Place of publication is London unless otherwise stated.
I. Primary Sources
(i) Records of Protestant Societies
Brief notes are given on the privately owned records of the societies: the author would be pleased to answer enquiries.
Evangelical Alliance: extensive minute-books from a range of committees, regional committees, and subcommittees survive at the Alliance's London headquarters for the period from 1845 but did not prove to be of much value for the present work.
National Club: (deposited in the Bodleian Library, Oxford), minutes for 1847–54; printed circulars.
Protestant Alliance: it was not possible to obtain access to any records.
Protestant Association: no records have been traced.
British (Protestant) Reformation Society: an unbroken sequence of minute-books covering the whole period examined in this book survives in the custody of the present secretary.
Scottish Reformation Society: the following records were consulted at the Society's Edinburgh headquarters: minutes from 1853; minutes of the Anti-Popery Committee of the Free Church, 1850–4; Branches Associations Book.
(ii) Other Collections
Bembridge Journal, Manchester Central Library.
Beresford Papers, Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, Belfast.
Bickersteth Papers, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Blackburn Papers, Dr Williams Library, London.
Blackwood Papers, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh.
Burgess Papers, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Chalmers Papers, New College Library, Edinburgh.
Clarendon Papers, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Colquhoun Papers, Comrie, Perthshire.
Croker Papers, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois.
Derby Papers, consulted at the Queen's College, Oxford, by kind permissionof Lord Blake.
Disraeli Papers, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Downshire Papers, Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, Belfast.
Edinburgh, Free Presbytery of, minutes, Scottish Record Office, Edinburgh.
Finch Papers (transcripts shown to me by Mr G. S. Finch; the originals wereeither lost or unavailable). Ayston Hall, Rutland.
Foreign Office Papers, FO 79 (Tuscany), Public Record Office, Kew.
Giffard Papers, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Giffard Papers, British Library, London.
Gladstone Papers, British Library, London.
Graham Papers (microfilm copy of originals at Netherby, Cumbria), BodleianLibrary, Oxford.
Harrowby Papers, Sandon Hall, Stafford.
Hill (John) Diary, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Home Office Papers, HO 45, Public Record Office, Kew.
Hope (John) Papers, Scottish Record Office, Edinburgh.
Hylton Papers, Somerset County Record Office, Taunton.
Inglis Papers, Canterbury Cathedral Library.
Jesus, Society of, English Province, Scrap-books and Correspondence, FarmStreet, London.
Kenyon Papers, Gredington, Clywd.
Liverpool Papers, British Library, London.
Londonderry Papers, Durham County Record Office, Durham.
MacGregor Papers, Greater London Record Office.
Manchester Papers, Cambridgeshire County Record Office, Huntingdon.
Minto Papers, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh.
Newdegate Papers (diary of Maria Newdegate and papers of CharlesNewdegate), Warwickshire County Record Office, Warwick.
Newcastle Papers (4th duke), Nottingham University Library.
Norfolk Papers (correspondence of 14th duke), Arundel Casde, Sussex.
Palmerston (Broadlands) Papers, Southampton University Library.
Peel Papers, British Library, London.
Perceval (Dudley) Papers, British Library, London.
Roden Papers (microfilm copy of originals in the care of the present Earl of Roden), Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, Belfast.
Russell Papers, PRO 30/22, Public Record Office, Kew.
Scotland, Church of, acts and papers of the General Assembly, Scottish Record Office, Edinburgh.
Shaftesbury (Broadlands) Papers, Southampton University Library.
Wellington Papers, Southampton University Library.
Winchilsea Papers, Northamptonshire Record Office, Northampton.
Wordsworth (Christopher) Papers, Lambeth Palace Library, London.
Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, 2nd series, xii–xxv.
Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, 3 rd series, i–cxliv.
Journals of the House of Commons.
Journals of the House of Lords.
