The Tragedy of the Anglo-Egyptian Settlement of 1954
This chapter demonstrates the consistency of British aims through 1954, when 80,000 troops began the evacuation of the Canal Zone. The withdrawal was completed a month before Nasser's act of nationalization. On the British side the purpose was to indicate that Egypt would be treated on the basis of equality and that the old era of military domination had at last ended. The invasion of 1956 thus contradicted the policy of Sir Anthony Eden himself, who as Foreign Secretary and then as Prime Minister had pursued a course of reconciliation. A study of the 1954 settlement reveals not merely the irony of the reversal of course in 1956 but also the awareness of how calamitous and irreversible it would be if British forces again invaded Egypt.
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