THE most extensive bibliography for materials published on the West Indies in the twentieth century is Caribbeana 1900–1965: A Topical Bibliography (Seattle and London, 1968) compiled by Lambros Comitas. Lowell Joseph Ragatz’s A Guide for the Study of British Caribbean History, 1763–1834 (Washington, 1932) is a thorough and invaluable work. Its extensive annotated list of pamphlet literature on the slavery question is, in itself, a remarkable piece of scholarship. Ragatz has also published two lists of Parliamentary Papers on pre-emancipation: A Check List of House of Commons Sessional Papers Relating to the British West Indies and to the West Indian Slave Trade and Slavery, 1763–1834 (London, 1923); A Check List of House of Lords Sessional Papers Relating to the British West Indies and to the West Indian Slave Trade and Slavery, 1763–1834 (London, 1931). For Jamaica, Frank Cundall’s Bibliographia Jamaicensis (Kingston, 1902) is valuable for early writing on the colony. It includes pamphlets, magazine articles, and lists of newspapers and maps. Cundall’s Bibliography of the West Indies (Kingston, 1909) does not list works on Jamaica. Jerome S. Handler’s A Guide to Source Materials for the Study of Barbados History, 1627–1834 (Carbondale, 1971) is an important collection. Also, there is Barbadiana: A List of Works Pertaining to the History of the Island of Barbados: Prepared in the Public Library to Mark the Attainment of Independence (Bridgetown, 1966). The printed catalogues of special libraries provide important lists of West Indian publications. Among them are the Catalogue of the Library of the West India Committee and E. Lewin’s Subject Catalogue of the Royal Empire Society, vol. III. For doctoral dissertations on the West Indies, consult Enid M. Baa’s Theses on Caribbean Topics (Rio Piedras, 1970). A brief statement, ‘Public Records in British West India Islands’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research (1930) was written by Richard Pares. The second volume of the Cambridge History of the British Empire (Cambridge, 1940) offers an extensive list of Parliamentary Papers dealing with the British West India colonies.
I. Manuscript Sources
Public Record Office
Colonial Office records have provided the principal manuscript sources for this study. The following series have been examined for the period 1830–65:
West Indies General, Immigration
Colonies General, Law Officer’s Reports, Miscellaneous.
Miscellanea, including material on education, the military, and plans for the abolition of slavery.
Original Correspondence, Barbados.
Original Correspondence, British Guiana.
Original Correspondence, Jamaica.
Original Correspondence, Trinidad.
The series consulted selectively were:
Encumbered Estates Commission.
Original Correspondence, Antigua.
Original Correspondence, St. Kitts.
Entry Books, Barbados.
Entry Books, British Guiana.
Entry Books, Jamaica.
Blue Books of Statistics, Jamaica.
Blue Books of Statistics, Trinidad.
Blue Books of Statistics, Barbados.
London Missionary Society Papers:
Diary of John Wray, 1811–15.
General Missionary Correspondence, British Guiana.
General Missionary Correspondence, Jamaica.
Methodist Missionary Society Papers:
General Missionary Correspondence, Leeward Islands.
Baptist Missionary Society Papers:
Phillippo Papers. Included among these is the missionary’s manuscript autobiography which constitutes a compilation of letters held together by a narrative.
Knibb Papers. This is a small collection of Knibb’s correspondence dating from 1825.
General Missionary Correspondence, Jamaica.
Newcastle Papers, University of Nottingham.
Russell Papers, Public Record Office, 30/22.
II. Printed Sources
In addition to the statistical data and the reports of various commissions and select committees, the Parliamentary Papers (p.418) contain a considerable portion of the original correspondence which passed between colonial governors and the Colonial Office. That correspondence was printed for Parliament either at the discretion of the Secretary of State or as a result of requests made by members of either House. It is important to observe, however, that the original correspondence which flowed in and out of the Colonial Office was occasionally edited to remove sensitive material before it was printed for Parliament. For a check list of papers pertaining to the British West Indies, consult the Cambridge History of the British Empire, vol. II.
Public General Statutes of the United Kingdom.
Hansard’s Parliamentary Debates, third series.
Votes of the Honorable House of Assembly. Jamaica (Selected volumes in the holdings of the Institute of Historical Research, London.)
The London Gazette
This publication was the official newspaper of the British Government. Orders in Council were printed in it, as were legal notices of West Indian estates being probated. Each issue printed the average price of muscovado in the London market.
III. Newspapers and Periodicals
In the documents of every colony maintained at the Public Record Office there is a series which includes newspapers among other miscellanea forwarded from the colonies. The British Museum’s Collindale Periodicals Library has a limited collection of West Indian newspapers, and there is a large holding of Jamaican newspapers and scattered collections from other islands at the Institute of Jamaica, Kingston. One of the most varied collections of newspapers for the Lesser Antilles in the mid-nineteenth century is held by the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts. For a check-list of that holding, see Waldo Lincoln, ‘List of Newspapers of the West Indies and Bermuda’, Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society (1926), 139–55.
The newspapers most consistently consulted for this study were:
The Times [London].
The Falmouth Post.
The Port of Spain Gazette.
The Guiana Chronicle.
The Anti-Slavery Monthly Reporter, 1825–36 is a valuable source of data and opinion on the West Indies and abolitionism. The title of the journal was shortened to The Anti-Slavery Reporter in the course of its publication.
(p.419) IV. Contemporary Books, Pamphlets, Etc.
An Abstract of the British West Indian Statutes for the Protection and Government of Slaves, London, 1830.
Allen, Grant. In All Shades. 3 vols. London, 1886.
Anderson, James. Report on Mechanical Improvements in Tropical Agriculture and the Manufacture of Sugar, Addressed to the President and Council of the Royal Agricultural Society of Jamaica, Kingston, 1845.
Anderson, James S. The History of the Church of England in the Colonies and Foreign Dependencies of the British Empire. 3 vols. London, 1856.
Anderson, William Wemyss. A Description and History of the Island of Jamaica, Comprising an Account of its Soil, Climate, and Productions, Shewing its Value and Importance as an Agricultural Country, and a Desirable Place of Residence for Certain Classes of Settlers, Kingston, 1851.
Andrews, E. W., and Andrews, C. McLean. Journal of a Lady of Quality: Being the Narrative of a Journey from Scotland to the West Indies, North Carolina, and Portugal in the Years 1774 to 1776. New Haven, 1921.
Baker, John. An Essay on the Art of Making Muscovado Sugar. London, 1775.
Barclay, Alexander. A Practical View of the Present State of Slavery in the West Indies. London, 1826.