Parliamentary Papers: 1831–2, xvi (677), Report from the Select Committee on the Immediate Causes of the Disturbances in Ireland and on the Efficiency of the Laws for the Suppression of Outrages against the Public Peace; 1835, viii (547), Report from the Select Committee on Bribery at Elections; 1835, xv (377), Report of the Select Committee appointed to Inquire into the Nature, Extent and Tendency of the Orange Lodges, Associations or Societies in Ireland; 1835, xvii (605), Report from the Select Committee on Orange Institutions in Great Britain and the Colonies.
Reports of the Select Committee on Public Petitions
Achill Missionary Herald
Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine
Christian Lady's Magazine
Church and State Gazette
Go Forward: YWCA Monthly Journal for Secretaries and Workers
London and Westminster Review
Penny Protestant Operative
Wesley an Methodist Magazine
United States Publications
Downfall of Babylon
New York Observer
Priestcraft Exposed and Primitive Christianity Defended
Contemporary Autobiographies, Biographies, and Memoirs
Arnot, W., Life of James Hamilton, DD (1870).
Balfour, C. L., A Sketch of Charlotte Elizabeth (1854).
‘C.B.’ [Charlotte Bickersteth], Dawn and Sunrise: Brief Notes of the Life and Early Death of Barbara Sophia Gordon (1860), daughter of J. E. Gordon.
Bickersteth, M. C, A Sketch of the Life and Episcopate of the Rt. Rev. Robert Bickersteth, DD (1887).
Birks, T. R., Memoir of the Rev. Edward Bickersteth, 2 vols. (1851).
Bridges, J., Memoir of Sir Andrew Agnew of Locknaw, Bt. (Edinburgh, 1849).
Brown, A. N., Recollections of the Conversation Parties of the Revd Charles Simeon, MA (1863).
Chambers, T. W., Memoir of the Life and Character of the Late Hon. Theo Freylinghusen, LLD (New York, 1863).
Colquhoun, J. C, William Wilberforce: His Friends and his Times (1866).
——— Memorials of H. M. C. (1870).
Corsbie, A. H., Alexander Haldane: A Biographical Sketch (1882).
Dalton, W., A Brief Memoir of a Beloved Wife (Wolverhampton, 1862).
Disraeli, B., Lord George Bentinck: A Political Biography (1852).
Eardley, C. E., A Brief Notice of the Life of the Rev. Edward Bickersteth (1850).
Gosse, E., Father and Son (1907; Penguin edn., 1979).
Hanna, W., Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Thomas Chalmers, DD, 4 vols. (Edinburgh, 1849–52).
Hodder, E., John MacGregor (‘Rob Roy’) (1894).
Husenbeth, F. C, Sermon Preached at the Funeral of the Very Rev. Thomas Michael McDonnell (1869).
James, H., and Howe, E., Two Sermons Preached in the Parish Church of Nonington, Kent, January 17 1864 (1864), on J. P. Plumptre.
Jamie, D., John Hope. Philanthropist and Reformer (Edinburgh, 1900).
Kingsley, F., Charles Kingsley: His Letters and Memories of his Life, 2 vols. (1877).
Lewis, A., George Maxwell Gordon: The Pilgrim Missionary of the Punjab (1889), son of J. E. Gordon.
Life, Letters and Lectures of the late Dr Cahill: Biographical Sketch (Dublin, 1880).
Lucas, E., The Life of Frederick Lucas, MP, 2 vols. (1886).
Madden, H., Memoir of the Late Right Rev. Robert Daly, DD, Lord Bishop of Cashel (1875).
Magee, W. C., Remains of Edward Tottenham BD (1855).
Marsden, J. B., Memoirs of the Life and Labours of the Rev. Hugh Stowell, MA (1868).
Memoir of Charlotte Elizabeth (Bristol, 1852).
Monypenny, W. F., and Buckle, G. E., The Life of Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield, 6 vols. (1910–20).
