses

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