——. Remarks on Emigration to Jamaica, Addressed to the Coloured Class of the United States. New York, 1840.
Barrett, William Garland. Immigration to the British West Indies. Is it the Slave-Trade Revived or Not? London, 1859.
Bayley, F. W. N. Four Years Residence in the West Indies. London, 1833.
Beaumont, Augustus H. The Jamaica Petition for Representation in the British House of Commons or for Independence. London, 1831.
Beckford, William A. A Descriptive Account of the Island of Jamaica. 2 vols. London, 1790.
Bell, John. A Practical Treatise on the Culture of Sugarcane. London, 1831.
Bessemer, Henry. On a New System of Manufacturing Sugar from the Cane and its Advantages as Compared with the Method Generally Used in the West Indies. London, 1852.
Bickell, R., Revd. The West Indies as They Are; Or a Real Pictur of Slavery. London, 1825.
Bigelow, John. Jamaica in 1850: Or the Effects of 16 Years of Freedom on a Slave Colony. New York, 1851.
(p.420) Biggs, J. Observations on the Manufacture of Sugar and Rum in Jamaica. London, 1843.
Bleby, Henry. Death Struggles of Slaves: Being a Narrative of Facts and Incidents which Occurred in a British Colony During the Two Years Immediately Preceding Negro Emancipation. London, 1853.
Blyth, George, Revd. Reminiscences of a Missionary Life with Suggestions to Churches and Missionaries. Edinburgh, 1851.
Brassey, Annie. In the Trades, The Tropics and the Roaring Forties. London, 1885.
Breen, Henry H. St. Lucia: Historical Statistical, and Descriptive. London, 1844.
Bridgens, R. West India Scenery, with Illustrations of Negro Character, the Process of Making Sugar, etc. London, 1839.
Bridges, George W., Revd. The Annals of Jamaica. 2 vols. London, 1827–8.
Brongkhurst, H. V. P. The Colony of British Guiana. London, 1883.
Buchner, J. H. The Moravians in Jamaica. History of the Mission of the United Brethren’s Church to the Negroes in the Island of Jamaica from the Year 1754 to 1854. London, 1854.
Burchell, William F. Memoir of Thomas Burchell, 22 Years a Missionary in Jamaica. London, 1849.
Burge, William. A Reply to the Letter by the Marquis of Sligo to the Marquis of Normanby, Relative to the Present State of Jamaica. London, 1839.
Burnley, W. H. Observations on the Present Condition of the Island of Trinidad. London, 1842.
Buxton, C. Slavery and Freedom in the British West Indies. London, 1860.
Caines, Clement. Letters on the Cultivation of the Otaheite Cane, etc. London, 1801.
Capadose, Henry. Sixteen Years in the West Indies. 2 vols. London, 1845.
Carbery, Edward. Inducements to the Colored People of the United States to Emigrate to British Guiana. Boston, 1840.
Carmighael, A. C. Domestic Manners and Social Condition of the White, Coloured and Negro Population of the West Indies. 2 vols. London, 1834.
Chandler, John. Extracts from the Journal of John Chandler, Whilst Travelling in Jamaica. London, 1841.
Clark, John, Dendy, Walter, and Phillippo, James Mursell. The Voice of Jubilee. A Narrative of the Baptist Mission, Jamaica from its Commencement. London, 1845.
Clarke, John. Memoir of Richard Merrick, Missionary in Jamaica. London, 1850.
(p.421) Clarkson, Thomas. A Letter to the Clergy of Various Denominations and to the Slave-Holding Planters in the Southern Parts of the United States of America. London, 1841.
——. Not a Labourer Wanted for Jamaica: to Which is Added, an Account of the Newly Erected Villages by the Peasantry There and Their Beneficial Results, and the Consequences of Re-Opening a New Slave Trade, as it Relates to Africa. London, 1842.
Coleridge, Henry Nelson. Six Months in the West Indies in 1825. London, 1826.
Cox, F. A., Revd. History of the Baptist Missionary Society from 1792 to 1842. 2 vols. London, 1842.
Cundall, Frank, ed. Lady Nugent’s Journal. London, 1934.
Dalton, Henry G. The History of British Guiana. 2 vols. London, 1855.
Davy, John. The West Indies, Before and Since Slave Emancipation. London, 1854.
Day, Charles W. Five Years Residence in the West Indies. London, 1852.
Debates in Parliament—Session 1833—on the Resolutions and Bill for the Abolition of Slavery in the British Colonies. London, 1834.
Denman, Joseph, Capt. R.N. West India Interest, African Emigration, and the Slave Trade. London, 1848.
DeVerteuil, L. A. A. Three Essays on the Cultivation of the Sugar Cane in Trinidad. Port of Spain, 1848.
——. Trinidad: Its Geography, Natural Resources, Administration, Present Condition, and Prospects. London, 1884.
Duncan, Peter, Revd. A Narrative of the Wesleyan Mission to Jamaica. London, 1849.
Edwards, Bryan. The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies, 3rd ed. 3 vols. London, 1801.
Emery, Robert. About Jamaica: its Past, Present, and its Future. London, 1859.
Evans, H. B. Our West India Colonies: Jamaica, A Source of National Wealth and Honour. London, 1855.
Evans, W. J. Sugar Planter’s Manual: Being a Treatise on the Art of Obtaining Sugar from the Sugar Cane. London, 1847.
Fergusson, W. A Letter to Thomas Fowell Buxton, Esq. London, 1839.
[Flanders, Mrs.]. Antigua and the Antiguans. 2 vols. London, 1844.
Foster, Henry B., Revd. Rise and Progress of Wesleyan Methodism in Jamaica. London, 1881.
Froude, James Anthony. The English in the West Indies. London, 1888.
Gamble, W. H., Revd. Trinidad, Historical and Descriptive. London, 1866.
(p.422) Gardner, W.J. History of Jamaica. London, 1873.
Godwin, Benjamin. On the Essential Sinfulness of Slavery, and its Direct Opposition to the Precepts and Spirit of Christianity: Papers Presented to the General Anti-Slavery Convention. London, 1840.
Gomm, Sir William. The Story of Newcastle, Jamaica. London, 1863.
Grainger, James, M.D. An Essay on the More Common West-Indian Diseases: to Which are Added, Some Hints of the Management, etc., of Negroes. Edinburgh, 1802.
Grey, Henry George, 3rd Earl. The Colonial Policy of Lord John Russell’s Administration. 2 vols. London, 1853.
Gurney, Joseph John. A Winter in the West Indies, Described in Familiar Letters to Henry Clay of Kentucky. London, 1840.