Oliphant, M. O. W., The Life of Edward Irving, 2 vols. (1862).
Overton, J. H., and Wordsworth, E., Christopher Wordsworth, Bishop of Lincoln, 1867–1883 (1888).
Primmer, J. B. (ed.), Life of Jacob Primmer, Minister of the Church of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1916).
Smith, T., Memoirs of James Begg, DD (Edinburgh, 1885).
Stewart, A. M., The Life and Letters of Elizabeth, Last Duchess of Gordon, 3rd edn. (1865).
Charlotte Elizabeth [Tonna], Personal Reminiscences, 4th edn. (1854).
Second Duke of Wellington (ed.), Despatches, Correspondence and Memoranda of Field Marshal Arthur Duke of Wellington, 8 vols. (1867–80).
Wilson, W., Memorials of Robert Smith Candlish, DD (Edinburgh, 1880).
Other Contemporary Printed Primary Sources
Achilli v. Newman: A Full and Authentic Report of the Above Prosecution for Libel (1852).
American and Foreign Christian Union, 8th Annual Report (New York, 1857).
American Protestant Society, 4th Annual Report (New York, 1847).
American Republican Party, Address to the People of the State of New York by the General Executive Committee of the American Republican Party of the City of New York (New York, 1844).
Arundel and Surrey, Earl of, A Few Remarks on the Social and Political Condition of English Catholics (1847).
Arthur, C. M., Authenticated Report of the Controversial Discussion between the Rev. John Cumming, AM and Daniel French, Esq. (1841).
Astounding Revelations of Puseyism in Belgravia (1858).
Awful Disclosures of Miss Julia Gordon (1858).
Awful Exposure of the Atrocious Plot Formed … against the Clergy and Nuns of Lower Canada (New York, 1836).
[Berington, J.], The State and Behaviour of English Catholics, from the Reformation to the Year 1780, with a View of their Present Number, Wealth, Character & c. (1780).
[Biber, G. E.], TheBull ‘In Coena Domini’ (1848).
——— A Letter to the Earl of Arundel and Surrey on the Bull ‘In Coena Domini’ (1849).
Bickersteth, E., The Testimony of the Reformers (1836).
——— The Divine Warning to the Church (1842).
Bickersteth, R., Romanism in Relation to the Second Coming of Christ (1854).
Blakeney, R. P., A Manual of Romish Controversy (Edinburgh, 1851).
——— Popery in its Social Aspect (Edinburgh 1852).
——— Protestant Catechism (1853).
British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, 1st Annual Report (1840).
Butler, T., Letter … Containing Strictures on the Rev. J. Baylee's Challenge to Dr Butler (Liverpool, 1841).
Cahill, D. W., Letters Addressed to Several Members of the British Cabinet; and Speeches on Various Subjects Delivered in Several Towns and Cities in England, Ireland and Scotland (Dublin, 1856).
——— and Kinsella, W., Letter on the Subject of the New Reformation (Carlow, 1827).
Catholic Institute of Great Britain, Declaration of the Catholic Bishops, the Vicars Apostolic and their Coadjutors in Great Britain (1838).
——— Tracts (1838–41).
——— 1st–5th Annual Reports (1839–43), Newberry Library, Chicago.
——— A Short Account of the Catholic Institute of Great Britain (1839).
——— Interim Report (1843).
Cheever, G. B., The Religion of Experience and that of Imitation (New York, 1843).
Chillingworth, W., The Religion of Protestants: A Sure Way to Salvation (Oxford, 1838; London, 1846).
Christian Influence Society, To the Electors of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1847).
Church Protestant Defence Society, Addresses (1853–7).
Collins, W. W., The Black Robe (1881).
Colquhoun, J. C, The Effects of Sir Robert Pee's Administration on the Political State and Prospects of England (1847).
Conference on Christian Union: Narrative of the Proceedings of the Meeting Held in Liverpool, October 1845 (1845).
