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High Church ProphetBishop Samuel Horsley (1733–1806) and the Caroline Tradition in the Later Georgian Church$
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F. C. Mather

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202271

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202271.001.0001

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Society and Social Reform

Society and Social Reform

(p.269) 13 Society and Social Reform
High Church Prophet


Oxford University Press

The pessimism that seized the minds of the English upper classes at the end of the War of American Independence was not merely a response to defeat and national humiliation. It was evidence of social crisis, which had been unfolding during the preceding years. This chapter explores how Bishop Samuel Horsley, outstandingly the advocate of the unity of the civil and ecclesiastical communities, interpreted the obligations of a Churchman to society. Horsley was a paternalist in the full meaning of the word. His outlook found room for genuine sympathy with the oppressed and even a ‘bias towards the poor’. Not less strong, however, was his determination to combat secularization and to maintain the Church at the heart of community life. This, too, was relevant to the organic aspect of paternalism.

Keywords:   Samuel Horsley, High Churchmanship, poor, secularization, paternalism, War of American Independence

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