Halliday, Sir Andrew, M.D. The Natural and Physical History of the Windward and Leeward Colonies. London, 1837.
Harvey, Thomas, and Brewin, William. Jamaica in 1866. A Narrative of a Tour Through the Island with Remarks on its Social, Educational and Industrial Condition. London, 1867.
Henney, T. Eight Treatises on the Cultivation of the Sugar Cane. Spanish Town, 1843.
Hill, Richard. Lights and Shadows of Jamaica History. Kingston, 1859.
Hinton, John H. Memoir of William Knibb, Missionary in Jamaica. London, 1847.
Hodgson, Studholme, Capt. Truths from the West Indies. London, 1838.
Horsford, John, Revd. A Voice from the West Indies: Being a Review of the Character and Results of Missionary Efforts in the British and Other Colonies in the Caribbean Sea. London, 1856.
Hovey, Sylvester. Letters from the West Indies. New York, 1838.
Jelly, T. A Brief Enquiry into the Condition of Jamaica. London, 1847.
Jenkins, J. E. The Coolie, His Rights and Wrongs: Notes of a Journey to British Guiana. London, 1871.
Joseph, E. L. Warner Arundell: The Adventures of a Creole. 3 vols. London, 1838.
Kalley, Robert Reid. An Account of the Recent Persecutions in Madeira. London, 1844.
Kaye, Sir J. W. The Life and Correspondence of Charles, Lord Metcalfe. 2 vols. London, 1858.
Kerr, Thomas. A Practical Treatise on the Cultivation of the Sugarcane and the Manufacture of Sugar. London, 1847.
Kingsley, Charles. At Last: A Christmas in the West Indies. 2nd ed. London, 1889.
Laird, MacGregor. The Effect of an Alteration in the Sugar Duties on the Condition of the Negro Race Considered. London, 1844.
(p.423) Levi, L. On the Sugar Trade and Sugar Duties. London, 1864.
Lewis, Matthew Gregory. Journal of a West India Proprietor, Kept During a Residence in the Island of Jamaica. London, 1834.
Lugkock, B., Rev. Jamaica, Enslaved and Free. London, 1846.
MacRae, Alexander. A Manual of Plantership in British Guiana…With Some Suggestions for Improvement of the Present Practice. London, 1856.
McDonnell, Alexander. Considerations on Negro Slavery with Authentic Reports Illustrative of the Actual Condition of the Negroes in Demerara. London, 1824.
McKinnen, Daniel. Tour Through the British West Indies in the Years 1802 and 1803. London, 1804.
McMahon, Benjamin. Jamaica Plantership. London, 1839.
McQueen, James. The West India Colonies: the Calumnies and Misrepresentations Circulated Against Them by the Edinburgh Review, Mr. Cropper, etc., etc. London, 1824.
——. The Colonial Controversy. Glasgow, 1821.
——. A Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Glenelg on the West Indian Currency, Commerce, African Slave Trade, etc. London, 1838.
Madden, Richard R. A Twelvemonth’s Residence in the West Indies During the Transition from Slavery to Apprenticeship. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1835.
——. A Letter to W. C. Channing, on the Subject of the Abuse of the Flag of the United States in Cuba, and the Advantage Taken of its Protection in Promoting the Slave Trade. Boston, 1839.
——. Address on Slavery in Cuba, Presented to the General Anti-Slavery Convention. London, 1845.
——. The Island of Cuba: its Resources, Progress, and Prosperity Considered in Relation Especially to the Influence of its Prosperity on the Interests of the British West India Colonies. London, 1853.
——. Memoirs, Chiefly Autobiographical from 1798 to 1886, ed. by T. M. Madden. London, 1891.
Marly; or, a Planter’s Life in Jamaica. Glasgow, 1823.
Martin, R. Montgomery. History of the West Indies. 2 vols. London, 1836.
Martin, Samuel. An Essay upon Plantership. Spanish Town, 1821.
Matson, H.J. Remarks on the Slave Trade. London, 1848.
Merivale, Herman. Lectures on Colonization and Colonies. London, 1861.
Mills, Arthur. Colonial Constitutions. London, 1856.
Moister, William, Revd. Memorials of Missionary Labours in Western Africa and in the West Indies. London, 1850.
——. Conversations on the Rise, Progress, and Present State of Wesleyan. London, 1869.
(p.424) ——. A History of Wesley an Missions in all Parts of the World. London, 1871.
——. The West Indies, Enslaved and Free. London, 1883.
Orderson, J. W. Directions to Young Planters for the Care and Management of a Sugar Plantation in Barbados. London, 1800.
Parry, Thomas. Codrington College, in the Island of Barbados. London, 1847.
——. A Charge Delivered in the Church of the Holy Trinity, Port of Spain, Trinidad, February 10, 1852. Barbados, 1852.
Peck, Nathaniel, and Price, Thomas S. Report of Messrs. Peck and Price Who Were Appointed at a Meeting of the Free Colored People of Baltimore, held on the 25th November, 1839, Delegates to Visit British Guiana and the Island of Trinidad for the Purpose of Ascertaining the Advantage to be Derived by Colored People Migrating to These Places. Baltimore, 1840.
[Philip, John Baptista]. An Address to the Right Honourable Earl Bathhurst Relative to the Claims which the Coloured Population of Trinidad Have to the Same Civil and Political Privileges with their White Fellow Subjects. London, 1824.
Phillippo, James M., Revd. Jamaica: its Past and Present State. Philadelphia, 1843.
Porter, George R. The Nature and Properties of the Sugarcane; with Practical Directions for the Improvement of its Culture, and the Manufacture of its Products. London, 1830.
Premium, Barton. Eight Tears in British Guiana, 1840–8. London, 1850.
Price, George E. Jamaica and the Colonial Office: Who Caused the Crisis? London, 1866.
Pringle, Hall. The Fall of the Sugar Planters of Jamaica, with Remarks on their Agricultural Management and on the Labour Question in that Island. London, 1869.
Pringle, J. W. The West Indian Colonies. Remarks on their Present State and Future Prospects. London, 1839.
Proceedings of the General Anti-Slavery Convention, Called by the Committee of the Society, and Held in London, from June 12 to June 23, 1840. London, 1841.
Reed, William. The History of Sugar and Sugar Yielding Plants, Together with an Epitome of Every Notable Process of Sugar Extraction and Manufacture, from the Earliest Times to the Present, London, 1866.
Report of the Agency Committee of the Anti-Slavery Society, London, for the Purpose of Disseminating Information by Lectures on Colonial Slavery. London, 1832.