Croly, G., England the Fortress of Christianity (1839).
Cumming, J., Apocalyptic Sketches, 9th edn. (1849).
Cursory Remarks on a Late Fanatical Publication Entitled a Full Detection of Popery etc. (1783).
Dalton, E., No Peace with Rome (1841).
Dens, P., Theologia Moralis et Dogmatica, 8 vols. (Dublin, 1832).
Essays on Christian Union (1845).
Evangelical Alliance, British Organization: Report of the Proceedings of the Conference of British Members Held at Manchester, from Nov. 4th to the 9th inclusive 1846 (1847).
——— Report of the Proceedings of the Conference at Freemasons' Hall, London from August 19th to September 2nd inclusive (1847).
——— 5th Annual Conference (1851).
——— Report of a Meeting Convened by the Evangelical Alliance but Open to All Christians Holding the Doctrines of the Protestant Reformation, February 21 1851 (1851).
Extinguisher (The), 16 July 1852 (broadsheet in Stockport Public Library).
Extracts from Peter Dens on the Nature of Confession and the Obligation of the Seal (Dublin, 1836).
Everett, J., Speech of the Rev. James Everett Delivered at the Adjourned Meeting of the York Operative Protestant Association in the Concert Room, York, on Tuesday, October 13th 1840 (York, 1840).
Faber, G. S., Primitive Doctrine of Election (1836).
Finch, G., A Sketch of the Romish Controversy, (1830).
Foxe, J., The Acts and Monuments of John Foxe, ed. S. R. Cattley, 8 vols. (1837–41).
——— The Acts and Monuments of the Church, ed. M. H. Seymour, 2 vols. (1838).
——— A History of Protestant Martyrdom (1839).
Full Report of the Proceedings of a Public Meeting Held at the Wesleyan Chapel, Hartlepool (Sunderland, 1840).
Furlason, W. F., Report on the Trial and Preliminary Proceedings in the Case of the Queen on the Prosecution of G. Achilli v. Dr Newman (1852).
Gibson, E., A Preservative against Popery … Collected by the Rt. Rev. Edmund Gibson, DD, ed. J. Cumming, 18 vols. (1848–9).
——— Supplement to Gibson's Preservative from Popery, ed. R. P. Blakeney, J. Cumming, and M. W. Foye, 8 vols. (1849–50).
Gordon, J. E., British Protestantism: Its Present Position, Rights and Duties (1847).
Harcourt, F. E. V., The Protestant Missionary's Catechism (1853).
Hardy, P. D., Achilli v. Newman: An Action for Libel (Dublin, 1852).
Hymns Composed for the Use of the Stockport Sunday School (Manchester, 1848).
Inglis, R. H., Church Extension: Substance of a Speech Delivered in the House of Commons, 30 June 1840 (1840).
Islington Protestant Institute, 1st, 2nd, nth Annual Report (1847, 1848, 1858).
Irving, E., Babylon and Infidelity Foredoomed of God (Glasgow, 1826).
Larkin, C., A Vindication of the Catholic Religion (Newcastle upon Tyne, 1831).
Lectures on the Points in Controversy between Romanists and Protestants (1828).
Lee, J. H., The Origin and Progress of the American Party in Politics (Philadelphia, 1855).
A Letter to the Inhabitants of Derby, by a Catholic (Wirksworth, 1830).
Lincolnshire Archives Office, Election Squibs Collection, Hill 41/175.
Lord, J., Foreign or Domestic Legislation? An Address to Electors (1852).
MʼGhee, R. J., Truth and Error Contrasted (1830).
J. M.[acgregor], Popery in 1900 (1852).
——— The Madiai Case (1853).
McHughJ., The Real Character of the Rev. Robert MʼGhee (Dublin, 1836).
McNeile, H., Anti-Slavery and Anti-Popery: A Letter Addressed to Edward Cropper, Esq. and Thomas Berry Horsfall, Esq, 2nd edn. (1838).