Riland, John, Revd. Memoirs of a West India Planter Published from (p.425) an Original Manuscript with a Preface and Additional Details. London, 1827.
Roughley, T. The Jamaica Planters Guide. London, 1823.
Roundell, C. S. England and Her Subject Races: With Special Reference to Jamaica. London, 1866.
Samuel, Peter, Revd. The Wesley an-Methodist Missions in Jamaica and Honduras Delineated. London, 1850.
Sargent, George E. The Jamaica Missionary: A Memoir of William Knibb. London, n.d., c. 1850.
Schomburgk, Robert H. A Description of British Guiana, Geographical and Statistical. London, 1840.
——. The History of Barbados. London, 1848.
Scoble, John. British Guiana. Speech Delivered at the Anti-Slavery Meeting in Exeter Hall, on Wednesday, the 4th of April, 1838. London, 1838.
——. British Guiana. Facts! Facts! Facts! London, 1840.
——. Hill Coolies. A Brief Exposition of the Deplorable Condition of the Hill Coolies in British Guiana and Mauritius. London, 1840.
Sewell, W. G. The Ordeal of Free Labor in the British West Indies. London, 1861.
Shier, John. Report on Thorough Drainage with Special Reference to its Application to the Colony of British Guiana. Demerara, 1847.
Sketches and Recollections of the West Indies, by a Resident. London, 1828.
Sligo, Howe Peter, Marquis. A Letter to the Marquis of Normanby Relative to the Present State of Jamaica, and the Measures Which are Rendered Necessary by the Refusal of the House of Assembly to Transact Business. London, 1839.
——. Jamaica Under the Apprenticeship. London, 1838.
Spedding, James. Reviews and Discussions, Literary, Political, and Historical, Not Relating to Bacon. London, 1879.
Stephen, James. The Crisis of the Sugar Colonies. London, 1802.
——. The Slavery of the West India Colonies Delineated. 2 vols. London, 1824.
Stewart, John. An Account of Jamaica and its Inhabitants by a Gentleman Long Resident in the West Indies. London, 1808.
——, A View of the Past and Present State of the Island of Jamaica; With Remarks on the Moral and Physical Condition of the Slaves, and on the Abolition of Slavery in the Colonies. Edinburgh, 1823.
Stollmeyer, C. F. The Sugar Question Made Easy. London, 1845.
Sturge, Joseph, and Harvey, Thomas. The West Indies in 1837. London, 1838.
Swinton, J., and Swinton, J. Journal of a Voyage with Coolie Emigrants from Calcutta to Trinidad. London, 1859.
(p.426) Taylor, Henry. Autobiography. 2 vols. London, 1878.
Thome, James A., and Kimball, J. Horace. Emancipation in the West Indies. A Six Month’s Tour in Antigua, Barbados and Jamaica in the Year 1837. New York, 1838.
The Traveller’s Guide to Madeira and the West Indies. Haddington, 1815.
Trollope, Anthony. The West Indies and the Spanish Main. New York, 1860.
Truman, George; Jackson, John; and Longstreth, Thomas B. Narrative of a Visit to the West Indies, in 1840 and 1841. Philadelphia, 1844.
Turnbull, David. Travels in the West. Cuba: With Notices of Porto Rico and the Slave Trade. London, 1840.
[Turnbull, David, ed.]. The Jamaica Movement, for Promoting the Enforcement of the Slave-Trade Treaties, and the Suppression of the Slave Trade. London, 1850.
Underhill, Edward B. The West Indies: Their Social and Religious Condition. London, 1862.
——. Life of James Mursell Phillippo, Missionary in Jamaica. London, 1881.
——. The Tragedy of Morant Bay: A Narrative of the Disturbances in the Island of Jamaica in 1865. London, 1895.
Vernon, B. J. Early Recollections of Jamaica, with the Eventful Passage Home via New York and Halifax, at the Commencement of the American War in 1812. London, 1848.
Waddell, Hope M., Revd. Twenty-nine Years in the West Indies and Central Africa: A Review of Missionary Work and Adventure, 1829–1858. London, 1863.
Walker, S. A. The Church of England Mission in Sierra Leone. London, 1847.
Wallbridge, Edwin A. The Demerara Martyr: Reverend John Smith, Missionary to Demerara. London, 1848.
Waller, John Augustine, R.N. A Voyage in the West Indies Containing Various Observations Made During a Residence in Barbados and Several of the Leeward Islands. London, 1820.
Wentworth, Trelawny. The West India Sketch Book. 2 vols. London, 1834.
Whitehouse, W. F. Agricola’s Letters and Essays on Sugar Farming in Jamaica. Kingston, 1845.
Williams, Cynric R. A Tour Through the Island of Jamaica from the Western to the Eastern End, in the Year 1823. London, 1827.
Williamson, John, M.D. Medical and Miscellaneous Observations, Relative to the West India Islands. 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1817.
(p.427) Wilson, W. Cams. The Madeira Persecutions. London, 1856.
Woodcock, Henry Isles. A History of Tobago. London, 1867.
Wray, Leonard. The Practical Sugar Planter. London, 1848.
V. Secondary Works
Adams, Donald R., Jr. ‘Some Evidence of English and American Wage Rates, 1709–1830’, Journal of Economic History, XXX (1970), 499–520.
Adamson, Alan H. Sugar Without Slaves: The Political Economy of British Guiana, 1838–1904. New Haven, 1972.
Adamson, J. W. English Education, 1789–1902. Cambridge, 1930.
Armytage, F. The Free Port System in the British West Indies. London, 1953.
Asiegbu, Johnson U. J. Slavery and the Politics of Liberation 1787–1861: A Study of Liberated African Emigration and British Anti-Slavery Policy. New York, 1969.
Aspinall, A. The British West Indies. London, 1912.
——. West Indian Tales of Old. London, 1912.
Augier, F. R. The Making of the West Indies. London, 1961.
Akyroyd, Wallace R. Sweet Malefactor: Sugar, Slavery and Human Society. London, 1967.
Baker, W. ‘William Wilberforce on the Idea of Negro Inferiority’, Journal of the History of Ideas, XXXI (1970), 433–40.
Barnard, Howard C. A Short History of English Education from 1760 to 1944. London, 1947.
Beachey, Raymond W. The British West Indies Sugar Industry in the Late Nineteenth Century. Oxford, 1957.
Bennett, J. H., Jr. Bondsmen and Bishops: Slavery and Apprenticeship on the Codrington Plantations of Barbados, 1710–1838. Berkeley, 1958.