——— Jezebel: Speech of the Rev. Hugh McNeile at Market Drayton, Salop (1839).
——— Nationalism in Religion (1839).
——— The State in Danger: A Letter to the Rt. Hon. Lord John Russell, MP (1846).
——— The Famine, the Rod of God (1847).
——— Slave Labor versus Free Labor Sugar (1848).
Mario, Mme., The Papacy, the Corner Stone of Tyranny: The Substance of a Lecture Delivered by Madame Mario (Late Miss Jessie Merton White) in the Exchange Assembly Room Preston, June 28 1858 (1858).
Massie, J. W., The Evangelical Alliance: Its Origins and Development, Containing Personal Notices of its Distinguished Friends in Europe and America (1847).
Merle dʼAubigné, J. H., History of the Reformation, trans. W. K. Kelly (1842?).
Milner, J., The End of Religious Controversy, in a Friendly Controversy between a Religious Society of Protestants and a Roman Catholic Divine (1819 edn.).
Mr OʼConnell's Political Tour to Manchester, Newcastle, Edinburgh and Other Towns in the North of England and Scotland (Cork, 1835).
Monk, M., The Awful Disclosures of Maria Monk (1836, 1851).
Morse, S. F. B., Foreign Conspiracy against the Liberties of the United States (New York, 1835).
Murch, J., The Trial of Maynooth (Bath, 1838).
National Club, First General Statement (1845).
——— Suggestions for the Formation of Local Associations in Defence of our National Institutions (1845).
——— 1st–15th Annual Reports (1846–60); no copies of the Annual Reports for 1851–4 and for 1856 were traced.
——— A Report of Speeches Delivered at a Meeting of the Members and Friends of the National Club held at Willis's Rooms on Saturday May 2 1846 (1846).
——— Address of the National Club to the Subscribers to the Relief of Distress in Ireland and the Highlands of Scotland, 15 Jan. 1847 (1847).
——— A Report of the Speeches Delivered at the Dinner of the Members and Friends of the National Club, May 12 1847 (1847).
——— Alphabetical List of Members for the Year 1848 (1848).
——— Report of Speeches Delivered at the Annual Meeting, May 9 1848 (1848).
Newcastle, 4th Duke of, An Address to all Classes and Conditions of Englishmen (1832).
——— Thoughts in Times Past, Tested by Subsequent Events (1837).
Newman, J. H., ‘The Second Spring’, in Sermons Preached on Various Occasions (1857), 171–2.
——— Lectures on the Present Position of Catholics in England (1892 edn.).
OʼConnell, D., A Full Account of the … Great Meeting of the Catholics of London (1839).
——— Letter to the Ministers and Office Bearers of the Wesleyan Methodist Societies in Manchester (1839).
OʼSullivan, M., and MʻGhee, R. J., Romanism as it Rules in Ireland (1840).
Phillpotts, H., Letters to Charles Butler, Esq. on the Theological Parts of his Book of the Roman Catholic Church (1825).
Proceedings of the Native American State Convention (Newbury, Vermont, 1847).
Protestant Alliance, 1st, 2nd, 9th Annual Reports (1852, 1853, 1860); a number of lithographed Protestant Alliance circulars survive in the Croft Moody Papers.
Protestant Association, Publications, 1 (no more published).
——— Statement of Views and Objects.
——— Glasgow Protestant Association Tracts (Glasgow, 1835–6).
——— 1st–3rd, 16th, 31st Annual Reports, (1837–9, 1852, 1866).
——— Address of the Protestant Association to the Electors of Great Britain (Bath, 1841).
——— Address of the Protestant Association to the Electors of Great Britain and Ireland: Duties of Protestant Electors, Questions to Candidates (1846).
——— Occasional Papers, 9 (1869), 12 (1870).
Protestant Educational Institute, Proposed Erection of a Protestant Educational Institute in London (1869).