Beaglehole, J. C. ‘The Colonial Office, 1782–1954’, Historical Studies, Australia and New Zealand, I (1941), 170–89.
Bethell, Leslie. ‘Mixed Commissions for the Suppression of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century’, Journal of African History, VII (1966), 79–93.
——. The Abolition of the Brazilian Slave Trade. Cambridge, 1970.
Birchenough, Charles. History of Elementary Education in England and Wales from 1800 to the Present Day. London, 1930.
Black, Clinton V. History of Jamaica. London, 1961.
——. Spanish Town: The Old Capital. Spanish Town, 1960.
Bolt, Christine. Victorian Attitudes to Race. Toronto, 1971.
Boyce, Sir Rupert W. Health Progress and Administration in the West Indies. New York, 1910.
Brathwaite, Edward. The Development of Creole Society in Jamaica, 1770–1820. Oxford, 1971.
(p.428) Briggs, Asa. Victorian People: Some Reassessments of People, Institutions, Ideas, and Events. London, 1954.
——. The Age of Improvement, 1763–1867. London, 1959.
Brown, Lucy. The Board of Trade and the Free Trade Movement, 1830–1842. London, 1958.
Burn, W. L. Emancipation and Apprenticeship in the British West Indies. London, 1937.
——. The British West Indies. London, 1951.
Burns, Sir Alan. History of the British West Indies. 2nd ed. New York, 1965.
Burrow, J. W. Evolution and Society: A Study in Victorian Social Theory. Cambridge, 1966.
Buxton, Charles, ed. Memoirs of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton. London, 1866.
Caldecott, A. The Church in the West Indies. London, 1898.
Campbell, Carl. ‘Social and Economic Obstacles to the Development of Popular Education in Post Emancipation Jamaica, 1834–1865’, Journal of Caribbean History, I (1970), 57–88.
——. ‘Denominationalism and the Mico Schools in Jamaica’, Caribbean Studies, X (1971), 152–72.
Campbell, Persia Crawford. Chinese Coolie Emigration to Countries Within the British Empire. London, 1923.
Carmighael, Gertrude. The History of the West Indian Islands of Trinidad and Tobago. London, 1961.
Cell, John W. British Colonial Administration in the Mid-Nineteenth Century: The Policy Making Process. New Haven, 1970.
Checkland, S. G. ‘Finance for the West Indies, 1750–1815’, Economic History Review, 2nd ser., X (1958), 461–9.
——. The Gladstones: A Family Biography 1764–1851. Cambridge, 1971.
Clementi, Cecil. The Chinese in British Guiana. Demerara, 1915.
——. A Constitutional History of British Guiana. London, 1937.
Collins, E. J. T. ‘Harvest Technology and Labour Supply in Britain, 1790–1870’, Economic History Review, 2nd ser., XXII (1971), 453–73.
Corwin, Arthur F. Spain and the Abolition of Slavery in Cuba, 1817–1886. Austin, 1968.
Coupland, Reginald. Wilberforce: A Narrative. Oxford, 1923.
——. The British Anti-Slavery Movement. London, 1933.
Courtenay, P. P. Plantation Agriculture. New York, 1965.
Cowen, D. W., and Greene, J. P., eds. Neither Slave Nor Free: The Role of the Free Black and the Free Mulatto in American Slave Societies. Baltimore, 1972.
(p.429) Craton, Michael. ‘Jamaican Slave Mortality: Fresh Light from Worthy Park, Longville and the Tharp Estates’, Journal of Caribbean History, III (1971), 1–27.
Craton, Michael, and Walvin, James. A Jamaican Plantation. The History of Worthy Park, 1670–1970. Toronto, 1970.
Cumpston, I. M. Indians in Overseas British Territories. London, 1953.
Cundall, Frank. Studies in Jamaica History. London, 1900.
——. Political and Social Disturbances in the West Indies. London, 1906.
——. Historic Jamaica. London, 1915.
Curtin, Philip. ‘The British Sugar Duties and West Indian Prosperity’, Journal of Economic History, XIV (1954), 157–64.
——. Two Jamaicas: The Role of Ideas in a Tropical Colony. Cambridge, Mass., 1955.
——. The Image of Africa: British Ideas and Action, 1780–1850. Madison, 1964.
——. The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Census. Madison, 1969.
Curtis, Stanley J. History of Education in Great Britain. 5th ed. London, 1963.
Cust, R. J. A Treatise on the West Indian Incumbered Estates Acts. London, 1865.
Davis, David Brion. ‘James Cropper and the British Anti-Slavery Movement, 1821–1823’, Journal of Negro History, XLV (1960), 241–58.
——. ‘James Cropper and the British Anti-Slavery Movement, 1823–1833’, Journal of Negro History, XLVI (1961), 154–73.
——. The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture. Ithaca, 1966.
——. ‘The Emergence of Immediatism in British and American Anti-Slavery Thought’, Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XLIX (1962–63), 209–30.
––. ‘New Sidelights on Early Anti-Slavery Radicalism’, William & Mary Quarterly, XXVIII (1971), 585–94.
Deerr, Noel. A History of Sugar. 2 vols. London, 1949–50.
Dutton, Geoffrey. The Hero as Murderer: The Life of Edward John Eyre. London, 1967.
Eisner, Gisela. Jamaica 1830–1930: A Study in Economic Growth. Manchester, 1961.
Ellis, Alfred B., Major. The History of the First West India Regiment. London, 1885.
Eltis, D. ‘Dr. Stephen Lushington and the Campaign to Abolish Slavery in the British Empire’, Journal of Caribbean History, I (1970).
——. ‘Traffic in Slaves Between the British West Indian Colonies, 1807–1833’, Economic History Review, 2nd ser., XXV (1972), 55–64.
(p.430) Erickson, Edgar L. ‘The Introduction of East Indian Coolies into the British West Indies’, Journal of Modern History, VI (1934), 127–46.
Ernle, Rowland E. Prothero, Baron. English Farming, Past and Present. 6th ed. London, 1961.
Farley, Rawle. ‘The Rise of a Peasantry in British Guiana’, Social and Economic Studies, II (1954), 87–103.
Feldstein, Stanley. Once a Slave: The Slaves’ View of Slavery. New York, 1970.
Findlay, G. G., and Holdsworth, W. W. The History of the Wesley an Methodist Missionary Society. Vol. II. London, 1921.
Fladeland, Betty. Men and Brothers: Anglo-American Anti-Slavery Co-operation. Urbana, 1972.
Fraser, Lionel M. History of Trinidad from 1781 to 1839. 2 vols. Port of Spain, 1891–6.
Fussell, George E. The Farmer’s Tools, 1500–1900: The History of British Farm Implements, Tools, and Machinery before the Tractor Came. London, 1952.
Fyfe, Christopher. A History of Sierra Leone. London, 1962.
Galbraith, John S. ‘Myths of the Little England Era’, American Historical Review, LXVII (1961), 34–48.
Gallagher, J. ‘Fowell Buxton and the New African Policy, 1838–1842’, Cambridge Historical Journal, X (1950–2), 36–58.
Gangulee. Indians in the Empire Overseas. London, 1947.
Gayer, Arthur; Rostow, W. W.; and Schwartz, Anna Jacobson. The Growth and Fluctuation of the British Economy 1790–1850. Oxford. 1953.
Ghosh, R. N. Classical Macro-Economics and the Case for Colonies. Calcutta, 1967.
Gordon, Shirley, ‘The Negro Education Grant, 1835–1845: Its Application to Jamaica’, British Journal of Educational Studies, VI (1958), 140–50.
——. Report and Repercussions in West Indies Education 1835–1933, London, 1968.
Gordon, Shirley, ed. A Century of West Indian Education. London, 1963.
Goveia, Elsa V. Slave Society in the British Leeward Islands at the End of the Eighteenth Century. New Haven, 1965.
Green, William A. ‘The Apprenticeship in British Guiana, 1834–1838’, Caribbean Studies, IX (1969), 44–66.
——. ‘The Planter Class and British West Indian Sugar Production, Before and After Emancipation’, Economic History Review, 2nd ser., XXVI (1973), 448–63.
(p.431) ——. ‘The West Indies and British West African Policy in the Nineteenth Century—A Corrective Comment’, Journal of African History, XV (1974), 247–59.
Griggs, Earl L. Thomas Clarkson: The Friend of Slaves. London. 1936.
Guillebaud, C. W. West Indian Sugar Crises, 1800–1930. London, 1930.
Hall, Douglas. ‘Apprenticeship Period in Jamaica, 1834–1838’, Caribbean Quarterly, III (1953), 142–66.
——. ‘Sir Charles Metcalfe’, Caribbean Quarterly, III (1953), 90–100.
——. Free Jamaica 1838–1865: An Economic History. New Haven, 1959.
——. ‘Slaves and Slavery in the British West Indies’, Social and Economic Studies, II (1962), 305–18.
——. Five of the Leewards, 1834–1870: The Major Problems of the Post-Emancipation Period in Antigua, Barbuda, Montserrat, Nevis, and St. Kitts. St. Lawrence, Barbados, 1971.
Hall, Douglas, and Mintz, Sidney. ‘The Origins of the Jamaican Internal Marketing System’, in Mintz, ed., Papers in Caribbean Anthropology. New Haven, 1960.
Hall, Henry. The Colonial Office, a History. London, 1937.
Hall, Neville. ‘Law and Society in Barbados at the Turn of the Nineteenth Century’, Journal of Caribbean History, V (1972), 20–45.
Hamilton, T. J. History of the Missions of the Moravian Church During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. London, 1900.
Handler, Jerome S. ‘The History of Arrowroot and the Origin of Peasantries in the British West Indies’, Journal of Caribbean History, II (1970), 46–93.
Handler, Jerome S., and Fvrisbie, Charlotte J. ‘Aspects of Slave Life in Barbados: Music and its Cultural Context’, Caribbean Studies, XI (1972), 5–46.
Hart, Ansell. The Life of George William Gordon. Kingston, n.d.
Henriques, Fernando. Family and Colour in Jamaica. London, 1953.
——. Jamaica. Land of Wood and Water. New York, 1964.
Herskovits, M.J. Trinidad Village. New York, 1947.
Higham, C. S. S. ‘The General Assembly of the Leeward Islands’, English Historical Review, XLI (1926), 190–209, 366–88.
——. ‘Sir Henry Taylor and the Establishment of Crown Colony Government in the West Indies’, The Scottish Historical Review, XXIII (1926), 92–6.
Higman, B. W. ‘The West India Interest in Parliament 1807–1833’, Historical Studies, XIII (1967), 1–19.
Hitchens, Fred. H. The Colonial Land and Emigration Commission. Philadelphia, 1931.
(p.432) Hoetinck, Harmannus. Caribbean Race Relations: A Study of Two Variants. Oxford, 1971.
Howse, Ernest Marshall. Saints in Politics: The ‘Clapham Sect’ and the Growth of Freedom. Toronto, 1952.
Hurt, John. Education in Evolution: Church, State, Society and Popular Education, 1800–1870. London, 1971.
Jenks, Leland H. The Migration of British Capital to 1875. New York, 1927.
Johnson, R. ‘Educational Policy and Social Control in Early Victorian England’, Past and Present, no. 49 (1970), 96–119.
Johnston, H. J. M. British Emigration Policy, 1815–1830. Oxford, 1972.
Jones, W. D. ‘Lord Mulgrave’s Administration in Jamaica, 1832–33’, Journal of Negro History, XLVIII (1963), 44–56.
Jordan, W. D. White over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550–1812. Baltimore, 1969.
Kay-Shuttleworth, Sir John. Four Periods of Public Education. London, 1862.
Kerr, Madeline. Personality and Conflict in Jamaica. London, 1952.
Klingberg, Frank J. The Anti-Slavery Movement in England. New Haven, 1924.
Kondapi, C. Indians Overseas 1838–1949. Madras, 1951.
Knaplund, Paul. ‘Mr. Oversecretary Stephen’, Journal of Modern History, I (1929), 40–66.
——. ‘Sir James Stephen: the Friend of the Negroes’, Journal of Negro History, XXXV (1950), 368–407.
——. James Stephen and the British Colonial System, 1813–1847. Madison, 1953.
Knorr, Klaus E. British Colonial Theories, 1507–1850. Toronto, 1944.
Knox, Graham. ‘British Colonial Policy and the Problem of Establishing a Free Society in Jamaica, 1838–1865’, Caribbean Studies, II (1963), 3–13.
Laurence, K. O. ‘The Evolution of Long Term Labour Contracts in Trinidad and British Guiana, 1834–1863’, The Jamaican Historical Review, V (1965), 9–27.
——. ‘The Establishment of the Portuguese Community in British Guiana’, The Jamaican Historical Review, V (1965), 50–74.
Levy, C. ‘Barbados: the Last Years of Slavery, 1823–1833’, Journal of Negro History, XLIV (1959), 308–45.
——. ‘Slavery and the Emancipation Movement in Barbados, 1650–1833’, Journal of Negro History, LV (1970), 1–14.