——— Protestant Educational Classes in England: May Meeting and Distribution of Prizes in London 1869
——— Transactions of the Protestant Educational Institute for the Year Ending 30th April 1872.
Protestant or Orange Associations, by an English Protestant (Hereford, 1835).
Protestant Union, Papers 1–11 (1813–14).
Random Recollections of Exeter Hall in 1834–1837, by one of the Protestant party (1838).
Reformation Society, Quarterly Extracts.
——— 1st–16th Annual Reports (1828–44): The first Annual Report survives in significantly different versions, one in the Bodleian Library and the other in the British Library. Reports for 1837 and 1843–7 do not survive; those from 1848 onwards were published in the British Protestant.
——— Report of the Proceedings of the Auxiliary Reformation Society for St Giles (1828).
——— Report of the Proceedings of the Aberdeen Auxiliary Reformation Society (Aberdeen, 1831).
Report of the Proceedings of the Midland Catholic Association at their Annual Meeting (1826).
Report of the Proceedings of Three Public Meetings in the City of Cork (Dublin, 1825).
Report of a Public Discussion Held at East brook Chapel in Bradford (Bradford, 1829).
Scotland, Church of, Annual Report to the General Assembly by the Committee on Popery (1859).
Scottish Reformation Society, Annual Report (1858).
——— General Election: Address of the Scottish Reformation Society to the Electors of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1852).
Smyth, G. H., Maynooth College: Justification of the Term ‘Beastly’, as Applied to the Instruction Authorized at Maynooth College, 2nd edn. (Colchester, 1845).
The Sovereign's Accession Declaration (Protestant Reformation Society, 1910; broadsheet in British Library).
Stapleton, A. G., Substance of the Speech of A. G. Stapleton, Esq. in the Anti-Corn Law League Hall at Manchester on the Occasion of the Meeting of the Protestant Association of that Town, 29 April 1847 (1847).
——— Suggestions for a Conservative and Popular Reform in the Commons House of Parliament (1850).
The Stockport Letter Bag, 30 April 1852 (broadsheet in Stockport Public Library).
Stone, W. L., Maria Monk and the Nunnery of the Hotel Dieu (New York, 1836).
Stowell, H., A Letter to the Protestant Electors of Great Britain on their Duty at the Present Crisis, 2nd edn. (Manchester, 1841).
——— To the Protestant Electors of Manchester (Manchester, 1852).
Thelwall, A. S., Proceedings of the Anti-Maynooth Conference (1845).
[Tonna, C. E.], The Rockite: An Irish Story (1829).
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Varley, H., The King's Declaration in the Light of Rome's Recent History (1910).
Whitney, T. K., A Defence of the American Policy (New York, 1856).
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Wiseman, N., Lectures on the Principal Doctrines and Practices of the Catholic Church (1836).
[Wordsworth, C], Maynooth: The Crown and the Country (1845).
Modern Editions of Sources
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G. P. Gooch (ed.), The Later Correspondence of Lord John Russell, 1840–1878, 2 vols. (1925).
The Prime Ministers' Papers: W E. Gladstone, ii. Autobiographical Memoranda 1832–1845, ed. J. Brooke and M. Sorensen (1972).
The Greville Memoirs 1814–1860, 8 vols., ed. L. Strachey and R. Fulford (1938).
Jay, E. (ed.), The Evangelical and Oxford Movements (Cambridge, 1983).
Locke, J., A Letter Concerning Toleration, ed. C. L. Sherman (New York, 1979).
The Letters and Diaries of John Henry Newman, iv., ed. I. Ker and T. Gornall (1980).
R. Southey, Letters from England, ed. J. Simmonds (1984).
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Bradley, I. C., ‘The Politics of Godliness: Evangelicals in Parliament 1784–1832’, D.Phil, thesis (Oxford, 1974).
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Beckett, J. C, The Making of Modern Ireland 1603–1923 (1966).
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