Livingstone, W. P. Black Jamaica. London, 1900.
Lloyd, Christopher. The Navy and the Slave Trade. London, 1949.
(p.433) Lobdell, Richard A. ‘Patterns of Investment and Sources of Credit in the British West Indian Sugar Industry, 1838–97’, Journal of Caribbean History, IV (1972), 31–53.
Long, A. V. Jamaica and the New Order, 1827–47. Mona, 1956.
Lovett, R. History of the London Missionary Society, 1795–1895. 2 vols. London, 1895.
Lowe, Robson. The Codrington Correspondence, 1743–1851. London, 1957.
Lowenthal, David. West Indian Societies. New York, 1972.
McPherson, James M. ‘Was West Indian Emancipation a Success? The Abolitionist Argument During the American Civil War’, Caribbean Studies, IV (1964), 28–34.
Manning, Helen Taft. British Colonial Development after the American Revolution, 1782–1820. New Haven, 1933.
——. ‘Who Ran the British Empire, 1830–1850?’, Journal of British Studies, V (1966), 88–121.
Marshall, Woodville K. ‘Notes on Peasant Development in the West Indies Since 1838’, Social and Economic Studies, III (1968), 252–63.
––. ‘The Termination of the Apprenticeship in Barbados and the Windward Islands: An Essay in Colonial Administration and Polities’, The Journal of Caribbean History, II (1970), 1–45.
Mason, Philip. Patterns of Dominance. New York, 1970.
Mathew, W. M. ‘Peru and the British Guano Market, 1840–1870’, Economic Historic Review, 2nd ser., XXIII (1970), 112–28.
Mathieson, William Law. British Slavery and its Abolition, 1828–38. London, 1926.
——. British Slave Emancipation, 1838–49. London, 1932.
——. The Sugar Colonies and Governor Eyre, 1848–66. London, 1936.
Matthews, R. C. O. A Study in Trade Cycle History: Economic Fluctuations in Great Britain, 1833–42. Cambridge, 1954.
Mellor, G. R. British Imperial Trusteeship, 1783–1850. London, 1951.
Mintz, Sidney. ‘Labor and Sugar in Puerto Rico and in Jamaica, 1800–1850’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, I (1959), 273–80.
——. ‘The Question of Caribbean Peasantries: a Comment’ Caribbean Studies, I (1961), 31–4.
——. ‘Slavery and the Slaves’, Caribbean Studies, VIII (1969), 65–70.
Moohr, Michael. ‘The Economic Impact of Slave Emancipation in British Guiana, 1832–1852’, Economic History Review, 2nd ser., XXV (1972), 588–607.
Morrell, W. P. British Colonial Policy in the Age of Peel and Russell. Oxford, 1930.
(p.434) ——. British Colonial Policy in the Mid-Victorian Age. Oxford, 1969.
Morris, Sir Daniel. Reports on the Economic Resources of the West Indies. London, 1898.
Mottram, R. H. Buxton the Liberator. London, 1946.
Murray, D. J. The West Indies and the Development of Colonial Government, 1801–34. Oxford, 1965.
Nath, D. A History of Indians in British Guiana. London, 1950.
Nieboer, H. J. Slavery as an Industrial System, Ethnological Researches. The Hague, 1900.
O’Loughlin, Garleen. Economic and Political Change in the Leeward and Windward Islands. New Haven, 1968.
Oliver, Vere Langford. The History of the Island of Antigua. 3 vols. London, 1894–99.
Olivier, Sydney Haldane, Lord. Jamaica: The Blessed Island. London, 1936.
——. The Myth of Governor Eyre. London, 1933.
Paget, E. ‘Land Use and Settlement in Jamaica’, in Steel, R. W. and Fisher, G.A., eds. Geographical Essays on British Tropical Lands. London, 1956.
Paget, H., and R. Farley. ‘The Growth of Villages in Jamaica and British Guiana’, Caribbean Quarterly, X (1964), 38–61.
Paget, H. ‘The Free Village System in Jamaica’, Jamaican Historical Review, I (1945), 31–48.
Pares, Richard. Yankees and Creoles. London, 1956.
——. Merchants and Planters. London, 1960.
——. A West India Fortune. London, 1968.
Parry, J. H. ‘Salt Fish and Ackee’, Caribbean Quarterly, VII (1962), 30–6.
——. ‘The Patent Offices in the British West Indies’, English Historical Review, LXIX (1954), 200–25.
Patterson, Orlando. The Sociology of Slavery. Cranbury, New Jersey, 1967.
Penson, Lillian M. ‘The London West India Interest in the Eighteenth Century’, English Historical Review, XXXVI (1921), 373–92.
——. Colonial Agents of the West Indies. London, 1924.
Peterson, John. Province of Freedom: A History of Sierra Leone, 1787–1870. Evanston, 1969.
Phillips, Ulrich Bonnell. ‘A Jamaica Slave Plantation’, American Historical Review, XIX (1914), 543–59.
——. ‘An Antigua Plantation, 1769–1818’, The North Carolina Historical Review, III (1926), 439–45.
Pinnington, J. E. ‘Anglican Problems of Adaptation in the Catholic (p.435) Caribbean: The C. M. S. in Trinidad, 1836–44’, Journal of Caribbean History, I (1970).
Pitman, Frank Wesley. The Development of the British West Indies, 1700–63. New Haven, 1917.
——. ‘The West Indian Absentee Planter as a British Colonial Type’, Proceedings of the Pacific Coast Branch of the American Historical Association, (1927), 113–27.
——. ‘The Settlement and Financing of British West India Plantations in the Eighteenth Century’, in Essays in Colonial History, presented to Charles McLean Andrews by his Students. New Haven, 1931.
Ragatz, Lowell Joseph. The Old Plantation System in the British Caribbean. London, 1925.
——. Absentee Landlordism in the British Caribbean, 1750–1833. London, 1928.
——. The Fall of the Planter Class in the British Caribbean, 1763–1833. New York, 1928.
Rain, Thomas. The Life and Labours of John Wray, Pioneer Missionary in British Guiana. London, 1892.
Reckord, Mary. ‘The Colonial Office and the Abolition of Slavery’, Historical Journal, XIV (1971), 723–34.
Rice, C. Duncan. ‘“Humanity Sold for Sugar!” The British Abolitionist Response to Free Trade in Slave Grown Sugar’, Historical Journal, XIII (1970), 402–18.
Richard, H. Memoirs of Joseph Sturge. London, 1864.
Riviere, W. Emanuel. ‘Labour Shortage in the British West Indies After Emancipation’, Journal of Caribbean History, IV (1972), 1–30.
Roberts, G. W. ‘Immigration of Africans into the British Caribbean’, Population Studies, a Journal of Demography, XX (1966), 125–34.
Roberts, W. Adolphe. Six Great Jamaicans. Kingston, 1952.
Rodway, J. History of British Guiana. 3 vols. Georgetown, 1922–3.
Schuyler, R. L. ‘The Constitutional Claims of the British West Indies’, Political Science Quarterly, XL (1925), 1–36.
——. Parliament and the British Empire. New York, 1929.
——. The Fall of the Old Colonial System, a Study in British Free Trade, 1770–1870. New York, 1945.
Semmel, Bernard. Jamaican Blood and Victorian Conscience. Boston, 1963.
——. The Rise of Free Trade Imperialism: Classical Political Economy, the Empire of Free Trade and Imperialism, 1750–1850. New York, 1970.
Sheridan, Richard B. ‘Samuel Martin, Innovating Sugar Planter of Antigua, 1750–75’, Agricultural History, XXXIV (1960), 126–39.
(p.436) ——. ‘West India Sugar Crisis and British Slave Emancipation, 1830–33’, Journal of Economic History, XXI (1961), 539–51.
——. ‘The Wealth of Jamaica in the Eighteenth Century’, Economic History Review, 2nd ser., XVIII (1965), 296–306.
——. ‘The Plantation Revolution, 1625–1775’, Caribbean Studies, IX (1969), 5–26.
——. ‘Simon Taylor, Sugar Tycoon of Jamaica, 1740–1813’, Agricultural History, XLV (1971), 285–96.
––. ‘Planters and Merchants: The Oliver Family of Antigua and London, 1716–84’, Business History, XIII (1971), 104–13.
Simon, Brian. Studies in the History of Education, 1780–1870. London, 1960.
Simpson, G. E. Religious Cults in the Caribbean: Jamaica, Trinidad, and Haiti. Rio Piedras, 1970.
Sires, Ronald Vernon. ‘Sir Henry Barkly and the Labor Problem in Jamaica, 1853–56’, The Journal of Negro History, XXV (1940), 216–35.
——. ‘Constitutional Change in Jamaica, 1834–60’, Journal of Comparative Legislation and International Law, 3rd ser., XXII (1940), 178–90.
——. ‘Negro Labor in Jamaica in the Years Following Emancipation’, Journal of Negro History, XXV (1940), 484–97.
——. ‘The Jamaica Slave Insurrection Loan, 1832–63’, Journal of Negro History, XXVII (1942), 295–319.
——. ‘Governmental Crisis in Jamaica, 1860–66’, Jamaican Historical Review, II (1953), 1–26.
Smith, Goldwin. The Empire. Oxford, 1863.
Smith, M. G. The Plural Society in the British West Indies. Berkeley, 1965.
Soloway, Richard Allen. Prelates and People: Ecclesiastical Social Thought in England, 1783–1852. Toronto, 1969.
Starkey, Otis P. The Economic Geography of Barbados: a Study of the Relationships Between Environmental Variations and Economic Development. New York, 1939.
Stephen, Caroline Emelia. The Rt. Hon. Sir James Stephen…Letters with Biographical Notes. Gloucester, 1906.
Stewart, Robert. The Politics of Protection: Lord Derby and the Protectionist Party, 1841–52. New York, 1971.
Swinfen, David B. Imperial Control of Colonial Legislation, 1813–65: A Study of British Policy Towards Colonial Legislative Powers. New York, 1970.
Taussig, Charles William. Rum, Romance, and Rebellion. New York, 1928.
(p.437) Temperley, Howard. British Antislavery, 1833–70. London, 1972.
Thompson, Edward. The Life of Charles, Lord Metcalfe. London, 1937.
Thornton, A. P. The Imperial Idea and its Enemies. London, 1959.
——. The Habit of Authority: Paternalism in British History. Toronto, 1966.
Ward, John M. ‘Retirement of a Titan: James Stephen, 1847–50’, Journal of Modern History, XXXI (1959), 189–205.
Ward, W. E. F. The Royal Navy and the Slavers. London, 1969.
Wardle, David. English Popular Education, 1780–1970. Cambridge, 1970.
Warner, Aucher. Sir Thomas Warner, Pioneer of the West Indies: A Chronicle of his Family. London, 1933.
Weller, Judith Ann. The East Indian Indenture in Trinidad. Rio Piedras, 1968.
Wesley, Charles H. ‘The Emancipation of the Free Coloured Population of the British Empire’, The Journal of Negro History, XIX (1934), 137–71.
West, E. G. ‘Resource Allocation and Growth in Early Nineteenth Century British Education’, Economic History Review, 2nd ser., XXIII (1970), 68–95.
Williams, E. T. ‘The Colonial Office in the Thirties’, Historical Studies, Australia and New Zealand, II (1943), 141–60.
Williams, Eric. Capitalism and Slavery. Chapel Hill, 1944.
——. History of the People of Trinidad and Tobago. Port of Spain, 1962.
——. British Historians and the West Indies. Port of Spain, 1964.
Williams, Joseph J., S.J. Voodoos and Obeahs, Phases of West India Witchcraft. New York, 1932.
——. Psychic Phenomena of Jamaica. New York, 1934.
Winch, Donald. Classical Political Economy and Colonies. Cambridge, Mass., 1965.
Wood, Donald. Trinidad in Transition, the Tears After Slavery. London, 1968.
Woodward, E. L. The Age of Reform, 1815–70. Oxford, 1938.
Wrong, Hume. Government of the West Indies. Oxford, 1923.
Wyndham, H. A. The Atlantic and Slavery. London, 1935.
——. The Atlantic and Emancipation. London, 1937.
Young, D. M. The Colonial Office in the Early Nineteenth Century. London, 1961.
Young, G. M. Victorian England: Portrait of an Age. London, 1964.
VI. Unpublished Theses
Eldridge, Colin Clifford. ‘The Colonial Policy of the Fifth Duke of Newcastle, 1859–64’, University of Nottingham, Ph.D., 1966.
(p.438) Ford, Trowbridge Harris. ‘The Era of Lord Brougham’, Columbia University, Ph.D., 1967.
Higman, B. W. ‘Slave Population and Economy in Jamaica at the Time of Emancipation’, University of the West Indies, Ph.D., 1970.
Rogers, Howard Aston. ‘The Fall of the Old Representative System in the Leeward and Windward Islands, 1854–77’, University of Southern California, Ph.D., 1970.